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Paul McGuiness RAAF Archive
Paul McGuiness is an Australian aviation researcher and historian. Using primary sources he has assembled detailed information on the history of each plane
used by Australians and Australian forces in WWl and WW2, and on personnel involved.

This page contains many names, dates, locations. To help find the one(s) you're interested in, use our Highlighting facility.
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History of Australian Military Aviation

First World War

Armstrong Whitworth FK3

Avro 504

Bristol F2b Fighter

Fairey Aviation Model lllD Seaplane

Martinsyde G.100 G 102 Elephant

Maurice Farman S.11 Shorthorn

Royal Aircraft Factory BE2

Royal Aircraft Factory BE12

Royal Aircraft Factory RE.8

Royal Aircraft Factory SE5A Experimental Scout

Sopwith Camel B Series

Sopwith Camel C D E F Series

Sopwith Snipe

Sopwith Scout (Pup)

Sopwith 1½ Strutter

Supermarine Seagull lll

Supermarine Southampton Mk 1

Westland Wapiti


Post First World War

De Havilland DH.9A

Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5A

Avro 504K


Second World War

458 Sqd Wellingtons

460 Sqd Wellingtons

466 Sqd Wellingtons


Further Information:

Aces and Aviators WWl Database

Material Relating to Australia

Aircraft Types Used By Australian Forces 1914 - 1918

Bristol F2b Fighter

The Bristol F.2 Fighter was a British two-seat biplane fighter and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War developed by Frank Barnwell at the Bristol Aeroplane Company. It is often simply called the Bristol Fighter, other popular names include the Brisfit or Biff. Although the type was intended initially as a replacement for the pre-war Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c reconnaissance aircraft, the newly-available Rolls-Royce Falcon V12 engine gave it the performance of a two-seat fighter. Despite a disastrous start to its career, the definitive F.2B version proved to be an agile aircraft that was able to hold its own against opposing single-seat fighters; its robust design ensured that it remained in military service into the 1930s. Some surplus aircraft were registered for civilian use, and dedicated civilian versions proved popular.

A7184

00Jul17 Built as Serial A7184 the 84th of 200 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range A7101 to A7300 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Brislington, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2152 to Contract 87/A/552 dated January 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.I engine Serial No.357/WD12571.

00Jul17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

1917 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1917 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir at Alexandria, Egypt.

26Aug17 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Egypt.

22Sep17 Issued to No.111 Sqn RFC at Deir-el-Belah airfield, Palestine.

02Dec17 Damaged in a training accident and struck off charge with 111 Sqn. Transported for repair to XAP, Kantara.

00Jan18 Transferred to XAD at Aboukir.

Jan-Aug18 Repaired and rebuilt at XAD.

00Aug18 Received for squadron preparation and issue by XAP, 5 Wing RFC at Kantara

31Aug18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, Palestine Brigade RAF at Ramleh airfield, Palestine.

03Sep18 Lt Henry Arthur Blake departed Kantara at 1445hrs for the 1hr 45min delivery flight to Ramleh.

05Sep18 Aircraft TOC and issued to C Flight. Acceptance test flight flown by Lt E.P Kenny and 1/Air Mechanic Knott.

14Sep18 Flown to XAP where Falcon Engine No.357/WD12571 was replaced by No.336/WD12555.

16Sep18 Ferried from XAP to Ramleh by Lt A.W Murphy.

17Sep18 A 45 min acceptance test flight flown by Lt A.W Murphy and 1/Air Mechanic A. Knott. Aircraft serviceable.

18Sep18 Lt Arthur William Murphy DFC and Lt Frederic Cecil Hawley detached for short term duty with X Flight at Aqaba, Jordan to provide air support for Colonel T.E Lawrence’s Arab Revolutionary Force.

15Oct18 Ferried to Suez after completion of the attachment with COL Lawrence. Lt A.W Murphy and Lt F.C Hawley then departed Suez at 0900hrs for the 1hr ferry flight to Kantara aerodrome where the machine refuelled and flew another 2hr 30min ferry flight to Haifa aerodrome.

16Oct18 Aircraft issued to C Flight and underwent servicing.

18Oct18 Successful 15min post maintenance test flight flown by Lt S.H Harper and 2189 2 A/M J.H Reeman at 1030hrs.

23Oct18 MAJ S.W Addison and Lt F.C Hawley departed Haifa at 1440hrs for a ferry flight to Ramleh.

26Oct18 On a ferry flight from Ramleh to Haifa the aircraft was preparing to land at 1050 hrs when the pilot lost control and crashed into the sea. Solo pilot Lt William Edward Wright sustained a broken leg, broken nose, dislocated ankles, lacerations, severe bruising and shock. Lt Wright was treated locally and then transported to the 14th Australian General Hospital at Abassia, Cairo Egypt where he spent many weeks before his repatriation to Australia on 23Dec18.

06Nov18 Aircraft struck off charge. While serving with 1 Sqn AFC Bristol Fighter A7184 did not fly any combat mission and flew 14 non-operational flights totalling 16 hrs 35 min flight time. However, the machine did fly an unknown number of combat operations while attached to X Flight with Colonel T.E Lawrence. Additionally, the aircraft flew an unknown number of hours with 111 Sqn RFC before being allocated to 1 Sqn.

A7196

00Jul17 Built as Serial A7196 the 96th of 200 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range A7101 to A7300 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Brislington, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2164 to Contract 87/A/552 dated January 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.I engine Serial No.571/WD12575.

00Jul17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

1917 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1917 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

11Sep17 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Suez, Egypt.

26Sep17 Issued to No.111 Sqn RFC at Deir-el-Belah airfield, Palestine.

00Dec17 Moved from Deir-el-Belah airfield to Julis airfield Palestine when 111 Sqn moved forward.

00Jan18 Returned to XAP at Kantara for servicing.

00Feb18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Mejdel airfield, Palestine.

19Feb18 Taken on charge and issued for use to A Flight and assigned to Lt L.E Taplin

21Feb18 A 30 min acceptance test flight flown by Lt E.L Spragg and No.66 Air Mechanic A.W Grier. Aircraft engine performance unsatisfactory.

23Feb18 A 20 min acceptance test flight flown by Lt L.E Taplin and 66N Air Mechanic A.W Grier. Aircraft serviceable.

01Mar18 1st combat mission flown by Lt L.E Taplin and Lt R.T Challinor as a fighter escort for Bristol F.2b B1128 on a reconnaissance sortie over the El Kerak–Kutrani road in Palestine.

19Mar18 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt H.C Dawson (RFC) departed Mejdel at 0900hrs with CPT R.A Austin and Lt O.M Lee [B1128] as escorts for three 1 Sqn Martinsydes and one Martinsyde from No.142 Sqn RFC for an attack against Kutrani aerodrome and station. Martinsyde crews were: Lt F.W Haig [A1600], Lt A.J Morgan [A3945] and Lt A.W Murphy [A3955]. Lt Haig in A1600 carried a single 230lb HE Bomb and dropped it on the railway station but heavy clouds prevented clear observation. The remaining bombers dropped 56 x 20lb HE Cooper Bombs on the airfield and surrounding buildings.B1128 failed to return.

20Apr18 Lt F.W Haig and Lt R.T Challinor departed Mejdel at 0530hrs to drop messenger pigeons for troops at El Tafile. After the drop the aircraft landed at the new operating base at Ramleh aerodrome, 3km East of Ramleh town between Jaffa and Jerusalem in Palestine.

01May18 Lt F.W Haig and Lt R.T Challinor departed Ramleh at 0530 hrs accompanied by CPT D.W Rutherford and Lt J. McElligott in Bristol Fighter B1146 on a reconnaissance and leaflet dropping sortie on Arab troops at Beni Sakir. Near Amman machine gun fire from the ground perforated both petrol tanks of B1146 and the pilot immediately turned back for Base before he had to make a forced landing.

Lt Haig landed beside the downed machine and after setting fire to B1146 tried to take off with all four men squeezed into A7196. Unfortunately, the combination of rough ground and excess weight proved too much for the machine and the undercarriage collapsed. This aircraft was also set alight before the four airman were captured by Circassian Irregular Cavalry who turned them over to the Turks for the posted reward. The Turks in turn handed them over to the German Flying Corps. On 15 May 1918 German airmen dropped on the Australian aerodrome letters from the four officers describing their adventures.

Lt Frederick William Haig AFC was interned in Nazareth then Afion Kara Hissar prison in Afyon Province Western Turkey. Arrived in Alexandria after release on 21Nov1918 and arrived in Dover, UK on 16Dec1918.

Lt Ronald Tynsdale Challinor was interned in Afion Kara Hissar prison in Afyon Province Western Turkey. Arrived in Alexandria after release on 21Nov1918 and embarked for Australia on 06Dec1918

07May18 Aircraft SOC. While serving with 1 Sqn AFC Bristol Fighter A7196 flew 48 flights, consisting of 24 operational and 26 non-operational missions. Flight time was 54 hrs 35 min on operational flights and 15 hrs 55 min on non-operational flights for a total accrued time of 70 hrs 30 min.

A7198

00Jul17 Built as Serial A7198 the 98th of 200 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range A7101 to A7300 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Brislington, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2166 to Contract 87/A/552 dated 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.I engine.

00Jul17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

1917 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1917 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

11Sep17 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Suez, Egypt.

00Sep17 Received for use by No.111 (F) Sqn RFC at Deir-el-Belah airfield Palestine and assigned as the personal mount of CPT C.N Riddell RFC.

04Jan18 CPT Riddell and Lt Alexander Simmons were flying as escort to a mixed bomber force of 14 & 67 Sqns on a raid to Jenin. CPT Riddell shot down an Albatros III of Fliegerabteilung 302 and killed the pilot Flieger Kurt Billhardt.

07Feb18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Mejdel airfield, Palestine.

17Feb18 Received for use by 1Sqn AFC. Issued to B Flight.

19Feb18 A 20 min acceptance test flight flown by CPT S.W Addison and 382 CPL G.H Bond. Aircraft serviceable.

25Feb18 1st combat mission. Lt T. Taylor and Lt W.P Cashman departed Mejdel at 1100hrs with Lt C.C Cameron and Lt W.A Kirk [B1147] and, CPT R.M Smith with CPT A.G Hurley (RE) [BF1150] as escorts to two Martinsydes for an attack on The Citadel of Kerak located 19km to the east of the Dead Sea on the Hejaz railway. Martinsydes A1600 and A3945 were flown by Lt F.W Haig and Lt D.R Dowling respectively. Two x 112lb HE bombs and 12 x 20lb HE Copper Bombs dropped with one 112lb obtaining a direct hit on the Citadel.

