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Paul McGuiness RAAF Archive
Paul McGuiness is an Australian aviation researcher and historian. Using primary sources he has assembled detailed information on the history of each plane
used by Australians and Australian forces in WWl and WW2, and on personnel involved.

This page contains many names, dates, locations. To help find the one(s) you're interested in, use our Highlighting facility.
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History of Australian Military Aviation

First World War

Armstrong Whitworth FK3

Avro 504

Bristol F2b Fighter

Fairey Aviation Model lllD Seaplane

Martinsyde G.100 G 102 Elephant

Maurice Farman S.11 Shorthorn

Royal Aircraft Factory BE2

Royal Aircraft Factory BE12

Royal Aircraft Factory RE.8

Royal Aircraft Factory SE5A Experimental Scout

Sopwith Camel B Series

Sopwith Camel C D E F Series

Sopwith Snipe

Sopwith Scout (Pup)

Sopwith 1½ Strutter

Supermarine Seagull lll

Supermarine Southampton Mk 1

Westland Wapiti


Post First World War

Bristol Bulldog

De Havilland DH.9A

Hawker Demon

Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5A

Avro 504K


Second World War

458 Sqd Wellingtons

460 Sqd Wellingtons

466 Sqd Wellingtons


Further Information:

Aces and Aviators WWl Database

Material Relating to Australia

Plane Types Used By Australian Forces 1918 - Onwards

Hawker Demon

A Brief History of the Hawker Demon in RAAF Service


The Hawker Demon was a two-seat fighter derivative of the Hawker Hart day bomber. Such was the performance of the Hawker Hart that it was significantly faster than the RAF’s single seat fighters of the day, such as the Bristol 105 Bulldog. The Hawker Demon was designed against Specification 15/30, which was drawn up around the performance of the existing Hart design by Sydney Camm. Hawker modified the first production Hawker Hart (J9933) to act as a prototype Hawker Demon although it was originally known as the Hawker Hart Fighter. The main changes from the Hart were the use of a 560 hp supercharged Rolls-Royce Kestrel V(DR) engine and a downward sloping rear cockpit coaming, which afforded a better field of fire for the rear gunner. Two fixed forward-fining Vickers machine guns were fitted in troughs on either side of the fuselage. Under-wing racks could be fitted for the carriage of light bombs, when required.

Paul McGuiness

Developed from the Hawker Hart bomber to address the Royal Air Force's lack of a fast fighter aircraft, the Demon went into production for the RAF in 1932 with a total of 305 aircraft eventually being produced. In February 1934 the Australian Government ordered 18 Hawker Demon Mk.I aircraft for the RAAF built to UK MoD Specification 1/34, with some additional modifications to suit Australian conditions and powered by the new Rolls Royce 600hp Kestrel Mk V engine. The contract was for a total of £106,000 Sterling or £5,000 per aircraft plus 10 additional engines, spares and specialist tools with deliveries scheduled to begin in Sep 1934.

In August 1934 the UK Government announced that the contracted delivery dates of the aircraft could not be met because Hawker production was geared solely to meet RAF requirements. A revised delivery date of late 1935 or early 1936 was offered but could not be guaranteed until the full RAF order was completed. However, following strong pressure from the Australian Government, sweetened with a promise of follow-on orders, the 18 RAAF aircraft were manufactured by Hawker in late 1934, tested in January 1935 and belatedly delivered in April – May 1935. The aircraft were issued to No 1 and No 3 Squadrons with Serials A1-1 thru A1-18.

On 31 January 1935 the Minister of Defence announced that 18 additional Demons Serials A1-19 thru A1-36 would be purchased for 126,000 pounds Sterling, including the requisite extra engines, spares and specialist equipment. On 2 July 1935 a further 18 Demons Serials A1-37 to A1-54 were ordered bringing the total order to 54 Mk.I Demons. The additional 36 aircraft were modified for Army Co-operation with a prone bomb aimer’s position for the gunner in the lower fuselage and the fitment of bomb carriers. The aircraft were also fitted with the 600hp RR Kestrel V DR engine and all 36 were delivered to Australia in 1936. Total cost for the 54 Mk.I Demons was £352,000. A final tranche of 10 Demons was ordered in late 1936 with Serials A1-55 thru A1-64 at a cost of £71,124; these 10 aircraft were built to Specification 46/36 and were fitted with dual controls and target towing equipment and known as the Australian Demon Mk.II. Nine of these aircraft were delivered in Oct 1937 and the last aircraft (A1-64) was delivered to Sydney in May 1938.

The 64 RAAF Demons mainly served with Nos 1, 2, 3, 21, 22, 23 and 25 Squadrons. In service the Demons proved to be a difficult aircraft to fly and were regarded with some trepidation by many novice pilots. The unreliability of the Kestrel engine made maintenance and serviceability a very difficult task and many aircraft spent an inordinate amount of time awaiting spares and/or in maintenance. Despite a rash of mostly minor crashes and reports of doom and gloom gleefully reported by the press of the day only 10 Demons were actually lost between 1935 and 1939 which was a record that was as good as or better than most other fighter aircraft of the time

On the eve of World War II the 54 Demons still in operational service were relegated to the squadron hack, training, communications and target towing roles. By 1948 the last of the Demons had been converted to components and, as was typical of that era, no complete aircraft was set aside for preservation or display. Fortunately for present day aviation enthusiasts one complete Demon is on permanent display and one is under full restoration to airworthy condition. The aircraft on display at present is A1-8 which crashed in 1937 in rugged bush in NW Tasmania. The wreckage was rediscovered in 1977, airlifted out, restored then placed in the RAAF Museum in 1987. The other aircraft undergoing restoration in Queensland is an amalgam of old parts and new build parts that belonged to no particular aircraft so at this time an identity is unknown.


A1-1

1934 The 1st of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine with Serial No.K3375

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman.

1935-37 For some reason the aircraft remained with Hawker from January 1935 to April 1937. The aircraft was probably held to perform trials, develop modifications etc.

00Apr37 Aircraft packed for sea transportation to Australia.

05May37 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne, where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

28May37 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K3375 fitted.

16Jul37 Held by 1AD Reserve store.

23Jul37 Issued to Communications Flight Laverton.

08Aug38 Taxied into an obstacle on the airfield, minor damage repaired at unit.

04Sep38 120 hourly inspection.

19May39 Engine failure, forced landing near Rockbank VIC 30km west of Laverton.

20May39 Engine K3375 removed and sent for repair, Engine K3345 installed.

06Jun39 Engine K3345 replaced with Engine K3227.

14Jul39 120 hourly inspection.

02Aug39 Tail wheel damaged in landing. Replace at unit.

30Oct39 120 hourly inspection.

01Nov39 1ADCSF disbanded on this date. Aircraft allocated and issued to the newly formed No 1 Communications Flight.

12Dec39 Allocated to No 1 Flying Training School at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

09Feb40 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to Armament Training Station (ATS) at RAAF Base Cressy, VIC.

11Feb40 Received by ATS.

02May40 Issued to 1AD for 120 hourly servicing.

21Jul41 Excessive brake usage caused the aircraft to tip on its nose after landing at Cressy field causing moderate damage to the airscrew and engine. Pilot A205780 SGT J.G. Cornfoot was uninjured.

30Jul40 Issued to ATS.

19Aug41 Allocated to 1AD for major servicing.

21Aug41 Received by 1AD.

06Oct41 Allocated to ATS.

09Nov41 Received by ATS.

28Jan42 Allocated to 1AD for complete overhaul.

30Jan42 Received by 1AD.

17Mar42 Allocated to ATS.

21Mar42 Received by ATS.

23Apr42 Allocated to No 7 Sqn at RAAF Laverton.

18May42 Received by 7Sqn.

03Jul42 Engine failed at 2000ft causing a crash landing into a small tree on the shores of Lake Wellington, VIC. Aircraft damaged beyond unit repair capability. Pilot A412223 SGT DP Wills received serious injuries.

05Jul42 Aircraft recovered and transported back to RAAF Laverton.

20Jul42 Allocated to Technical Squadron Point Cook for repairs.

07Aug42 Received by Tech Squadron.

26Oct42 Allocated to Armament Training Station (ATS) at RAAF Base Cressy.

02Nov42 Received by ATS. Coded X and painted with camouflaged upper surfaces and trainer yellow lower surfaces with diagonal black stripes on lower wings and mid height on the fuselage.

03Jan43 Wirraway A20-283 stalled in a turn over Cressy airfield and crashed onto the tarmac next to A1-1. A8149 SGT S.P. Fogarty was working on A1-1 at the time and was seriously injured. A1-1 was extensively damaged and beyond unit repair capability. Both occupants of A20-283 were killed (see Wirraway Page for details).

13Jan43 Allocated to Technical Squadron Point Cook for survey, report and possible repairs.

18Jan43 Received by Tech Squadron. Recommended for conversion.

07Jun43 Allocated to 1AD for conversion.

00July43 Conversion to components on file.

A1-2

1934 The 2nd of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 12,000 ton P&O Line ship SS Balranald at London Docks.

21Apr35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne, where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

10May35 Received by No.1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K3259 fitted.

10May35 Allocated to No.1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

00May35 Received by 1(AC) Sqn

06Aug35 The aircraft landed on a soft patch of ground on the aerodrome and tipped onto its nose causing damage to the airscrew, undercarriage and nose section. No casualties reported.

09Aug35 Received by 1AD for repairs.

09Sep35 Received by 1 (AC) Sqn.

20Apr36 Issued to No 21 (Cadre) Sqn Citizens Air Force (CAF) on its formation at RAAF Base Laverton.

13May36 Accompanied by three other Demons flew to Renmark for the official opening of Renmark Aerodrome. The flying program consisted of Message Pick-up, Air Drill, Aerobatics and Dive Bombing displays. Crew was FLGOFF A.D Charlton and FLGOFF Chapman.

12May37 One of the 36 RAAF Aircraft that performed the Diving Flying Salute at Royal Park Melbourne on the occasion of the coronation of King George VI. Pilot was FLGOFF Graham.

02Nov36 Painted with 21 Sqn identifying mark, which was a five inch wide blue band painted above and below the national markings on each side and on top of the wing.

14Dec36 One of Four Demons and two Moths from 21 Sqn that took part in the search for missing 1 Sqn Bulldog A12-7. Pilot was PLTOFF Keenan. Search carried out the following day also.

31Aug39 Received by 1AD for major overhaul.

18Dec39 Received by 21 Sqn.

28Feb40 Kestrel engine K3259 replaced with K8933.

24Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

10May40 Issued to 1SFTS Intermediate Training Squadron.

18Jul40 Engine failure resulted in a forced landing at Point Cook. Mainplanes and undercarriage damaged.

18Aug40 Forced landing caused by severe weather conditions. Pilot FLGOFF Daly and Cadet Blundell were uninjured.

26Aug40 Aircraft nosed over after landing breaking the airscrew. Pilot Cadet Barr was uninjured.

23Feb41 Engine K8933 replaced with K3251.

17Mar41 A1-39 taxied into A1-2 at Point Cook during night flying operations. Port upper & lower mainplanes of A1-2 extensively damaged. Pilot O640 FLGOFF M.J. Cooper and cadet A4972 LAC M.E. Towill were uninjured.

20Jun41 Held unserviceable at 1SFTS. Technical survey recommend conversion.

27Jun41 Approval given to convert to components by Air Board Agenda 517/1941.

30Oct41 Conversion to components completed at Maintenance Wing SFTS.

A1-3

1934 The 3rd of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3261.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 11,000 ton P&O Line ship SS Mongolia at London Docks.

25Apr35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

10May35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

10May35 Allocated to No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

04May35 1st Demon assembled & flown in Australia by O1 SQNLDR Arthur William Murphy DFC, AFC.

00May35 Received by 1(AC) Sqn.

02Feb36 Crewed by 081 PLTOFF Eric Vance Lansell & A4616 SGT Richard James Tonks and accompanied by A1-4 & A1-9 departed for the Annual Tasmanian Training Flight. The aircraft were scheduled to give Air Displays at Swansea 6th Feb; Hobart 11th Feb; Wynyard 12th Feb; and Cambridge 15th Feb.

06Feb36 After take-off from Swansea airfield in Tasmania the aircraft struck and killed two spectators, a 50yr old woman and her 19yr old daughter. The aircraft crash landed on its return, neither PLTOFF 081 Eric Vance Lansell nor crewman A4616 SGT Richard James Tonks was injured in the incident. PLTOFF Lansell was committed for trial by the Coroner and was later acquitted.

07Feb36 Aircraft dismantled and transported to Western Junction airfield, Launceston for survey and preparation for shipment to Sydney.

04Mar36 Arrived at Sydney docks and transported by Service Transport to 2AD for repair.

20Apr36 Issued to No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton. (Formation date of No 21 Sqn CAF).

01May36 Received by 1AD for major overhaul.

10Sep36 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

01Nov36 Received by 22 Sqn (Citizens Air Force) at RAAF Richmond.

03Feb37 Demons A1-3 and A1-8 departed Richmond on 01Feb37 to carry out an exercise with Army elements in and around Hobart, TAS. The aircraft were delayed at RAAF Laverton owing to engine problems with A1-8. The defect was rectified and the aircraft left for Tasmania from Laverton at 0725 hrs on 03Feb37. The aircraft encountered foul weather on reaching the Tasmanian coast and ran short of fuel before reaching their planned refueling stop at Wynyard. A1-3 crash landed on a road near Wynyard and was heavily damaged. Pilot PLTOFF Donald Ashton-Shorter and A3299 SGT Arthur Alexander Slight were uninjured.

05Feb37 Aircraft recovered and prepared for shipment to Richmond.

04Mar37 Aircraft received by 2AD.

02Nov37 Held by No 2 Aircraft Depot at RAAF Richmond awaiting future direction.

Dec37 Approved for conversion to components by Air Board Agenda 2094/37.

NOTE: The propellor from A1-3 still decorates the entrance hall at the Bischoff Hotel in Waratah, Tasmania


From the collection of the Ashton-Shorter family.


A1-4

1934 The 4h of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3249.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 11,000 ton P&O Line ship SS Mongolia at London Docks.

25Apr35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

10May35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

10May35 Allocated to No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

00May35 Received by 1 (AC) Sqn.

2Feb36 Crewed by O318 FLTLT Patrick George Heffernan & LAC W.C. Thompson and accompanied by A1-3 & A1-9 departed for the Annual Tasmanian Training Flight. The aircraft were scheduled to give Air Displays at Swansea 6th Feb; Hobart 11th Feb; Wynyard 12th Feb; and Cambridge 15th Feb. Returned to Laverton on 18Feb36.

20Apr36 Issued to No 21 (Cadre) Sqn Citizens Air Force (CAF) on its formation at RAAF Base Laverton.

30Jun36 PLTOFF J.R.G McDonald and 1148 CPL F.L Turner conducted the 1st aerial photographic survey of Seymour and surrounds on 30Jun/01Jul. Further reconnaissance work carried out the following day.

07Aug36 PLTOFF J.R.G McDonald and PLTOFF B.R Walker conducted the 2nd aerial photographic survey of Seymour and surrounds on 7/8Aug.

26Sep36 One of three Demons comprising the 21 Sqn Display Team that gave displays at the Royal Victorian Aero Club pageant at Essendon airport. Pilot was FLTLT R.M Dalton.

02Oct36 PLTOFF W.J Keenan departed Laverton to for Perth with A1-9 to search for the two missing Dutch aviators Beeckman and Van Rous missing somewhere in WA on their circumnavigation attempt of Australia. Upon reaching Kalgoorlie the next day word was received the Dutchmen had been found.

22Oct36 One of four 21 Sqn Demons that flew to Bordertown SA to participate in the ‘Back to Tatiara Air pageant’. Pilot was FLTT R.M Dalton.

02Nov36 Painted with 21 Sqn identifying mark, which was a five inch wide blue band painted above and below the national markings on each side and on top of the wing.

21Nov36 One of three 21 Sqn Demons that gave aerial and static displays in the 1936 Military Gymkhana at Flemington Showgrounds. Pilot was FLTT R.M Dalton.

14Dec36 One of Four Demons and two Moths from 21 Sqn that took part in the search for missing 1 Sqn Bulldog A12-7. Pilot was FLTLT R.M Dalton. Search carried out the following day also.

16Dec36 One of four Demons that flew to Adelaide to take part in the South Australia Centenary Air Pageant on 19Dec36 and the massed RAAF Formation Fly Past over Adelaide on 22Dec for the “Pageant of Progress’. Pilot was FLTL R.M Dalton.

07Jan37 PLTOFF Hitchcock photographed the Barwon Heads, VIC Golf Course. An aerial mosaic of the course was then made by 21 Sqn staff.

21May37 Received by 1AD for major overhaul. Engine K3249 replaced with K3245.

21Sep37 Issued to 1AD Communications & Survey Flight (1ADCSF).

25Jan38 Crashed at Laverton.

31Jan38 Received by 1AD for repairs. Kestrel No.3249 replaced by No.3245

21Feb38 Engine K3245 removed.

17Mar38 Engine K3231 installed.

24Mar39 On travel flight from Laverton to Richmond engine cut-out on numerous occasions. Pilot O73 FLTLT J.M. Lerew. Engine K3231 tested on ground with no faults found.

27Apr38 Issued to 1ADCSF.

08May39 Water pump failed and replaced. Brake system completely overhauled.

31Jun39 Engine removed to inspect oil rollers.

20Sep39 120 hourly inspection. Aircraft has accumulated 1700 flying hours.

01Nov39 1ADCSF disbanded on this date. Aircraft allocated and issued to the newly formed No 1 Communications Flight.

20Nov39 120 hourly inspection.

23Dec39 Engine failure caused a crash landing near Culburra, SA at 1500 hrs. Considerable damage inflicted on the aircraft. Pilot O73FLTLT John Margrave Lerew and observer A4370 AC1 LAW Lancaster suffered minor cuts and abrasions.

29Dec39 Engine K3231 shipped back to Laverton for investigation.

08Jan40 Engine K3375 installed.

15Jan40 Allocated to and received by No 21 Sqn at RAAF Base Laverton.

05Apr40 Allocated to and received by No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

19Apr40 Stalled on landing from 50ft - almost completely wrecked. Solo Cadet R.N. Gillies was bruised and shocked.

22Apr40 Allocated to 1AD for repairs.

23Apr40 Received by 1AD.

10Jun40 Held by 1AD pending complete overhaul.

26Jun40 Engine K3375 replaced with K9837.

01Aug40 Allocated to 1SFTS.

04Aug40 Received by 1SFTS.

27Aug40 Taxied into A1-41. Lower mainplane damaged. AC1 Dowell injured. Pilot Cadet Tayler uninjured.

19Feb41 Engine K9837 removed and sent to 1AD for overhaul.

10Mar41 Engine K5611 installed.

26Mar41 Engine failure at 3,000ft caused a forced landing - no damage. Instructor O715 FLGOFF Peter Radcliffe Giddy and student A4405 LAC William Otto Hewitt were uninjured.

30Mar41 Engine K5611 replaced with K9401.

21Nov41 While practicing engine failure forced landings the aircraft struck large stones concealed in long grass at the Little River satellite field near Point Cook. Lower mainplane, undercarriage were extensively damaged. Pilot 416167 LAC H.A Doudy suffered bruising and shock.

