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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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426 (Thunderbird) Sqn RCAF
06/07.06.1944 426 (Thunderbird) Sqn RCAF Halifax III LW377 OW:G Flt Sgt Conrad A. Selfe DFM.

Operation: Coutances, Normandy, France

Date: 6th/7th June 1944 (Tuesday/Wednesday)

Unit: 426 (Thunderbird) Sqn, RCAF

Type: Halifax III

Serial: LW377

Code: OW:G

Base: RAF Linton-on-Ouse, Yorkshire

Location: Slapton Sands off the south coast of Devon

Pilot: Flt Sgt Conrad Anthony ‘Tony’ Selfe DFM. R110459 RCAF Age 21. Safe (1)

Flt Eng: Sgt H. Fellows RAFVR Age? Safe

Nav: Fg Off Charles Ernest Robert ‘Bud’ Sowerby, DFC. J24664 RCAF Age 29. Injured (2)

Bomb Aimer: Fg Off V.R. Paul RCAF Age? Safe

WOp/Air Gnr: Sgt Richard Ross Bielby RCAF Age 26. Safe (3)

Air Gnr (MU): Sgt A. E. Ashford RAFVR Age? Safe

Air Gnr (Rear): Sgt J. D. Turner RAFVR Age? Safe

REASON FOR LOSS:

Halifax LW377 took off from Linton-on-Ouse at 21:35 hrs on a mission to bomb Coutances road and railway junctions in France.

The memoir’s of Flt Lt ‘Tony’ Selfe offers riveting details the mission:

“This was a night trip, late on D-Day. Half the squadron had gone out the night before the landings took place on the Normandy coast.

Our particular aim was to bomb the railway marshalling yards at Coutance on the Cherbourg Peninsula to help prevent the Germans moving men and armament to the western landing area. We were in Halifax III G' George, Serial Number LW377, and this was to be a little trip with a late evening take-off.

As I recall, we had about 11,000 lbs of 500 and 1000 pound bombs, set to explode on impact. Possibly there was one or two set for delayed response.

As we were on our way to the target over the English Channel at about 2,000 feet altitude, we were amazed on two counts. First, the Channel was full of shipping going to the landing areas (and some coming back, no doubt), and second, we saw many aircraft, not bombers, coming back. These we mostly C-47 and C-46 transports used for dropping paratroops and equipment.

We made our run-in from the west at 1,800 feet. Other bombers were above and below and to the sides. Just before the time came for my bomb-aimer to release our bombs, there was a stunning impact and a stream of fire from just behind me and to my left. I thought at first we had been hit by anti-aircraft fire (flak) and fought to control the aircraft. I pushed the appropriate fire extinguisher button (for the port-inner engine) and pulled the jettison toggle for back-up bomb release. I got the aircraft on a level-keel, the fire went out and the mid-upper gunner reported that apparently a 500 lb bomb had gone through the wing, leaving a large hole between the port-inner engine and the fuselage, somehow missing the two 500 lbs bombs we carried there. The bomb had hit flat, not exploding so the aircraft from which it came had been close above.

I checked the damage after turning southward away from the flak guns around the target. I had already found I couldn’t close the bomb doors, so the hydraulics were gone. The port aileron was inoperative, reducing my control over the aircraft. I had feathered (stopped) the port-inner engine as part of the fire extinguished procedure. It had stopped firing. Anyway, so it hadn’t been getting petrol because the fuel line was damaged.

I was now down to just over 1,000 feet and could just maintain that altitude on three engines, with the open bomb-bay doors creating much drag. A few minutes later, my port-outer engine quit and I couldn’t maintain control without going into a descending turn to the left. Just as I was about to feather (stop) the port-outer engine (which was windmilling uselessly, causing drag), it fired up again with a roar. Apparently with the wing down it was getting some fuel it couldn’t get with the wings level. I clawed for altitude, got a couple of hundred feet, and asked my navigator for a heading for the nearest point on the English coast. It was Bold Head, between Dartmouth and Plymouth on the Devon Coast. My radio operator (Ross Bielby) got hold of an emergency frequency and told them we were trying to make the coast. The dilemma was that we were losing petrol and I could stop that by having the flight engineer shut off all fuel to the port side. That would mean I would lose the port-outer engine altogether and we would have to ditch somewhere in the English Channel where the water was cold and I would have to do a two-engine ditching. It made more sense to leave the fuel flowing and have partial use of the port-outer engine. We had about 100 miles to go. I did not yet know how quickly we were losing fuel.

A couple of minutes later, the port-outer quit again, down we went and then it fired up again and we struggled for altitude. It was hard work flying a four-engine aircraft (no power controls) under these conditions and the bomb-aimer helped me on the aileron control while I was moving trimming controls back and forth. I had become aware that the dinghy storage area was partially where the bomb went through the wing and so a ditching wouldn’t have worked anyway. With bomb doors open the aircraft probably would have sunk almost immediately.

We proceeded across the Channel in this erratic fashion, falling and pulling up again. An airfield somewhere up ahead was prepared to take us in but everything ahead was blacked out, I couldn’t be sure where it was. It took an hour to cross the 100 miles of water.

