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Aces and Aviators International Database WW1

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As Defence Journal describes it, at the outbreak of the First World War (WW1) in 1914, military aviation consisted of light wooden bi/tri planes with maximum speeds of under 100 mph and very limited load carrying capacity.

Their roles were initially restricted to reconnaissance and artillery observations.

While there may not have been any air power doctrine on the eve of WW1, there was no shortage of alarming speculations about strikes from the sky, thanks to pre-war novels from H.G Wells and others.

Within seven weeks of WW1 beginning, Sopwith Tabloids of Britain's Royal Naval Air Service conducted an air raid on the Zeppelin (airship) sheds in Germany. A year later Germany retaliated when Zeppelins in turn bombed English cities.

The actual damage in all these raids may have been minimal but the psychological impact on civilians and populations was profound.

With both sides using increasing numbers of aircraft for reconnaissance, artillery observations and occasional bombing raids, the inevitable happened and aircraft started to shoot at each other to prevent the adversary from taking military advantage of the new medium. This marked the birth of fighter aircraft whose numbers proliferated whilst their performance took a quantum leap. The battle for control of the air had truly begun. The writing was clearly on the wall for military tactics and precepts that had stood for hundreds of years as the full flower of air power's potential to change the course of events and even win wars had to be acknowledged.

The Air War assumed a giant scale on both sides. By way of example, the British had upwards of 2,000 planes active by war end. And the war saw many tactics and strategies develop that were further developed in the Second World War.

Recovering names and details from over 100 years ago is a big task. If you have additions or corrections, or know of places we can contact to request their data, please let us know via the Helpdesk.

Searching here is powerful. Check the Search Tips first. You can search on single items (a surname for example, or a country) and you can search on combinations: thus a search on 'Australia and Camel' will find all records where BOTH Australia and Camel are mentioned.

You can search on 2 characters or more

Searching is possible on French squadrons, but with some care. The French named their squadrons for the plane each flew, thus N95 was a squadron flying Nieuport, SPA 150 flew the SPAD. To search for squadron N95 search for 'Nieuport N95'. Squadrons flying the Caudron were designated C50 for example, so in this case search for 'Caudron C50'.

Be aware we have used dozens of different sources. Some use special characters (such as umluats on German), others use Anglicized versions of the word. Thus some use Göring, and some use Goering. Try different approaches.

Countries/Nationalities Included: Agentina, Australia, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Bulgaria, Canada, Canada Newfoundland, Canada French Canada, Chile, China, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Germany Bavaria, Germany Sudetenland, Great Britain (Wales, Scotland, Ireland separately listed), Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mauritius, Mexico, Netherlands, Slovakia, Hungary, Australia, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Swaziland, Switzerland, Turkey Ottoman Empire, USA, Venezuela, Vietnam.

The reader is referred to a site of great scholarship on WWl aviation. is comprehensive and valuable.

Refer to Paul McGuiness RAAF Archive WW1
This page has opened with a sample Search for demonstration purposes.
Searches are now permitted on 2 character minimum (previously 3).
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These are the results of your search:

You searched for: “Camel AND DFC

#Name*First NamesRankAwardsCountryAllianceRoleVictoriesDetailsUnitsAir ServiceDeathNotes/AircraftSourcesLinksPhoto
101 FruhnerOttoLtnMMC(P),

Iron Cross
GermanyCentral PowersPilot27+ 1 unconfirmedFA51, FA20, Jasta 26Deutsche LuftstreitkräfteAlbatros ace. On 20 September 1918, Fruhner was wounded and forced to parachute from his plane when he collided with a Sopwith Camel from 203 Squadron. More:
If Link Broken