03Dec41 Engine K9401 removed.

09Apr42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School (3BAGS) at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

15Apr42 Received by 3BAGS.

06Aug42 Engine failure, dead stick landing – no airframe damage. Pilot SGT G.E Smith uninjured.

16Jul43 Allocated to 1AD Disposal Section for conversion.

16Jul43 Approved for conversion or destruction by 1AD.

A1-5

1934 The 5th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3229.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 11,000 ton P&O Line ship SS Mongolia at London Docks.

25Apr35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

10May35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

10May35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond, NSW.

00May35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

15Apr36 Allocated to 22 Sqn (City of Sydney) at RAAF Richmond.

20Apr36 Received by 22Sqn.

23May36 Took part in the Air Display over Sydney for Empire Day Celebrations.

25Aug36 Flew the welcoming fly past salute for the new NSW Governor with three other 22 Sqn Demons

24Sep36 Stalled in turn onto finals - crash landed causing extensive damage.

12Oct36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot at RAAF Richmond. Held pending further decision. Engine K3299 removed and repaired at 2AD Engine Workshop.

30Oct36 Airframe approved for conversion to components by Air Board Agenda 1954/36.

A1-6

1934 The 6th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3269.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 11,000 ton P&O Line ship SS Mongolia at London Docks.

25Apr35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

10May35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

10May35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

00May35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

16Feb36 Hit telephone wires on landing approach at Richmond

17Feb36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) at RAAF Richmond for repairs.

00Jul36 Allocated to No 22 (City of Sydney) Sqn at RAAF Richmond.

01Aug36 Received by No 22 Sqn.

13Aug36 Departed for Brisbane via Coffs Harbour to conduct aerial photographic surveys around Brisbane and Warwick, Returned to Richmond on 19Aug36.

12May37 One of five 22 Sqn Demons that participated in the King George VI Coronation celebrations. Pilot was FLGOFF Cooper.

27Oct36 Test flown after servicing and repairs by 2AD. Engine K3629 replaced by K3235.

10Apr38 FLGOFF Bradshaw departed with three other Demons for RAAF Richmond to participate in the 1936 Richmond Air Pageant on 23 April and the Military Tattoo at the Sydney Show Grounds on 25 April. Flight forced to remain overnight in Goulburn due to weather.

24Apr38 Hit and overturned a RAAF Bedford tender AF.300 while taxying at night during the Night Display at the 1938 RAAF Richmond Air Pageant. Severe damage to port wing and port fuselage.

09May38 Received by (2AD) for repairs. Engine removed for overhaul. Held pending decision re-overhaul.

31Jul39 485 flight hours since fabric change.

13Jul40 Engine K3269 refitted.

31Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

05Aug40 Received by 1SFTS. Issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

12Aug40 A severe squall struck the flight line causing damage to the stbd mainplane.

30Oct40 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage. Pilot A407066 LAC George Forrest Redman was uninjured.

27Mar41 At 1145 hrs overshot landing, ran into ditch and pitched onto nose. Port wheel collapsed, airscrew destroyed. Solo pilot 400847 LAC R.V Roberts was uninjured.

19Jun41 Engine removed for overhaul.

13Oct41 Taxied into a stationary A1-64 at Werribee airfield causing damage to port lower mainplane of A1-6. Pilot A411392 LAC G.G. Scribner was uninjured.

15Oct41 Issued to Maintenance Wing SFTS for repair.

30Oct41 Repairs completed. Issued to ATS.

27Mar42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School (3BAGS) at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

30Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

23Jun43 Allocated to 102 Sqn at Essendon Airport, Melbourne VIC

09Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to ATC Sqn (Air Training Corp) Ballarat, VIC as Instructional Airframe No.17

10Jul43 Received by ATC Sqn Ballarat.

21Mar47 Offered for sale by the Commonwealth Disposal Commission (CDC).

27May47 Free issue by CDC to 'The Registrar, School of Mines & Industries, Ballarat'.A1-7

1934 The 7th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3233.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

10May35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

10May35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

00May35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

09Apr36 Heavy landing at Richmond caused light damage to the undercarriage

10Apr36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) at RAAF Richmond for repairs. Engine K3233 replaced with K3267.

20Apr36 Received by 22 Sqn (City of Sydney) at RAAF Richmond.

23May36 Took part in the Air Display over Sydney for Empire Day Celebrations.

25Aug36 With three other 22 Sqn Demons flew the welcoming fly past salute for the new NSW Governor.

30Nov36 Painted with 22 Sqn marking colours: two five inch wide blue bands, above and below the national markings on each side and top of the fuselage.

11Dec36 Flew 1st long distance Navex from RAAF Richmond to Archerfield aerodrome Brisbane via Coffs Harbour and Grafton. RTB on 15Dec36 via Maclean and Port Macquarie.

12May37 One of five 22 Sqn Demons that participated in the King George VI Coronation celebrations. Pilot was PLTOFF Hudson.

29Nov37 Received by 2AD for overhaul. Engine K3267 removed.

27Jun38 Received by 22 Sqn minus engine.

01Jul38 Engine K3269 installed.

11Apr39 The entire aircraft complement of 22 Sqn [eight Ansons and three Demons] conducted a formation flight to Bourke and returned the following day. Crew was FLGOFF F.I Wootten and SGT J. Turton.

28Sep39 Engine K3269 replaced with K3243.

31Jul39 767 hours since fabric change.

18Sep39 Allocated to 1AD for fitment of dual controls and engine de-rating.

25Sep39 Received by 1AD.

14Nov39 Issued to Intermediate Training Squadron at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Point Cook, VIC.

29Apr40 Wing tip scrapped the ground during a forced landing approach causing damage to three ribs and the lower port mainplane. Instructor O81 FTLT E.V. Lansell and Cadet Miedecke were uninjured.

20May40 Engine failure, forced landing 2km SW of Werribee airfield. O260353 FLGOFF Clive Robert Chaseling and Cadet M.G. Willman uninjured.

10Jun40 Allocated to 1AD for re-conditioning.

02Jul40 Received by 1AD. Engine K3243 replaced with K9391.

27Aug40 Allocated to Advanced Training Squadron at 1SFTS.

01Sep40 Received by 1SFTS.

18Sep40 Damaged by wind storm at Cressy airfield, VIC. Stbd wing damaged. Repaired at unit.

10Nov40 Engine K9391 replaced with K5593.

14Jan41 Ground looped on landing and flipped onto back. Both lower mainplanes, undercarriage and fuselage severely damaged. Instructor O174 FLTLT John Dominic Galvin and student 407174 LAC D.H Horton received minor injuries.

10Feb41 Approval given for conversion to components.

13Feb41 Approved for conversion to components. Refer: AMOE 24/5/41.

07May41 Conversion completed by No2 Maintenance Sqn at Point Cook.A1-8


1934 The 8th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3243.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until manpower became available for assembly and testing.

11Jun35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

13Jun35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

21Jun35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

05Feb36 On a routine solo training flight O106 PLTOFF Ronald Hubert Cox became disorientated in heavy cloud cover and allowed the aircraft to run out of fuel. Eventually Cox crash landed in a field near Webbs Creek about seven miles from Wisemans Ferry NSW. Cox was uninjured and the aircraft was recovered back to Richmond and repaired.

03Feb37 Demons A1-3 and A1-8 departed Richmond on 01Feb37 to carry out an exercise with Army elements in and around Hobart, TAS. The aircraft were delayed at RAAF Laverton owing to engine problems with A1-8. The defect was rectified and the aircraft left for Tasmania from Laverton at 0725 hrs on 03Feb37. The aircraft encountered foul weather on reaching the Tasmanian coast and ran short of fuel before reaching their planned refueling stop at Wynyard. A1-3 crashed on a road near Wynyard and was heavily damaged. A1-8 became totally lost and crashed into thickly timbered mountainous country near Mt Cleveland approximately 12 miles NNW of Wynyard the crew, pilot O116 PLTOFF Gerald Kingston Kestell Buscombe and A210546 SGT William Henry Gould were located by Anson A4-1 and a ground rescue party brought them out on 05Feb37. Incredibly, the ground party was led by PLTOFF Ashton-Shorter, the pilot of A1-3!

A1-8 crash site near Wynyard, Tasmania

5Feb37 Ground crew salvaged the engine, instruments and tail unit, burning the remainder.

07Feb36 Engine, instruments and tail unit transported to Launceston and preparation for shipment to Sydney.

04Mar36 Arrived at Sydney docks and transported by Service Transport to 2AD.

12May37 Airframe approved for write-off by Air Board Agenda 2105 of May37.

1977 The wreckage was rediscovered by an Army Reserve unit on exercise and was lifted out by RAAF Iroquois helicopter and then taken to RAAF Base Point Cook for possible restoration by volunteers.

1986 Aircraft remains transported to RAAF Base Richmond, NSW where the restoration task was taken over by staff of No 2 Aircraft Depot.

03Feb87 Fifty years to the day of the crash, a fully restored A1-8 was handed over to the RAAF Museum for static display. Moreover, the pilot of that day, former Pilot Officer G.K Buscombe was also present for the hand-over ceremony.

The fully restored Demon A1-8 at RAAF Richmond

A1-9

1934 The 9th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3227.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

11Jun35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

13Jun35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

22Jun35 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

02Feb36 Crewed by PLTOFF D. A. McLean & LAC Harford and accompanied by A1-3 & A1-4 departed for the Annual Tasmanian Training Flight. The aircraft gave Air Displays at Swansea 6th Feb; Hobart 11th Feb; Wynyard 12th Feb; and Cambridge 15th Feb. Returned to Laverton on 18Feb36.

04Apr36 Issued to No 21 (Cadre) Sqn Citizens Air Force (CAF) on its formation at RAAF Base Laverton.

13May36 Accompanied by three other Demons flew to Renmark for the official opening of Renmark Aerodrome. The flying program consisted of Message Pick-up, Air Drill, Aerobatics and Dive Bombing. Crew was FLTLT R.F.M Dalton and 1389 LAC W.C Thompson

23May36 Part of a three aircraft display team that gave Air Displays at RAAF Laverton, Essendon airport and Geelong airport. Pilot was PLTOFF F.A Wittscheibe.

02Oct36 Along with A1-4 departed Laverton to for Perth to search for the two missing Dutch aviators Beeckman and Van Rous missing somewhere in WA on their circumnavigation attempt of Australia. Upon reaching Kalgoorlie the next day word was received the Dutchmen had been found. Pilot was FLTLT R.F Dalton.

22Oct36 One of four 21 Sqn Demons that flew to Bordertown SA to participate in the ‘Back to Tatiara Air pageant’. Pilot was PLTOFF J.R.G McDonald.

02Nov36 Painted with 21 Sqn identifying mark, which was a five inch wide blue band painted above and below the national markings on each side and on top of the wing.

21Nov36 One of three 21 Sqn Demons that gave aerial and static displays in the 1936 Military Gymkhana at Flemington Showgrounds. Pilot was PLTOFF Wiley.

14Dec36 One of Four Demons and two Moths from 21 Sqn that took part in the search for missing 1 Sqn Bulldog A12-7. Pilot was PLTOFF F.A Wittscheibe. Search carried out the following day also.

16Dec38 One of four Demons that flew to Adelaide to take part in the South Australia Centenary Air Pageant on 19Dec36 and the massed RAAF Formation Fly Past over Adelaide on 22Dec for the “Pageant of Progress’. Pilot was PLTOFF F.A Wittscheibe.

10Apr37 One of three Demons that gave air displays at the Williamstown Centenary Celebrations. Pilot was FLTLT Wright.

12May37 One of the 36 RAAF Aircraft that performed the Diving Flying Salute at Royal Park Melbourne on the occasion of the coronation of King George VI. Pilot was SNQLDR Eaton.

14Nov37 Tipped onto nose after landing at Canberra - misapplication of brakes. PO Ian Campbell unhurt

16Jan38 Engine K32227 replaced with K3251.

01Feb39 Overturned on landing. Extensive damage.

02Feb39 Received by 1AD for repairs. Engine K3251 replaced with K3249.

15Mar39 Issued to 21 Sqn after repairs completed.

31Aug39 Received by 1AD for overhaul and fitment of dual controls.

14Nov39 Issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Point Cook, VIC.

04Jan40 Forced landing owing to engine failure (broken cam shaft)/ Aircraft ran into a bank, tipped onto nose and smashed the airscrew. Cadet Finlayson suffered minor cuts and abrasions.

09Jan40 Engine K3249 removed replaced with K5605.

03Apr40. Pilot overshot a down-wind landing, tried to ground loop and overturned the aircraft. Broken airscrew, both upper & lower mainplane, tail unit and engine damaged. Pilot O260353 FLGOFF Clive Robert Chaseling and Cadet GM Sheppard both slightly injured.

10Apr40 Allocated to 1AD for repairs.

18Apr40 Received by 1AD. Engine K5605 replaced with K3245.

14Jun40 Airscrew damaged on landing after post repair test flight. Repaired at 1AD.

14Jun40 Allocated to 1SFTS.

28Jun40 Received by ITS at 1SFTS.

20Aug40 Emergency landing after acid spilled from the accumulator into the cockpit during a slow roll. Pilot A4321 FSGT C.E. Tuttleby was uninjured.

08Dec40 Engine K3245 removed for repair, replaced with K5603.

29Mar41 Engine failure at 500ft caused a forced landing at Werribee Satellite airfield. Instructor O4391 FLGOFF Ronald Thomas Susans and trainee 407597 LAC D.C Wighton were uninjured.

14Jun41 Engine removed. Held awaiting further decision.

Jun41 Approval given to convert to components by Air Board Agenda 517/1941.

30Oct41 Conversion to components completed at Maintenance Wing SFTS.


A1-10

1934 The 10th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3289.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

29Jun35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

05Jul35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

07Jul35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

13Aug36 Departed for Brisbane via Coffs Harbour to conduct aerial photographic surveys around Brisbane and Warwick, Returned to Richmond on 19Aug36.

23Aug36 Flew to Cloncurry QLD via Bourke, Charleville and Longreach to pick up Dr Earl Page and party and convey them to Cootamundra NSW. Flew to Cootamundra with Dr Page and returned to Richmond on 25 Aug36

1937 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) at RAAF Richmond. Engine K3289 replaced with K3235.

03Aug37 Received by 22 Sqn (City of Sydney) at RAAF Richmond.

07Dec37 Whilst undertaking an Meteorological Survey Flight at 0755hrs the engine failed at 8000ft causing a forced landing on the Avoca Beach Reserve near Gosford, NSW. Eyewitnesses stated the aircraft struck the ground with great force with the wheels and engine hitting simultaneously; the undercarriage and wings were torn from the fuselage. The pilot O261372 PLTOFF John Sanday Burgess (26) suffered severe facial injuries, abrasions and shock. The observer Mr Allen Charles Lord (21), a civilian from the Richmond Meteorological Section, suffered contusions to arms and legs, and suffered shock. The aircraft was extensively damaged.

08Dec37 Transported to 2AD by Service transport. Placed into storage on 14Dec.

07Feb38 Received by 2AD for technical survey and report. Engine removed.

06Sep39 Considered to be unrepairable, recommended for conversion.

23Oct39 Issued to 2AD Technical Squadron for Instructional purposes.

23Jun40 Converted to Instructional Demon No 1.

22Nov41 Converted to components.

A1-11

1934 The 11th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3261.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

30Jun35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

29Jul35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

00Aug35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

22Mar36 When landing at Parkes, NSW the pilot was forced to take avoiding action when cows wandered onto the strip. Aircraft tipped onto nose and broke the airscrew. Pilot FLGOFF Cooper and gunner LAC Mead were uninjured. Crew waited until a new airscrew was flown in, repaired the aircraft and returned to Richmond two days later.

01May36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) at RAAF Richmond for servicing.

13Aug36 Departed for Brisbane via Coffs Harbour to conduct aerial photographic surveys around Brisbane and Warwick, Returned to Richmond on 19Aug36.

23Aug36 Flew to Cloncurry QLD via Bourke, Charleville and Longreach to pick up Dr Earl Page and party and convey them to Cootamundra NSW. Flew to Cootamundra with Dr Page and returned to Richmond on 25 Aug36

05Feb37 Forced landing at Richmond. No damage.

03Aug37 Received by No 22 (City of Sydney) Sqn at RAAF Richmond.

30Jan38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

23Feb38 Received by 2AD.

17Mar38 Heavy landing following engine failure.

23Mar38 Engine K3261 replaced with K3269.

02Feb39 At 2AD less engine K3269, replaced with K3267.

18Sep39 Received by 22 Sqn.

06Dec39 Received by 1AD for overhaul and fitment of dual controls.

17Jan40 Received by 22 Sqn.

17Mar40 Pilot taxied into an obstruction when about to take-off. Lower port mainplane and main spar damaged. Pilot FLGOFF Read was uninjured but censured for poor airmanship.

20Mar40 Bounced on landing and overturned. Airscrew broken, mainplanes, fuselage & tail unit damaged. Cadet GM Walsh sustained facial lacerations and shock.

21Mar40 Allocated to 2AD Store.

24Jun40 Received by 2AD Store.

15Aug40 Issued to 2AD Aircraft Repair Section. Engine K3267 replaced with K3253

26Aug40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Point Cook, VIC.

06Nov40 Received by 1SFTS.

10Mar41 Misjudged approach caused a heavy landing at 0230 hrs during night flying training at the No 1 Relief landing Ground, Werribee, VIC. Pilot 402133 LAC R.R Paxton was uninjured. Lower mainplane & undercarriage extensively damaged.

15Apr41 Engine K3253 replaced with K5589.

22Apr41 Capsized after night time landing at Point Cook. Extensive damage to upper & lower wings, undercarriage, oil coolers, radiator and rudder. Airscrew broken. Instructor O850 PLTOFF Maurice Garnett Woods received minor injuries, trainee A407413 LAC WL Cruickshank was unhurt.

08Oct41 Engine failure at 1120 hrs caused forced landing six miles W of Werribee. Port tyre ruptured. Pilot O36039 FLGOFF K.F Kemp and trainee A416099 LAC J.E Klug were uninjured.

24Dec41 Engine failed at 10ft after takeoff from Point Cook. Pilot touched down on runway but could not stop before hitting Anson N4955 which was parked at the end of the runway. Minor damage inflicted on both aircraft. Pilot FLGOFF M.D. Ellerton and student A408623 LAC G.G. Greentree were uninjured.

08May42 Allocated to Station HQ Richmond.

09May42 Received by Station HQ. At some time during this period the aircraft was repainted in a camouflage upper surfaces and RAAF sky blue lower surfaces. The name Dirty Dora painted in yellow on the port engine cowl.

1944 Converted to Instructional Airframe No 21 during 1944.

19Sep45 Converted to components.


A1-12

1934 The 12th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3255.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

29Jul35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

29Jul35 Allocated to No 21 (Cadre) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

20Apr36 Received by No 21 (Cadre) Sqn Citizens Air Force (CAF) on its formation at RAAF Base Laverton.

23May36 Part of a three aircraft display team that gave Air Displays at RAAF Laverton, Essendon airport and Geelong airport. Pilot was PLTOFF J.R.G McDonald.