Just as we approached the coast (cliffs), my flight engineer told me he figured we had perhaps five minutes’ fuel left. I decided then that once we were over land I would bail everyone out rather than run the risk of running out of fuel and doing a dead stick forced landing on a pitch-black countryside, normally a fatal procedure. As we crossed the coast, the port-outer engine quit again and we went down very steeply toward the rocks below where I could see the white foam. When we were at about 400 feet the port-outer started up belatedly and I regained control. I had had the crew lined up ready to dive out of the escape hatch in the nose. Only a couple (crew members) were plugged into the intercom system. As we were going down toward the surf below, I said to anybody who was listening “Well, I guess we’ve had it.” There was silence and then when the port-outer engine fired up, I started to ease the kite [slang for airplane] up and said, “Maybe we haven’t.” There was a faint cheer from somebody.

I got the aircraft up to about six hundred feet above the land and about half a mile inland and started bailing every one out. The I let the kite swing around toward the coast, trimmed it up for a gentle glide which I hoped would take it to the sea and climbed from my seat, getting my parachute harness hung up on the big undercarriage control lever which stuck up below the right-hand side of the pilot’s seat. I pulled this loose, and climbed down into the nose. I looked at the black hole of the escape hatch for a second and then dived out. I must have pulled the ripcord a little soon because when I was jolted upright I saw the kite quite close above me.

As we were not very high, there was a strong desire to get the parachute inflated. I had only swung a couple of times and then hit heavily by a stone wall and a gravel pile. I had tried to miss these objects and landed quite hard but apparently was intact. Later I found I had hurt my back but that, as they say, is another story.

The aircraft had headed back toward the sea and apparently made a good landing in some medium-depth water just offshore. Some of it has now been salvaged. I rolled up my parachute, left it under a bush and found a lane heading back to the coast and, finally, a coast road. There was no traffic and when I came to a village it was deserted. Very eerie. I walked on and came to other deserted houses where I imagined I could hear faint voices of, I hoped, birds, calling me. I resisted the temptation to go down these dark entry-roads to the sinister houses with their strange noises and walked on finally I came to a barricade and a live village on the other side where a village bobby took me to his house for a cup of tea with his wife. There were searchers out in the countryside and one by one my crew members were picked up and we were taken to a Spitfire field near Bolthead.

Miraculously, the crew suffered only mild injuries: Selfe had a sore back and leg. His navigator suffered a broken ankle, while his mid-upper gunner hurt his knee, and the flight engineer bit his tongue. As Selfe later remarked: Compared to the likely alternative, we came out of it quite well. I was impressed during the last crucial hour or so by how coolly everyone appeared to be taking it. I was somewhat terrified myself but fortunately was too busy to do my brooding. During the rest of our tour of operations we had a fair number of emergencies and alarms but this one, on out ninth trip, was one to particularly remember.”

The aircraft came down off-shore from Slapton Sands in Devon.

Slapton Sands is forever associated with the tragedy that befell units of the US Army who were caught in their landing craft by German E-boats that stumbled across a pre-D-Day training exercise (exercise Tiger). Much has been written about the heavy loss of life and in recent years a Sherman tank has been placed at the scene as a memorial.

The story of the tragedy has been retold in a book by Stephen Wynn published by Pen & Sword entitled "Disaster Before D-Day".

(1) Flt Sgt Selfe. was awarded the DFM for this mission. London gazette 22nd August 1944. Citation reads: “One night in June, 1944, Flight Sergeant Selfe captained an aircraft detailed for an operational mission. Whilst over the target the aircraft sustained severe damage. Both the port engines were rendered useless and a large part of one of the wings was torn away. The aircraft became difficult to control but Flight Sergeant Selfe released his bombs. Some height had been lost but course was set for home. When within sight of the English coast, the aircraft suddenly dived to 400 feet. The situation was critical but, by skilful airmanship, Flight Sergeant Selfe regained some height. As the coast was crossed he ordered his crew to leave the crippled aircraft by parachute. This done, he headed the aircraft out to sea before abandoning it himself. This airman displayed great courage, tenacity and devotion to duty in the face of perilous circumstances, setting a most inspiring example.”

Conrad A. ‘Tony’ Selfe was born on the 22nd July 1922 in Comox Valley, British Colombia. He passed away on the 11th July 1990.

Above: Courtesy of the Times Colonist, dated Tuesday, July 17th, 1990

(2) Fg Off Sowerby was awarded the DFC whilst with 426 Sqn, London gazette 25th September 1945. Charles E.R. ‘Bud’ Sowerby was born on the 14th October 1916 in Assiniboia, Mantoba. He passed away on the 2nd September 1998.

Above: Courtesy of The Abbotsford News, dated Thursday, September 10th, 1998

(3) Richard Bielby was born on the 1st January 1918 in Niagara Falls, Niagara, Ontario. He passed away on the 12th March 1988.

Above: Courtesy of the Edmonton Journal, dated Tuesday, March 15th, 1988

Burial details:

None as all aircrew survived

Researched by Ralph Snape and John Jones and dedicated to the relatives of this crew (Mar 2021).

RS 03.03.2021 - Initial upload

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Acknowledgements
Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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