05Mar18 Lt E.S Headlam and Lt W.A Kirk departed Mejdel at 0900hrs for a reconnaissance mission along the Tul Keram road, escorted by Lt C.N Watt and CPT T.C Macaulay in BF A7200. At 0945hrs they noticed five enemy scouts about 2000ft above them and immediately began to climb for the enemy. Lt Beaton fired several bursts into one machine followed closely by similar bursts from CPT Macaulay. The enemy aircraft spun away and was lost in the low cloud cover.

21Mar18 Lt E.S Headlam and Lt E.B.S Beaton departed Mejdel at 1015hrs on a Photographic reconnaissance mission but were forced to abort and RTB with a faulty engine.

Lt C.C Cameron and Lt Challinor departed Mejdel at 1500hrs as escort for Lt A.V Tonkin [A1600] and Lt R. Burton [A3955] and one RE8 from 142 Sqn RFC on a raid against the Bridge over the River Jordan at Damrie. A1600 aborted with engine problems but the two remaining bombers dropped 3 x 112lb HE and 2 x 20lb HE bombs without causing no significant damage

27Mar18 Lt E.S Headlam and Lt W.A Kirk departed Mejdel at 0610hrs on a reconnaissance mission in the Nablus-Huwara area, escorted by Lt D. Dowling and Lt C.J Vyner [in B1147]. At 0740hrs they spotted an enemy AEG Scout 2000ft below and immediately dived to attack opening fire at 500ft above. The AEG force landed and when lining up for a strafing attack another AEG was spotted and Headlam turned to attack the new arrival. This aircraft was also forced to land near the first AEG. Headlam then circled both downed aircraft while Vyner blasted away with is twin Vickers machine guns. Both machines were destroyed on the ground.

20Apr18 Lt E.S Headlam and Lt W.A Kirk departed Mejdel at 0850hrs for a Photographic Reconnaissance of Caravan Routes to the east of the Jordan-Es Salt- Amman Road. After the reconnaissance the aircraft landed at to the Squadrons’ new operating base at Ramleh aerodrome, 3km East of Ramleh town between Jaffa and Jerusalem in Palestine.

03May18 Departed Ramleh airfield at 0530hrs for an Armed Reconnaissance mission with a full load of ammunition, fuel and 12 x 20lb HE bombs. Immediately after take-off the engine failed and the aircraft crashed and burned 300m to the east of the airfield. The bomb load began to explode in the intense fire and the pilot Lt Curwen-Walker and his Observer CPL Jensen were killed before rescuers arrived on the scene.

AFC Pilot Lieutenant Jack Keith Curwen-Walker (30) single of Malvern, Melbourne VIC is buried in Grave CC.56 of the Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramleh, Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

AFC Air Mechanic No.506 Corporal Niels Peder Berg Jensen (26) single of Brisbane, QLD is buried in Grave CC.57 of the Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramleh, Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

07May18 Struck-off charge.

(L to R) MAJ R. Williams, GEN Harry Chauvel, COL Newton and MAJ S. Addison at 1Sqn

While serving with 1 Sqn AFC Bristol Fighter A7198 flew 63 flights, consisting of 35 operational and 28 non-operational missions. Flight time was 80 hrs 20 min on operational flights and 12 hrs 10 min on non-operational flights for a total accrued time of 101 hrs 30 min.

A7202

00Jul17 Built as Serial A7202 the 102nd of 200 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range A7101 to A7300 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Brislington, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2170 to Contract 87/A/552 dated 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.I engine.

00Jul17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

1917 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1917 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

11Sep17 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Suez, Egypt.

00Sep17 Received for use by No.111 Sqn RFC at Deir-el-Belah airfield Palestine. The aircraft assigned as the personal mount of Lt R.M Drummond RFC with and during the following three months he was credited with destroying four enemy machines and forcing down two additional machines.

00Oct17 Lt C.R Davidson RFC and Lt A. Simmons RFC shot down an Albatros Scout while escorting several 67 Sqn aircraft on a bombing mission.

00Dec17 Received for repair and/or servicing by XAP, Kantara.

00Dec17 Allocated to No.67 (Australian) Sqn, 40th Wing, RFC Palestine Brigade at Mejdel airfield, Palestine.

29Dec17 Received by 67 Sqn and issued to C Flight. Note: This was the first Bristol Fighter received by 67 Sqn.

A7202 at Mejdel after delivery in December 1917 Pilot MAJ S.W Addison (CO) and observer Lt Hudson Fysh.

02Jan18 At 1430hrs flew a 35min aerial fighting practice crewed by Capt R.M Smith MC and Lt E.A Mustard

At 1520hrs flew a 30min aerial fighting practice crewed by Lt J.D Potts and 275 CPL J.M Bennett

At 1605hrs flew a 20min test flight crewed by Lt H.L Fraser and 302 Air Mechanic C. Kershaw.

03Jan18 1st Combat Mission. Departed Mejdel at 0915hrs for a two hour reconnaissance mission, flown by Capt R.M Smith MC and Lt E.A Mustard.

15Jan18 One of four Bristol Fighters used by 1Sqn between 15th and 31st January as escorts for the defenseless BE12 and Martinsyde machines that conducted an aerial photographic survey of the Turkish Front Lines and immediate rear support areas near Beersheba, an area of 640 square miles (1,658 square kilometres).

20Jan18 Departed Mejdel at 0900hrs crewed by 2nd Lt Poole and Lt Hancock escorted by Bristol Fighter B7194 on a Strategic Reconnaissance to Tul Keram. Over the target area the escort pilot [Lt L.M Potts] saw flak burst very close to the nose of Poole’s aircraft and the aircraft start to lose height immediately. He then followed the machine down as it started a long glide back towards friendly lines and watched as the aircraft force landed in enemy territory about 8km NE of Arsouf. The machine ran into a Wadi and overturned and Brown saw both Poole and Hancock scramble out of the wreckage.

AFC Pilot 2nd Lt Alfred Alderson Poole and his Observer Lt Frederick Hancock burned their machine to prevent it from falling into enemy hands before they themselves were captured by Turkish troops and made POWs. Both men were moved to the Psamatia Prison in Constantinople where they remained until Turkey capitulated on 30Oct1918. Both were repatriated to Australia in December 1918.

29Jan18 Aircraft struck off charge.

While serving with 1 Sqn AFC Bristol Fighter A7202 flew 27 flights, consisting of 16 operational and 11 non-operational missions. Flight time was 34 hrs 00 min on operational flights and 3 hrs 25 min on non-operational flights for a total accrued time of 37 hrs 25 min.

A7236

00Jul17 Built as Serial A7236 the 136th of 200 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range A7101 to A7300 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Brislington, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2204 to Contract 87/A/552 dated 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.I engine No.WD10522

This machine was a Presentation Aircraft from the Australian Air Squadrons Fund scheme. Australian No.1 and South Australia No.1 named ‘The Sidney Kidman’. The funds to build this machine were donated by the SA Government for presentation to the Australian Component of the Palestine Brigade Air Wing.

00Aug17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Aug17 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

00Sep17 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

29Oct17 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Suez, Egypt.

00Nov17 Issued for use by HQ 5th (Corps) Wing RFC.

00Mar18 Returned to XAP for servicing and reallocation. RR Falcon Mk.I Engine No. WD10522 replaced by No.WD12578.

00May18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Ramleh airfield, Palestine.

25May18 Ferried from XAP Kantara to Ramleh by Lt A.R Brown and No.24 Air Mechanic W.R Beecroft.

26May18 Issued for use to A Flight.

27May18 At 1425 hrs a 45 min acceptance test flight flown by Lt S.A Nunan and 66N Air Mechanic A.W Grier. Aircraft engine performance unsatisfactory.

At 1650 hrs a 20 min acceptance test flight flown by Lt S.A Nunan and Air Mechanic A.J Williams. Aircraft engine performance unsatisfactory.

28May18 At 1640 hrs a 55 min acceptance test flight flown by Lt S.A Nunan and Air Mechanic A.J Williams. Aircraft engine performance satisfactory.

30May18 1st combat mission flown by Lt S.A Nunan and Lt H.A Letch MC was two hour patrol between Damie and Shunet Nimron, Palestine.

03Jun18 Lt R. Burton and Lt L.P Kreig departed Ramleh at 0920hrs along with Lt H.A Blake and Lt C.J Vyner [B1148] and Lt G.V Oxenham and Lt H.A Letch [B1225] as escorts for six RE8s from142 Sqn RAF on a Bombing sortie against the Amman aerodrome and nearby railway station. The 1 Sqn aircraft dropped 12 x 20lb HE Cooper Bombs gaining hits on the station and aerodrome hangars. A Cavalry troop approaching Amman was also strafed.

04Jun18 Lt S.A Nunan and Lt L.H Smith departed Ramleh at 0540hrs with Lt E.L Spragg and Lt C.J Vyner [B1149] and Lt J.M Walker and Lt A.W Farquhar [B1225] for a Bombing Raid on Amman station and aerodrome. The three Bristols dropped 12 x 20lb HE bombs on troops, hangars and the railway station.

27Jun18 Lt G V Oxenham and Lt L.H Smith departed Ramleh at 0435hrs as a fighter escort to Captain A.R Brown & Lt E.G Finlay [B1149] on a reconnaissance of the Kerak-Kutrani area of Palestine. At 0645hrs two enemy A.E.G Scouts were seen above the Bristols and were immediately attacked. Lt Oxenham chased one of the AEGs to a low level but unfortunately the chase brought them over a fortified Turkish position which promptly opened up with heavy accurate fire and Lt Oxenham was shot through the head and died instantly. The uncontrolled aircraft flipped onto its back and the Observer Lt Smith fell out of the cockpit but still attached to the aircraft by his restraining belt. The aircraft then crashed in an inverted position and Smith was very fortunate to survive the crash, albeit unconscious and in shock but otherwise uninjured. Captain Brown flew low over the crashed aircraft and observed the wings were ripped off and the engine pushed back into the pilot’s cockpit. He could see no sign of life in either of the crumpled figures and reported both airman as probably KIA.

On 14Jul18 an enemy aircraft dropped a note on Ramleh airfield stating that Lt Oxenham had been killed by a bullet fired from the ground and that Lt Smith had been taken prisoner. It also stated that Lt. Oxenham had been buried ‘somewhere’ near Kutrani aerodrome with Military Honours.

AFC Pilot Lieutenant Gordon Vincent Oxenham (24) single of Neutral Bay, Sydney NSW has no known grave and is commemorated on Panel 60 of the Jerusalem Memorial, Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT

AFC Observer 2nd Lieutenant Laurence Henry Smith was interned in Afion Kara Hissar prison in Afyon Province Western Turkey. He arrived in Alexandria after his release from prison on 06Nov 1918 and embarked from there for Australia on 15Nov 1918.