26Sep36 One of three Demons comprising the 21 Sqn Display Team that gave displays at the Royal Victorian Aero Club pageant at Essendon airport. Pilot was PLTOFF J.R.G McDonald.

22Oct36 One of four 21 Sqn Demons that flew to Bordertown SA to participate in the ‘Back to Tatiara Air pageant’. Pilot was PLTOFF J.R.G McDonald.

02Nov36 Painted with 21 Sqn identifying mark, which was a five inch wide blue band painted above and below the national markings on each side and on top of the wing.

21Nov36 One of three 21 Sqn Demons that gave aerial and static displays in the 1936 Military Gymkhana at Flemington Showgrounds. Pilot was PLTOFF J.R.G McDonald.

14Dec36 One of Four Demons and two Moths from 21 Sqn that took part in the search for missing 1 Sqn Bulldog A12-7. Pilot was PLTOFF J.R McDonald, who located the missing Bulldog in the rugged Brisbane Ranges during the following day’s search effort.

16Dec36 One of four Demons that flew to Adelaide to take part in the South Australia Centenary Air Pageant on 19Dec36 and the massed RAAF Formation Fly Past over Adelaide on 22Dec for the “Pageant of Progress’. Pilot was PLTOFF J.R McDonald.

1936 Received by 1AD for servicing. Engine K3251 replaced with K3255.

22May37 Departed for Alice Springs to search for a RAAF Dragon Rapide missing in Central Australia Pilot was SQNLDR Charles Eaton. RTB 04Jun37.

06Feb38 Landing accident, tipped onto nose. Airscrew broken, engine nacelle damaged.

08Feb36 Crewed by PLTOFF Chapman & LAC Hartford flew to Hobart as a replacement for A1-3 in the Annual Tasmanian Training Flight and Displays, returned to Laverton at 1355 on 18Feb36.

30Mar38 Fabric damaged when dummy bomb failed to release correctly.

09Aug39 Engine K3255 replaced with K3257.

16Aug39 Engine K3257 replaced with K3255

02Sep39 Received by 1AD for fitment of dual controls.

12Oct39 Allocated to

11Dec39 Received by No 22 (City of Sydney) Sqn at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

18Dec39 Main engine bearing unserviceable Engine K3255 replaced by K3261.

30Apr40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Point Cook, VIC.

05May40 Received by 1SFTS.

04Aug40 At 2100 hrs on landing approach the student misjudged the height and the aircraft struck a tree. The aircraft was extensively damaged. Instructor FLGOFF H. Joseph and student Cadet M.N Finister suffered minor injuries.

05Aug40 Allocated to 1AD. Damaged beyond repair, recommend for conversion.

24Aug40 Aircraft and Kestrel engine No K3261 allocated to No 1 Engineering School Ascot Vale, Melbourne for instructional purposes.

14Sep42 Converted to components.


A1-13

1934 The 13th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3255.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

29Jul35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

00Aug35 Allocated to No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

01Sep35 Received by 1 (AC) Sqn.

00Apr36 Allocated to No 21 (Cadre) Sqn Citizens Air Force (CAF) on its formation at RAAF Base Laverton.

26Apr36 Received by 21 Sqn.

13May36 Accompanied by three other Demons flew to Renmark for the official opening of Renmark Aerodrome. The flying program consisted of Message Pick-up, Air Drill, Aerobatics and Dive Bombing. Crew was PLTOFF J.R McDonald and LAC H.R.B Fitzgerald

22Oct36 One of four 21 Sqn Demons that flew to Bordertown SA to participate in the ‘Back to Tatiara Air pageant’. Pilot was PLTOFF R.F Wiley. During the Message Pick Up routine PLTOFF Wiley flew too low and the airscrew received serious damage. A new airscrew was strapped to the side of A1-15 [PLTOFF Wittscheibe] and flown from Laverton and after replacing the damaged airscrew all five Demons flew back to Laverton.

16Dec38 One of four Demons that flew to Adelaide to take part in the South Australia Centenary Air Pageant on 19Dec36 and the massed RAAF Formation Fly Past over Adelaide on 22Dec for the “Pageant of Progress’. Pilot was PLTOFF R.F Wiley.

28Dec36 Received by 1AD for servicing.

10Apr37 One of three Demons that gave air displays at the Williamstown Centenary Celebrations. Pilot was FLGOFF Graham.

22May37 Departed for Alice Springs to search for a RAAF Dragon Rapide missing in Central Australia Pilot was PLTOFF R.F Wiley. RTB 04Jun37.

22Sep37 Loaned to No 1 (AC) Sqn.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

29Apr38 Received by 21 (City of Melbourne) Sqn at RAAF Laverton. Engine K3255 replaced with K3237.

12May38 Painted with 21 Sqn identifying mark, which was a five inch wide blue band painted above and below the national markings on each side and on top of the wing.

13Feb39 Landed down-wind and pitched over onto nose. Airscrew broken.

02Sep39 Received by 1AD for fitment of dual controls.

06Dec39 Received by 21 Sqn.

21Dec39 Port wing struck ground during high wind landing. Light damage.

30Apr40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Pt Cook, VIC.

05May40 Received by 1SFTS.

19May40 Engine failed at 1500 hrs near Werribee and the student pilot stalled in a gliding turn from 30ft on the landing approach. Aircraft extensively damaged. Pilot FLGOFF G.A. Moreland suffered severe abrasions and shock; trainee Air Cadet S.C Macrae was pulled from the wreckage alive but died later in hospital from the injuries he sustained in the crash.

Air Cadet Stanley Calvert Macrae (18) single of Toorak, VIC was cremated and his ashes interred in Panel 3 of the Victoria Cremation Memorial in the Springvale Botanical Cemetery, Melbourne VIC. He is commemorated on Panel 116 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT.

21May40 Wreckage allocated to 1AD.

31May40 Received by 1AD. Engine K3257 removed. Aircraft recommended for disposal.

10Aug40 Converted to Instructional Demon No 4.

15Jul42 Converted to components.


A1-14

1934 The 14th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3263.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

11Sep35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

11Sep35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

00Sep35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

10Jun36 Allocated to No 22 (City of Sydney) Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

06Jul36 Ferried from RAAF Laverton to 22 Sqn by PLTOFF G. Laming.

11Jul36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) at RAAF Richmond for major servicing. Engine K3263 removed.

25Aug36 One of four 22 Sqn Demons that flew the welcoming fly past over Sydney Harbour for the new NSW Governor, Admiral Sir Murray Anderson

30Nov36 Painted with 22 Sqn marking colours: two five inch wide blue bands, above and below the national markings on each side and top of the fuselage.

11Dec36 Flew 1st long distance Navex from RAAF Richmond to Archerfield aerodrome Brisbane via Coffs Harbour and Grafton. RTB on 15Dec36 via Maclean and Port Macquarie.

20Feb37 Departed Richmond with two other Demons to take part in the search for the Stinson Airliner ‘City of Brisbane’ that went missing on a scheduled Brisbane –Sydney flight on 19Feb37. The search lasted five days when the wreckage was found by a ground party in the McPherson Ranges on the QLD-NSW border. Crew was PLTOFF C. Hannah and CPL Plumb.

23Mar37 Received by 22Sqn. Engine K3243 installed.

12May37 One of five 22 Sqn Demons that participated in the King George VI Coronation celebrations. Pilot was PLTOFF Jeffrey.

26Jun37 Pilot stalled from 10ft and performed a very heavy landing causing significant damage. PLTOFF Wootten uninjured.

00Jun37 Received by 2AD for repairs.

04Jul37 Engine K3243 replaced with K3247.

10Apr38 FLGOFF Walker departed with three other Demons for RAAF Richmond to participate in the 1936 Richmond Air Pageant on 23 April and the Military Tattoo at the Sydney Show Grounds on 25 April. Flight forced to remain overnight in Goulburn due to weather. RTB on 28Apr

08Sep38 Engine K3247 replaced by K3263

27Sep38 Engine seized, forced landing. No damage.

28Sep38 Engine K3263 replaced with K3233. (Engine K3263 issued as Instructional Kestrel No 5 to 21Sqn)

20Feb39 Forced landing. High temperature, low oil pressure.

25Feb39 Engine K3233 replaced with K3235.

11Apr39 The entire aircraft complement of 22 Sqn [eight Ansons and three Demons] conducted a formation flight to Bourke and returned the following day. Crew was FLGOFF D.B Hudson and CPL F.M Hobbs.

31Jul39 603 hours accumulated since last fabric change.

25Sep39 Received by 1AD RAAF Laverton for fitment of dual controls.

15Nov39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

24Apr40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Pt Cook, VIC.

30Apr40 Received by 1SFTS. Engine K3235 replaced with K3229. Coded Y2

05Aug40 Magneto trouble caused forced landing while on a cross-country exercise. Instructor O174 FLTLT J.D. Galvin and Cadet H.A. Lenne were uninjured.

09Nov40 Engine failure caused a forced landing at Laverton. Pilot was unable to stop the aircraft which resulted in the aircraft running into the boundary fence causing extensive damage to the undercarriage and lower mainplanes. Solo pilot A312748 LAC Lloyd Edgar Buley was shaken but uninjured.

12Dec40 Allocated to 1AD for complete overhaul.

13Dec40 Received by 1AD.

31Mar41 Allocated to 1SFTS.

06Apr41 Received by 1SFTS.

25Apr41 Technical inspection required to determine future life.

12Nov41 While taxying off flare path after a night landing at Werribee Satellite airfield the aircraft struck a rough patch and pitched onto its nose. Broken airscrew and damaged to engine bearers and undercarriage. Pilot A401858 LAC T.E. Smith was uninjured.

23Jan42 Taxied into timekeeper’s hut at Little River satellite field Werribee VIC. Minor damage. Pilot O407311 PLTOFF L.V. Newall was uninjured.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

11Apr42 At 0945 forced landing following engine failure at the Air to Ground Duntroon Range. Undercarriage torn off both lower wings damaged. Recommended for conversion. Pilot 405147 SGT C.E Cagnacci and student 404900 LAC B.S Freize were unhurt.

06Jun42 Awaiting for a conversion decision.

10Aug42 Allocated to 1SFTS

28Aug42 Received by 1SFTS

23Sep42 AMSE approved conversion of airframe and engine.

02Oct42 Converted to components.


A1-15

1934 The 15th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3241.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

11Sep35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

11Sep35 Allocated to No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Laverton, VIC.

04Nov35 Received by 1 (AC) Sqn.

20Apr36 Received by No 21 (Cadre) Sqn Citizens Air Force (CAF) on its formation at RAAF Base Laverton.

13May36 Accompanied by three other Demons flew to Renmark for the official opening of Renmark Aerodrome. The flying program consisted of Message Pick-up, Air Drill, Aerobatics and Dive Bombing. Crew was PLTOFF F.A Wittscheibe and 644 LAC A.A.E Webb.

23May36 Part of a three aircraft display team that gave Air Displays at RAAF Laverton, Essendon airport and Geelong airport. Pilot was FLTLT R.F.M Dalton.

23Jul36 PLTOFF F.A Wittscheibe and 1148 CPL F.L Turner competed in the 1935/36 Annual Bombing Competition at RAAF Point Cook.

26Sep36 One of three Demons comprising the 21 Sqn Display Team that gave displays at the Royal Victorian Aero Club pageant at Essendon airport. Pilot was FLTLT W.J. Keenan.

02Nov36 Painted with 21 Sqn identifying mark, which was a five inch wide blue band painted above and below the national markings on each side and on top of the wing.

10Apr37 One of three Demons that gave air displays at the Williamstown Centenary Celebrations. Pilot was PLTOFF Jackson.

12May37 One of the 36 RAAF Aircraft that performed the Diving Flying Salute at Royal Park Melbourne on the occasion of the coronation of King George VI. Pilot was PLTOFF Jackson

18May37 At 0915hrs the aircraft forced landed at Frankston VIC when it ran out of fuel while engaged on the Daily Meteorological Survey. Pilot was PLTOFF Hitchcock.

28Feb38 Taxied into by A1-53 at Cressy Airfield, VIC. Slight damage.

31May39 Received by 1AD for servicing. Engine K3241 replaced with K3251.

24Jul39 Received by No 1 Armament Training Squadron (1ATS) at RAAF Station Cressy, VIC.

03Oct40 Engine failure 5 miles SE of Cressy airfield caused a forced landing. No damage to the aircraft. Instructor O534 FLGOFF Robert Reginald Raye and student 10364 Cadet AC1 T.P Braszkell were uninjured.

05Oct40 Engine K3251 broken cam shaft sent to 1AD ERS for repair.

20Oct40 Engine K8945 installed.

23Dec40 Damaged in high wind storm at Cressy. Port upper & lower wing damaged.

28Oct41 Allocated to 1AD for major servicing.

29Oct41 Received by 1AD.

04Dec41 Allocated to 1ATS.

10Dec41 Received by 1ATS.

23Apr42 Allocated to No 7 Sqn at RAAF Laverton.

26Apr42 Received by 7 Sqn.

16Sep42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

26Sep42 Received by 3BAGS. Aircraft unsuitable for duties.

28Oct42 Allocated to Point Cook Store.

31Oct42 Received by Point Cook Store.

19May43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

21Jul43 Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section.

21Jul43 Approved for conversion and/or destruction.


A1-16

1934 The 16th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3247.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

11Sep35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

00Oct35 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

01Nov35 Received by 3 (AC) Sqn.

00Dec36 Allocated to No 22 (City of Sydney) Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

00Jan37 Received by 22 Sqn.

20Feb37 Departed Richmond with two other Demons to take part in the search for the Stinson Airliner ‘City of Brisbane’ that went missing on a scheduled Brisbane –Sydney flight on 19Feb37. The search lasted five days when the wreckage was found by a ground party in the McPherson Ranges on the QLD-NSW border. Crew was FLGOFF Burgess and LAC A.N Stevens.

12May37 One of five 22 Sqn Demons that participated in the King George VI Coronation celebrations. Pilot was FLGOFF Burgess.

13Dec37 120 hourly at 22 Sqn. Engine K3247 replaced by K3233.

23Feb38 Engine K3233 removed for overhaul. Engine K3267 installed.

10Apr38 FLGOFF D.B Hudson departed with three other Demons for RAAF Richmond to participate in the 1936 Richmond Air Pageant on 23 April and the Military Tattoo at the Sydney Show Grounds on 25 April. Flight forced to remain overnight in Goulburn due to weather. RTB on 28Apr.

11May38 Forced landing after engined failed. Minor damage and pilot FLTLT Balmer was unhurt.

30May38 Engine K3267 removed for overhaul. Engine K 3229 installed.

03Nov38 Nosed over in soft ground while taxying at Richmond, airscrew broken. Pilot FLGOFF W.G Scott and passenger LAS H. Stevens were uninjured.

11Apr39 The entire aircraft complement of 22 Sqn [eight Ansons and three Demons] conducted a formation flight to Bourke and returned the following day. Crew was FLTLT R. Bradshaw and SGT A. Emslie.

08May39 Crankcase repairs needed. Engine K3229 removed. Engine K3247 installed.

21Jul39 Main bearing failure. Engine K3247 removed for repairs.

31Jul39 727 hours since last fabric change.

05Sep39 Engine K3233 fitted.

18Sep39 Allocated to 1AD for servicing and modification.

25Sep39 Received by 1AD for fitment of dual controls.

15Nov39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

11Jan40 Engine K 3233 replaced with Engine K 3241.

24Apr40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Pt Cook, VIC.

26Apr40 Received by 1SFTS.

09Jun40 Completed 1070 flying hours.

15Jun40 Issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS) at 1SFTS.

02Dec40 While engaged in instrument flying training a timing problem with the engine led to a forced landing at Balliang ten miles S of Bacchus Marsh, VIC. No damage to airframe and crew: pilot A312748 LAC Lloyd Edgar Buley and 2nd pilot A400039 LAC Victor Farley Curtis were uninjured.

08Dec40 Engine K3241 removed for repair, Engine K8947 installed.

19Feb41 Ran out of fuel - pilot error. Forced landing, no damage to airframe but wheel & tyre needed replacement. Pilot A406105 LAC R.G Hender was uninjured

18Apr41 Engine K8947 replaced with Engine K3241.

7May41 Completed complete airframe overhaul at No 2 Maintenance Sqn, Point Cook.

30May41 After a night landing at Point Cook the aircraft struck a wind sock when taxying back to the lines. Pilot A407460 LAC D.E. Short was uninjured.

18Sep41 On a cross-country training flight the engine failed at 10,000ft over Ararat VIC. Pilot A416029 LAC W.E. Miller successfully landed in a paddock.

23Nov41 Struck a soft patch after landing at Point Cook and tipped onto nose. Airscrew damaged. Pilot A408197 LAC G.W. Hite was uninjured.

30Apr42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

04Jun42 Received by 3BAGS.

04Jul42 Engine failed during low level turn over the air to ground gunnery range, aircraft struck the ground, undercarriage was ripped off and the severe damage inflicted on the aircraft. Pilot A411003 SGT FJP Callen received minor bruising and abrasions.

06Jul42 Awaiting conversion.

17Aug42 HQ No 1 Training Group ordered conversion to components.

16Sep42 Airframe and Kestrel Engine VI 3247 converted to components.


A1-17

1934 The 17th of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3257.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

11Sep35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

01May36 Allocated to No 22 (City of Sydney) Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

30Jun36 Ferried from RAAF Laverton to 22 Sqn by PLTOFF A.M Watkins.

25Aug36 With three other 22 Sqn Demons flew the welcoming fly past salute for the new NSW Governor.

30Nov36 Painted with 22 Sqn marking colours: two five inch wide blue bands, above and below the national markings on each side and top of the fuselage.

11Dec36 Flew 1st long distance Navex from RAAF Richmond to Archerfield aerodrome Brisbane via Coffs Harbour and Grafton. RTB on 15Dec36 via Maclean and Port Macquarie.

11Feb37 One of eight Demons that made a massed attack on HMA Fleet elements and Jervis Bay Naval Base as part of combined Forces Exercises. Pilot was 338 PLTOFF Colin Thomas Hannah.

20Feb37 Departed Richmond with two other Demons to take part in the search for the Stinson Airliner ‘City of Brisbane’ that went missing on a scheduled Brisbane –Sydney flight on 19Feb37. The search lasted five days when the wreckage was found by a ground party in the McPherson Ranges on the QLD-NSW border. Crew was FLTT Compagnoni and SGT Reynolds.

07Apr37 Attached to Armament Training Camp at RAAF Station Cressy, VIC for 24 days of target towing duties. Crew was FLGOFF G.K Buscombe and 2079 AC1 F.C Hinks

12May37 One of five 22 Sqn Demons that participated in the King George VI Coronation celebrations. Pilot was FLGOFF Primrose.

20May37 Aircraft configured for drogue towing. Only to be used for this purpose.

03Apr38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

04Apr38 Engine K3257 replaced with K3271.

10Apr38 FLGOFF P. Jeffrey departed with three other Demons for RAAF Richmond to participate in the 1936 Richmond Air Pageant on 23 April and the Military Tattoo at the Sydney Show Grounds on 25 April. Flight forced to remain overnight in Goulburn due to weather. RTB on 28Apr

31Jul39 566 hours since fabric change.

18Aug39 Received by No 1 Armament Training Station (1ATS) at RAAF Station Cressy, VIC.