102 GardinerGeorge CecilCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot See Note6[3+3] (2 as gunner)(4 kills+2 Lost Control)14Sqn (gunner), 17Sqn, 47Sqn, 150SqnRFC & RAFBE12, DH2, Palestine, Camel, Italy.Shores
103 GatesGeorge BrianCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot16[14+2] (4 balloons)(15 kills+1 Lost Control)1(N)Sqn, 201SqnRNAS & RAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores (Other sources 11 victories)
104 GiffordRupert Cyril D'ArcyLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot6[3+3] (3 kills+3 Lost Control)208SqnRNAS & RAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
105 GilbertsonDennis Henry StaceyLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot5[4+1] (2 kills+3 Lost Control)70SqnRAF04/09/1918Camel ace, 1918. MIA.Shores
106 GilmourJohn IngalsMajDSO
Military Cross
Great Britain ScotlandAlliesPilot39[36+3] (1 balloon)(29 kills+10 Lost Control)27 Sqn, 65 Sqn, 28 SqnRFC & RAF24 February 1928G100 1916, Camel ace 1917-18. Major John Ingles Gilmour DSO MC & Two Bars (28 June 1896 – 24 February 1928) was a World War I flying ace. He was the highest scoring Scotsman in the Royal Flying Corps, with 39 victories. On 1 July 1918, Gilmour capped his career with a performance that earned him a Distinguished Service Order. On that evening, in a 45 minute span, he burned two Fokker D.VIIs and knocked another down out of control, set an Albatros D.V afire, and drove a Pfalz D.III out of the air in 5 separate engagements.Shores (Other Sources 44)

107 GlenJames AlpheusCaptCanadaAlliesPilot15[5+10] (9 kills+6 Lost Control)3(N)Sqn, 203SqnRNAS & RAFPup and Camel ace, 1917-18.Shores
108 GonneMichael EdwardCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot5[3+2] (3 kills+2 Lost Control)54SqnRFC08/08/1918Pup 1917, Camel 1918. MIA.Shores
109 GoodeHarry KingLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot15[13+2] (7 balloons)(14 kills+1 Lost Control)66SqnRAF21/08/1942Camel ace, Italian front, 1918. KIFA.Shores
110 GordonRobert MacIntyreLtGreat Britain ScotlandAlliesPilot9[8+1] (4 kills+5 Lost Control)204SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
111 GorringeFrank CliffordCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot14[9+5] (12 kills+2 Lost Control)4Sqn, 70Sqn, 210SqnRFCCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
112 GossipGeorge Hatfield DingleyCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot6(1 kill+5 Lost Control)4Sqn RNAS; 204Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
113 GrahamRonaldMajGreat BritainAlliesPilot5[3+2]St Pol Seaplane DF; 13(N)Sqn, 213SqnRNASBaby, Pup, Camel, 1917-18.Shores
114 GrahamGavin LynedochLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot13[10+3] (10 kills+3 Lost Control)70Sqn, 73SqnRAFObserver, 1917; Camel ace, 1918.Shores
115 GrayWilliam EdringtonLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot7[4+3] (3 kills+4 Lost Control)213SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
116 GreeneJohn EdmundCaptCanadaAlliesPilot15[11+4] (9 kills+6 Lost Control)213SqnRAF14/10/1918Camel ace, 1918. KIA.Shores
117 GribbenEdward C.CaptGreat Britain IrelandAlliesPilot5(2 kills+3 Lost control)70Sqn, 44Sqn, 41Sqn RFCRFCCamel ace, 1917.Shores
118 HackwillGeorge HenryCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot9[7+2] (4 kills+5 Lost Control)22Sqn, 44Sqn RFC; 54Sqn RAFRAFFE2, 1916; Camel ace, 1918.Shores
119 HainesAlfred JohnLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot645SqnRAF10/08/1918Camel ace, Italian front, 1918.Shores
120 HalesJohn PlayfordCaptCanadaAlliesPilot5[3+2] (2 kills+3 Lost Control)RNAS 9Sqn; RAF 203SqnRNAS23/08/1918Camel ace, 1917-18. KIA.Shores
121 HallFrederick VincentLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot7[5+2] (5 kills+2 Lost Control)4Sqn, 8Sqn, 10Sqn RNAS; 210Sqn RAFRNAS15/05/1918Pup, Camel ace, 1917-18. KIA.Shores
122 HallonquistJoseph EskelCaptCanadaAlliesPilot5[4+1]28SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918. POW.Shores
123 HamiltonLloyd Andrews1stLtUSAAlliesPilot10(2 balloons)(7 kills+3 Lost Control) [4+6]3Sqn RAF;17th SqnUS Air Service24/08/1918Camel ace, 1918. KIA.Shores (9 Toliver)
124 HandEarl McNabb 'Handie'CaptCanadaAlliesPilot5(4 kills+1 Lost Control)45SqnRAFCamel ace, Italian front, 1918.Shores (Other sources 2 unconf)
125 HarrisArthur Travers 'Bomber'GalGreat BritainAlliesPilot5(2 kills+3 Lost Control)70Sqn, 51Sqn, 45Sqn, 44SqnRFCStrutter, Camel, 1917. RAF WWII.Shores
126 HemmingGeoffrey WilliamFSLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot6(2 kills+4 Lost Control)4Sqn RNAS & 204Sqn RAFRNASPup, camel, 1917-18.Shores
127 HeronOscar Aloysius PatrickCaptGreat Britain IrelandAlliesPilot13[12+1] (11 kills+2 Lost control)70SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
128 HickeyCharles Robert ReeveCapt
DFC and Bar
CanadaAlliesPilot21[17+4] (11 kills+10 Lost Control)RNAS 4 Sqn; RAF 204 SqnRAF03/10/1918Camel ace, 1917-18. KIFA. The son of Major Robert H. F. and Charlotte E. Hickey, brother of Jennett and Elsie. He was a farmer and single. He served with the 11th Canadian Mounted Rifles before he transferred to the RNAS. Posted to 4 Naval Squadron in August 1917. A Sopwith Camel pilot, he scored 4 victories before the RAF was formed on 1 April 1918. On 21 April 1918, he forced down a Rumpler C near Wulpen and after landing beside it, was attempting to protect his prize from Belgian citizens when the German aircraft exploded killing several bystanders and injuring Hickey. A month later, he was back in action, scoring twelve more victories before he was killed in a mid-air collision with another Sopwith Camel.
Citation: DFC
'Lt. Charles Robert Reeves Hickey. Has been engaged in numerous air battles with marked success during a period of twelve months. On a recent occasion he flew to the assistance of one of our machines which was being pressed by two enemy machines and succeeded in destroying one of them.'
Citation: DFC Bar Bar
'Lieut. (T./Capt.) Charles Robert Reeves Hickey, DFC Sea Patrol (Can. Mtd. Rif.). A very determined air fighter who has destroyed seven enemy machines and brought down nine completely out of control during the past three months. His skill and initiative as a flight commander have made his flight very successful. Last month he destroyed two machines and brought down two more out of control in one day, and the remainder of his flight, at the same time succeeded in disposing of several more enemy aircraft without sustaining any casualties.' (Photo courtesy Vancouver Island Military Museum Society)