30Jun18 Aircraft struck off charge. While serving with 1 Sqn AFC Bristol Fighter A7236 flew 23 flights, consisting of 16 operational and 7 non-operational missions. Flight time was 35 hrs 50 min on operational flights and 5 hrs 45 min on non-operational flights for a total accrued time of 50 hrs 35 min.

B1128

00Sep17 Built as Serial B1128 the 9th of 80 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft constructed in the Serial Range B1120 to B1199 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2296 to Contract 87/A/552 dated February 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.I engine.

00Oct17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Oct17 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

00Nov17 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

26Nov17 Received by XAD.

30Nov17 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Suez Canal Egypt.

01Dec17 Allocated to No.67 (Australian) Sqn RFC at Weli Sheikh Nuran airfield, Palestine.

31Dec17 Received for use by 67 (Australian) Sqn, now stationed at Mejdel airfield Palestine, 60km SW of Jerusalem. Issued to A Flight and assigned to Lt R.A Austin.

02Jan18 A 20min air test flown by Lt R.A Austin and SGT G.R Gibbs.

03Jan18 Lt R.A Austin and Lt L.W Sutherland departed Mejdel at 0745hrs as escort for three RE8, four BE12 and one Martinsyde bomber that formed part of a combined strike force of 17 aircraft from 1 Sqn AFC and 113 Sqn RFC for a raid on the large German Luftstreitkräfte complex at El Afule aerodrome located some 40km SSE of Haifa. The bomber crews and aircraft were: RE8s - Lt A.R Brown with Lt O.M Lee [A3796], Lt T. Taylor with Lt E.B.S Beaton [A3808] and, Lt E.P Kenny with Lt V.J Parkinson [B5854]; BE12s – Lt A.V Tonkin [A575], Lt L.W Rogers [A6323], Lt G. Rutledge [A6328] and Lt P.J Sims [6329]; and Lt J. D Potts in Martinsyde A3955. Eight RE8s from 113Sqn RFC made up the rest of the strike force. The bombers dropped 60 x 20lb HE Bombs and caused widespread destruction: one Albatross D.III Scout was destroyed on the ground; hangars and buildings heavily damaged and an ammunition dump blown up. Later it was learned that 40 Turkish soldiers were killed during strafing attacks.

At 0920 hrs while escorting A3796 [Lt A.R Brown and Lt M.D Lee] on a Bomb Damage Assessment of the El Fule target area, the two aircraft were attacked by two DIII Albatros Scouts at 7,500ft just east of Arran. Sutherland engaged the enemy machines with long range fire while Lt Austin climbed above the enemy before diving onto the tail of one and fired 50 rounds into the centre of the green and yellow camouflaged aircraft. The Albatros immediately did a sharp right turn, entered a slow spiral dive and was seen to crash near the rail line west of Mukeibile.

Meanwhile the 2nd Albatros attacked Brown/Lee but a long accurate burst from Lee’s twin Lewis guns was seen to enter the cockpit and fwd section of the enemy machine. The Albatros then rolled over a dived at a steep angle and was last seen as it entered the low ground haze still in a dive.

10Jan18 Lt R.M Austin and Lt O.M Lee departed Mejdel at 1115hrs as escort to nine other aircraft that had departed Mejdel earlier between 1035hrs and 1045hrs for bombing raids on the Amman and Kissir railway stations located some 35km and 42km respectively NE of Jericho. The bombing aircraft and crews were: two RE8s - A3796 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt G. Finlay, A4405 Lt E.L Spragg and Lt C.J Vyner; A3808 Lt A.J Morgan and Lt E.B.S Beaton; four BE12a – A575 Lt L.W Rogers, A6326 Lt F.W Haig, A6328 Lt G. Rutledge and A6329 Lt L.M Potts; two Martinsydes A3946 Lt L.E Taplin and A3955 Lt A.A Poole; and, one Bristol B1129 CPT S.W Adison and Lt H. Fysh. Ten minutes after departure Lt L.M Potts [BE12 S6329] was forced to abort with serious engine problems, five minutes later Lt G. Rutledge [BE12 S6328] was also forced to abort with engine problems. The remaining eight bombers dropped 48 x 20lb HE Bombs and obtained hits on the railway line, rolling stock, buildings and troop emplacements at both locations.

26Jan18 Lt F.W Haig and Observer 506 CPL N.P.B Jensen departed Mejdel at 1105 hrs as escort to RE8 A4405 and A 4408 on a Strategic Reconnaissance of the Shunet Nimrin-Jericho area. On the homeward leg at 1310 hrs Haig was forced to land at Junction Station (18km north of Mejdel) with a faulty engine. After a quick emergency repair the aircraft returned to Base at 1430 hrs.

B1128 with RE8s A4405 & A4408 departing Mejdel 26Jan18

27Jan18 Flown by Lt F.W Haig and 283 SGT J.O Calder to XAP Kantara for repair. Returned to Mejdel the following day.

06Feb18 Taken on charge with A Flight, No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corps (AFC) when 67 Sqn RFC was renamed.

B1128 with 2 Martinsydes and a BE2 at Mejdel airfield c.1918

10Mar18 Lt H. Blake and Lt J.H Traill departed Mejdel at 1450hrs with Lt L.M Potts and No.506 CPL N.P.B Jensen[B1146] as escorts for three Martinsydes for an attack on Troop concentration at Huwarah, 37km North of Jerusalem. Crews were Lt L.B Garson [A1600], Lt D.R Dowling [A3945] and, Lt R.S Adair [A3955]. The bombers dropped 42 x 20lb HE Cooper Bombs were dropped on the troops and transports, all aircraft strafed targets of opportunity. On the homeward trip fuel feed problems resulted in a forced landing at Junction Station airfield. The problem was quickly rectified and the machine RTB at 1620hrs.

14Mar18 Lt R.A Austin and Lt G. Finlay departed Mejdel at 1015hrs with CPT S.W Addison and Lt H Fysh [A7200] as escorts for two 1 Sqn Martinsydes and two RE8s from No.142 Sqn RFC for an attack against the Bridge over the Jordan River at Jisr Ed Damie. Martinsyde crews were: Lt A.J Morgan [A3945] and Lt H.R.S Maughan [A3955]. The aircraft dropped 6 x 112lb and 2 x 20lb HE Bombs with no hits on the bridge but 1 x 112lb and 2 x 20lb bombs plus 1000 machine gun rounds hit the troop camps beside the bridge.

19Mar18 CPT R.A Austin and Lt O.M Lee departed Mejdel at 0900hrs with Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt H.C Dawson (RFC) [A7196] as escorts to three 1 Sqn Martinsydes and one Martinsyde from No.142 Sqn RFC for an attack against Kutrani aerodrome and railway station. Martinsyde crews were: Lt F.W Haig [A1600], Lt A.J Morgan [A3945] and Lt A.W Murphy [A3955]. Lt Haig in A1600 carried a single 230lb HE Bomb and dropped it on the railway station but heavy clouds prevented clear observation. The remaining bombers dropped 56 x 20lb HE Cooper Bombs on the airfield and surrounding buildings.

On the return trip one of the 142 Sqn bombers, 142 Sqn Martinsyde G102 A3960 (CPT E.G Evans MC), was forced to land near Kerak with engine trouble and CPT Austin decided to land and assist the downed crewmen. However, on touch down the port undercarriage collapsed and the aircraft was extensively damaged in the resultant crash landing. Pilot Captain Ronald Albert Austin MC and his Observer Lt Oliver Matthew Lee burned their machine to prevent it from falling into enemy hands before they themselves were captured by German airmen and taken to Afuls airfield. Both men were then handed over to the Turkish Army who moved them to the Psamatia Prison in Constantinople where they remained until Turkey capitulated on 30Oct1918. Both were then repatriated to Alexandria, Egypt on 21st November 1918.

24Mar18 Aircraft struck-off charge. While serving with 1 Sqn AFC Bristol Fighter B1128 flew 64 flights, consisting of 43 operational and 21 non-operational missions. Flight time was 78 hrs 50 min on operational flights and 11 hrs 43 min on non-operational flights for a total accrued time of 90 hrs 33 min.

B1146

00Sep17 Built as Serial B1146 the 27th of 80 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range B1120 to B1199 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2314 to Contract 87/A/552 dated 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.I engine.

This machine was a Presentation Aircraft from the Australian Air Squadrons Fund scheme. Australian No.2 and NSW No.1 named ‘The White Belltrees”. The funds to build this machine were donated by the NSW Government for presentation to the Australian Component of the Palestine Brigade Air Wing.

00Oct17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Oct17 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

00Nov17 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

26Nov17 Received by XAD.

00Dec17 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Suez Canal Egypt.

31Jan18 Allocated for use to No.67 (Australian) Sqn RFC at Mejdel airfield, Palestine.

01Feb18 At 1300hrs RFC Captain Deacon and RFC Lt Steele departed XAP Kantara for the 1hr 35min ferry flight to 111Sqn at Julis airfield Palestine, 8km NE of Mejdel..

At 1700hrs flown by Lt H.L Fraser and 1288 CPL A.H Tucker from 111Sqn to 1Sqn at Mejdel, Palestine

02Feb18 Issued to C Flight and flown by Lt L.M Potts and Lt F.C Hawley for acceptance tests.

03Feb18 1st Combat mission flown by Lt H.L Fraser and Lt W.A Kirk on a 1hr 25min photographic reconnaissance of Jerusalem, escorted by Bristol F2.b Serial A7194.

11Feb18 Lt H.L Fraser and Lt W.A Kirk departed Mejdel at 1005hrs for a Photography Mission but were forced to abort 10min later when Fraser’s gun failed to fire. The problem was quickly rectified and the pair set off again at 1035hrs and completed the mission.

12Feb18 Lt H.L Fraser with Lt W.A Kirk departed Mejdel at 1015hrs with Lt L.M Potts and Lt R.T Challinor [A7194] as escorts for five bombers on a raid against Kutrani railway station and nearby troop encampments 44km to the east of the Dead Sea on the Hejaz railway. Bomber crews and aircraft involved were BE12: Lt L.B Garson [A6323] and Lt J.K Curwen-Walker [A6328]; four Martinsydes: Lt A.V Tonkin [A1600], Lt C.S Paul [A3944], Lt C.S Headlam [A3945] and Lt F.W Lukis. The aircraft dropped 52 x 20lb HE Coopers Bombs and obtained 14 direct hits on rolling stock, railway lines, buildings and camps.