10Jun40 Stbd elevator tip damaged in landing accident, light damage.

06Feb41 Engine K3271 removed for overhaul at 1AD ERS. Engine K9391 installed.

28May41 Allocated to 1AD for major servicing.

29May41 Received by 1AD.

08Aug41 Received by 1ATS

09Dec41 Allocated to 1AD for modifications.

10Dec41 Received by 1AD.

08Jan42 Allocated to 1ATS.

10Jan42 Received by 1ATS.

03Mar42 Received by 1AD for camouflage and fitted with target towing equipment.

12Mar42 Allocated to 1ATS.

18Mar42 Received by 1ATS.

23Apr42 Allocated to 7Sqn at RAAF Laverton.

02May42 Collided with marker flag at Bairnsdale airfield casing damage to stbd mainplane. Pilot A86203 SGT GD Baird was uninjured.

16Sep42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

26Sep42 Received by 3BAGS. Aircraft unsuitable for us.

28Oct42 Allocated to Point Cook Store.

31Oct42 Received by Point Cook Store

02Nov42 Held unserviceable, awaiting further direction.

19May43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

21Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section and approved for conversion or destruction.


A1-18

1934 The 18th and last of 18 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.402/1934. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon I at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V engine Serial No.K3253.

00Jan35 Test flown by the Hawker chief test pilot Flight Lieutenant P.W.S Bulman. The aircraft was then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Mar35 Loaded aboard the 14,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Largs Bay at London Docks.

03May35 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

00May35 Aircraft stored until sufficient manpower became available for assembly and testing.

11Sep35 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing.

1936-39 Placed in 1AD Reserve Store.

1939 Allocated to No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

24Jul39 Received by 21 Sqn.

31Aug39 Received by 1AD for fitment of dual controls.

25Feb40 Landing accident, tipped onto nose - airscrew damaged. Cadet AH Boyd had minor cuts and abrasions.

07Mar40 Engine K3253 replaced with Engine K3269.

10Apr40 Forced landing near Mittagong, NSW. Aircraft tipped onto nose damaging the airscrew and bending the engine bearers. Pilot FLTLT T. Primrose and trainee Cadet F. V Smith were uninjured.

11Apr40 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for repairs

25Apr40 Engine K3269 replaced with Engine K3255.

06Jun40 Placed in 2AD Store awaiting issue.

17Jul40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Pt Cook, VIC.

15Aug40 Received by ITS at 1SFTS.

30Sep40 Taxied onto soft ground at RAAF Laverton which caused the aircraft to tip onto nose. Airscrew and engine bearers damaged. Pilot A403745 LAC Brinley Pearce JAY uninjured.

08Jan41 Heavy landing while doing circuits and bumps caused extensive damage to undercarriage and lower mainplanes. Pilot A407267 LAC John Harold Dean Wilson was shocked but uninjured.

23Jan41 Received by 1AD for repair.

31Mar41 Received by 1SFTS.

24Jun41 Allocated to No 1 Armament Training Station at RAAF Cressy, VIC.

16Jul41 Allocation cancelled.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS. Condition report recommended overhaul or conversion.

07July42 Tipped onto nose – misuse of brakes, propeller damaged.

14Sep42 Allocated to 1SFTS.

28Sep42 Received by 1SFTS. Recommended for conversion or overhaul.

19May43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

21Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section and approved for conversion or destruction.

A1-19

1936 The 1st of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine.

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 9,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Coptic at London Docks.

17Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

19Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5587 fitted.

1936-37 Placed in 1AD Reserve Store.

03May37 Received by No 2 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Laverton. (Formation of No 2 Sqn).

08Apr38 One of four 2Sqn aircraft that participated in the 1938 RAAF Air Pageant held at Flemington Racecourse Melbourne. According to The Argus and The Age newspapers 170,000 spectators attended the event.

13Apr38 Flown by SGT Loft with observer AC1 Palmer to RAAF Richmond via Cootamundra for the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Three days of practice before the actual display on 19Apr38. The Sydney Morning Herald estimated a crowd of between 100,000 and 200,000 people attended which caused enormous problems for trains, cars and buses.

23Apr38 Burst port tyre on landing at Richmond causing minor damage to port wing tip and undercarriage. Pilot SGT Palmer and observer AC1 Palmer were uninjured.

25Apr38 On the return flight to Laverton in formation with 10 other aircraft a severe dust storm was encountered 10 miles SE of Cootamundra which forced the aircraft down to an altitude of less than 100ft so it could follow the rail line to Albury where a precautionary landing was made.

14Jul38 Overturned when landing in a strong crosswind causing severe damage to the aircraft. Pilot PLTOFF R.S. Symonds and AC1 N.R. Palmer received bruising and shock.

15Jul38 Received by 1AD for overhaul.

21Sep38 Received by 2 (GR) Sqn.

07Feb39 Received by No 12 Sqn at RAAF Laverton. (Formation of No 12 Sqn).

29Aug39 Allocated to 1AD.

05Sep39 Received by 1AD.

07Oct39 Temporary allocation to No 1 Armament Training Station (1ATS) at RAAF Station Cressy, VIC.

05Nov39 Received by 1AD.

20Feb40 Allocated to No 21 (City of Melbourne) Sqn at RAAF Laverton. Aircraft defective, returned to 1AD.

23Feb40 Received by 1AD. Converted to dual control.

27Mar40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

10Apr40 Received by ITS at 1SFTS.

22Apr40 Port brake grabbed causing aircraft to swing violently and tip onto nose. Pilot FLGOFF Austin uninjured; Cadet EF Ryan injured his back and was admitted to Caulfield Hospital. Aircraft had minor damage and airscrew tips broken.

03Jun40 Engine K5587 removed. Engine K5599 installed.

21Jul40 Pilot stalled the aircraft on landing at 30ft, damage to engine bearers, airscrew, undercarriage and lower wing. Instructor FLGOFF C. Daly and student Cadet McDonald were shaken but uninjured.

01Aug40 Engine K5599 removed. Engine K3247 installed.

29Sep40 Engine K3247 removed. Engine K5585 installed.

18Mar41 When performing a night landing at Werribee Satellite field the port axle snapped causing the port wheel to detach. Aircraft suffered moderate damage to the undercarriage and port wing. Pilot O174 FLTLT John Dominic Galvin and student LAC Darby were bruised and shaken.

30Mar41 Engine K5585 removed.

23May41 Engine K5593 installed.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

02May42 Hit a soft spot while taxying – tipped onto nose and damaged propeller.

03Jun43 Allocated to No 13 ATC Sqn at Warrnambool, VIC

16Jun43 Converted to Instructional Demon No 15.

25Jun43 Received by 13 ATC Sqn.

24Jul45 Converted to components.


A1-20

1936 The 2nd of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine.

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 9,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Coptic at London Docks.

17Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

21Oct36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5579 fitted.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show the Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

09Jul37 Engine K5579 stripped gear wheel, removed for repair. Engine K8949 installed.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

13Sep39 Ran off taxiway, tipped onto nose - airscrew broken.

17Nov39 Allocated to 1AD for fitment of dual controls and de-rating engine.

23Nov39 Received by 1AD.

28Jan40 Received by 21 Sqn.

27Feb40 Forced landing near Moorabool, VIC at 1650 hrs. Cadet HG Plenty uninjured. Airscrew damaged.

12Apr40 Forced landing due to lack of petrol in main tanks, also wing tanks were not turned on, No damage to the aircraft but the student Cadet Kerville was censured for not performing his drills correctly.

24Apr40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

10May40 Received by ITS at 1SFTS.

01Dec40 Engine K8949 replaced with K3259.

01Jan41 Issued to 1 SFTS Advanced Training Squadron.

10May41 Issued to ITS at 1 SFTS.

02May41 Engine K3259 replaced with engine K5635.

17Sep41 Engine cut out at 1700 hrs three miles W of Point Cook. Pilot elected to land on beach but the aircraft sank into the sand and overturned. Severe damage to stbd upper & lower wings, centre fuselage, cockpit and airscrew. Solo pilot 403074 SGT T.W Williams received minor bruising.

30Jan42 Converted to components by No 1 Engineering School at Point Cook.


A1-21

1935/36 The 3rd of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine.

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 9,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Coptic at London Docks.

17Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

21Oct36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5577 fitted.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show The Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

09Nov37 Engine K5577 removed for servicing, replaced with Engine K5599.

29Nov37 Engine failure, forced landing. Airscrew and engine damaged.

30Nov37 Engine K5599 removed for servicing, replaced with Engine

29Nov37 Crewed by FLGOFF Godsell and LAC Portley, one of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield. After two refuelling stops the aircraft departed Bourke when engine problems caused the pilot to make a forced landing and consequently failed to reach Charleville. The next day a search located the aircraft near Goolring Station approximately 100km north of Bourke.

31Nov37 A new engine was bolted on to another Wapiti and flown up from Laverton. Jupiter K5599 was replaced by K8945 and the flight resumed.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

08Oct39At 1010 hrs bad weather forced the pilot FLGOFF JG Emmerton to land near Trafalgar, NSW. No damage.

17Nov39 Allocated to 1AD for fitment of dual controls and de-rating engine.

23Nov39 Received by 1AD.

29Jan40 Received by 21 Sqn.

06Mar40 Engine K8945 removed for servicing, replaced with Engine K3249.

26Apr40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

21May40 Received by ITS at 1SFTS.

04Aug40 Issued to 1 SFTS Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

18Sep40 Damaged by a wind storm at Cressy airfield. Both lower wings, stbd upper wing, struts, elevators & tail unit damaged.

22Sep40 Received by 1AD for repairs. Engine K3249 replaced with Engine K3231.

29Nov40 Received by ATS at 1SFTS,

08Oct41 Converted to Instructional Demon No 8.

13Jul44 Converted to components. Authority: 9/16/1751 of Jul44.


A1-22

1936 The 4th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 9,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship SS Coptic at London Docks.

17Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

21Oct36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5589 fitted.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show The Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

25May37 Engine K5589 removed for servicing, replaced with Engine K8949.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

22Sep38 Engine K5949 removed for servicing, replaced with Engine K5623.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

02Nov39 About 1030 hrs near Derrimut, VIC the machine caught fire, crash landed and burst a tyre. Pilot PLTOFF A. Hay was uninjured.

02Nov39 Received by 1AD for repairs. Engine K5623 replaced with Engine K5607. Aircraft completely overhauled.

10Jun40 Allocated to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

10Jul40 Received by ATS at 1SFTS.

12May41 Engine failure, forced landing, burst tyre, damaged wheel. Solo pilot 407588 LAC J.M Wishart uninjured.

09Jun41 Engine K5607 removed for servicing, replaced with Engine K5587.

10Jul41 Pilot accidently knocked the engine switches off while practicing forced landings. When he attempted to throttle up the engine did not respond and the aircraft hit a stone fence before landing. Undercarriage and both lower wings were severely damaged. Pilot A3403 WOFF A.W. Whetters and student A408103 LAC D.T. Burrows were shaken but uninjured.

Jul41 Issued to Maintenance Wing SFTS for repair.

30Oct41 Repairs completed. Issued to ATS at Point Cook.

12Jan42 During night flying at 0100 hrs the engine failed soon after take-off causing the aircraft to crash land 200 yards from the shore. Extensively damaged. Instructor O43222 FLTLT S.R Barrey slightly injured; student 416240 LAC K.A Bates uninjured.

18Jul42 On landing approach at Point Cook the student accidently turned off the engine switches. Aircraft landed heavily and the undercarriage collapsed causing extensive damage. Pilot A3403 WOFF AW Whitters and student A408103 LAC DT Burrows received minor injuries.

21Jan42 Allocated to 1AD for possible repair after stripping and inspection following immersion in salt water.

22Jan42 Received 1AD. Held pending decision.

27Jan42 AMOE advise the aircraft to be converted to components. Ref: AMOE 8915/1/42

03Feb42 Converted to components.


A1-23

1936 The 5th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 21,000 ton P&O Line ship RMS Maloja.

22Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

07Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5581 fitted.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show The Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

21Mar38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

08Mar39 Engine K5581 removed for servicing, Engine K5595 installed.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

02Nov39 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage. Cadet D, Vernon uninjured.

05Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

10Apr40 Received by 1SFTS.

28Apr40 Aircraft stalled in a gliding turn near the ground near Werribee and landed heavily on one wheel damaging the undercarriage. The student pilot elected to go-around and return to Point Cook where, upon landing, the damaged undercarriage collapsed causing the aircraft to nose over. Damage to lower wings, airscrew and undercarriage. Pilot Cadet G.M. Sheppard was shaken and suffered minor cuts and abrasions.

26May40 Received 1AD for repairs.

01Aug40Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

04Aug40 Received by 1SFTS.

02Oct40 Heavy landing at Werribee Satellite airfield caused damage to the undercarriage and lower wing fabric. Pilot A4659 LAC James Geoffrey Mierisch received minor injuries.

13Nov40 Engine K5595 time expired, replaced with Engine K5577.

11Dec40 Engine failure, forced landing. Extensive damage to undercarriage and lower wings. Solo pilot 408030 LAC GC Atherton uninjured.

13Dec40 Received 1AD for repairs. Engine K5577 replaced with Engine K9403.

27Dec40 Received by 1SFTS.

18Mar41 In an effort to avoid an obstruction on the taxiway the student applied too much brake and tipped the aircraft on its nose damaging the airscrew and engine. Instructor O465 FLGOFF Kevin Herbert Springbett and student A407311 A/CPL Leslie Newall were uninjured.

13Jun41 After landing at Little River satellite field the pilot used excessive braking, aircraft tipped onto nose damaging airscrew and engine fairing. Solo Pilot A407575 LAC F.S. Gardiner was uninjured.

14Jun41 Engine failure caused a forced landing in a paddock near Point Cook. Aircraft ran through a fence damaging the undercarriage fairings and port wing. Solo pilot A407311 A/CPL Leslie Newall was uninjured.

25Mar42 Allocated to Armament Training Station (ATS) at RAAF Laverton.

30Mar42 Received by ATS.

01Feb43 Allocated to 1SFTS.

08Feb43 Received by 1SFTS.

07Jun43 Allocated to 1AD for conversion.

Jul43 Converted to components.

A1-24

1936 The 6th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 21,000 ton P&O Line ship RMS Maloja.

22Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

27Oct36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5595 fitted.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show The Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

17Apr38 One of 12 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

08Sep38 Engine K5595 time expired, replaced with Engine K5605.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

20Feb38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

25Jul39 Engine K5605 replaced with Engine K5635.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

30Oct39 Lower mainplanes changed during 120 hour servicing.

10Jan40 Allocated to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

24Jan40 Received by ITS at 1SFTS.

19Mar40 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage. Pilot FLTLT Armstrong uninured.

04Aug40 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage. Engine K5635 replaced with Engine K5579.

07Aug40 Pilot overshot the runway. Minor damage to undercarriage. Pilot Cadet McPhee was uninjured.

11Aug40 Issued to 1 SFTS Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

30Oct40 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage. Pilot O250297 FLTLT John Hamilton Buckham

19Jan141 Collided with Anson N.1331 when taking-off at Point Cook. Broken airscrew, oil cooler destroyed, fwd spar of port wing severed and port top wing holed. Pilot A/CPL Healey and student LAC McManus were uninjured.

01Aug41 Engine K5579 time expired, replaced with Engine K3231.

30Apr42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

04Jun42 Received by 3BAGS.

23Jun42 Allocated to No 10 ATC Squadron at Yallourn, VIC

Jul43 Converted to Instructional Demon No 16.

17Aug43 Received by 10 (ATC) Sqn.

22Oct46 Approval for conversion.

12Feb48 Conversion completed


A1-25

1936 The 7th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 21,000 ton P&O Line ship RMS Maloja.

22Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

07Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5591 fitted.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show The Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

11Mar38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

13Apr38 Struck hangar during taxying. Damage to top wing.

28Sep38 Engine K5591 time expired, replaced with Engine K9389.

17Apr38 One of 12 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

03Feb39 Engine failure on start, gear drive sheared. Engine K9389 replaced with Engine K5607.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

19Dec39 Engine K5607 replaced with Engine K3241.

12Jan40 Overturned on landing at 1245 hrs. Damage to upper wing, engine and airscrew. Cadet LB Hack uninjured.

29Dec40 Engine K3241 replaced with Engine K8931.

15Jan41 Allocated to 1AD for complete overhaul.

19Jan41 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to No 1 Engineering School at Ascot Vale, VIC

23Jun41 Converted to Instructional Demon No 2.

02May45 Converted to components.


A1-26

1936 The 8th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

28Oct36 Arrived at Pitman Wharf, Port Sydney where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

04Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5583 fitted.

17Dec36 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

11Feb37 Detached for short term duty with 4th Div RAA at Seymour VIC with FLTLT W.G. Compagnoni and A1724 AC1 Thorley. Flew Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton-Seymour.

08Apr37 One of six 3Sqn aircraft in a formation of 16 aircraft that greeted the new Governor General of NSW, Lord Wakehurst, upon his arrival in Sydney Harbour aboard the 20,100 ton Orient Line ship SS Orford. Pilot was FLTLT W.G. Compagnoni.

25Jul37 Engine failure, forced landing. Damage to fuselage, top wing and engine.

22Jul37 Received by 2AD for repairs. Engine K5583 replaced with Engine K8943.

21Sep38 120 hourly servicing.

08Feb39 Taxied into hangar wall. Damage to top wing and airscrew.

08Mar39 Engine K8943 replaced with Engine K3247. (K3247 was a fully rated engine)

21Mar39 Ran out of petrol, forced landing near at Ariah Park, NSW. No damage.

08May39 Engine K3247 removed.

15Jun39 Received by 2AD (less engine) for overhaul. 581 hours since last overhaul.

13Sep39 Engine K5625 fitted. Allocated to 3 Sqn at RAAF Richmond.

19Sep39 Received by 3 Sqn.

27Oct39 Struck drogue target. Minor damage.

20Jun40 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

04Jul40 Allocated to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS) at No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

08Jul40 Received by ATS at 1SFTS. Engine K5625 replaced with Engine K5611.

06Feb41 Attempted to take-off cross-wind, failed and tipped onto nose. Minor damage. Pilot LAC E.C Smith was uninjured.

30Mar41 Engine K5611 replaced with Engine K8937.

15May41 When landing at dusk on Point Cook airfield the aircraft hit an obstruction causing moderate damage to lower port wing. Pilot A407311 LAC Leslie Newall was uninjured.

21Dec41 Engine failed while towing a target drogue. Jettisoned drogue and forced landed, no damage. Pilot A407917 SGT M.A. Truman was uninjured.

15Jan42 Held unserviceable at 1SFTS.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

29Jun42 Engine failed over target at Dutson Weapons Range and aircraft crashed. Pilot 411003 SGT F.J.P Callen and 409643 LAC A.G Archibald escaped the wreckage with minor injuries. Aircraft was effectively destroyed.

05Aug42 Converted to components.


A1-27

1936 The 9th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

28Oct36 Arrived at Pitman Wharf, Port Sydney where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

04Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5593 fitted.

17Dec36 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

11Feb37 Detached for short term duty with 4th Div RAA at Seymour VIC with PLTOFF D. Campbell and A1883 AC1 E.S. Banks. Flew Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton-Seymour.