129 HilbornWilliam CarrollCaptCanadaAlliesPilot7(6 kills+1 Lost Control)66Sqn, 28Sqn, 45SqnRAF26/08/1918Camel ace, Italian front, 1918. DOW.Shores
130 HinchcliffeWalter George RaymondCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot6(5 kills+1 Lost Control)10Sqn RNAS;10Sqn RAFRAF13/03/1928Camel ace, 1918.Shores
131 HobsonFrank H.CaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot15[13+2] (10 kills+5 Lost Control)70SqnRFCCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
132 HodsonGeorge StaceyLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot10[8+2] (1 balloon)(8 kills+2 Lost Control)73Sqn RFC,213Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1918. RAF WWII.Shores
133 HowellCedric Ernest 'Spike'CaptAustraliaAlliesPilot19(16 kills+3 Lost Control)45SqnRFC & RAF10/12/1919Camel ace, Italian front, 1918. KIFA.Shores
134 HowellMalcolm G.LtUSAAlliesPilot5(2 kills+3 Lost Control) [4+1]208Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
135 HowsamGeorge RobertCaptCanadaAlliesPilot13[11+2] (8 kills+5 Lost Control)RFC 70Sqn; RAF 43SqnRFCCamel ace, 1917-18; Snipe, 1918.Shores
136 HubbardWilliam HenryCaptCanadaAlliesPilot12(6 kills+6 Lost Control)RFC 7 Sqn, 5 Sqn; RAF 73 SqnRAFBE2, 1916; Camel ace, 1918. Canadian WWI fighter ace, William Henry Hubbard was born 19/5 1898.Shores
137 HubbardWillCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot10[7+3] (6 kills+4 Lost Control)3SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
138 HudsonHarold Byron 'Steve'LtCanadaAlliesPilot13[6+7] (7 balloons)(11 kills+2 Lost Control)RFC 28Sqn; RAF 28Sqn,45SqnRFCCamel ace, Italian front, 1918.Shores
139 HughesEric Yorath 'Taffy'CaptWales (Great Britain)AlliesPilot5[2+3] (1 kill+4 Lost Control)46Sqn, 3SqnRFCPup, Camel, 1917.Shores
140 HughesDavid JamesCaptWales (Great Britain)AlliesPilot5(3 kills+2 Lost Control)3SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
141 HunterThomas Vicars 'Sticky'CaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot5(1 kill+4 Lost Control)66SqnRFC05/12/1917Pup, Camel, 1917, wooden leg. KIFA.Shores
142 HunterJohn Ellis LangfordCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot12[10+2] (8 kills+4 Lost Control)4Sqn RNAS,204Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
143 IngallsDavid SintonLtUSAAlliesPilot6(1 balloon)(2 kills+4 Lost Control) [1+5]213Sqn, 217Sqn RAFUSN RAFCamel ace, 1918. Only USN ace of WWI.Shores (5 Toliver)
144 JamesMansell RichardCaptCanadaAlliesPilot11(9 kills+2 Lost Control)45SqnRAF28/05/1919Camel ace, 1918. MIFA.Shores
145 JarvisArthur GordonLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot5[2+3] (1 balloon)(4 kills+1 Lost Control)28SqnRFC & RAFCamel ace, Italian front, 1917-18.Shores
146 Jarvis de MontaingeArthur Eyguem 'Jacko'LtCanadaAlliesPilot7[2+5] (3 kills, 1 captured, 3 Lost Control)17Sqn, 150SqnRAFBristol M1, Camel, SE5, Macedonia, 1918.Shores
147 JenkinsWilliam StanleyCaptCanadaAlliesPilot12[11+1] (9 kills+3 Lost Control)210SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
148 JerrardAlanLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot7(1 balloon)(6 kills+1 Lost Control)19Sqn, 66SqnRFCCamel ace, Italy, 1918. Russia, 1919.Shores
149 JohnsReginald LeachLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot9[3+6] (2 kills+7 Lost Control)8Sqn RNAS,218Sqn RAFRAF11/07/1918Camel ace, 1918. KIFA.Shores
150 JohnstonPhillip AndrewLlCdrGreat BritainAlliesPilot6[4+2] (2 kills+4 Lost Control)8Sqn RNASRNAS17/08/1917Triplane, Camel, 1917. KIA.Shores
151 JohnstoneEdward GrahameLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot17[6+11] (4 kills+13 Lost Control)8Sqn RNAS, 208 Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
152 JonesGeorgeCaptAustraliaAlliesPilot7(6 kills+1 Lost Control)4SqnAustralian Flying CorpsCamel, Snipe, 1918.Shores
153 JonesNorman CyrilCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot9[8+1] (8 kills+1 Lost Control)45SqnRFC & RAFCamel ace, Italian front, 1918.Shores
154 JonesAlbert LeslieLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot7[5+2] (2 balloons)(4 kills+3 Lost Control)10Sqn RNAS & 210Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
155 JonesAlbert LeslieLtWales (Great Britain)AlliesPilot7[5+2] (2 balloons)(4 kills+3 Lost Control)10Sqn RNAS & 210Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
156 Jones-WilliamsArthur GordonCaptWales (Great Britain)AlliesPilot11(2 kills+9 Lost Control)RFC 29Sqn;RAF 65SqnRFC17/12/1929Nieuport ace, 1917; Camel, 1918. KIFA.Shores (other sources 13)
157 JordanWilliam LancelotCapt
DSC and Bar