13Feb18 CPT R.M Smith with Lt J.H Traill departed Mejdel at 1110hrs with as escort for six bombers on a raid against Kutrani railway station and nearby troop encampments 44km to the east of the Dead Sea on the Hejaz railway. Bomber crews and aircraft involved were BE.12: Lt H.A Blake [A6323] and Lt D.R Dowling [A6328]; Martinsydes: Lt T. Taylor [A1600], Lt P.J Sims [A3944], Lt F.W Lukis [A3945] and Lt H.R.S Maughan [A3955]. Bad weather, heavy cloud cover and engine problems saw three bombers abort the mission. The remaining aircraft dropped 24 x 20lb HE Coopers Bombs and obtained 2 direct hits and four near misses on rolling stock.

14Feb18 CPT R.M Smith and Lt J.H Traill departed Mejdel at 1010hrs as escort for Lt C.S Paul in Martinsyde A3944 for a Photography Mission but were forced to abort 10min later when Smith’s gun failed to fire. The problem was quickly rectified and the pair set off again at 1035hrs and completed the mission.

01Mar18 Lt H.L Fraser and 506 CPL N.P Jensen departed Mejdel at 0935hrs as escort for Lt E.S Headlam and Lt W.A Kirk [A7198] on a Photography Mission but were forced to abort 10min later when Fraser’s gun failed to fire. The gun problem was quickly rectified and the pair set off again at 1000hrs but were forced to abort again when the engine failed at 1015hrs.

06Mar18 Lt H.L Fraser and Lt H. Fysh departed Mejdel at 1005hrs on a Photography Mission but were forced to abort at 1035hrs with a faulty engine.

10Mar18 Lt L.M Potts and No.506 CPL N.P.B Jensen departed Mejdel at 1450hrs with Lt H. Blake and Lt J.H Traill [B1128] as escorts for three Martinsydes for an attack on Troop concentration at Huwarah, 37km North of Jerusalem. Crews were Lt L.B Garson [A1600], Lt D.R Dowling [A3945] and, Lt R.S Adair [A3955]. The bombers dropped 42 x 20lb HE Cooper Bombs were dropped on the troops and transports, all aircraft strafed targets of opportunity.

27Mar18 CPT D.W Rutherford and Lt J McElligott departed Mejdel at 0555 hrs as escort for Lt J. M Walker and Lt G Finlay [BF B1150] on a reconnaissance mission in the Kissir area. The pair encountered an AEG Scout over Kissir and CPT Rutherford immediately attacked firing three accurate bursts before breaking away. Lt J.M Walker then latched onto the enemy’s tail and forced the machine to land at Kissir. Both aircraft then strafed and destroyed the AEG on the ground.

24Apr18 CPT D.W Rutherford and No.182 1A/M H.E Wadham departed Mejdel at 0835hrs for the 25min ferry flight to the Squadrons’ new operating base at Ramleh aerodrome, 3km East of Ramleh town between Jaffa and Jerusalem in Palestine.

01May18 CPT D.W Rutherford and Lt J McElligott departed Mejdel at 0530hrs for reconnaissance mission accompanied by A7196 [Lt F.W Haig and Lt R.T Challinor]. Both aircraft failed to return and the four men and two aircraft were posted as MIA.

15May18 A German Scout machine dropped a letter on Mejdel airfield which stated that all four airman were alive and well. B1146 Pilot Captain D.W Rutherford and Observer Lt J. McElligott were forced to land near Amman, Palestine when both petrol tanks emptied after being holed by Flak. Pilot Lt F.W Haig and Observer Lt R.T Challinor in Bristol A7196 landed beside the downed aircraft and then tried to take-off with all four men aboard. However, the stbd undercarriage collapsed and the men were stranded. After burning both machines the four were captured by Circassian Irregular Cavalry who turned them over to the Germans for the posted reward. The Germans in turn handed them over to the Turkish Army who sent the men to POW camps in Turkey where they remained until the Turkish capitulation on 31October 1918.

Captain Douglas Wallace Rutherford 1 Sqn AFC was interned in Afion Kara Hissar prison in Afyon Province Western Turkey. Arrived in Alexandria after release on 06Nov1918 and embarked for Australia on 15Nov1918

Lt Joseph McElligott 11th light Horse Regiment was interned in Afion Kara Hissar prison in Afyon Province Western Turkey. Arrived in Alexandria after release on 06Nov1918 and embarked for Australia on 15Nov1918

00May18 While serving with 1 Sqn AFC Bristol Fighter B1146 flew a total of 81 flights, consisting of 42 operational and 39 non-operational missions. Flight time was 80 hrs 10 min on operational flights and 16 hrs 00 min on non-operational flights for a total accrued time of 96 hrs 10 min.

B1222

00Dec17 Built as Serial B1222 the 21st of 149 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range B1202 to B1350 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2390 to Contract 87/A/552 dated 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.III engine.

00Dec17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Jan18 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1918 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

00Apr18 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Suez, Egypt.

00Jun18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Ramleh airfield, Palestine.

28Jun18 Ferried by Lt J.M Walker and 238 Air Mechanic R.H Soley from XAP Kantara to Ramleh. Issued to A Flight.

02Jul18 A 30 min acceptance test flight carried out by CPT A.R Brown and 166 CPL A.B Payne. Aircraft serviceable.

04Jul18 Departed Ramleh at 0900 hrs on 1st operational mission. Flown by Lt R.S Adair and Lt C.J Vyner on a 3 hr Enemy Aircraft Patrol in the Bireh-Wadi Auja area.

17Jul18 Lt J. M Walker and Lt H.A Letch MC departed Ramleh at 0500 hrs as one of three fighter escorts for a bombing raid on Jebel Es Suaka. Force landed at Jerusalem 0755 hrs with engine problems. Engine repaired and departed Jerusalem at 0945, arriving Ramleh at 1020 hrs.

22Aug18 Lt J.M Walker and Lt H.A Letch departed Ramleh at 1215 hrs with B1284 [CPT A.R. Brown and Lt G Finlay] on an Enemy Aircraft Patrol over Ramleh airfield. At 1310 hrs a German 2-seat LVG C.VI approached from the SE at 16,000 feet and both aircraft turned to engage, B1284 going high in front and B1222 from directly behind. Seconds after Walker opened fire CPT Brown saw Walker’s machine enter a vertical dive and burst into flames, the aircraft did not recover and crashed near Ramleh airfield destroying the machine and killing both crewmen. CPT Brown then positioned his aircraft forward and above the LVG and Lt Finlay fired 400 rounds at the LVG until the German pilot crash landed near Ramleh where both occupants were taken prisoner.

AFC Pilot Lieutenant John Mercer Walker (30) married of Ballarat, VIC is buried in Section AA, Grave 20 of the Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramla, Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

AFC Observer Lieutenant Harold Alexander Letch (24) single of Donnybrook, VIC is buried in Section AA, Grave 21 of the Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramla, Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

25Aug18 Aircraft salvaged for spares and struck off charge

B1225

00Nov17 Built as Serial B1225 the 24th of 149 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range B1202 to B1350 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2393 to Contract 87/A/552 dated January 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.III engine No.WD10486.

00Nov17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Dec17 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1918 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

00Mar18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Mejdel airfield, Palestine.

01Apr18 Ferried by CPT A.R Sutherland (RAF) from XAP Kantara to Mejdel. Issued to A Flight.

04Apr18 At 1455 hrs a 30 min acceptance test flight carried out by Lt J.M Walker and Lt F.A Comins. Aircraft performance was unsatisfactory.

At 1705 hrs another 20 min test flight by Lt J.M Walker and 166 CPL A.B Payne. Aircraft serviceable.

05Apr18 Lt J.M Walker and Lt F.C Hawley departed Mejdel at 0930 hrs on 1st combat mission. One of three 1 Sqn fighter escorts on a 2 hr 50 min bombing raid on Amman Railway station by RAF aircraft.

24Apr18 Lt L.B Garson and No.166 CPL A.B Payne departed Mejdel airfield at 0900hrs for a 30min ferry flight to the Squadrons’ new operating base at Ramleh aerodrome, 3km East of Ramleh town between Jaffa and Jerusalem in Palestine.

03May18 Lt G.V Oxenham and Lt H.A Letch departed Mejdel at 0535hrs as escort to Lt A.R Brown and Lt E.G Finlay [B1149] on a reconnaissance of the Ain-Es-Sur-Kastal-Amman area. At approximately 0700hrs Lt Oxenham noticed an enemy aircraft east of Es Salt and signalled to Lt Brown for an attack. The pair took turns firing on the 2-seater until the enemy force landed near Suweileh. Both machines then strafed the downed aircraft and saw one crewman running away from the aircraft.

04May18 Lt S.A Nunan and Lt O.C Dawson (RAF) departed Ramleh at 0910hrs with Lt E.L Spragg and Lt C.J Vyner [B1148] for a Reconnaissance and Bombing Mission of the Amman Station. The pair dropped 8 x 20lb HE Bombs on Cavalry near the Station.

03Jun18 Lt G.V Oxenham and Lt H.A Letch departed Mejdel at 0920hrs with Lt R. Burton and Lt L.P Kreig [A7236] and Lt H.A Blake and Lt C.J Vyner [B1148] as escorts for six RE8s from142 Sqn RAF on a Bombing sortie against the Amman aerodrome and nearby railway station. The 1 Sqn aircraft dropped 12 x 20lb HE Cooper Bombs gaining hits on the station and aerodrome hangars. A Cavalry troop approaching Amman was also strafed.

04Jun18 Lt J.M Walker and Lt A.W.K Farquhar departed Ramleh at 0540hrs with Lt E.L Spragg and Lt C.J Vyner [B1149] and Lt S.A Nunan and Lt L.H Smith [A7236] for a Bombing Raid on Amman station and aerodrome. The three Bristols dropped 12 x 20lb HE bombs on troops, hangars and the railway station.

13Jun18 Returned for servicing and/or repair to XAP Kantara.

00Jul18 Allocated to 1 Sqn AFC.

12Jul18 Lt D.R Dowling and Lt M.D Lees departed XAP Kantara at 1445 hrs for the 2 hr ferry flight from XAP Kantara to Ramleh. Issued to B Flight.

14Jul18 A 30 min acceptance test flight carried out by Lt F.W Lukis and 139 CPL C.O Kinross. Aircraft serviceable.

03Aug18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1050hrs as escort for Lt E.P Kenny and Lt L.W Sutherland (C4626) on a Reconnaissance of the Afuleh-Kuskus region. Arriving over Afuleh airfield McGinness dived down to photograph and machine gun the airfield while Kenny maintained top cover. Soon after Kenny spotted a formation of four enemy two-seaters below him and dived to attack. The aircraft Kenny had selected dived steeply and landed roughly beside the railway track NW of Afuleh. Kenny then climbed after a second enemy while a third enemy machine tried to get on his tail but Sutherland fired a very accurate burst at this machine and it spun away completely out of control. Kenny then opened fire on the second enemy Scout and forced him down whereupon Lt McGinness arrived on the scene and attacked this machine from the rear. The enemy attempted a loop but McGinness followed and got in a long burst from close range which caused the enemy to fall out of the loop and crash to the ground. This engagement saw one EA shot down, two were damaged and driven down and forced to land and, the fourth machine escaped.