08Apr37 One of six 3Sqn aircraft in a formation of 16 aircraft that greeted the new Governor General of NSW, Lord Wakehurst, upon his arrival in Sydney Harbour aboard the 20,100 ton Orient Line ship SS Orford. Pilot was FLGOFF D. Ashton-Shorter.

16Apr37 Duty with 1st Div RAA at Liverpool Army Camp Sydney. Pilot FLGOGG G.K. Buscombe.

26Sep38 Engine failure, forced landing. No petrol flowing.

24Oct38 Received by 2AD for repairs. Engine K5593 replaced with Engine K5631.

21Mar39 Ran out of petrol, forced landing near at Ariah Park, NSW. No damage.

08May39 600 hourly change of fabric components.

24Oct39 Tipped onto nose while taxying down wind. Airscrew damaged. Pilot FLGOFF Richardson and Observer SGT Richards were both uninjured.

20Jun40 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

23Jun40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

26Jun40 Ferried from Richmond to Point Cook by FLTLT C.E. Woodman

27Jun40 Allocated to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS) at 1SFTS.

30Aug40 Engine K5631 replaced with Engine K3259.

08Dec40 180 hourly service. Engine K3259 replaced with Engine K5613.

23Jan40 Engine K5631 replaced with Engine K8941.

30Mar41 Allocated to Workshop Sqn for complete overhaul. Engine K8941replaced with Engine K3245.

06Jun41 Overhaul completed at Workshop Sqn. Aircraft wore a new paint scheme of: Camouflaged upper surfaces, trainer yellow lower surfaces and trainer yellow fuselage and upper wing bands. Large 27 painted in yellow on the fuselage fwd of the roundel.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

07Jul42 An engine failure at 1600 hrs resulted in a crash landing three miles SW of the Dutson Gunnery Range in Victoria. Upon impact the aircraft burst into flames and was destroyed. Pilot SGT K.A Bates was killed and student LAC A.F Hehir was seriously injured.

416240 SGT Kelvin Arthur Bates (24) single of Norwood, SA is buried in General Plot Row 1 Grave 40 of the Lameroo Cemetery, Lameroo SA. He is commemorated on Panel 115 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, ACT.

415423 LAC Allan Frank Hehir (19) of Fremantle, WA recovered fully and served throughout WWII, discharging in 1945 with the rank of Warrant Officer.

13Jul42 Awaiting conversion authority.

31Jul42 AMSE approval to convert airframe and Kestrel engine 3243 to components.

06Aug42 Converted to components.

A1-28

1936 The 10th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

28Oct36 Arrived at Pitman Wharf, Port Sydney where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

04Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5609 fitted.

17Dec36 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

11Feb37 One of eight Demons that made a massed attack on HMA Fleet elements and Jervis Bay Naval Base as part of combined Forces Exercises. Pilot was O324 FLTLT William Lloyd Hely.

17Feb37 Duty with 16th Light Horse M.G. Regiment at Rutherford, NSW. Pilot FLTLT Hely and observer A1926 AC1 L.A. Godden.

28Feb38 Bad weather caused forced landing at Mascot airport. No damage.

22Oct38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

25Oct38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

03Nov38 Placed in 2AD Store.

19Apr39 Engine K5609 removed.

06Mar40 Held unserviceable at 2AD.

31Jul40 All major fittings & components declared unserviceable, beyond repair. Parts cannibalized to repair other Demons.

19Aug40 Converted to Demon Instructional Airframe No 6.

17Oct45 Converted to components.


A1-29

1936 The 11th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

28Oct36 Arrived at Pitman Wharf, Port Sydney where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

04Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5617 fitted.

17Dec36 1st Demon assembled at 2AD. Test flown by O4 GRCPT Adrian Linley Cole MC DFC and O6 FLTLT Leslie Griffiths Carter.

21Dec36 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

11Feb37 One of eight Demons that made a massed attack on HMA Fleet elements and Jervis Bay Naval Base as part of combined Forces Exercises. Pilot was O163 PLTOFF Thomas Henry Davies.

08Apr37 One of six 3Sqn aircraft in a formation of 16 aircraft that greeted the new Governor General of NSW, Lord Wakehurst, upon his arrival in Sydney Harbour aboard the 20,100 ton Orient Line ship SS Orford. Pilot was FLGOFF N. Ford.

12Jul37 Received by 2AD for fitment of dual controls.

02Aug37 Received by 3 Sqn.

09May38 Engine K5617 time expired, replaced with Engine K5597.

08Jul38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

20Jul38 Engine failure caused the pilot, O174 FLTLT John Dominic Galvin, to perform forced landing at Douglas Park, NSW. The aircraft struck a large cable on landing and was severely damaged. Neither the pilot nor observer A1926 LAC A.L Godden were injured.

21Jul38 Recovered by 2AD Transport staff. Engine K5597 sent to 2AD for reconditioning and reissue. Airframe recommended for conversion.

12Sep38 Air Board Agenda 2300/1938 approved disposal of airframe and retention of Kestrel K5597.


A1-30

1936 The 12th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

28Oct36 Arrived at Pitman Wharf, Port Sydney where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

04Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5585 fitted.

20Nov36 Placed in 2AD Store.

01Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

11Feb37 One of eight Demons that made a massed attack on HMA Fleet elements and Jervis Bay Naval Base as part of combined Forces Exercises. Pilot was O165 PLTOFF William Faulkner Allshorn.

09Feb37 Detached to 1st Cavalry Div for field exercises, with PLTOFF D. Campbell and A2113 AC1 S.V Leslie.

21Feb37 Departed Richmond with PLTOFF W F Allshorn and A1865 AC1 A.C.F Uphill for Seymour via Cootamundra and Laverton to operate with 2nd Cavalry Division elements.

25Feb37 On a ferry flight from Laverton to Richmond the aircraft ran out of fuel and forced landed near Jerilderie, NSW. The port wheel, port wing and airscrew were damaged. Spares were trucked from Richmond, the aircraft repaired and flown to Richmond on 27Feb37. Crew of O… PLTOFF W F Allshorn and A1865 AC1 A.C.F Uphill were uninjured.

08Nov37 Forced landing at Scone, NSW. Engine and airframe extensively damaged.

15Nov37 Received by 2AD for repairs. Engine K5585 removed.

30Aug38 Held unserviceable at 2AD, awaiting engine.

15Sep38 Engine K5621 installed.

16Nov38 Received by 3 Sqn. Coded C.

08May39 Radiator and engine removed.

07Jun39 Radiator and Engine K5633 installed.

11Sep39 Forced landing near East Kurrajong School at 0845 hrs following engine failure at 4000ft over Kurrajong NSW. Aircraft landed in a paddock then hit a post and fence which tipped the aircraft onto its nose broke the airscrew and caused minor damage to the engine. Fabric on the lower mainplane was torn and several ribs and one spar were broken. Pilot O376 PLTOFF John Rowley Perrin and Observer 1874 CPL SJ Nicholl were uninjured. Recovered by a salvage crew from Richmond and returned to the Base at 1430hrs.

18Sep39 Cause of the accident was a faulty Magneto. Estimated four weeks for repair.

1939 At some time in late 39 or early 40 the aircraft was painted with camouflage uppers, aluminium lower surfaces and M1 style fuselage and upper wing roundels.

29Mar40 On landing at Camden airfield the pilot felt a heavy jolt and elected to do another circuit. On the 2nd touchdown the undercarriage collapsed causing the port wing to dig in which then caused the aircraft to flip over. Upper and lower wings, rudder, airscrew, inter-wing struts, centre section struts all badly damaged. Pilot 386 PLTOFF Alan Charles Rawlinson was shaken and received facial lacerations.

01Apr40 Received by 2AD for repairs/condition report.

19Jun40 Departed by road for issue to No 1 Engineering School at Ascot Vale, Melbourne.

28Oct40 Converted to Instructional Demon No 3.

14May46 Offered for disposal by CDC.

29May46 Authorized for write-off.

26Nov47 Passed to the Department of Aircraft Production, Melbourne for disposal action.

08Feb49 DAP Action completed.


A1-31

1936 The 13th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

28Oct36 Arrived at Pitman Wharf, Port Sydney where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

04Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5619 fitted.

20Nov36 Placed in 2AD Store.

01Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

11Feb37 One of eight Demons that made a massed attack on HMA Fleet elements and Jervis Bay Naval Base as part of combined Forces Exercises. Pilot was O87 PLTOFF Peter Ronald Heath.

12Feb37 Exercised as fall-of-shot observer for 2nd Div artillery at Liverpool Army Camp, Sydney. Pilot was PLTOFF N. Ford with observer A1882 AC1 P.L.B Bringolf. Same duty on 14, 15 and 18 Feb.

07Mar38 Forced landing at Liverpool, NSW.

08Apr37 One of six 3Sqn aircraft in a formation of 16 aircraft that greeted the new Governor General of NSW, Lord Wakehurst, upon his arrival in Sydney Harbour aboard the 20,100 ton Orient Line ship SS Orford. Pilot was FLGOFF G.K. Buscombe.

09Apr37 Duty with 1st Cavalry Div RAA. Pilot FLTLT W.G. Compagnoni.

30Aug38 Towed Target Banner dropped from A1-17 struck -31 parked below. Minor damage to upper wing.

31Aug38 Engine K5619 time expired, replaced with engine K5615.

21Mar39 Ran out of petrol, forced landing near at Ariah Park, NSW. No damage.

31Jul39 670 hours since last fabric change.

31Oct39 Allocated to 2AD for fabric change

01Dec39 Received by 2AD - minus engine K5615.

15Jul40 Engine K5619 installed.

17Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

26Jul40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

04Jan41 Taking–off from Werribee Satellite field the aircraft was almost airborne when the pilot saw another aircraft closing in from a cross heading. When taking avoiding action the port wing tip struck the ground causing a crash landing that inflicted serious damage to the undercarriage, lower wings, airscrew and fwd fuselage. Pilot A407225 LAC B J Davis received minor injuries.

10Jan41 Issued to 1AD for repairs.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

06Apr42 Damage to port lower mainplane following heavy landing.

09Oct42 Engine failure, forced landing near Seaspray, VIC. Aircraft repaired and flown back to base. Pilot A450364 SGT Harry Duguid was uninjured.

23Jun43 Allocated to No 4 Cadet Wing at RAAF Point Cook.

20Jul43 Converted to Instructional Airframe No 14.

03Dec45 Converted to components.


A1-32

1936 The 14th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 21,000 ton P&O Line ship RMS Maloja.

22Oct36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

07Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5599 fitted.

26Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show the Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

12Mar37 Tyre burst on landing at Seymour, aircraft nosed over causing significant damage. Trucked back to Laverton for repairs.

08Jul37 Engine K5599 time expired, replaced with Engine K8953.

31Aug37 Aircraft was part of the RAAF contingent present at the Hamilton Annual Show in Victoria. After take-off the aircraft attempted a tight climbing turn but stalled and dived into the ground 200ft in front of the stunned crowd and burst into flames. Despite a quick response from would be rescuers the crew could not be saved. In particular, AC1 2239 William Simpson McAloney raced to the blazing aircraft and managed to pull the pilot out of the cockpit but he was overcome with smoke and severe burns and was forced to leave the pilot on the ground near the aircraft. Pilot FLGOFF K.W McKenzie and SGT Torrens-Witherow observer were killed. Demon aircraft

FLGOFF Kenneth Walter McKenzie (23) single of Noorat, VIC is buried in plot CLC-PRES-11-807-17 at the Colac Cemetery, Colac Otway Shire Victoria.

SGT 1897 Norman Torrens-Witherow (23) married of Yarraville, VIC is buried at the Castlemaine Cemetery, Castlemaine VIC.

Sep37 Written-off: Air Board Agenda 2108/37. Engine to be converted to Instructional Engine K3.

Note: For his gallant rescue attempt AC1 McAloney was awarded the Albert Medal on 4th February 1938- a unique award in the annals of the RAAF. This award was converted to the George Cross in 1972 when the Albert Medal became obsolete. AC1 McAloney recovered from his burns and remained in the RAAF until his retirement as Wing Commander William Simpson "Bill" McAloney GC, OBE in 1966.



A1-33

1936 The 15th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5603 fitted.

26Nov36 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

16Dec36 One of eight Demons that flew to Adelaide via Mildura to participate in the SA Centenary Celebrations.

23Dec36 Eight aircraft formation flight "Show The Flag Exercise" from Adelaide to Laverton via Mildura.

22May37 Engine K5603 time expired, replaced with Engine K8951.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield. Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

03Dec37 35 minutes after departing Brisbane for Richmond the radiator of -33 developed a leak causing the flight to return to Archerfield. Crew of PLTOFF J.F Fallon and LAC H.R. Fitzgerald were uninjured. A quick fix and the aircraft taxied out but an accident to A1-36 meant the squadron remained another night.

04Dec37 Aircraft departed Archerfield and flew to Old Bar, NSW overnighted, then on the 5th to Richmond for fuel and then to Cootamundra for the last refuelling stop before RAAF Laverton.

05Dec37 Engine failed soon after take-off from Frampton, six miles SE of Cootamundra. The pilot forced landed in a paddock, where the aircraft overturned and burst into flames. The pilot PLTOFF J.F Fallon was trapped in the aircraft and killed; the crewman LAC H.R Fitzgerald was thrown from the machine as it turned over. Fitzgerald's parachute opened and caught fire and although he managed to crawl away from the blazing wreck, the fire travelled across the attached parachute and ignited his coveralls. When rescuers arrived on the scene they found Fitzgerald a short distance away with his clothes burnt off and suffering from severe burns.

The pilot’s body was placed in a special casket and transported by train from Cootamundra to Brisbane via Sydney. PLTOFF Jack Frederick Fallon (20) single of Brisbane, QLD was buried in Portion GP4 Section 43, Grave 19 of the Lutwyche Cemetery in Brisbane City Queensland.

LAC Henry Raymond Fitzgerald survived his burns and returned to active service. He served through out WW2 and retired from the RAAF in 1956 as O3583 Flight Lieutenant H.R Fitzgerald.

Dec37 Approved for write-off: Air Board Agenda 2189/37. Airframe and engine to be converted to components.

Postscript:

The crash of A1-33 produced far-reaching upheaval in the administration of the RAAF. As there had been seven Demon mishaps in that one week period, the press maintained that there were problems with either airworthiness or standards of pilot training in the RAAF, notwithstanding evidence that A1-33 had been lost through a simple oversight by the pilot. An insistent, militant campaign mounted by Fallon’s AWU union official father added to the clamour for a public inquiry. This ultimately led to Marshal of the RAF Sir Edward Ellington conducting a visit of inspection in 1938, which led to the removal of the RAAF’s Chief of the Air Staff, Air Vice-Marshal Richard Williams.

A1-34

1936 The 16th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5607 fitted.

02Jan37 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

15Feb38 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage. Engine K5607 replaced with Engine K3231.

21Feb38 Engine K3231 replaced with Engine K5577.

03Apr38 Minor mid-air collision with A1-26. Light damage to port wing tip.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

31Aug39 Received by No 22 (City of Sydney) Squadron at RAAF Richmond, NSW.

21Nov39 Engine K5577 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K3247.

17Jan40 Pilot became lost when performing a height test and crash landed at Mittagong at 1130 hrs. The aircraft was severely damaged and the solo pilot Cadet JR Stanley received minor injuries.

26Jan40 Received by 2AD for repairs.

08Jul40 Held unserviceable at 2AD.

31Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

09Aug40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

31Jan41 At 1130 hrs landed down-wind at the Laverton Relief Landing Ground. Poor airmanship resulted in a ground loop and severe damage to stbd upper & lower wings; and, the airscrew blades bent backwards. Solo pilot 407361 LAC R.H Stratford was uninjured.

28Apr41 Engine failure caused forced landing immediately after take-off at Laverton. Struck fence and tipped onto nose damaging the airscrew. Pilot A401005 LAC J.W. Williams was shaken but unhurt.

30May41 Engine K3247 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K88933.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

13Aug42 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

09Sep42 Received by 1SFTS

28Dec42 Held unserviceable at 1SFTS, awaiting spares.

19May43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

21Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section for conversion and/or destruction.

Aug43 Conversion action completed.


A1-35

1936 The 17th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

16Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5613 fitted.

02Jan37 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

21Oct37 Engine K5613 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5589.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

29Sep38 Struck fence after landing. Minor damage to undercarriage.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

31Aug39 Received by D Flight, No 22 (City of Sydney) Squadron at RAAF Richmond, NSW.

17Aug39 Engine failed at 2000ft after take-off. Landed in paddock, no damage.

02Jan40 Engine failure, forced landing one mile S of the airfield. No damage. Cadet JR Kinninmont was uninjured.

11Jan40 Pilot stalled at 60ft and landed awkwardly in a paddock NW of the aerodrome causing a tyre to burst and the aircraft overturned. Damaged to upper wing, airscrew and undercarriage. Solo pilot Cadet F.R McGrill received bruising and abrasions.

26Jan40 Allocated to 2AD for repairs.

02Feb40 Received by 2AD.

20Jun40 Held unserviceable at 2AD.

15Aug40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

26Aug40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

02Feb41 Engine failure one mile NW of the field caused a downwind forced landing, aircraft overturned causing extensive damage. Solo pilot 407221 LAC J.C Campbell was uninjured.

13Apr41 Engine K5589 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5579.

May41 Major repair work and 180 hourly inspection completed at Workshop Sqn Point Cook.

14Jun41 Engine K5579 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5595.

05Jul41 Engine K5595 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5589

23Oct41 Struck a soft patch while taxying and tipped onto nose. Minor damage. PilotA411300 LAC J. Duguid was uninjured.

25Mar42 Allocated to 1 SFTS Armament School (AS) at Hamilton VIC.

24Jul42 Received by AS at Hamilton, VIC.

01Feb43 Allocated to 1SFTS at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

08Feb43 Received by 1SFTS.

07Jun43 Allocated to 1AD for conversion.

1943 Converted to components.


A1-36

1936 The 18th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

18Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5623 fitted.

02Jan37 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

06Dec37 Aircraft crashed from 150ft soon after take-off from Cootamundra and was severely damaged. The crew walked away from the crash but: the pilot SGR R.J Parker received a broken nose, broken arm, contusions and concussion; and, the observer SGT W. Brockie received facial injuries, bruising and shock.

07Dec37 A group of mechanics from Laverton recovered the wreckage and transported the remains to Laverton by road.

14Dec37 Received by 1AD for reporting. Recommended for conversion.

07Feb38 Held at 1AD workshops.

1938 Approved for write-off: Air Board Agenda 2151/38


A1-37

1936 The 19th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

18Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5605 fitted.

02Jan37 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

15Feb38 Engine K5605 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5613.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

06Oct38 Landing accident, bracing wires snapped.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

13Jun39 Struck a soft patch on landing. Tipped onto nose. Airscrew broken.

01Aug39 Engine K5613 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K9389 installed.

31Aug39 Received by No 22 (City of Sydney) Squadron at RAAF Richmond, NSW.

18Dec39 Allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

09Jan40 Allocated to No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond for fabric recovering.

14Jun40 Engine K9389 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5583 installed.

17Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

26Jul40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

09May41 Engine K5583 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K3247 installed.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

05Dec42 Allocated to Point Cook Technical Section for overhaul.

14Dec42 Received by Technical Section Point Cook.