Great BritainAlliesPilot39[20+19] (11 kills+28 Lost Control)8Sqn RNAS, 208 Sqn RAFRAFSouth African. Camel ace, 1917-18.
Citation DSC: Flt. Sub-Lieut. William Lancelot Jordan, RNAS In recognition of the courage and initiative displayed by him in aerial combats. On the 13th July, 1917, in company with another pilot, he attacked an enemy two-seater machine. After bursts of fire from both of our machines, the enemy observer was seen to collapse in the cockpit, and the enemy aircraft was last seen disappearing among some houses. On the 6th December, 1917, whilst patrolling at 15,000 feet, he saw a two-seater enemy aircraft at 10,500 feet, and dived on him, firing about thirty rounds. After falling over to the left, enemy aircraft went down vertically. He has also been instrumental in bringing down other enemy machines.
Citation: DSC Bar. Flt. Lieut. William Lancelot Jordan, DSC, RNAS. For skill and determination when leading offensive patrols. On the 6th January, 1918, when on offensive patrol he observed ten Albatross scouts. The enemy dived and spread out, and Flt. Lieut. Jordan, in conjunction with another pilot, attacked one, into which he fired at close range, sending it down in a side-slipping dive.
Citation: DFC Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) William Lancelot Jordan, DSC. (late RNAS). A brilliant and most gallant leader who has already been awarded the DSC. and Bar for distinguished services and devotion to duty. He has led numerous offensive patrols into action, displaying at all times marked ability, determination and dash. He is an ideal Squadron Commander who has personally accounted for twenty-five enemy machines.