21Aug18 Lt D.R Dowling and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0505hrs with Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt F.C Conrick [B1229] as escorts for Lt S.A Nunan and Lt C.J Vyner for a Bombing Raid against Kissir Railway Station. The three aircraft dropped 18 x 20lb HE Bombs on the station and the surrounding Army camp.

14Sep18 Lt D.R Dowling and Lt E.A Mulford DCM departed Ramleh at 1010 hrs as escort for C4623 (Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh) on a Reconnaissance of the Jenin area. At 1130 hrs Lt. Dowling saw an enemy 2-seat Rumpler approaching and turned to attack with McGinness also turning to attack. After two passes the Rumpler force landed 5km east of Jenin and the port undercarriage collapsed. Both pilots then made a single strafing pass each and fired a total of 300 rounds into the downed machine.

17Sep19 Lt D.R Dowling and Lt E.A Mulford departed Ramleh at 1215hrs with Lt H.A Blake and Lt E. Sullivan [A7200] on a Special Bombing Mission. They were tasked to destroy a DH.9 bomber from 144Sqn that had been captured intact after it had been forced down during a raid on Deraa station the previous day. The bomber was covered with tree branches by the Turks to make it difficult to find but after Lt Sullivan spotted the downed machine they dropped 16 x 20lb HE and 4 x 10lb Incendiary bombs and strafed the DH.9 until it was burnt to ashes.

19Sep18 Lt D.R Dowling and Lt E.A Mulford departed Ramleh at 1140hrs with Lt S.A Nunan and Lt L.W Gregory [B1285] Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt A.V McCann [B1229] Lt W.C Thompson and Lt E. Sullivan [B1147] and Lt F.W Lukis and E.B.S Beaton [B1223] for a bombing raid against retreating troops near El Tireh. The five machines dropped 40 x 20lb HE bombs and expended 1,950 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic. On their last strafing pass both Lts Dowling and Mulford were wounded by Small Arms Ammunition fired by the thousands of enemy soldiers in the vicinity. Luckily they were able to fly some distance away from the troops they had just savaged before crash landing in No Man’s Land. They then burnt their machine, as per standing orders, and began their trek back toward the advancing Allied troops. They were picked up the next day and taken to the 26th [Mobile] Casualty Clearance Station where they were treated for their wounds. Lt Dowling was returned to 1Sqn in short order but Lt Mulford became dangerously ill and was transferred to the 14th Field Hospital in Port Said, Egypt where he remained until he was repatriated back to Australia on HMT Leicestershire on 22Dec18.

23Sep18 Aircraft struck off charge.

B1276

00Dec17 Built as Serial B1276 the 75th of 149 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range B1202 to B1350 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2444 to Contract 87/A/552 dated January 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.III engine No.WD18634.

This machine was a £2,700 Presentation Aircraft from the Australian Air Squadrons Fund scheme, numbered Australian No.18 and New South Wales No.17. The second of two machines that were donated by the Upper Hunter District, NSW. The aircraft was inscribed “Duplicating The Upper Hunter Battleplane”.

00Dec17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Jan18 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1918 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

00Mar18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Mejdel airfield, Palestine.

22Apr18 Lt A.R Brown departed XAP Kantara at 0950 hrs on the 90 minute ferry flight from XAP Kantara to Mejdel. Issued to C Flight and assigned to Lt A.V Tonkin.

23Apr18 Lt E.L Spragg departed Mejdel at 1635 hrs for the ferry flight to the new 1 Sqn Base at Ramleh, Palestine.

25Apr18 A 35 min acceptance test flight carried out by CPT S.W Addison and 3049 Air Mechanic W.J Binding. Aircraft was unsatisfactory for operations.

26Apr18 A 50 min acceptance test flight carried out by CPT R.M Smith MC and 166 CPL E.J Woodgate. Aircraft was satisfactory.

29Apr18 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt R. A Camm departed Ramleh at 1100 hrs on 1st combat mission. A 2 hr escort for B1229 on a Strategic Reconnaissance mission in the Jenin region.

02May18 Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1200hrs escorted by C4623 [Lt A.W Murphy and Lt R.A Camm] on a Reconnaissance of the Wadi Farah-Jisr Ed Damie-Amman areas. At 1330hrs over Amman at 8,000ft Maughan saw three enemy aircraft take-off from the Amman aerodrome and climb toward them. Maughan and Murphy climbed to 10,000ft and waited until the enemy scouts were in the right position before they dived on them from up-sun and forced them to split their formation. Maughan selected a D.Va Albatros and fired several short bursts into the centre of the enemy, which forced the machine to break away into clouds. Maughan then engaged another Albatros before it too broke away into clouds. Maughan then formatted with C4623 and while doing so saw two Albatros scouts gliding down to Amman aerodrome. During this engagement Lt Murphy also attacked two of the same Albatros aircraft and saw his fire cause damage to both machines.

04May18 B1276 Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt F.C Hawley departed Ramleh at 0530hrs with Lt E.C Stooke and Lt R. Camm [C4627] for a Reconnaissance and Bombing Mission of the Amman Station. The pair dropped 8 x 20lb HE Bombs on Cavalry, the Station and Amman airfield.

07May18 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt R. A Camm departed Ramleh at 1355hrs as escort to B1229 (CPT R.M Smith and Lt E.A Mustard) on a Reconnaissance of the Huwara-Nablus-Tulkeram areas. At 1515hrs while at 12,000ft over Jenin Lt Camm saw an aircraft flying toward Tulkeram so Tonkin turned to investigate and as he drew nearer he identified an enemy two seater Scout. Closing to 50 yards he opened fire with a long burst and the enemy started a steep glide. Tonkin pulled alongside the enemy and Camm fired a long burst into it from point blank range. The enemy continued his steep descent until it crashed into a rocky outcrop and burst into flames. B1276 sustained minor damage from the enemy’s return fire.

At 1535hrs while flying between Tulkeram and Kakon at 9,500ft Tonkin saw two Scouts approaching from the east and 1000ft below. He warned CPT Smith and guarded his rear while Smith dived to attack a D.Va Albatros Scout but Smith’s guns jammed and he pulled away. Tonkin then attacked the enemy machine and continued to fire short bursts into it as it circled around and dived steeply out of control toward the hills below. Unfortunately, he had to break off the attack when the other Albatros attacked him and by the time he had driven off the 2nd attacker his original victim was no longer in sight. A later reconnaissance flight reported a wrecked enemy Albatros on the ground near Tulkeram.

23May18 At 0700hrs Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt R. Camm were on an Offensive Patrol over Bireh at 12,000ft when they spotted four aircraft above flying south from the direction of Nablus. Lt Tonkin immediately climbed to 14,000ft and caught up with the aircraft, now identifiable as Albatros D5.a Scouts, over Huwara. Tonkin selected one aircraft and fired 300 rounds into it from the rear at close range before positioning the aircraft to allow Lt Camm to fire two long bursts into the Albatros. Tonkin chased the damaged machine down to 500ft but had to break off the engagement because of fuel concerns.

04Jun18 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt R. A Camm departed Ramleh at 0545hrs and completed a Reconnaissance of the Damie-Es Sat-Amman area and were heading home when they spotted AAA fire at 13,000ft over Jerusalem and headed in that direction to investigate. At 0810hrs they identified a Rumpler 2-seater about 200ft above them and Camm opened fire but observed no reaction before his guns jammed. Tonkin then lined up on the Rumpler’s tail and when he tried to fire there was no response from his gun. The enemy by now had noticed them and the rear gunner opened up with accurate fire which holed their radiator, shot away the water manifold, damaged the engine and, wounded Camm in the lower forearm and wrist. Tonkin immediately broke off the engagement and headed for home.

When flying over Ramallah near EL Bireh he saw Hospital signs on the tents below and landed near them. Camm was taken by ambulance to the 76th Casualty Clearing Station and Tonkin contacted Base and told them of his plight. A Ground crew was despatched from Ramleh with a new engine, radiator and spares. The aircraft was repaired in situ and flown back to Ramleh on 06Jun18. Lt Camm did not recover completely from his wounds and was repatriated back to Australia

11Jun18 Lt E.C Stooke and Lt L.P Kreig departed Ramleh at 0530hrs with CPT R.M Smith and Lt W.A Kirk [B1229] on an Enemy Aircraft Patrol along the Bireh-Nablus Road. At 0600hrs Smith saw an aircraft 4000ft above approximately 2km away being fired on by British AAA. Both aircraft immediately climbed and headed toward the enemy and about 12km N of Tul Keram caught up to and identified a camouflaged German Rumpler C.IV two-seater Scout. Smith manoeuvred directly under the Rumpler’s tail and Kirk fired a full drum into the enemy aircraft which promptly turned away and entered a steep spiral. Smith then latched onto the enemy’s tail and fired 100 rounds from his fwd gun into the centre of the machine at 40 yards range. The enemy landed in a field and both crewmen egressed the machine before Smith/Kirk and Stooke/Kreig machine gunned the downed aircraft until it collapsed and began to burn.

16Jun18 Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt E.A Mulford with CPT R.M Smith and Lt W.A Kirk [B1229] departed Ramleh at 0400hrs for an Armed Reconnaissance of the Coastal Sector. The pair dropped six 15lb Incendiary Bombs on cultivated fields and crop stacks in the Kakon and Anebta regions.

16Jul18 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L.W Sutherland departed Ramleh at 0600hrs with Lt C.S Paul and Lt J.H Weir (C4627) for an Enemy Aircraft Patrol between Bireh and Bier Allah. At 13,000ft near Lubban at 0830hrs Tonkin spotted three aircraft above him and, after firing a very light to alert Lt Paul, climbed to 16,000ft and headed toward the three machines. When catching up to the trio Tonkin was able to identify them as Albatros D.Va Scouts and immediately went on the attack. The Albatros machines dived flat out for Nablus airfield with Tonkin in hot pursuit and opening fire at 1,000ft he saw hits on the rear machine. All three machines then quickly landed and Tonkin was able to strafe all three machines before low fuel forced him to disengage and RTB. According to captured enemy records, all three enemy machines were seriously damaged by machine gun fire.