18Jan43 Allocated to Paratroop Training Unit (PTU) at RAAF Richmond, NSW.

25Jan43 Received by PTU

May43 Approval for conversion to PTU Instructional Airframe No 20.

05Jan44 Issued to N0 34 ATC Squadron at Inverell, NSW

18Dec45 Offered for disposal by the Commonwealth Disposals Commission.

22Feb46 Sold by CDC to Mr A. Yates Evans St, Inverell


A1-38

1936 The 20th of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

18Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5601 fitted.

1936-37 Placed in 1AD Reserve Store.

03Mar37 Received by No 2 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

08Apr38 One of four 2Sqn aircraft that participated in the 1938 RAAF Air Pageant held at Flemington Racecourse Melbourne. According to The Argus and The Age newspapers 170,000 spectators attended the event.

13Apr38 Flown by PLTOFF R.F. Green with observer FLGOFF J. Hocking to RAAF Richmond via Cootamundra for the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Three days of practice before the actual display on 19Apr38. The Sydney Morning Herald estimated a crowd of between 100,000 and 200,000 people attended which caused enormous problems for trains, cars and buses.

25Apr38 On the return flight to Laverton in formation with 10 other aircraft a severe dust storm was encountered 10 miles SE of Cootamundra which forced the aircraft down to an altitude of less than 100ft so it could follow the rail line to Albury where a precautionary landing was made.

02May38 Alkali from the accumulator sprayed over the aircraft during aerobatics causing the fabric cover to burn in places. Engine seized and a/c forced landed. No further damage. Engine K5601 replaced with Engine K5591.

17Jan39 Struck fence on landing approach. Minor damage to undercarriage. Pilot PLTOFF J. Lewis uninjured.

06Feb39 Engine boiled when doing a test flight causing a forced landing on the aerodrome. Pilot PLTOFF R.A. Oakley was uninjured.

07Feb39 Allocated to No 12 (GP) General Purpose Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

29Aug39 Allocated to 1AD.

05Sep39 Received by 1AD.

07Oct39 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

05Nov39 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

22Jan40 Issued to 1SFTS.

17Mar40 Engine K5591 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K3231.

01Aug40 During night flying dual instruction the student pilot misjudged the height on landing approach and struck a fence. Severe damage to the aircraft. Instructor FSGT W.A. Whetters and student Cadet J. Hermes were uninjured.

24Nov40 Engine K3231 replace with Engine K9393.

27Apr41 Engine failure caused crash landing at Point Cook. Aircraft ran into boundary fence causing moderate damage. Pilot O123593 PLTOFF Phillip Bruce Sinnott and student A407575 LAC F.S. Gardiner both received minor injuries.

15Jun41 Excessive brake usage caused aircraft to tip onto nose after landing at Little River satellite airfield near Point Cook. Airscrew damaged. Solo pilot A400939 LAC W.N. Rose was uninjured.

31Aug41 Engine K9393 replace with Engine K3259.

30Apr42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

08Jun42 Received by 3BAGS.

17Jul42 Tipped onto nose – misuse of brakes, propeller damaged.

16Jun43 Converted to instructional Airframe No 11

25Jun43 Allocated to No 7 Aircraft Depot (1AD) at RAAF Station Tocumwal, NSW

26Jun43 Received by 7AD and converted to Instructional Airframe No 18.

16Jul43 Allocated to No 1 Recruit Centre at Shepparton, VIC.

01Aug43 Issued to No 1 Recruit Centre at Shepparton, VIC.

08Jun45 Converted to components.

A1-39

1936 The 21st of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

1936 Test flown by Hawker Aircraft then stripped down and crated for shipment.

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne where the aircraft was placed into a Commonwealth Bonded Warehouse for Customs checks and inspection.

18Nov36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5597 fitted.

01Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

11Feb37 One of eight Demons that made a massed attack on HMA Fleet elements and Jervis Bay Naval Base as part of combined Forces Exercises. Pilot was O339 PLTOFF Norman Phillip Ford.

15Feb37 Short duty with 2nd Div artillery at Liverpool Army Camp, Sydney. Pilot FLGOFF N. Ford with observer A2113 AC1 S.V. Leslie.

08Apr37 One of six 3Sqn aircraft in a formation of 16 aircraft that greeted the new Governor General of NSW, Lord Wakehurst, upon his arrival in Sydney Harbour aboard the 20,100 ton Orient Line ship SS Orford. Pilot was FLGOFF G.J. Quinan.

25Jan38 Engine K5597 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5583.

08Feb38 Engine K5583 replaced with Engine K5631.

15Apr38 Developed engine overheat problems on a flight to Griffith NSW returned to Richmond where engine K5631 was replaced with engine K5603.

31Jul39 629 hours since last fabric change.

06Sep39 Received by 1AD for overhaul and fabric change.

25Jan40 Received by No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

25Mar40 Damaged Oleo leg when the aircraft ran into a fence after landing. Cadet Gibson uninjured.

11Jun40 Engine K5603 removed.

04Aug40 Engine K5592 installed.

10Nov40 Engine K5592 removed.

11Nov40 Engine K9405 installed.

04Dec40 Undercarriage collapsed at end of landing run causing the aircraft to nose over. Damage to airscrew, lower wings and fuselage. Pilot FLGOFF Gordon and student LAC Meecham were uninjured.

17Mar41 Taxied into A1-2 at Point Cook during night flying operations. Tipped onto nose causing a broken airscrew and fwd fuselage damage. Pilot LAC Threlfall received minor injuries.

13Nov41 While practicing night landings at Werribee airfield a heavy landing caused the undercarriage to collapse, inflicting serious damage to lower mainplane, fuselage and undercarriage. Pilot A407254 SGT R.W. Rowe and student A408623 LAC G.G. Greentree received minor injuries.

08Jan42 Held unserviceable at 1FTS awaiting spares.

23Jun42 Issued to 1AD Salvage Section.

1942 Converted to components.


A1-40

1936 The 22nd of 36 two-seater general purpose Demon fighter-bomber aircraft built to RAAF Order No.452/1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited as an Australian Demon II at their Kingston factory in SW London. Fitted with a 600hp (447kW) liquid cooled 60-degree V12 Rolls Royce Kestrel V DR engine

00Sep36 Loaded aboard the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

16Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

18Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5627 fitted.

12Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

15Feb37 Acted as target for RAA 1st AA Battery at Narrabeen Heads, NSW. Same duty on 17- 21Feb.

08Apr37 One of six 3Sqn aircraft in a formation of 16 aircraft that greeted the new Governor General of NSW, Lord Wakehurst, upon his arrival in Sydney Harbour aboard the 20,100 ton Orient Line ship SS Orford. Pilot was FLGOFF T.H. Davies.

14May37 While performing a high speed power dive during a demonstration flight at RAAF Station Townsville the aircraft suffered catastrophic structural failure. The wings detached and the remainder crashed onto the runway. The pilot PLTOFF Donald Ashton-Shorter (23) single of Deewhy, NSW was killed instantly.

17May37 Aircraft remains and engine approved for write-off. Air Board Agenda 2098/37

Postscript:

The accident report at the time blamed the pilot for overstressing the aircraft and causing the wing failure. However, a later ARL investigation stated that the structural failure of the port wing could not be attributed to the pilot but was probably an inherent flaw in the production process.


Demons A1-41 and A1-40 on the Townsville airstrip prior to the crash.




A1-41

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

12Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

12Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5615 fitted.

12Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

02Sep38 Engine K5615 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5609.

09Mar39 Engine K5609 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K8947.

31Jul39 587 hours since last fabric change.

06Sep39 Received by 1AD for overhaul and fabric change.

25Jan40 Received by No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

27Jun40 Engine K8947 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K3249.

04Aug40 Engine K3249 replaced with Engine K5599.

08Jan41 Instructor taxied away from flight line and handed over to pupil, who then over- revved the engine and ran off the taxiway causing the aircraft to tip onto the nose. Airscrew broken and engine damaged. Pilot A4321 FSGT Clifford Ernest Tuttleby and student LAC Wilson were uninjured.

30Mar41 Excessive oil pressure. Engine K5599 replaced with Engine K5585.

18May41 A20-262 taxied into A1-41 which was stopped awaiting take-off clearance. Port upper and lower wings damaged. Pilot O850 PLTOFF Maurice Garnett Woods and student A400776 LAC G.F. Brown were uninjured.

06Jun41 Repairs and 180 hourly inspection completed at Workshop Sqn Point Cook.

13Aug41 Aircraft sank into soft ground at Werribee Satellite airfield causing the propellor to strike the ground. Pilot O407311 PLTOFF L.V. Newall was uninjured.

30Oct41 Held unserviceable at 1SFTS.

24Nov41 After completing a night landing at Point Cook a tyre burst causing the aircraft to tip on its nose. Damage to airscrew, engine bearers and undercarriage. Pilot A401647 LAC F.C. Knudsen was uninjured.

24Dec41 Immediately after take-off the engine failed causing a forced landing. Stbd upper & lower wings damaged.

30Apr42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

17May42 Received by 3BAGS. Ferried from Point Cook by A407575 FSGT F.S. Gardiner.

09Sep42 Taxied into soft ground, tipped on nose. Airscrew damaged. Pilot A403702 SGT Edwin Charles Speechley was uninjured.

23Jun43 Allocated to No 7 Aircraft Depot (7AD) at RAAF Station Tocumwal, NSW.

26Jun43 Received by 7AD.

16Jun43 Converted to Instructional Airframe No 19.

18Jul43 Allocated to No 1 Recruitment Centre (1RC) at Shepparton, VIC.

01Aug43 Received by 1RC.

08Jun45 Converted to components.


A1-42

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

16Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

18Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5631 fitted.

12Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

06Apr37 Flown by FLGOFF P.R. Heath to Redcliffe, QLD via Coffs Harbour for duty with 11th Mixed Brigade RAA. Returned to Base on 12Apr37.

25Jan38 Engine K5631 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K8947.

08May39 Engine K8947 removed.

31Jul39 594 hours since last fabric change.

06Sep39 Received by 1AD for overhaul and fabric change.

29Feb40 Received by No 22 (City of Sydney) Sqn at RAAF Richmond.

30Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS). Engine K9389 installed.

05May40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

08Dec40 Low oil pressure. Engine K9389 replaced with Engine K3237.

19Jan41 Low oil pressure. Engine K3237 replaced with Engine K8947.

23Mar41 Low oil pressure. Engine K8947 replaced with Engine K9387.

17Jun41 Engine failed on a cross-country flight caused a forced landing near Wyndham Vale, VIC .Solo pilot 407311 A/CPL Leslie Newall uninjured.

08Jul41 Engine failed, forced landing. Ran through fence tearing fabric on lower wings. Solo pilot 407311 A/CPL Leslie Newall uninjured.

20Jul41 Taxied into soft ground at Point Cook, tipped on nose damaging the airscrew. Pilot A400776 LAC G.F. Brown was uninjured.

13Aug41 Taxied into soft ground at Point Cook, tipped on nose damaging the airscrew. Pilot A400776 LAC G.F. Brown was uninjured.

31Aug41 Engine K9387 replaced with Engine K8947.

02Sep41 Taxied into soft patch, tipped onto nose. Minor damage. Pilot A407311 A/CPL Leslie Newall was unhurt.

02Oct41 When making a night landing at Little river satellite field Werribee VIC the pilot held off too long and struck the boundary fence. Damage to undercarriage and lower port wing. Pilot A416020 LAC R.F. Felgenhaur was unhurt.

24Nov41 Tyre blew on take-off run, veered onto soft ground tipped onto nose. Airscrew and port lower wing damaged.

01Dec41 Tyre burst on night landing at Point Cook. Pilot A33094 LAC F.O Knudsen was uninjured.

30Apr42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

04Jun42 Received by 3BAGS.

27Aug42 Engine failure soon after takeoff caused a forced landing which damaged the spinner, propeller and lower stbd mainplane. Pilot SGT Adams and passenger SGT Rosevear were uninjured.

19Mar43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

21Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section for conversion.

1943 Converted to components.


A1-43

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

16Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

20Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5621 fitted.

12Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

14Jun38 Engine K5621 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K5583.

08Dec38 Engine K5583 replaced with Engine K3261.

16Dec38 Engine K3261 replaced with Engine K5593.

26Jul39 A17-4 taxied into A1-43. Minor damage repaired at unit.

10Sep39 Carried out the first 3Sqn war patrol when FLGOFF Campbell and SGT Fowler flew a 3-hour armed reconnaissance over Sydney Harbour and approaches.

20Jun40 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

03Jul40 Reallocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS).

04Jul40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

11Jul40 Bad visibility caused a forced landing near Fernhill, VIC. Cadets RT Susans (pilot) and RS Jones (observer) were uninjured.

18Sep40 Damaged by severe wind storm at Cressy airfield, VIC. Undercarriage, tail plane, wings and fuselage all damaged.

22Sep40 Issued to 1AD for report/repair.

10Nov40 Converted to Instructional Demon No 7.

05Apr44 Converted to components.


A1-44

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

16Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

20Nov36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5625 fitted.

12Feb37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

13Dec38 Engine K5625 allocated to 2AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K3269.

24Jul39 Engine K3269 replaced with Engine K5585.

31Jul39 599 hours since last fabric change.

07Aug39 Issued to 2AD for overhaul and fabric replacement.

20Sep39 Faulty magnetos caused a forced landing at Liverpool two miles north of the Liverpool Bombing Range at 1230 hours. FLGOFF Steege flew SGT Waite (engine fitter) to the site in Moth A17-1. The faulty magnetos were repaired and both aircraft then returned to Richmond.

09Feb40 Engine K5585 replaced with Engine K5613

20Mar40 Struck telephone wires while delivering low level practice bombing attacks against an Army convoy. Airscrew damaged. 456 PLTOFF L. E. Knowles censured for careless flying.

20Jun40 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

03Jul40 Reallocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS).

04Jul40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

18Sep40 Damaged by severe wind storm while picketed at Cressy airfield, VIC. Undercarriage, tail plane, wings and fuselage all damaged. Although no aircrew were involved, sentry 6451 AC1 W. Cummings was struck by the aircraft and severely injured.

22Sep40 Issued to 1AD for repairs.

19Oct40 Engine K5613 replaced with Engine K3243.

17Dec40 Allocated to 1SFTS.

28Dec41 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

02May41 Engine K3243 replaced with Engine K9397.

20Jun41 Engine K9397 replaced with Engine K8941.

09Jul41 Allocated to 1AD for overhaul.

17Jul41 Engine K8941 removed.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

05Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

08Sep42 At 1255 hrs while performing unauthorised low level flying at the Dutson air-to-air range the aircraft stalled in a steep turn and crashed. Aircraft destroyed. Pilot 411065 SGT Stephen James Smitheram (20) single of Newtown, NSW was killed; and, student 410106 LAC Ernest George Thompson (30) single of Beechwood, VIC was injured.

SGT Smitheram is buried in the Rookwood Necropolis, Sydney NSW. RC section 16 Grave 1865

LAC Thompson recovered and served through WWII, discharging in 1946.

02Oct42 Wreckage recovered by 3BAGS and converted to components where possible.


A1-45

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

01Dec36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5625 fitted.

03May37 Received by No 23 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

27Jan38 Landing accident. Minor damage, repaired at unit.

10Mar38 Departed RAAF Laverton for the relocation of 23 Sqn from Laverton to Pearce Aerodrome Bullsbrook, WA. Route taken was Nhill, Adelaide, Ceduna, Ceduna, Cook, Forrest, Kalgoolie, Tammin and Pearce. Crew was PLTOFF T.S Ingledew and 2563 AC1 W.J.N Smith.

16Sep38 While on detachment to RAAF Pearce WA the aircraft stalled immediately after take-off and crash landed causing extensive damage. Pilot FLGOFF Bennett was uninjured.

16Sep38 Issued to 1AD for technical survey and reporting.

07Feb39 1AD recommend conversion to components.

20Mar39 Air Board Agenda 2422/1939 approved conversion of airframe. Engine to be overhauled and retained.


A1-46

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

01Dec36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5629 fitted.

03May37 Received by No 23 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

10Mar38 Departed RAAF Laverton for the relocation of 23 Sqn from Laverton to Pearce Aerodrome Bullsbrook, WA. Route taken was Nhill, Adelaide, Ceduna, Ceduna, Cook, Forrest, Kalgoolie, Tammin and Pearce. Crew was PLTOFF J.W Daniell and 805 SGT J.A McCormick.

23Dec38 Received by No 25 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Station Pearce, WA.

18Dec39 120 hourly servicing.

28Dec39 Ferried to 1AD for servicing and allotment. Crew PLTOFF L.W Manning and 1760 SGT D.L Drysdale.

01Jan40 Received by 1AD for overhaul.

23Feb40 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

24Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS).

26Apr40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

20May40 Engine failed on take-off at 1415 hrs. Pilot FLTLT W.E. Townsend and trainee Cadet L.W. Brickhill were uninjured.

30May40 Aircraft struck a surveyors stake while making a low nighttime approach damaging the stbd lower mainplane. Instructor FLTLT C.E. Payne and student SQNLDR Holmwood were uninjured.

25Jun40 Engine K5629 allocated to 1AD for overhaul, replaced with Engine K9587.

08Jul40 Engine K9587 replaced with Engine K5611.

31Oct40 Heavy landing at Point Cook when student landed cross-wind and swung off runway causing slight damage to port lower wing and tail fin. Pilot A400094 LAC Albert Ernest Longoni was uninjured.

04Mar41 On his first night solo the pilot's inexperience caused a heavy landing resulting in an undercarriage collapse. Aircraft overturned severe damage to wings, struts, fuselage, airscrew, and rudder. Pilot 407330 LAC P.A Masters was uninjured.

05Mar41 Engine K5611 removed.

02May41 Engine K5583 installed.

18Nov41 Undercarriage collapsed, tipped onto nose. Damage to airscrew, upper & lower wings, fuselage and undercarriage. Pilot A407254 SGT R.W .Rowe and student A401853 LAC M.F. Rowston received minor injuries.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

09Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

16Jul43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area for conversion.

1943 Converted to components and/or destruction.

A1-47

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

01Dec36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5611 fitted.

03May37 Received by No 23 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Laverton on its formation.

24Nov37 Departed Laverton for a cross-country flight to Adelaide via Mildura, Broken Hill & Renmark. Return flight via Nhill the following day. Crew was PLTOFF F.W.B Mann and 1607 CPLC.W Gibbs.

10Mar38 Departed RAAF Laverton for the relocation of 23 Sqn from Laverton to Pearce Aerodrome Bullsbrook, WA. Route taken was Nhill, Adelaide, Ceduna, Ceduna, Cook, Forrest, Kalgoolie, Tammin and Pearce. Crew was PLTOFF F.W.B Mann and 2420 LAC J.F Kelly.

02Sep38 One five 23 Sqn aircraft that flew to Kalgoorlie and performed a series of Air Displays on 3rd/4th Sep. Crew was FLGOFF F.W.B Mann and 2254 AC1 A.V Aarons.

23Dec38 Received by No 25 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Station Pearce, WA.

01Sep39 Tipped onto nose while taxying. Airscrew broken, minor fuselage damage.

20Nov39 120 hourly servicing. Engine K5611 removed for overhaul.

30Dec39 Engine K5579 installed.