158 JosephSolomon CliffordCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot13[9+4] (1 balloon)(8 kills+5 Lost Control)10(N)Sqn RNAS, 210Sqn RAFRAFCamel ace, 1918. WIA.Shores (Other sources 11 victories)
159 KeirstedRonald McNeillCaptCanadaAlliesPilot13[9+4] (7 kills+6 Lost Control)RNAS 4(N)Sqn; RAF 204SqnRNASCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
160 KindleyField EugeneCaptUSAAlliesPilot12(9 kills+3 Lost Control) [10+2]65Sqn RAF, 148thAeSqnRAF & US Air Service03/01/1920Camel ace, 1918. KIFA.Shores
161 KingElwin Roy 'Bow'CaptDSO


AustraliaAlliesPilot26[23+3] (4 balloons)(20 kills+6 Lost Control)4 SqnAustralian Flying Corps28 November 1941King joined 4 Squadron of the Australian Flying Corps. He scored some 22 of his 26 victories in the final seven months of the war alone. Seven of these were achieved while flying the Sopwith Snipe, making him the highest scoring pilot to use the aircraft. Won DFC September 1918 and mentioned in despatches

No. 4 Squadron was operating its Sopwith Camels in hazardous, low-altitude support of Australian ground troops when King arrived in France, and he had little opportunity for air-to-air combat. The burly 6-foot-5-inch (196 cm) King—nicknamed "Bo", "Beau", or "Bow"—also had problems landing the Camel; crammed into its small cockpit, his large frame impeded control stick movement. The resulting rough landings annoyed his commanding officer, Major Wilfred McCloughry, brother of ace Edgar McCloughry.

On 16 August 1918, King participated in a major assault against the German airfield at Haubourdin, near Lille, that resulted in thirty-seven enemy aircraft being destroyed on the ground. During the action, described by the official history as a "riot of destruction", King set on fire a hangar housing four or five German planes. He also, according to No. 2 Squadron pilot Charles Copp, flew down Haubourdin's main street, waving as he went, his reason being that "the girls in that village must have had a heck of a time with all that bombing and must have been terribly scared so I thought I'd cheer them up a bit".

During October 1918, King converted with the rest of No. 4 Squadron to the upgraded Sopwith Snipe, whose larger cockpit was a better fit for him. He scored with the Snipe on both 28 and 29 October, the latter over Tournai, in what is frequently described as "one of the greatest air battles of the war". At Tournai, amid a confrontation involving over seventy-five Allied and German fighters, King evaded five enemy Fokkers that dived on him, before destroying an LVG in a head-on attack. His tally of seven victories with the Snipe in the closing days of the war made him the highest-scoring pilot in this type.