22Jul18 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L.W Sutherland departed Ramleh at 0430hrs with Lt A.W Murphy and Lt F.C Hawley (B1280) for an Enemy Aircraft Patrol between Bireh and Bier Allah. When approaching Biet Lid they spotted an enemy aircraft flying toward Damie and turned to give chase. Leaving Murphy as top cover Tonkin attacked from below and aft firing two bursts before the enemy dropped its nose and began to descend. Tonkin then manoeuvered above the enemy and Sutherland fired 100 rounds into it before the enemy pilot flew into a Wadi where he lost control and crash landed. Tonkin circled around while Sutherland fired another 100 rounds into the downed machine.

At 0930hrs Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L.W Sutherland departed Ramleh for a Photographic Reconnaissance of the bridges at Wadi Iskanderuneh. They dropped three 20lb HE bombs on a downed German aircraft near Beit Lid.

13Aug18 Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt C.J Vyner departed Ramleh at 0500 hrs for a 45 min flight to Bersheeba accompanied by B1148 [Lt Blake and 2/Air Mechanic Cain]. At 1100hrs they departed Bersheeba for a Strategic Reconnaissance of the Kalaat-El Hassa-Mann region. Near Mann the engine seized and a forced landing was made 10km NW of Kalaat Anenza in very rugged country. To prevent the aircraft from falling into enemy hands the machine was burned as per standing orders.

Meanwhile Lt Blake [B1148] flew back to Ramleh and reported the downed airmen. The following day three Bristols [B1148 – Lt Blake; B1229 – CPT Smith and A7190 - Lt Stooke] were despatched to search for the missing men and found them ensconced with friendly Arabs some 15km from the crash site. The terrain was too rugged for the Bristols to land so they departed after dropping food and water. Tonkin and Vyner were picked up by a British Camel patrol and returned to Bersheeba on 18Aug18. The local Arabs were paid 100 Gold Sovereigns for their troubles.

16Aug18 Aircraft struck off squadron strength.

22Aug18 Aircraft struck off charge Palestine Brigade.

B1280

00Dec17 Built as Serial B1280 the 79th of 149 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range B1202 to B1350 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2448 to Contract 87/A/552 dated January 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.III engine.

00Dec17 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Mar18 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

1918 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

00Apr18 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Egypt.

00May18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Ramleh airfield, Palestine.

20May18 RAF CPT Deacon and RAF Lt Craig departed XAP Kantara at 1500 hrs on the 95 minute ferry flight from XAP Kantara to Ramleh. Issued to C Flight.

22May18 A 20 min acceptance test flight carried out by Lt S.R Maughan and 274 PTE A. Balfour. Aircraft was unsatisfactory for operations.

23May18 At 1115 hrs a 15 min acceptance test flight was carried out by CPT R.M Smith MC and 1109 CPL W.J Sutherland. Aircraft was satisfactory for operations.

At 1345 hrs CPT R.M Smith MC and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh on 1st combat mission. A 1hr 15 min Photographic Reconnaissance in the Zireh area.

06Jun18 Lt Maughan and Lt W.J.A Weir departed Ramleh at 0955hrs as escort to Lt E.C Stooke and Lt W.A Kirk [C4626] for an Armed Reconnaissance of Amman and environs. The pair dropped 20lb HE and 15lb Incendiary bombs on Amman Station and Aerodrome.

15Jun18 Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt F. Hawley departed Ramleh at 1600hrs with Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill [C4623] for a Coastal Sector Enemy Aircraft Patrol. The pair dropped six 25lb Incendiary Bombs on cultivated fields and crop stacks in the Kakon and Anebta regions.

19Aug18 At 0845hrs Lt Stooke and Lt Kreig started to take off for a routine test flight on a newly fitted engine. Soon after lift off the engine failed completely and the aircraft crashed into a moving locomotive on the railway line beside the aerodrome. Both petrol tanks exploded on impact and the aircraft was blown to pieces, killing both crewmen instantly. Later investigations found the cause of the engine failure was a badly deteriorated rubber petrol feed pipe, and the same defect was found in several other Bristol Fighters.

AFC Pilot 2nd Lieutenant Ernest Cecil Stooke (23) single of Hawthorn, Melbourne VIC is buried in Section AA Grave No.18 of the Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramla, Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

AFC Observer Lieutenant Louis Paul Krieg (25) of Toowoomba Queensland is buried in Section AA Grave No.17 of the Ramleh War Cemetery, Ramla, Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

22Aug18 Aircraft salvaged for spares then struck off charge.

C995

00Apr18 Built as Serial C917 the 245th of 300 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range C751 to C1050 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Gloucestershire UK. Built with construction number 3395 to Contract AS17573/17 dated 20 August 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.III engine Serial No.855WD19140.

00May18 Taken on charge by the RAF for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00May18 Allocated to the Expeditionary Force (EF) in France.

No definite facts are known for the period May to November 1918. However, as it is known the aircraft served in France it is safe to assume that at some time it would have went to 1ASD at Saint Omer for assembly and then sent to 2ASD at Fienvillers for squadron preparation and allocation. In all likelihood this aircraft probably served with 9 Sqn RAF before being allocated to O Flight No.3 Sqn Australian Flying Corps (AFC).

20Oct18 Allocated to O Flight No. 3 Sqn AFC at Prémont Farm airfield 21km from the front line. O Flight was a special flight formed within 3 Sqn and consisted of Bristol F.2b aircraft flown by Australian airman but serviced and maintained by RAF ground staff from 9 Sqn RAF.

30Oct18 At 1440 hrs CPT S.N Wrigley departed No.1 Aircraft Servicing Depot at St Omer airfield, Pas-de-Calais France for the one hour 10 minute ferry flight to 3 Sqn. He was accompanied by Lt J.H Bell in Re.8 F8016.

04Nov18 Departed Prémont Farm before dawn with two other O Flight Bristols to act as a Close In Bombardment observer aircraft for British Artillery in the renewed Meuse-Argonne offensive. However, as the sun rose a thick blanket of fog rolled in rapidly and all aircraft were forced to make hasty landings. C995 landed badly in the thickening fog and burst into flames after crashing at an unrecorded location. The aircrew escaped without serious injury but the aircraft was destroyed.

C4623

00Dec17 Built as Serial C4623 the 23rd of 200 Bristol Type 14 F.2b aircraft built in the Serial Range C4601 to C4800 by British & Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. in their UK factory at Filton, Bristol in Somerset UK. Built with construction number 2973 to Contract AS17573 dated 14 September 1917. Fitted with a 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.III engine Serial No.WD32612.

This machine was a £2,700 Presentation Aircraft from the Australian Air Squadrons Fund scheme, numbered Australian No.20 and New South Wales No.18. The machine was donated by Sir Samuel McCaughey and J. McCaughey. The aircraft was inscribed “The McCaughey” and was a replacement for RE.8 A3747

00Jan18 Taken on charge by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) for acceptance checks by the Aircraft Inspection Department (AID) at No.5 Aircraft Acceptance Park (5AAP) Bristol, UK.

00Feb18 Allocated to 5th (Corps) Wing, RFC of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF).

00Feb18 Dismantled and crated then dispatched by sea for assembly and testing by X Aircraft Depot (XAD) at RFC Station Aboukir, Alexandria Egypt.

00Mar18 Received for squadron preparation and issue by X Air Park (XAP), 5 Wing RFC at Kantara, Egypt.

00Mar18 Allocated to No.1 Sqn Australian Flying Corp, 40th Wing, RAF Palestine Brigade at Mejdel airfield, Palestine.

19Mar18 Lt E.L Spragg departed XAP Kantara at 1030 hrs for the 90 min ferry flight to Mejdel. Issued to C Flight and assigned to Lt G.C Peters.

20Mar18 Following local trials, the aircraft’s two bladed 9 foot 8 inch [295cm] propeller was replaced by a four-bladed 9 foot 2 inch [279cm] propeller.

22Mar18 At 0900 hrs a 20 min acceptance test flight carried out by Lt G.C Peters and 302 PTE C. Kershaw. Aircraft was unsatisfactory for operations.

At 1525 hrs another 20 min acceptance test flight carried out by Lt G.C Peters and 302 PTE C. Kershaw. Aircraft tested satisfactory for operations.

23Mar18 Lt G.C Peters and Lt Dawson (RFC) departed Mejdel at 1335 hrs on 1st combat mission as escort to B1223 (Lt Fraser and Lt Traill) on a 2hr 30 min Strategic Reconnaissance flight in the Kerak-Kastal-Nadeba area.

27Mar18 Lt H.R.S Maughan and Lt C.J Vyner departed Mejdel at 1600hrs with Lt C.S Paul and Lt W.P Cashman [C4624] as escorts for Lt S.A Nunan and three RE8s from 142 Sqn RFC for a raid against Rolling Stock and troops at Kastral railway station. The bombers dropped 42 x 20lb HE Bombs making 12 direct hits on the rolling stock and causing significant damage to the troops and horses.

29Mar18 Lt G.C Peters and No.506 CPL N.P.B Jensen departed Mejdel at 1250hrs with Lt H.L Fraser and J.H Traill [B1223] as escorts for Lt E.C Stooke [A3945] and one Martinsyde from 142 Sqn RFC for a raid against Zerka railway station. The bombers dropped 2 x 112lb HE bombs within 10 yards of the target causing significant damage and 8 x 20lb HE bombs on a nearby troop camp. On the return journey B1223 and C4623 both landed at Jericho owing to very bad weather, returning to Mejdel at 1250hrs the next day.

05Apr18 The donation inscription “The McCaughey” was painted on the aircraft beneath the cockpit on both sides.

15Apr18 Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill departed Mejdel at 0940hrs escorted by C4624 [Lt R.S Adair and Lt R.A Camm] for a Strategic Reconnaissance of the Huwara-Nablus-Tulkeram region. At 1150hrs over Tulkeram at 11,000ft Lt Adair fired a red Very cartridge when he spotted three aircraft approaching from the east 1000ft above the pair of Bristols. Lt Peters immediately climbed above the enemy aircraft and attacked from up-sun. He dived on a D.III Albatros Scout with a yellow fuselage and light blue camouflaged wings closing to 75 yards before firing 50 rounds. The Albatros dived away and Peters followed firing another 30 rounds from 50 yards and watched the Albatros nose over and dive vertically to the ground. He then attacked a 2nd Albatros firing two bursts from short range before a stoppage forced him to break off the attack.

26Apr18 When 1 Sqn was relocated, four of the five C Flight Bristol Fighters departed Mejdel airfield at 1045hrs for the 25min ferry flight to the Squadrons’ new operating base at Ramleh aerodrome, 3km East of Ramleh town between Jaffa and Jerusalem in Palestine. The ferry flight consisted of the following crews and aircraft:

B1229 CPT R.M Smith and No.303 CPL A.H Luxton C4623. Lt G.C Peters and No.27 2A/M W.H Shiers

C4626 Lt E.P Kenny and No.2324 2A/M J. Cameron C4627. Lt C.S Paul and No.460 1 A/M E.F Hewett.