28Dec39 Ferried to 1AD for servicing and allotment. Crew FLTLT D. McLean and 771 SM2 J. Reid.

02Jan40 Received by 1AD.

23Jan40 Issued to No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

10Apr40 During forced landing practice the engine failed to respond when the pupil undershot a landing. Damage to stbd wing, elevator and tail. Instructor FLGOFF Buckham and pupil Cadet Beattie were uninjured.

26Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS).

27Apr40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

30May40 Engine failure caused forced landing in a paddock near Werribee airfield. Aircraft ran thru a fence after landing causing damage to stbd lower wing & undercarriage. Pilot Cadet A. McPhee was uninjured.

19Jun40 During “circuits & bumps” night time training the engine failed at 500ft and was successfully forced landed by the instructor FLTLT C.E. Payne. Pilot and student Cadet R.R. Bothwell were uninjured.

30Oct40 At 2055 hrs during night flying training the aircraft struck HT power lines one mile N of the No 1 Relief Landing Ground, Werribee. The aircraft burst into flames and the solo pilot 400006 LAC Rodney Ellwood Muller (25) of Cumberland, SA was killed.

LAC Muller is buried in the St Kilda General Cemetery, Melbourne Ind. Plot Compt. B Grave 0262A.

06Nov40 Airframe wreckage converted to components Engine K5579 issued to 1AD.


A1-48

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

12Nov36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

01Dec36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K8941 fitted.

03May37 Received by No 23 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

24Nov37 Departed Laverton for a cross-country flight to Adelaide via Mildura, Broken Hill & Renmark. Return flight via Nhill the following day. Crew was FLGOFF T.S Ingledew and 1831 SGT R.D Clarke.

10Mar38 Departed RAAF Laverton for the relocation of 23 Sqn from Laverton to Pearce Aerodrome Bullsbrook, WA. Route taken was Nhill, Adelaide, Ceduna, Ceduna, Cook, Forrest, Kalgoolie, Tammin and Pearce. Crew was PLTOFF L.W Law and 2123 AC1 A.D Saunders

23Dec38 Received by No 25 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Station Pearce, WA.

24Apr39 120 hourly servicing.

28Dec39 Ferried to 1AD for servicing and allotment. Crew FLGOFF F.H Anderson and 459 SM2 E.F Easterbrook.

02Jan40 Received by 1AD.

14Feb40 Fitted with dual controls and equipment. Allocated to No 22 Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

06Mar40 Reallocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS). Painted overall RAF trainer yellow.

05May40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

13May40 Engine failed at 200ft forcing the pilot to attempt a landing in a boggy paddock. Severe damage to undercarriage, airscrew, upper longerons and engine bearers. Pilot FLTLT W.E. Townsend and Cadet J. Burbury received minor injuries and shock.

03Jun40 Issued to 1AD for major repairs. Engine K8941 removed.

15Sep40 Engine K3237 installed.

27Oct40 Issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS) at 1SFTS.

07Nov40 Engine failure at 1000 hrs one mile S of Derrimut, VIC while conducting dual formation instruction. Pilot O250297 FLTLT J.H. Buckham performed a difficult forced landing in a rocky paddock, neither the pilot or student O260698 PLTOFF Lloyd Westley Brickhill were injured. The aircraft was extensively damaged in lower wings and undercarriage. Airscrew and radiator destroyed.

12Nov40 Engine K3237 removed for servicing, replace with Engine K5583.

17Apr41 Overturned during a night landing at Point Cook. Upper & lower wings, rudder, struts and fuselage damaged. Airscrew broken. Pilot O174 FLTLT John Dominic Galvin and passenger O260757 FLGOFF Phillip Frederick Stanton were uninjured. FLTLT Galvin requested to be taken off Demon aircraft following this accident.

09May41 Engine K5583 removed for overhaul.

30May41 Engine K3253 installed.

25Nov41 Ground looped after a night landing and tipped on nose. Slight damage to port lower wing. Pilot 408560 LAC G.D Baird unhurt.

11Feb42 Allocated to Station HQ at RAAF Richmond.

23Feb42 Temporary allocation to No 1 Communications Flight RAAF Laverton before ferry fight to Richmond.

02Mar42 Received by Station HQ at Richmond.

07Mar42 Tipped onto nose when landing at Marsden Park NSW. Pilot A403448 SGT WH Semple was uninjured.

17Mar42 Engine failure when landing at Wagga Wagga caused a forced landing. Damage to port wing and wing-tip. Pilot A407996 SGT NF Blessing was uninjured.

30Apr42 Allocated to Clyde Engineering, Sydney for overhaul.

07May42 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to Marshall Airways for overhaul.

18May42 Received by Marshall.

06Nov42 Awaiting spares.

02Mar43 Received by No 2 Air Park at Bankstown Airport for post overhaul checks.

15Mar43 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

08Apr43 Received by 3BAGS.

16Jun43 Allocated to No 2 Cadet Air Wing at Mascot Airport, Sydney.

16Jul43 Converted to Instructional Airframe No 13.

25Jun43 Received by No 2 Cadet Air Wing at Mascot Airport, Sydney.

21Mar45 Converted to components.

A1-49

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

16Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

01Dec36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K5653 fitted.

25May37 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

27May37 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to No 3 Squadron at RAAF Richmond NSW.

24Nov38 Collided with A4-32 while taxying. Damage to airscrew.

08May39 120 hourly servicing. Engine K5653 removed.

28Jun39 Received by 2AD for servicing and fabric change.

01Jul39 358 hours since last fabric change.

17Sep39 Issued to Aircraft Repair Section 2AD awaiting Engine.

31Oct39 Engine K8943 installed and allocated to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

02Nov39 Received by 3 Sqn.

08Dec39 Modified with dual controls and engine derated. Issued to No 22 (City of Sydney) Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

04Apr40 At 0820 hrs the aircraft stalled from an inverted position while carrying out aerobatics and spun into ground near the Hawkesbury Agricultural College, NSW. Aircraft destroyed and the solo pilot 24189 Cadet Edward Andrew Walsh (19) single of Nanango, QLD was killed.

Cadet Walsh is buried in the Richmond General Cemetery RC Section.

15Apr40 Wreckage held in store at 2AD awaiting direction.

22Jun40 Engine K8943 removed and issued to 2AD.

08Jul40 Approval to convert to components. Air Board Agenda 2789 of 1940.

28Oct40 Conversion to components completed.

A1-50

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

16Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

01Dec36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K8935 fitted.

25May37 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

27May37 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to No 3 Squadron at RAAF Richmond NSW.

26Feb38 Lightly touched A1-51 when practicing formation flying, Wing tip damaged.

20Apr38 Taxied into A1-51. Both aircraft suffered minor damage to wings.

31Jul39 577 hours since last fabric change.

14Dec39 Engine failure on a Cross-country Navex caused a forced landing in a paddock 4km from Gloucester NSW. Severe damage to engine, airscrew, wings and tail. Pilot PLTOFF Miles and Observer LAC Haug received minor injuries, bruising and shock. Salvage crew from Richmond despatched two days later to recover the aircraft and return it to Richmond.

29Dec39 Received by 2AD. Engine K8935 issued to 2AD ERS for overhaul.

10Jun40 Converted to Instructional Demon No 5.

18Jun40 Left 2AD by road for No 1 Engineering School at Ascot Vale, Melbourne.

10Oct45 Converted to components


A1-51

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Wolverhampton factory in West Midlands, and shipped to Australia in November 1936.

16Nov36 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 18,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Jervis Bay.

10Dec36 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K8939 fitted.

25May37 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

27May37 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to No 3 Squadron at RAAF Richmond NSW.

23Sep37 Airscrew pierced by bullet.

26Feb38 Lightly touched A1-50 when practicing formation flying, Wing tip damaged.

20Apr38 Taxied into by A1-50. Both aircraft suffered minor damage to wings.

14Jun38 Aircraft was practicing aerial combat near Llandillo, NSW when it became too low and struck a large tree about 40ft from the ground at Llandillo eight miles S of Richmond. The aircraft then crashed and burst into flames. Despite frantic rescue attempts by the observer, the pilot SGT Ralph Dunstan Pomery (26) married of Windsor NSW was burnt to death. The observer AC1 David Cecil Alexander Purdy (28) tried unsuccessfully on several occasions to rescue his pilot suffering horrific burns in the process. AC1 Purdy never recovered from his injuries and died from his burns some 28 months later in the Randwick Repatriation Hospital, Sydney.

SGT Pomery is buried in the Dudley Park Cemetery, Adelaide SA.

17Jun38 Airframe and engine recovered by 2AD staff. Airframe dumped and engine placed into repairable store.

11Nov38 Airframe approved for write-off and engine for salvage. Air Board Agenda 2293 of 1938. Value of the write-off was £2,980 for the airframe and £105 for the loss of parachutes and clothing.

14Jan39 Converted to components and Engine K8939 converted to Instructional Kestrel.


A1-52

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

10Dec36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 14,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Esperance Bay.

16Dec36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K8937 fitted.

03May37 Received by No 23 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

10Mar38 Departed RAAF Laverton for the relocation of 23 Sqn from Laverton to Pearce Aerodrome Bullsbrook, WA. Route taken was Nhill, Adelaide, Ceduna, Ceduna, Cook, Forrest, Kalgoolie, Tammin and Pearce. Crew was FLTLT W.H Kyle and 1831 SGT R.D Clarke.

23Dec38 Received by No 25 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Station Pearce, WA.

14Feb38 Placed into storage with Station Store.

20Mar39 Issued to 25 Sqn.

29Dec39 Allocated to 1AD for fitment of dual controls and modified engine.

14Feb40 Departed Pearce for ferry trip to 1AD Laverton. Crew was PLTOFF W.L Manning and 1596 SGT J.H Cerene. Arrived Laverton 1215hrs 16Feb.

27Mar40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

29Mar40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

29Nov40 Engine K8937 replaced with Engine K3249.

03Jan41 While performing precautionary landing practice at the Werribee Satellite field the pilot allowed the aircraft to get too low and slow and struck the boundary fence causing a forced landing. Undercarriage, airscrew and lower fuselage were extensively damaged. Pilot LAC B.M. Thompson was shaken but otherwise uninjured.

10Jan41 Issued to 1AD for repairs.

17Jan41 Engine K3249 to 1AD for overhaul replaced with Engine K5591.

11Nov41 Tipped onto nose after landing causing minor damage to airscrew and lower wings. Solo pilot A408623 LAC G.G. Greentree was uninjured.

11Feb42 Allocated to RAAF Richmond Station HQ.

23Feb42 Issued to 1AD Ferry Flight.

27Feb42 Issued to No 1 Communications Flight for modifications before ferry flight to Station HQ Richmond.

03Mar42 Received by Station HQ Richmond.

30Mar42 Aircraft was parked at Richmond when it was hit by A1-61.

18Sep42 Allocated to Point Cook Store.

21Sep42 Received by Point Cook Store.

10May43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

21Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section for conversion.

Aug43 Converted to components.

A1-53

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

10Dec36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 14,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Esperance Bay.

16Dec36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K8931 fitted.

22Sep37 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

29Nov37 One of nine Demons that took part in the 1937 1 Sqn Laverton/Brisbane Exercise. Rout was Laverton-Cootamundra-Narromine-Bourke-Charleville-Roma-Archerfield.

05Dec37 Above Exercise return route was: Archerfield-Coffs Harbour-Richmond-Cootamundra-Laverton.

28Feb38 A1-15 taxied into A1-53, minor damage.

17Apr38 One of 11 Demons that flew to Richmond via Cootamundra, NSW as part of the 1Sqn contribution to the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Returned to Laverton on 25 April by the same route.

10Oct38 One of 10 1Sqn Demons that flew to RAAF Base Wagga Wagga and provided the Royal Fly Past when the Governor General H.E. Alexander Hore-Ruthven officially opened the new airfield.

07Jul39 Tipped onto nose while taxying. Minor damage.

25Aug39 Received by No 12 (GR) Sqn at RAAF Laverton.

27Aug39 Engine K8931 replaced with Engine K5607.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

05Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

06Apr40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS). Coded Y and painted in the standard 1930s silver paint scheme.

01Aug40 Landing accident. Airscrew broken.

18Sep40 Damaged by high wind storm at Cressy airfield, VIC. Damage to wings, tail unit, elevators and nose.

22Dec40 Engine K5607 replaced with Engine K 5613.

08Jan41 When engaged on a cross-country flight, fuel starvation caused a forced landing near Apollo Bay VIC. Pilot A407120 LAC John Clifford Hastwell was uninjured.

Jul41 Issued to Maintenance Wing SFTS for complete overhaul.

16Jul41 Allocated to Armament Training School at RAAF Laverton.

30Oct41 Overhaul complete and issued to Armament Training School at RAAF Laverton.

03Nov41 Received by Armament Training School at RAAF Laverton.

12Aug42 Tipped onto nose after landing at Hamilton airfield VIC. Airscrew, fuselage, wings and bulkheads damaged. Pilot A69603 SGT Arthur Charles Dawson received minor injuries.

15Aug42 Allocated to 1SFTS.

21Aug42 Received by 1SFTS.

20Oct42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

26Oct42 Received by 3BAGS.

16Jul43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area for conversion.

21Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section

Aug43 Converted to components.

A1-54

1936 One of 36 Mk.I Fighter aircraft (modified for Army Co-operation) under RAAF Order O.I. 452 of 1935. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1936.

10Dec36 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 14,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Esperance Bay.

16Dec36 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K8933 fitted.

03May37 Received by No 23 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

10Mar38 Departed RAAF Laverton for the relocation of 23 Sqn from Laverton to Pearce Aerodrome Bullsbrook, WA. Route taken was Nhill, Adelaide, Ceduna, Ceduna, Cook, Forrest, Kalgoolie, Tammin and Pearce. Crew was PLTOFF A.D.J Garrison and 2426 AC1 K.B Palmer.

02Sep38 One five 23 Sqn aircraft that flew to Kalgoorlie and performed a series of Air Displays on 3rd/4th Sep. Crew was FLGOFF L.W. Law and 459 SGT E.F Easterbrook.

01Jan39 23 Sqn renumbered to No 25 (General Purpose) Sqn Pearce Aerodrome, Bullsbrook WA

18Mar39 After landing the pilot commenced to turn at about 30mph and the port wing lifted. The stbd wing tip then hit the ground causing the aircraft to pivot and tip onto its nose, coming to rest nose down and on the lower port mainplane. Airscrew severely damaged along with stbd wing tip and lower port wing. Crew of FLGOFF R.A Oakley and PLTOFF P.R B Barnes were uninjured.

22Aug39 Allocated to 1AD for overhaul.

30Aug39 Engine K8933 replaced with Engine K5581.

23Dec39 Returned to 25 Sqn after servicing.

11Jan40 Departed RAAF Pearce at 0803hrs to conduct the daily Meteorological Survey Flight with O280496 PLTOFF John James Holden in control with observer 2105 SGT John Thomas Whelan. After completing the Survey Flight at 0850hrs the pilot turned for Base but bungled the turn and entered a spin at 1000ft and could not recover before the aircraft crashed into the sea approximately ½ mile off Yanchep Beach WA. Both PLTOFF Holden and SGT Whelan received cuts, abrasions and bruising during the crash and faced a swim to shore in reasonably heavy sea swells. Fortunately the crew was rescued by three local fishermen who had witnessed the crash and quickly launched a boat. The aircraft sank into 60ft of water and was destroyed.

18Jan40 The Court of Enquiry found the pilot was to blame for the bungled turn and subsequent poor recovery. A nominal five pound fine was imposed and appropriate disciplinary action recommended.


A1-55

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

25Oct37 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 14,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Moreton Bay.

11Nov37 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9387 fitted.

18Jan38 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

17Apr38 One of 12 Demons that flew to Richmond for the 1938 Air Pageant at RAAF Base Richmond.

31Aug39 Received by No 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

03Sep39 Ran into soft ground after landing and tipped onto nose. Airscrew damaged.

19Dec39 Engine K9387 replaced with Engine K3237.

28Mar40 Cap came off the petrol tank and petrol/fumes temporarily blinded the pilot causing him to make a forced landing. Pilot Cadet Keely received minor injuries.

26Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

28Apr40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

13Jun40 Engine failure two miles NW of Beveridge, VIC. Solo cadet JL Brereton was uninjured.

25Aug40 Damaged by high wind storm at Cressy, VIC. Damage to wings and fuselage.

29Sep40 Engine K3237 replaced with Engine K3233.

31Dec40 Bad weather caused forced landing near Kilmore, VIC. No damage, pilot 400097 LAC RG Marshall uninjured.

19Jan41 Engine K3233 replaced with Engine K9399.

26Jun41 Trainee landed outside the Point Cook boundary and taxied into a soft patch causing the aircraft to tip onto its nose. Airscrew broken and engine bearers damaged. Pilot A407466 LAC C.G. Thompson was uninjured.

16Jul41 Allocated to Armament Training School (ATS) at RAAF Laverton.

24Jul41 Received by ATS.

13Aug41 Taxied into soft patch, tipped onto nose. Minor damage. Pilot A409466 LAC A.J. Thompson was unhurt.

02Sep41 Taxied into soft patch, tipped onto nose. Minor damage. Pilot A413454 SGT F.J White was unhurt.

30Mar42 Transferred to 1SFTS Store.

27Jul42 Converted to Instructional Airframe No 12.

07May45 Converted to components.


[Image digitally coloured at Photographic Training Flight, RAAF Base East Sale, Victoria.]

A1-56

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

25Oct37 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 14,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Moreton Bay.

11Nov37 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9393 fitted.

18Jan38 Received by No 1 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

17Apr38 One of 12 Demons that flew to Richmond for the 1938 Air Pageant at RAAF Base Richmond.

07Feb39 Stalled and crash landed from a height of 10ft. Undercarriage damaged.

13Feb39 Received by 1AD for repairs.

29Mar39 Received by 1 Sqn.

31Aug39 Received by No 22 (City of Sydney) Sqn at RAAF base Richmond, NSW.

03Oct39 Engine failed on take-off for a flight to RAAF Laverton. Ran through fence and ploughed into a paddock. Lower wings extensively damaged, fuselage badly torn and fairings dented. Pilot FLTLT JR Balmer and observer 1091 FSGT WA Bradley were shaken but uninjured.

05Oct39 Engine K9393 removed.

18Dec39 Held unserviceable at 2AD awaiting engine and spares.

27Mar40 Received by 2AD for repairs, less engine.

12Jul40 Engine K8935 installed.

31Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

01Aug40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

18Aug40 Engine failure caused forced landing at Satellite Field No 2. No airframe damage, pilot Cadet Macklin was uninjured.

05Dec40 At 1650 hrs an error of judgment by the pilot on landing approach caused a stall from 10ft at the Laverton Relief Landing Ground. Extensive damage to undercarriage, lower port wing, airscrew and radiator. Solo pilot 406115 LAC R.F Overhue was uninjured.

09Dec40 Allocated to 1AD for overhaul.

13Dec40 Received by 1AD.

04Mar41 Allocated to 1SFTS.

10Mar41 Received by 1SFTS.

18Mar41 Overturned on landing at Point Cook during night flying operations. Severe damage to cockpit, airscrew, fwd fuselage, upper wing and tail unit. Pilot A4972 LAC M.E. Towill was uninjured.

