12/13.06.1944 No. 115 Squadron Lancaster I HK545 KO-E Sq/Ldr. Shadworth DFC
Operation: Gelsenkirchen, Germany (Gelsenberg AG)
Date: 12/13th June 1944 (Monday/Tuesday)
Unit: No. 115 Squadron
Type: Lancaster I
Base: RAF Witchford, Cambridgeshire
Location: Gelsenberg-Benzin Works, Gelsenkirchen
Pilot: Sq/Ldr. Wallace Gordon Shadworth DFC. 61040 RAFVR Age 25. Killed
Fl/Eng: Sgt. Alfred Joseph Veale DFM. 1853807 RAFVR Age 26. Killed
Nav: Fl/Sgt. Ronald Parkyn 1393242 RAFVR Age 22. Killed
Air/Bmr: F/O. Gordon Christopher Townend AUS/422765 RAAF Age 32. Killed
W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. Robert Walter Thomas Weir DFM. 1370487 RAFVR Age 24. Killed
Air/Gnr: F/O. Ian William Entwistle NZ/41400 RNZAF Age 22. Killed
Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Anthony Frederick William Farley 1382100 RAFVR Age 23. Killed
REASON FOR LOSS:
Took off at 23:32 hrs from RAF Witchford, Cambridgeshire to attack the Nordstein Oil plant at Gelsenkirchen. Part of a force of 286 Lancasters and a further 17 Mosquitos.
Very heavy losses received on this raid with 17 Lancasters lost! Crew killed: 108, PoW: 6, Evaded capture: 6. Damage inflicted was huge - 1,500 bombs hit the target owing to the fine work from the pathfinders. The plant was damaged to the extent that oil production ceased for several weeks with the loss of 1,000 litres of precious aviation fuel every day. 270 were killed during the attack both at the plant and nearby Horst.
It is understood that the Lancaster HK545 was hit by flak, although there are several claims by night fighters for Lancasters shot down on this operation.
With regards to the decorated crew members, this was their citation dated 09th June 1944:
“This officer and these airmen were pilot, flight engineer and wireless operator (air) respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack Karlsruhe one night in April, 1944. Early on the outward flight some navigational equipment became useless. This did not deter Flight Lieutenant Shadforth who continued to the target and executed a successful attack. On the return flight the aircraft was attacked by a fighter and sustained much damage.
The throttle connections of the 2 outer engines were severed, a portion of the starboard elevator was shot away, the oxygen supply was affected and 3 members of the crew, including Sergeant Weir, were wounded. Nevertheless, Flight Lieutenant Shadforth evaded the attacker and set course for home. Meanwhile, Sergeant Veale went to the assistance of the rear gunner who was trapped in his turret. Despite the lack of oxygen, he worked strenuously to hack away the doors of the turret in order to extricate his wounded comrade to whom he rendered efficient first aid. Despite his injuries, Sergeant Weir remained at his post fully determined to assist his pilot in every way in his endeavours to reach home.
Eventually, Flight Lieutenant Shadforth reached base where he effected a masterly landing. This officer displayed a high degree of skill, courage and resolution. Sergeants Veale and Weir also proved themselves to be a valiant and resolute member of aircraft crew, rendering invaluable 'assistance to his pilot in his endeavours to fly the aircraft home.”
Above: seated extreme left: Fl/Sgt. Anthony Frederick William Farley - also shown below (courtesy Terence Farley - see note)
Note: We do have a card of the names shown on the upper photograph - if you feel that you recognise them, click on the text right to download. card signatures
Sq/Ldr. Wallace Gordon Shadworth. DFC. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery. Grave 19.F.16. Son of William and Emily Harriett Shadforth.
Sgt. Alfred Joseph Veale. DFM. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery. Grave 19.G.17. Son of Joseph and Caroline Veale; husband of Catherine Veale, of Bristol, England.
Fl/Sgt. Ronald Parkyn. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery. Grave 13.C.9. Son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Parkyn, of Crouch Hill, Middlesex, England.
F/O. Gordon Christopher Townend. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery. Grave 19.G.14. Born on the 22nd November 1911, the son of Sherwood and Elizabeth Mary Townend (née Stockton), of Banbury, Oxfordshire, England.
Sgt. Robert Walter Thomas Weir. DFM. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery. Grave 19.F.17. Son of William and Isabella Weir, of Motherwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
F/O. Ian William Entwistle. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery. Grave 19.G.18. Born on the 09th December 1921, the son of William Entwistle and of Ella Margaret Entwistle (née Townsend), of Hawera, Taranaki, New Zealand.
Fl/Sgt. Anthony Frederick William Farley. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery. Grave 13.C.10. Son of William Arthur and Rose Ann Farley, of South Lambeth, London, England.
Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to Amanda McFadgen (née Smart) relative of F/O. Ian William Entwistle, Terence Farley, relative of Fl/Sgt. Anthony Frederick William Farley and also to sources as shown.