Archive Report

162 KingCecil FrederickCapt
Military Cross


Croix de Guerre
Great BritainAlliesPilot22[15+7] (10 kills+12 Lost Control)43 SqnRFC & RAF24/01/1919Camel ace, 1917-18, Snipe. KIFA. Capt. CECIL FREDERICK KING, M.C., D.F.C., Croix de Guerre (avec Palme), RAF, son of Mr. and Mrs. F . H. King, Springfield Dukes, Chelmsford, was killed, the result of a collision in the air at Sedgeford, Norfolk, on January 24th, aged 19 years 11 months. He was educated at Verites, Charterhouse. On leaving school early in 1917 he joined the Royal Flying Corps, and in September of that year went to France, where he served continuously for thirteen months as flying officer and flight commander. He shot down 22 enemy machines, 19 of which were officially confirmed. He also did fine work in attacking enemy troops at low altitudes with his machine-guns and bombs. The French decoration was awarded to him for services rendered to the French Army during the second battle of the Marne, July, 1918. Capt. C. F. King was recently transferred to Sedgeford as a fighting instructor. The funeral took place at Docking (near Sedgeford) on February 4, with full RAF honours.(Flight Magazine 1919)
Citation: Military Cross
T./2nd Lt. Cecil Frederick King, Gen. List and R.F.C. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. On five occasions during a period of three months he has sent down four enemy machines completely out of control, and has destroyed one other. Later, under very adverse weather conditions he carried out a low reconnaissance, during which he engaged troops in a station, causing several casualties, fired into a body of the enemy entering a village from a height of 50 feet, attacked four gun limbers, causing the teams to stampede, and finally dived on to a parade of troops, who scattered in all directions. He has displayed exceptional daring and skill, which, combined with a splendid dash and initiative, have set a fine example to his squadron.
Citation: DFC
2nd Lt. (temp. Capt.) Cecil Frederick King, M.C. He is a fine leader who at all times shows great gallantry and skill in manoeuvring; his energy and keenness have brought his flight to a high standard of efficiency. He frequently descends to low altitudes to obtain good results from bombing, and shooting, and on several occasions he has brought down enemy aeroplanes.
Shores (Other sources 20 victories)
163 KittoFrancis ManselCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot9(4 kills+5 Lost Control)43Sqn, 54SqnRFCStrutter, 1917; Camel ace, 1918.Shores
164 KnottsHoward Clayton2ndLtUSAAlliesPilot6[5+1]17th AeSqnUS Air ServiceCamel ace, 1918. POW.Toliver-Constable
165 KochAlfredLtCanada SwitzerlandAlliesPilot see Note10[8+2] (1 balloon)(4 kills+6 Lost Control)1Sqn, 6Sqn (observer), 70SqnRFCObserver, 1916; Camel ace, 1917-18.Shores
166 Koepsch (Köpsch)EgonLtnGermanyCentral PowersPilot9Jasta 4, Jasta 11Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte05Dec17 2nd Lt C.G.V Runnels-Moss (Australian Flying Corps) departed at 1250hrs for an Offensive Patrol. He was shot down in flames and killed SE of Westroosbeke by Leutnant J. Kőpsch of Jasta 4.Franks
167 LaurenceFrederic HopeCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot5[1+3] (0 kill, 5 Lost Control)70SqnRFCCamel ace, 1917.Shores
168 Le boutillierOliver Colin 'Boots'CaptUSAAlliesPilot10(4 kills+6 Lost Control) [6+4]9Sqn RNAS, 209Sqn RAFRAFTriplane, 1917; Camel ace, 1918.Shores
169 Leblanc-SmithMauriceMajGreat BritainAlliesPilot7[6+1]18Sqn, 73SqnRFC & RAFFB5, DH2, 1915-16; Camel ace, 1918.Shores
170 LedureJacques Edouards/LtBelgiumAlliesPilot2(2 balloons)(+1 unconfirmed)Esc2, Esc10Aviation Militaire BelgeCamel, Spad, 1918.Walter M. Pieters
171 LeeArthur Stanley GouldCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot7[5+2] (2 kills+5 Lost Control)46SqnRFCPup ace, Camel, 1917.Shores
172 LeitchAlfred Alexander'Ack-Ack'CaptCanadaAlliesPilot7(4 kills+7 Lost Control)RFC 43Sqn, RAF 65SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918. Russia, 1919.Shores
173 LeithJames LeithCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot 2 Seater8[7+2] (3 kills+6 Lost Control)25Sqn RFC; 46Sqn RAFRFC & RAFFE2 ace, 1916-17, Camel, 1918.Shores.
174 LennoxJames ScottLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot5(3 kills+2 Lost Control)66SqnRAFCamel ace, Italian front, 1918.Shores
175 LightbodyJohn DouglasLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot5(3 kills+2 Lost Control)204SqnRAF04/11/1918Camel ace, 1918. MIA.Shores
176 LinghamGeorge AlexanderLtAustraliaAlliesPilot6(2 kills+4 Lost Control)43SqnRFC & RAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
177 Littlee (Name is actually Little: read Search Tips for explanation)Robert AlexanderCaptDSO and Bar