22Mar41 Allocated to 1AD for repairs.

27Mar41 Received by 1AD.

25Apr4 1Engine K8935 replaced with Engine K5613.

27May41 Allocated to 1SFTS.

28May41 Received by 1SFTS.

06Jan42 Airscrew shot away during gunnery exercise causing a forced landing. No additional damage. Pilot LAC 401853 LAC MF Rowston was uninjured.

04May42 Held 1SFTS awaiting new airscrew and spares.

23Jun42 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section

Aug42 Converted to components.


A1-57

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

25Oct37 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 14,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Moreton Bay.

11Nov37 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9389 fitted.

18Jan38 Received by No 2 Sqn at RAAF Laverton.

22Mar38 Heavy night time landing caused severe damage to fwd fuselage, propellor, lower wings and undercarriage. Pilot PLTOFF Green bruised and shaken.

23Mar38 Received by 1AD for repairs.

13May38 Engine K9389 replaced with Engine K5599.

07Jul38 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

27Jul38 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

18Nov38 Received by 2AD for technical inspection and reporting.

22Jan39 Received by 3 Sqn.

03May39 Misjudged landing, damage to undercarriage.

13Jun39 Ran into soft patch, tipped onto nose. Airscrew broken.

24Jul39 Engine main bearings failed, Engine K5599 removed, replaced with Engine K5583.

31Jul39 539 hours since last fabric change.

09Oct39 Oil feed pipe became loose forcing aircraft to land near Hargreaves Park, Sydney. Pilot PLTOFF R Cresswell and observer SGT AL Godden repaired the pipe and flew back to Richmond.

24Feb40 Engine failure caused a forced landing near Wagga Wagga. Temporary repairs affected and aircraft returned to Richmond on 28Feb40. Pilot FLTLT Campbell uninjured.

04Mar40 Engine K5583 replaced with Engine K9405.

14May40 Engine K9405 removed, replaced with Engine K5621.

20Jun40 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

23Jun40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

26Jun40 Ferried from Richmond to Point Cook by FLGOFF P.A.H Wright.

27Jun40 Allocated to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS) at 1SFTS.

18Sep40 Damaged by high wind storm at Cressy airfield, VIC. Damage to upper wings, elevators and tail plane.

16Jul41 Transferred to Armament Training School (ATS) at RAAF Laverton.

06Aug41 Transferred to 1AD Maintenance Section for repairs, then reissued to ATS.

23Mar42 During ground to air camera gun practice the aircraft dived too low and hit the camera gun killing the operator O4139 PLTOFF K.S Andrus. Aircraft crash landed damaging the undercarriage and fuselage. The pilot A401516 SGT Roger Nepean Kuring was blamed for the accident because of disobedience to Flying Orders and extremely poor judgment, disciplinary action was taken.

30Mar42 Transferred to 1SFTS.

05May42 Converted to Instructional Demon No 10.

16Jul42 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area for conversion.

13Dec42 Converted to components.

A1-58

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

25Oct37 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 8,000 ton Commonwealth & Port Line ship SS Port Fairey.

29Oct37 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9397 fitted.

19Jan38 Received by No 2 Sqn at RAAF Laverton.

08Apr38 One of four 2Sqn aircraft that participated in the 1938 RAAF Air Pageant held at Flemington Racecourse Melbourne. According to The Argus and The Age newspapers 170,000 spectators attended the event.

13Apr38 Flown by FLGOFF E. Payne with observer AC1 Ellery to RAAF Richmond via Cootamundra for the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Three days of practice before the actual display on 19Apr38. The Sydney Morning Herald estimated a crowd of between 100,000 and 200,000 people attended which caused enormous problems for trains, cars and buses.

25Apr38 On the return flight to Laverton in formation with 10 other aircraft a severe dust storm was encountered 10 miles SE of Cootamundra which forced the aircraft down to an altitude of less than 100ft so it could follow the rail line to Albury where a precautionary landing was made.

07Feb39 Received by No 12 (GR) Squadron at RAAF Laverton.

29Aug39 Allocated to 1AD

05Sep39 Received by 1AD.

13Sep39 Issued to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

26Mar40 Engine K9397 replaced with Engine K5609.

20Jun40 Allocated to No 4 (GR) General Reconnaissance Squadron at RAAF Richmond.

23Jun40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

26Jun40 Ferried from Richmond to Point Cook by FLGOFF R. Todd.

27Jun40 Allocated to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS) at 1SFTS.

25Aug40 Damaged by high wind storm at Cressy, VIC. Damage to wings and fuselage.

13Apr41 Engine K5609 replaced with Engine K9395.

17Sep41 Engine failed on take-off from Little River satellite field Werribee VIC. Aircraft landed in soft ground and tipped over causing serious damage. Pilot A407784 LAC NK Dollard received minor bruising and abrasions.

08Oct41 Converted to Instructional Demon No 9.

05Jun44 Converted to components.


A1-59

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

25Oct37 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 8,000 ton Commonwealth & Port Line ship SS Port Fairey.

Oct37 Stored awaiting assembly.

28Jan38 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9395 fitted.

25Mar38 Received by No 2 Sqn at RAAF Laverton.

08Apr38 One of four 2Sqn aircraft that participated in the 1938 RAAF Air Pageant held at Flemington Racecourse Melbourne. According to The Argus and The Age newspapers 170,000 spectators attended the event.

13Apr38 Flown by FLTLT McLaughlan with observer AC1 McKerrow to RAAF Richmond via Cootamundra for the 1938 RAAF Base Richmond Aerial Pageant. Three days of practice before the actual display on 19Apr38. The Sydney Morning Herald estimated a crowd of between 100,000 and 200,000 people attended which caused enormous problems for trains, cars and buses.

25Apr38 On the return flight to Laverton in formation with 10 other aircraft a severe dust storm was encountered 10 miles SE of Cootamundra which forced the aircraft down to an altitude of less than 100ft so it could follow the rail line to Albury where a precautionary landing was made.

30Jun38 Misjudged landing, wing tip touched the ground. Minor damage,

26Sep38 Stalled from 20ft in gusty wind conditions, crash landed. Damage to engine, airscrew and undercarriage.

26Sep38 Engine K9395 removed for repair.

17Nov38 Engine K9395 installed.

29Aug39 Allocated to 1AD.

05Sep39 Received by 1AD.

13Sep39 Issued to No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

A1-59 was one of several Demons to receive a so-called ‘panic’ camouflage scheme at the start of WW2.

08Nov39 Engine K9395 removed to 2AD.

24Nov39 Engine K5599 installed.

17Dec39 Engine failure, forced landing. No damage.

19Dec39 Engine K5599 replaced with Engine K9391.

02Feb40 Bad landing at Benalla airfield while enroute to RAAF Richmond caused damage to undercarriage, radiator, engine cooler and airscrew. 3 Sqn pilot PLTOFF Miles was uninjured but censured for poor airmanship.

05Feb40 Received by 2AD for repairs. Engine K5599 removed to 2AD, Engine K9391 installed.

15May40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

20May40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

11Jun40 Engine K9391 removed.

27Jun40 Engine K5577 installed.

24Jul40 Sank into a hole after landing and taxying back to the lines, airscrew broken. Solo pilot Cadet McDonald was uninjured.

05Nov40 Engine failure near Bullengarook (nine miles from Gisborne, VIC) resulted in a forced landing at 1112 hrs. Damage to lower wings, undercarriage and airscrew. Instructor A2931 SGT Robert John Barker and student LAC L.H Jones were uninjured.

12Nov40 Engine K5577 removed to 1AD.

12Jan41 Engine K5577 installed after overhaul.

19Feb41 Landed down-wind at Cressy field and tipped onto nose. Airscrew damaged. Pilot A406173 LAC Noel Herbert Byfield was uninjured.

25Jul41 Allocated to 1AD.

28Jul41 Received by 1AD.

20Feb42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

30Mar42 Received by 3BAGS.

04May42 Aircraft forced landed at the West Sale Gunnery Range from unknown causes. Pilot A40853 SGT MF Rowston received minor bruising and the aircraft airscrew and undercarriage were damaged.

01Jul42 Encountered slipstream of preceding aircraft causing rapid height loss. Struck top of tree damaging the undercarriage. Pilot SGT H Duguid was uninjured.

29Sep42 Overturned on landing. Damage to airscrew, upper wings, undercarriage, cockpit and tail unit. Pilot A18109 SGT Allan William Roseler & gunner LAC Connors both suffered minor cuts and abrasions.

11Dec42 Allocated to Point Cook Technical Section for repair and overhaul.

14Dec42 Received by Point Cook.

19May43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

21Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section

Aug43 Converted to components.

A1-60

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

25Oct37 Arrived at No 14 Victoria Docks, Port Melbourne on board the 8,000 ton Commonwealth & Port Line ship SS Port Fairey.

29Oct37 Received by No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Laverton, VIC for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9399 fitted.

07Jun38 Allocated to No 23 (City of Perth) Squadron at Pearce Aerodrome, Bullsbrook WA.

10Jun38 Ferried from 1AD to 23 Sqn by FLGOFF B.A Eaton and AC T.R Webster.

02Sep38 One five 23 Sqn aircraft that flew to Kalgoorlie and performed a series of Air Displays on 3rd/4th Sep. Crew was FLTLT C.W. Pearce and 1832 AC1 E.W.S Main

23Dec38 Received by No 25 (City of Perth) Squadron at RAAF Station Pearce, WA.

28Dec39 Ferried to 1AD for servicing and allotment. Crew PLTOFF J.G Manford and 2515 CPL A.E Crutchett.

02Jan40 Received by 1AD.

06Mar40 Received by No 22 (City of Sydney) Sqn at RAAF base Richmond, NSW.

30Apr40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

02May40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

12Aug40 Engine K9399 replaced with Engine K9395.

09Oct40 At 0745 hrs the student pilot force landed with an apparent engine failure. Instructor O250297 FLTLT John Hamilton Buckham and student Cadet F.W Taylor were uninjured. No damage to aircraft or engine.

27Nov40 Pupil pilot LAC Brennan landed in a rough area of Point Cook aerodrome and the aircraft tipped onto nose damaging the airscrew. Pupil and Instructor PLTOFF Johnstone received bruising and abrasions.

29Dec40 Engine K9395 replaced with Engine K5577.

01Jan41 Issued to Advance Training School (ATS) at 1SFTS.

12Jan41 Engine K5577 replaced with Engine K5629.

20Jan41 When returning to the lines after a dual gunnery exercise the student pilot taxied into a 1m deep trench. Aircraft tipped onto its nose causing serious damage to the airscrew, engine and fwd fuselage. Instructor O250297 FLTLT John Hamilton Buckham and student LAC Atherton received minor injuries.

27Aug41 Taxied into soft patch, tipped onto nose. Minor damage. Pilot A400093 SGT K.B. Lewis was unhurt.

12Nov41 Allocated to No 1 Communications Flight (1CF) at RAAF Laverton.

13Dec41 Received by 1CF.

06Feb42 Allocated to Station HQ RAAF Laverton.

21Jul42 Allocated to 1SFTS.

24Jul42 Received by 1SFTS.

20Oct42 Allocated to No 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at RAAF Station West Sale, VIC.

26Oct42 Received by 3BAGS.

16Jul43 Allocated to 1AD Dispersal Area.

24Jul43 Allocation cancelled. Reallocated to 1AD Salvage Section

Aug43 Converted to components.

A1-61

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

28Oct37 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

02Nov37 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9391 fitted.

25Nov37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

05Jun39 Damaged in landing accident. Undercarriage failure.

31Jul39 428 hours since last fabric change.

22Aug39 Engine K9391 replaced with Engine K5597.

19Jun40 Engine failure, forced landing one mile N of Point Cook. FLTLT GN Hayne and Cadet WM Willman uninjured.

20Jun40 Issued to 4 Sqn.

04Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC. Aircraft was painted in camouflage upper surfaces/sides and trainer yellow undersurfaces. A large 61 painted in white fwd of the fuselage roundel on either side.

06Jul40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

02Dec40 Engine fire on start up. No damage. Solo pilot O534 FLGOFF Robert Reginald Raye escaped unhurt.

15Dec40 Engine K5597 replaced with Engine K3375.

27Jan41 While taxying downwind the aircraft was tipped onto its nose by a strong gust. Damage to airscrew, engine and lower wing. Pilot LAC Marsh was uninjured.

May41 Major repairs and 180 hourly inspection completed at Workshop Sqn Point Cook.

14Jun41 Bounced heavily on landing at Point Cook. Port wing struck the ground, port tyre burst and the aircraft tipped onto its nose breaking the airscrew. Pilot A400938 LAC G. Palmer and passenger A401223 LAC M.G. Trethewey were uninjured.

21Oct41 Engine stopped at 3000ft when flying in formation training flight over Laverton. Forced landing in a paddock caused some minor damage. Solo pilot O407311 PLTOFF L.V. Newall was uninjured.

12Mar42 Allocated to Station HQ RAAF Richmond.

23Mar42 Received Station HQ.

30Mar42 When taxying for take-off the aircraft collided with A1-52. Pilot O381 FLTLT R Kingsford-Smith was uninjured.

21Jan43 At approximately 1215hrs the aircraft was taking off from Coolaman Satellite Aerodrome near RAAF Base Wagga for the purpose of dropping dummy parachutists from the bomb racks under each lower wing. As the aircraft rotated the parachute under the port wing opened causing the aircraft to swerve violently to the left. In the ensuing crash the undercarriage and tail wheel were torn off and the entire lower wing was extensively damaged. Pilot A463448 SGT W.H Semple and crewman A1990 CPL J.J. Gocher were uninjured.

25Jan43 Survey stated the aircraft was unsuitable for repair; recommended for conversion.

1943 Converted to components.


A1-62

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

28Oct37 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

02Nov37 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9405 fitted.

25Nov37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

21Apr39 Struck a tree on landing approach. Minor damage.

31Jul39 354 hours since last fabric change.

31Oct39 Engine K9405 replaced by Engine K5615.

23Nov39 At approximately 1530hrs whilst flying a solo training exercise near Jamberro, NSW the aircraft became uncontrollable in low cloud, so the pilot elected to bail out. Tragically, his parachute either ripped or malfunctioned and he fell to earth only 100 yards from the wreckage of his aircraft. Solo pilot O9300 PLTOFF Robert John "Jack" Ohlmeyer (21) single of Clare SA was killed and the aircraft destroyed.

PLTOFF Ohlmeyer is buried in the Clare & District Cemetery, South Australia. Row R Grave 46.

18Jan40 Aircraft written-off.



A1-63

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

28Oct37 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 13,000 ton Shaw Savill Line ship MV Waiwera.

02Nov37 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9403 fitted.

25Nov37 Received by No 3 (AC) Army Co-operation Squadron at RAAF Base Richmond, NSW.

02May40 Engine K9403 replaced with Engine K9395.

22May40 Engine K9395 replaced with Engine K9393.

20Jun40 Allocated to 4 Sqn.

24Jun40 Engine K9393 replaced with Engine K9395.

01Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

03Jul40 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Advanced Training Squadron (ATS).

22Jul40 During a cross-country exercise bad weather at 1030 hrs caused a forced landing near Redesdale, VIC whereupon the aircraft overturned in a paddock. Cadets RR Bothwell & LG Webber were uninjured. Extensive damage to airscrew, lower longerons, upper mainplanes, lower mainplanes and center fuselage. Tail plane and rudder assembly badly crumpled and broken.

27Jul40 Allocated to No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Base Laverton, VIC for major repair.

11Aug40 Received by 1AD. Engine K9395 replaced with Engine K3237.

03May41 Engine K3237 replaced with Engine K5593.

29May41 While practicing emergency landing procedures at Werribee Satellite airfield the engine failed after a successful touch and go. Aircraft hit the boundary fence and tipped onto nose. Extensive damage to engine, airscrew and undercarriage. Pilot A407852 LAC J.B James received minor injuries and shock.

01Jun41 Technical survey stated uneconomical to repair, recommended conversion.

27Jun41 Approval given to convert to components by Air Board Agenda 517/1941.

30Oct41 Conversion to components completed at Maintenance Wing SFTS.


A1-64

1937 One of 10 Mk.II aircraft (modified for Target Towing and Training) under RAAF Order O.I. 524 of 1936. Manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited at their Kingston factory in SW London and shipped to Australia in 1937.

09May38 Arrived in crates at Pitman Wharf, Sydney on board the 14,000 ton Commonwealth Line ship SS Largs Bay.

16May38 Received by No 2 Aircraft Depot (2AD) RAAF Base Richmond, NSW for assembly & testing. Kestrel engine K9401 fitted.

06Jul38 Allocated to No 1 Aircraft Depot (1AD) RAAF Base Laverton, VIC.

07Jul38 Received by 1AD.

01Mar39 Demon Order 34 incorporated, conversion to dual controls.

22Aug39 Allocated to No 1 Service Flying Training School (1SFTS) at RAAF Base Point Cook, VIC.

30Aug39 Received by 1SFTS and issued to Intermediate Training Squadron (ITS).

07Sep39 Tipped onto nose. Minor damage.

13Sep39 Issued to Point Cook Store.

01Mar40 Issued to ITS.

25Mar40 Landing accident, tipped onto nose because of misuse of brakes. Airscrew broken. Cadet Roxburg was uninjured but censured for incorrect employment of equipment.

30Jul40 Landing accident, tipped onto nose. Airscrew broken. Solo pilot Cadet Blundell was uninjured.

08Aug40 At 1040 hrs while doing circuit training the aircraft overshot the runway and struck a tree near the Wing HQ. The stbd oleo leg was sheared off, undercarriage damaged and, port longeron warped. Solo pilot Cadet J.A. Cox was uninjured.

03Sep40 Pilot held off too high on landing, stalled and crash landed from 15ft at 1055 hrs. Undercarriage and both upper & lower wings damaged. Solo pilot 400008 LAC T. Roberts was uninjured.

04Nov40 Engine K9401 replaced with Engine K5633.

13Jan41 Engine failure near Ballarat, VIC after cap came of the header tank causing fuel starvation. Instructor 1438 FSGT C.E Tuttleby and student 402039 LAC E.R Nolan were uninjured.

17Jan41 Engine K5633 replaced with Engine K5589.

27Jun41 While on a cross-country training flight an engine failure caused a forced landing six miles NE of Streatham VIC. No damage. Crew of A401003 LAC W.J. Ward & A40123 LAC M.G. Trethewey were uninjured.

03Jul41 Engine K5589 removed for repair.

17Jul41 Engine K5589 refitted after repair.

13Oct41 A1-6 taxied into a stationary A1-64 causing minor damage to the wings and fuselage to both aircraft. Issued to Maintenance Wing SFTS for repair.

30Oct41 Repairs and 180 hourly inspection completed.

12Nov41 Allocated No 1 Communications Flight (1CF).

18Nov41 Received by 1CF.

06Feb42 Allocated to Station HQ RAAF Laverton.

16Feb42 Received Station HQ.

03Jun42 Engine failure, forced landing in an orchard near Hastings, VIC. Extensive damage to aircraft. Pilot 408195 SGT R.J Hickman uninjured and, student 35760 LAC R.F Fairhurst was slightly injured.

12Jun42 Issued to 1AD for salvage.

22Jun42 Converted to components.

SY 2021-07-03

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