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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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9 Squadron Crest
15/16.03.1944 No. 9 Squadron Lancaster I HK540 WS-H Sq/Ldr. Backwell-Smith

Operation: Stuttgart

Date: 15/16th March 1944 (Wednesday/Thursday)

Unit: No. 9 Squadron

Type: Lancaster I

Serial: HK540

Code: WS-H

Base: RAF Bardney, Lincolnshire

Location: Bietigheim, Germany

Pilot: Sq/Ldr. Raymond Backwell-Smith 37871 RAF PoW No. 1905 Camp: Stalag Mühlhausen

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Norman V. Sirman 1612116 RAFVR PoW No. 4022 Camp: Stalag Luft Barth Vogelsang

Nav: F/O. Herbert Keith Sheasby 134586 RAFVR Age 31. Killed 

Air/Bmr: P/O. Douglas Raymond Eley J/86764 RCAF Age 20. Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Ronald West 1575466 RAFVR Age 21. Killed 

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Brian Glover 1588485 RAFVR Age 19. Killed 

Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Eric Alfred Birrell AUS/416923 RAAF Age 21. Killed 


Page dedicated to the fiancée of Fl/Sgt. Eric Birrell - they were engaged the day the day before he went to war.


REASON FOR LOSS:

The crew flying Lancaster HK540 took off from RAF Bardney, Lincolnshire at 19:18 hrs. on an operation to Stuttgart. 

This operation consisted of some 863 aircraft which flew over France, nearly as far as the Swiss border before turning north-east to approach the target. 

This tactic delayed the Luftwaffe intercepting the bomber stream, but arrive they did, just prior to reaching the city. 

Left: Sgt. Brian Glover (see credits)

The usual fierce combats ensued with the allies eventually (1) losing some 43 aircraft! 

It is thought "probable" that they were shot down by Oblt Heinz Rökker (2) of 2./NJG2. Flying Ju88 R4+BB, they took off from their base at St. Dizier at around 21.15 hrs, intercepting and shooting down the aircraft at 23.55 hrs some 30-50 km. west of Stuttgart at Bietigheim. This was during the bomb run prior to reaching the target.

(1) Not all losses are due to combat, on this operation alone some 7 aircraft were lost for other reasons:

578 Squadron Halifax III LW495 LK-C crashed on return at a brickworks at Selby.
578 Squadron Halifax III LW348 LK-X ran short of fuel on return and crashed to the east of Biggin Hill
463 Squadron Lancaster III ED606 JO-E collided midair with another aircraft from 625 Squadron, crashing at Branston, south east of Lincoln.
625 Squadron Lancaster III ND637 CF-L as above.
426 Squadron Lancaster II DS829 OW-U abandoned following total engine failure.
425 Squadron Halifax IIILW413 KW-Q abandoned out of fuel, crashing into houses on Adelaide Street, Brierley Hill on the outskirts of Halesowen, Birmingham.
57 Squadron Lancaster III JB474 DX-F all four engines caught fire over target area, pilot headed for Switzerland, with the aircraft crashing at Saignelegier.

9 Squadron Lancaster at RAF Bardney with insert Fl/Sgt. Eric Alfred Birrell (with thanks to National Archives of Australia)

Stuttgart raid 15/16th March 1944

Aircrew losses: Killed: 218 - Injured: 3 - PoW: 47 - Interned: 1 Evaded:17. Such was the nature of any operation, many aircraft being lost through other causes.

(1) Oblt Heinz Rökker, this was his 14th confirmed claim of the war. He was to survive with a total of 65 night claims. (shown right)

Burial details:

F/O. Herbert Keith Sheasby. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 4F 28-31. Son of Joseph A. and Hildred M. Sheasby, husband of Marjorie Irene Sheasby of Shirley, Warwickshire, England.

P/O. Douglas Raymond Eley. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 4F 28-31. Son of Mabel Eley of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Fl/Sgt. Ronald West. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 4F 28-31. Son of William Edward and Florence Ethel West of Nottingham, England.

Above: Durnbach War Cemetery (archives)

Sgt. Brian Glover. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 4F 28-31. Son of Silvester and Fanny Charlotte Glover of Didsbury, Manchester, England.

Fl/Sgt. Eric Alfred Birrell. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave 4F 27. Born 06th March 1923 at Mount Gambier, Southern Australia. Son of James and Emilie Minna Birrell of Mount Gambier, Southern Australia.

Researched by Aircrew Remembered, researcher and specialist genealogist Linda Ibrom for relatives of this crew. With thanks to Vicki Erceg (nee Glover) for photograph of Sgt. Glover, further information supplied by sources as shown below.

Note: Fl/Sgt. Eric Alfred Birrell escaped with injuries during a crash landing of Wellington III BK139 whilst with 30 OTU on the 15th May 1943 at RAF Llandwrog in Wales. 6 of the crew were injured (pilot serious) the rear gunner, 22 year old Sgt. Alec Edgar from Harlesden, Middlesex was killed.

Right: Sgt. Alec Edgar grave at Brookwood Military Cemetery

In April 2015 we received this immensely moving letter via our Helpdesk:

".. I am hoping you can help me! I'm sure you get a lot of people asking for help. I am searching for a photo of a man called Eric Alfred Birrell. All I know was that he died on the 14th March 1944. I work in an aged care facility in Australia and a resident I work with asked to speak to me one day. I sat down with her for an hour while she told me of her long lost love, Eric. They got engaged the day before he had to leave for war. He never came home. It just broke my heart! He was her one and only love and she never went on to marry or have children. I would desperately love to give her a photo of Eric. Regards,Tanya" ... and after seeing our page..

"Oh my god!!! Thank you so much Kelvin! I have tears in my eyes..I just can not wait to show her this!!! How absolutely incredible."

Sadly we learnt that in 2015 this lady Eric Birrell was engaged to had passed away.


Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 09 September 2015, 13:43