30Apr18 Lt A.W Murphy and Lt F.C Hawley departed Ramleh at 0755hrs as escort to Lt E.C Stooke and Lt H.B Fletcher [C4627] on a Reconnaissance of the Es Salt-Amman-Kastal-Madeba region. Approaching Nablus at 10,000ft Lt Hawley spotted a two-seat Rumpler closing in from the SE 300ft above. Murphy immediately warned Lt Stooke then turned and climbed towards the enemy. The Rumpler then entered a steep dive and headed for Jenin with Murphy in hot pursuit firing several short bursts into the enemy aircraft and seeing pieces fly off the machine. However, the Rumpler’s superior speed saw it pull away and Murphy reluctantly broke off the engagement and returned to his escort duty.

02May18 Lt A.W Murphy and Lt R.A Camm departed Ramleh at 1200hrs as escort for B1276 [Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt H. Fysh] on a Reconnaissance of the Wadi Farah-Jisr Ed Damie-Amman areas. At 1330hrs over Amman at 8,000ft Murphy saw three enemy aircraft take-off form the Amman aerodrome and climb toward them. Murphy and Maughan climbed to 10,000ft and waited until the enemy scouts were in the right position before they dived on them from up-sun and forced them to split their formation. Murphy selected a D.Va Albatros with four red bands painted around a yellow fuselage firing several short bursts into the centre of the enemy, which forced the machine to break away into clouds. While Murphy was engaged one of the other Albatros machines attacked him from above and was engaged by Lt Camm who managed to fire 60 rounds into it before it too broke away into clouds. Murphy then formatted with B1276 and while doing so saw two Albatros scouts gliding down to Amman aerodrome with smoke issuing from the machines. During this engagement Lt Maughan also attacked two of the same Albatros aircraft and saw his fire cause damage to both machines.

04May18 Lt A.W Murphy and Lt H.A Letch MC departed Ramleh at 0440 hrs with Lt E.P Kenny and Lt G. Finlay [C4626] for a combined Bombing & Reconnaissance mission. for a combined Bombing & Reconnaissance mission. The aircraft was flying over Amman at approximately 0525 hrs when it was hit by small arms ground fire which ignited a Very cartridge in the cockpit ammunition box. The Observer Lt H.A Letch received minor burns while putting out the fire. Pilot Lt A.W Murphy was uninjured and the aircraft sustained minor damage in the cockpit area. The pair dropped 8 x 20lb HE Bombs on the Station and surrounding buildings.

09May18 Lt G.C Peters and Lt E.G Finlay departed Ramleh at 1355 hrs with Lt G.S Paul and Lt H. Fysh in C4627 as escorts for six RAF 14 Sqn RE8’s on a bombing raid to Jenin airfield. At approximately 1515hrs Peters spotted an enemy machine that had just taken off form Jenin. Leaving Pau as top cover Peters dived and attacked the enemy, now identified as a Rumpler, and forced the machine to land at Jenin before it could attack the bombers.

23May18 Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill were returning from a Reconnaissance and approaching Jericho from Shunet Nimrin at 10,000ft when they saw AA bursting below an enemy aircraft at 16,000ft. Peters climbed hard and when he had reached 15,500ft to the rear of the enemy aircraft Lt Traill opened fire and silenced the enemy rear gunner. A running battle then ensued with Traill firing two full drums of 420 rounds into the enemy. Peters was then forced to disengage when his petrol reserves were low, with the enemy aircraft last seen gliding into the Jordan Valley 23km north of Damie.

29May18 At 0815hrs Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill were at 8,000ft approaching Bireh from Ramleh to perform a Reconnaissance mission. Their escort Lt E.C Stooke and Lt Weir in Bristol Fighter B1280 fired a red Very Cartridge to signify an EA sighting forward and above them at 11,000ft. Both aircraft climbed to engage the enemy but Stooke’s gun jammed and Peters took over the dogfight. After a running battle over 20km the EA was seen by both pilots to disappear into the ground haze. Peters broke off the engagement as his engine was running rough but Stooke continued to look for the EA and located a column of smoke rising where the EA had gone down.

15Jun18 Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill departed Ramleh at 1600hrs with Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt F. Hawley [C4623] for a Coastal Sector Enemy Aircraft Patrol. The pair dropped six 25lb Incendiary Bombs on cultivated fields and crop stacks in the Kakon and Anebta regions.

16Jun18 Lt A.W Murphy and Lt L.W Sutherland departed Ramleh at 0615hrs with Lt C.S Paul and Lt W.J Weir [C4626] for an Armed Reconnaissance of the Coastal Sector The pair dropped six 15lb Incendiary Bombs on cultivated fields and crop stacks in the Tulkeram area.

26Jun18 Lt A.W Murphy and Lt A.W.K Farquhar departed Ramleh at 1145hrs for an Enemy Aircraft Patrol over Ramleh airfield. At 1225hrs they saw an enemy two-seater Rumpler below then flying west toward Amman. Murphy dived and flew parallel to the enemy to allow Farquhar to have a clear shot and after two or three short bursts the Rumpler pilot fired a red Very cartridge signalling his surrender, and turned toward Ramleh with the intent of landing.

At this stage Murphy realised that Farquhar had been shot and was slumped over in his cockpit so he broke away to land and, seeing this, the Rumpler pilot swung away and bolted for his own lines. Landing back at Ramleh some minutes later Murphy discovered that Farquhar had died from his wounds.

AFC Observer Lieutenant Arthur Wallace Kemmis Farquhar (24) of Sydney NSW is buried in Grave No.66 of the Ramleh Military Cemetery, Ramla. Israel. He is also remembered at Location 187 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

09Jul18 Aircraft flown to XAP at Kantara for major servicing.

10Aug18 A 30min acceptance test flight flown at XAP by CPT R.M Smith and CPT G.K Clogstun at 1500hrs. The pair then departed at 1600hrs for the two hour ferry flight to Ramleh. Received by 1Sqn, issued to B Flight and assigned to Lt P.J McGinness.

12Aug18 A 45min acceptance test flight flown at 1145hrs by Lt P.J McGinness and No.382 CPL G.H Bond.

14Aug18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0800hrs escorted by Lt W.C Thompson and Lt M.D Lees for an Armed Reconnaissance in the Jerusalem-Jenin- Afuleh-Tulkeram regions. At 1015hrs the pair were over Jenin airfield when they sighted six enemy aircraft 2000ft above and behind them. Both pilots immediately turned away and climbed hard to get above the enemy and then turned and closed the distance. Identifying the enemy as similar to an Albatros they dived to attack and the enemy formation split in two and the Bristols also split to attack. Both McGinness and Thompson scored hits on at least one enemy machine before the dived away and landed back at Jenin. It was later learned that the aircraft encountered were Pfalz Scouts and this was the first instance they were engaged in combat.

20Aug18 A 30min engine test flight flown by Lt P.J McGinness and SGT W.A Beard.

21Aug18 Lt E.S Headlam and Lt W.H Lilly departed Ramleh at 0910hrs as escort for Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt F.C Conrick [B1229] in a raid against the Kissir Railway Station. When approaching Amman Lt Headlam spotted, then dived to attack, an enemy two-seater 2000ft below his aircraft. After the first 30 rounds his gun jammed so he positioned himself below the enemy and Lt Lilly fired a full drum into the enemy before it dived away and crash landed 1km NE of the Amman airfield.

24Aug18 While on Enemy Alert readiness at 0800hrs Lt P.J McGinness with Lt H.B Fletcher and Lt G.C Peters with Lt J.H Traill [B1278] scrambled to intercept approaching machines. At 9,000ft over Jelil Lt Peters saw a L.V.G 2-seater which immediately turned away and began firing red Very Cartridges. Thereupon, six enemy Pfalz Scouts appeared from the NW at 10,000ft and dived to attack the two Bristols. Lt Peters continued his attack on the LVG and Lt McGinness broke up to spoil the Pfalz attack.

The Pfalz leader dived on McGinness and fired an ineffective passing burst before diving away after Peters. By this time two other Pfalz machines dived on McGinness from the rear but were turned away by accurate defensive bursts from Fletcher. The remaining three Pfalzs were by then passing below McGinness who immediately dived on them and opened fire on the centre machine before closing into 50 yards and firing a long accurate burst that caused the Pfalz to fall away and explode as it hit the ground. McGinness then latched on to another Pfalz and chased it down to 200ft all the while taking short snap shots before flying up alongside the enemy where Fletcher fired a long burst that forced the enemy to attempt a forced landing on the Messudieh-Nablus Road. The Pfalz struck a motor lorry shedding bits and pieces before coming to a halt atop the vehicle whereupon Fletcher fired another long burst and raked the downed machine. By this time the action had ended with no more enemy in sight.

The outcome of the dogfight was a great victory for the 1 Sqn airmen: P.J McGinness/H.B Fletcher destroyed two Pfalz D.III fighters while Peters/Traill shot down the LVG C.VI reconnaissance machine and a Pfalz D.III fighter. The four above Officers were immediately awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and were personally congratulated by the General Officer Commanding, Royal Air Force, (Middle East), upon their ‘brilliant achievement.’ Of the seven Luftstreitkräfte aircraft involved on that day the two-seater LVG was shot down, one Pfalz scout was sent down in flames, two others were shot down and destroyed, while a fourth was forced down on to a road where it collided with a motor lorry and was badly damaged, another Pfalz force landed on its homeward journey and Post war examination of German records showed that only one aircraft returned to Base.

For details of Lt G.C Peter’s involvement in the action see the entry for B1278.

31Aug18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1140hrs with Lt D.R Dowling and Lt E.A Mulford [B1223] for an Enemy Aircraft Patrol over Ramleh airfield. While on patrol they saw two enemy aircraft flying south over the small village of Mulebbis. The pair split up with McGinness taking the nearer machine and Dowling the other. McGinness positioned himself behind and below his target and Fysh poured 100 rounds into the machine which went down in a vertical dive and crashed in the Australian front lines. Meanwhile Dowling’s attack was progressing well until his engine failed and he was forced to break off the attack. Seeing this development McGinness then took over and once again Fysh fired numerous rounds into the enemy and watched as it too went into a vertical dive, shedding its stbd wings before crashing 2km east of Kalkilieh.

For this and other reported actions Lt Fysh was recommended for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross. The recommendation was approved and the DFC was awarded to Fysh on 02Sep18.

14Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1010hrs with Lt D.R Dowling and Lt E.A Mulford [B1223] for a Reconnaissance in the Jenin-Afuleh-Haifa region. The pair met an enemy two-seater Rumpler flying SE towards Jenin and attacked immediately eventually causing the enemy to force land 5km east of Jenin. The pair then strafed the downed machine which was left with a collapsed undercarriage, crumpled wings and a bullet riddled fuselage.

19Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0525hrs escorted by Lt E.S Headlam and Lt W.H Lilly for an Armed Reconnaissance of the Afuleh-Jenin-Ramin-Tulkeram line. The pair dropped 8 x 20lb HE bombs and fired 1500 rounds into rolling stock near Tulkeram.

Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh [C4623] departed Ramleh at 1445hrs with CPT A. R Brown and Lt G. Finlay [B1284], Lt S.A Nunan and Lt J.C Murray [B1285], Lt E.S Headlam and Lt W.H Lilly [B1286], Lt C.S Paul and Lt W.J A Weir [C4627], and Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L.S Climie for a bombing raid against retreating troops and transport near Burka. The aircraft dropped 54 x 20lb HE bombs and expended 2,600 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic

20Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H Fysh departed Ramleh at 1550hrs with Lt H. A Blake and Lt C.J Vyner [B1148] and Lt S.A Nunan and Lt F.C Conrick [B1285] for an attack on retreating troops and transport on the Jenin-Afuleh Road. The three aircraft dropped 22 x 20lb HE, 4 x 15ln Incendiary Bombs and fired 1,150 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

21Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0835hrs with Lt J.W Barker and Lt W. Upton [B1149], Lt H.A Blake and Lt L.W Gregory [B1148] for an attack on retreating troops and transport at Ferweh. The three aircraft dropped 32 x 20lb HE bombs and fired 1,150 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1535hrs with CPT A. R Brown and Lt G. Finlay [B1284], Lt S.A Nunan and Lt J.C Murray [B1285], Lt F.W Lukis and Lt E.B.S Beaton [B1223] for a bombing raid against retreating troops and transport on the Wadi Farah Road. The four machines dropped 44 x 20lb HE bombs and expended 1,500 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

22Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0655hrs with Lt J.W Barker and Lt W. Upton [B1149], Lt H.A Blake and Lt J.C McMurray [B1148], Lt C.C Cameron and Lt C.J Vyner [B1199], Lt F.W Lukis with Lt E.B.S Beaton [B1223], Lt W.C Thompson and Lt J.B Smith [A7190] for an attack against retreating troops and transport in and around Es Salt. The six aircraft dropped 62 x 20lb HE bombs and fired 2,200 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

23Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0655hrs with Lt J.W Barker and Lt W. Upton [B1149], Lt H.A Blake and Lt J.C McMurray [B1148], Lt C.C Cameron and Lt C.J Vyner [B1199], Lt F.W Lukis with Lt E.B.S Beaton [B1223], Lt W.C Thompson and Lt J.B Smith [A7190] for an attack against retreating troops and transport in and around Es Salt. The six aircraft dropped 62 x 20lb HE bombs and fired 2,200 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1450hrs with CPT A.R Brown and Lt M.D Lees [B1284], with Lt J.W Barker and Lt W. Upton [B1149], Lt C.C Cameron and Lt C.J Vyner [B1149], Lt H.A Blake and Lt G. Finlay [A7200], Lt G.W Sheppard and Lt A.P MacLean [C4840], Lt W.C Thompson and Lt E. Sullivan [A7190], Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt A.V McCann [B1147], Lt H.S.R Maughan and Lt L.S Climie [C4627], Lt E. P Kenny and Lt L.W Sutherland [C4626] for an attack against retreating troops and transport in and around Es Salt. The ten machines dropped 106 x 20lb HE Bombs and fired more than 3,900 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

25Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0855hrs with Lt C.C Cameron and Lt H.B Fletcher[B1199], Lt F.W Lukis and Lt E.B.S Beaton [B1223], Lt H.R.S Maughan and Lt A.V McCann [B1147] for an attack on retreating troops and transport in and around Mafrak. The four machines dropped 46 x 20lb HE Bombs and expended 1,300 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1340hrs with Lt H.A Blake and Lt C.J Vyner [A7200], Lt J.W Barker and Lt E. Sullivan [B1149], Lt S.A Nunan and Lt F.C Conrick [B1285], Lt C.C Cameron and Lt H.B Fletcher [B1199], Lt D.R Dowling and Lt S.W Gregory [A7192], Lt G.W Sheppard and Lt A.P MacLean [C4840], Lt W.C Thompson and J.C McMurray, Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt W.J Weir [B1229] for an attack on retreating troops and transport in and around Mafrak. The nine machines dropped 105 x 20lb HE Bombs and expended 3,350 rounds among the troops and vehicles causing destruction and panic.

27Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0635hrs with Lt D.R Dowling and Lt S.W Gregory [A7192], Lt F.W Lukis and Lt E.B .S Beaton [B1223]; Lt W.C Thompson and Lt E. Sullivan [A7190]; Lt E.P Kenny and Lt L.W Sutherland [C4626]; Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L Climie [B1147] for an attack on retreating troops and transport in and around Mafrak. The six machines dropped 58 x 20lb HE Bombs and fired 2.200 rounds on troops and transport causing destruction and panic.

28Sep18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 1300hrs with Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill [B1287]; Lt S.A Nunan and Lt F.C Conrick [B1285]; Lt C.C Cameron and Lt H.B Fletcher [B1286]; for an attack on the Damascus Aerodrome. The aircraft flew to Afuleh aerodrome first and refuelled before completing the mission. The four machines dropped 32 x 20lb HE Bombs and expended 1375 rounds on buildings, transport, men and equipment caches.

02Oct18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Ramleh at 0545hrs for the 55min ferry flight to the Squadrons’ new operating base at an aerodrome located 1km west of Haifa, Palestine.

05Oct18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Haifa at 1055hrs for an Armed Photographic Reconnaissance of Rayak airfield and environs, escorted by Lt G.W Sheppard and Lt A.P Maclean [C4840]. After 20min Lt Sheppard had to abort with a failing engine and Lt McGinness pushed on alone. At 1225hrs McGinness/Fysh dropped 1 x 112lb HE Bomb, 2 x 20lb HE Bombs and fired 450 rounds on troops at Rayak railway station.

08Oct18 1Sqn CO MAJ S.W Addison with Lt E.G Finlay flew from Haifa to Damascus to make preliminary arrangements for 1 Sqn aircraft and ground crews to operate in Syria. From Damascus they flew to Kneitra where they remained overnight before flying back to Haifa the next day.

10Oct18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt H. Fysh departed Haifa at 0550hrs for a Reconnaissance of the road between Beirut and Tripoli Tarabulus in Lebanon. They were forced to abort and RTB at 0600hrs following a radiator failure.

11Oct18 Lt P.J McGinness and FSGT W.A Beard departed Haifa at 0900hrs for a 45min test flight after the radiator was replaced.

12Oct18 Aircraft relocated to Rayak airfield 55km East of Beirut, Lebanon. Lt P.J McGinness and Lt L.H Smith departed Haifa at 0650hrs and arrived Rayak at 0705hrs with a faulty engine.

13Oct18 Lt P.J McGinness and 2/AM Stephenson flew a 45min engine test flight at 0955hrs.

16Oct18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt J.B Smith departed Rayak at 0925hrs with Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill [B1278]; with Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L.S Climie [B1287]; Lt D.R Dowling and Lt L.W Gregory [B1223] for an attack against Camel Troops and Cavalry near Hama Station, 175km north of Rayak airfield. The aircraft dropped 24 x 20lb HE Bombs and fired 2,400 rounds into Cavalry and Camels inflicting numerous casualties.

Lt P.J McGinness and Lt J.B Smith departed Rayak at 1200hrs with Lt G.C Peters and Lt J.H Traill [B1278]; Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L.S Climie [B1287]; Lt D.T Dowling and Lt L.W Gregory [B1223] for an attack against Camel Troops and Cavalry near Hama Station, 175km north of Rayak airfield. The aircraft dropped 24 x 20lb HE Bombs and fired 2,400 rounds into Cavalry and Camels inflicting numerous casualties.

18Oct18 Lt P.J McGinness and Lt F.C Conrick departed Haifa at 0555 and flew to Rayak. They departed Rayak at 0810hrs after refuelling and set off to carry out a Reconnaissance of the Hama-Homs Road. After developing engine problems the aircraft landed at the advance landing ground near Hama, Syria.

31Oct18 after engine spares were delivered to Hama ALG the aircraft was repaired and on 31Oct Lt P.J McGinness and 2/AM Munn flew a successful 1hr engine test flight. The machine was then flown back to Haifa at 1430hrs.

26Nov18 Aircraft moved to Ramleh airfield, Palestine when the Squadron was relocated. Ferried from Haifa at 1415hrs by Lt P.J McGinness and Lt L.W Lilly, arriving Ramleh at 1505hrs.

23Dec18 One of seven aircraft that departed Ramleh at 0715hrs for a travel flight to Kantara airfield. The aircraft were selected to fly as close personal escort for the GOC Middle East General Allenby on his flight from Kantara to Cairo later that day. The aircraft and crews involved were:

B1295 COL R Williams DSO & No.2324 1A/M J. Cameron

C4730 Lt G.C Peters DFC & No.182 CPL H.E Wadham

C4623 Lt P.J McGinness DFC DCM & No.14129 CPL L.C Matulich

B1287 Lt A.V Tonkin DFC & Lt L.S Climie

B1229 Lt E.S Headlam & No.460 1 A/M E.F Hewett.

B1298 Lt S.A Nunan & No.616 2A/M S. Doig

C4627 Lt H.S.R Maughan DFC & No.446 2A/M S.M Artaud

25Dec18 The above seven aircraft and crews participated in the 1918 Christmas Day Aerial Pageant over Cairo.

26Dec18 Lt P.J McGinness and No.460 1 A/M E.F Hewett departed Cairo at 1150hrs with Lt G.C Peters and No.182 CPL H.E Wadham [C4730]; Lt Harper and No.2324 1A/M J. Cameron [B1295]; Lt A.V Tonkin and Lt L.S Climie [B1287] for the 3hr 15min ferry flight to Ramleh.

16Jan19 Last recorded flight with 1 Sqn AFC when Lt P.J McGinness flew a 30min ‘Test’ flight at 1145hrs with the Squadron Medical Officer, CPT A.A Lang.

01Feb19 Allocated to No.111 Sqn at RAF Station Ramleh, Palestine.

04Feb19 Received by 111 Sqn

00Apr19 Received for servicing by XAP.

13May19 New engine fitted - 142kW (190hp) RR Falcon Mk.III Serial No.WD39399.

00Jul19 Allocated for disposal to the Aircraft Storage Depot Middle East (ASDME) at RAF Aboukir, Egypt.

24Jul19 Received by ASDME.

2020-01-17

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