DSC and Bar

Croix de Guerre

AustraliaAlliesPilot47[29+8] (24 kills+23 Lost Control)1W, 8(N)Sqn, 203SqnRNAS & RAF27/05/1918Triplane and Camel ace, 1916-18. KIA. Top Australian aceShores
178 LiversedgeSydney TyndallCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot13[10+3] (6 kills+7 Lost Control)70SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
179 LukeThomas Carlyon 'Sammy'Capt, later Sqn LdrMC


1914-15 Star (32062. Cpl. T. C. Luke. R.E.); British War and Victory Medals (Capt. T. C. Luke. R.A.F.)
Great BritainAlliesPilot6[5+1] (4 kills+2 Lost Control)66 Sqn RFC
209 Sqn RAF
RFC & RAFPup, 1917; Camel, 1918.
MC Citation London Gazette 25 August 1917: ‘For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in aerial combats. On several occasions he attacked hostile formations and dispersed them, although they were in superior numbers, showing great dash and fearlessness in engaging them at close range. He has taken part in thirty-five offensive patrols, at all times setting a fine example of courage.’
Born in Plymouth, Devon, in July 1891. He was the son of a tailor, and was educated at Plymouth Grammar School and Shaftsbury School before being employed as a Clerk in the City of London prior to the Great War. He served as a despatch rider with the Royal Engineers in the French theatre of war from 4 June 1915. Luke advanced to Corporal before being selected for a commission, and was gazetted Second Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers, 26 March 1916. Luke was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps at the end of 1916, and gained his Royal Aero Club Certificate (No. 7740) 4 January 1917. He advanced to Flying Officer and was posted as a pilot for operational flying with 66 Squadron (Sopwith Pups) in France around March 1917. Luke opened his account when he shot down an enemy aircraft out of control, 23 May 1917: ‘Lt. T. C. Luke fired 100 rounds into an EA which went down vertically and was lost to view. Later he engaged another German sending 60 rounds into it and it fell away like a leaf then went into a vertical spin near the ground.’ (66 Sqn in France & Italy, by F. W. Bailey and N. L. R. Franks refers) Luke’s second followed five days later, after 66 Squadron had suffered the loss of two pilots: ‘Two more pilots went down on the 27th and 28th, Lt. S S Hume on the former date, R M Roberts on the latter. Roberts probably went down under the guns of Karl Allmenroeder of Jasta 11. Lt. T C Luke avenged the loss of Roberts the same day when he fired 100 rounds at 40 yards into a two seater which fell vertically, not being seen to pull out.’ (Ibid) Luke destroyed an Albatross DIII west of Houthem on 15 June 1917. On the same day as he achieved his fourth victory, 28 July 1917, he and his aircraft were shot up: ‘July 28 was to be the day when 66 scored the greatest number of victories in one day during its period on the Western Front. Although the Pup was by this time almost totally outclassed by the Albatross DIII, 66 like 46 Squadron did good work on the Pup, in spite of the handicap, and despite only one machine-gun. Capt. C C Sharp, now in command of C Flight, fired 80 rounds into one EA damaging it badly. 2/Lt. W A Pritt shot an Albatross off the tail of 2/Lt Huxley, seeing it crash east of Roulers. Hunter shot another down ‘out of control’ from close range, while ‘Sammy’ Luke flamed another. Capt. Taylor and J W ‘The Ratter’ Boumphrey both attacked EA claiming ‘out of control’ victories, and F A Smith damaged another. However, Luke was wounded in the arm while correcting a gun jam and 2/Lt. J B Hine was reported missing. Luke left 66 and later flew as a flight commander...’ (Ibid) Luke’s commanding officer, Colonel Sir Gordon Taylor, gives more detail of the final stages of the combat in his book Sopwith Scout 7309: ‘Then, in realisation slower than my physical action, I knew that I had swept my machine out, and the Hun had passed. I saw him, hauling up, tail on, climbing into the sky. Then he was suddenly obliterated by a flaming mass plunging down in front of me, trailing a column of black and putrid smoke. It was another Albatros. Sammy Luke’s Pup was following it down. Then I saw the other Hun coming back in, diving on him. I couldn’t reach him, or do anything, in time. Futilely, I shouted, ‘Look out, Sammy! Look out!’ I saw the tracer cutting into the Pup. It suddenly reared up, pulled over, and started to go down, west, towards our lines. The Hun did not follow. He turned away to the east and disappeared. Back at Estrée Blanche four machines finally came in; but Sammy Luke was missing. A couple of days later we heard he was in a forward hospital near Bailleul; wounded, but doing all right.’ Despite being wounded and having a damaged aircraft, Luke managed to land safely and subsequently returned to the UK for medical treatment. He returned to operational flying when he was posted as Temporary Captain and Flight Commander to 209 Squadron (Sopwith Camels) in the summer of 1918. The Squadron were tasked with fighter and ground-attack duties, and Luke added to his score when he shared in the destruction of a Halberstadt C near Harbonnieres, 8 August 1918. He led his flight in many combats throughout August, and reached ‘Ace’ status when he destroyed a Fokker DVII near Buisey, South of Arras, 25 August 1918: ‘While on patrol I observed 7 or 8 Fokker Biplanes much below us. I dived on them with the formation and fired a long burst of 200 rounds at one at about 100 yards range causing the machine to go into a spin and I eventually observed it crash on the ground. I also observed another machine to crash in the same area.’ (Combat Report refers) Luke was on the receiving end the following day, whilst on a low patrol south of the River Scarpe: ‘Pilot left aerodrome at 7.15am. His machine became badly damaged by fire from ground, catching fire and crashing in shell hole. Pilot sustained slight injuries. Machine unsalvable, recommended to be struck off strength of No. 209 Squadron and RAF in the Field.’ (RAF Report on Casualties to Personnel and Machines (When Flying), refers) Luke remained in the RAF after the war, and competed in the fourth RAF Aerial Pageant at Hendon in July 1923. He won the ‘low bombing’ event flying a Sopwith Snipe. Luke subsequently had several Middle East postings, before advancing to Squadron Leader in November 1930. After postings to 7 Squadron and RAF Andover, Luke was appointed to the command of 18 Squadron at Upper Heyford in October 1931. He was posted to the Air Armament School, R.A.F. Eastchurch in March 1935 (AFC), and died of a heart attack in Princess Mary’s R.A.F. Hospital, RAF Halton, Buckinghamshire. Squadron Leader Luke is buried in St. Michaels Church, Halton.

180 LussierEmile JohnCaptCanada (French Canadian)AlliesPilot11[9+2] (5 kills+6 Lost control)73SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
181 MacDonaldWilliam MyronLtCanadaAlliesPilot866SqnRAFCamel ace, Italian front, 1918.Shores
182 MacGregorNorman MiersFLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot7[3+4] (3 kills+4 Lost Control)6(N)Sqn, 10(N)Sqn RNASRNASCamel ace, 1917.Shores
183 MackayGeorge ChisholmeCaptCanadaAlliesPilot18[10+8] (12 kills+6 Lost Control)RNAS SDF, 13(N)Sqn; RAF 213SqnRNAS & RAFCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
184 MacKerethJohnCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot7[6+1] (2 balloons)28Sqn, 66SqnRAFCamel ace, Italian front, 1918. POW.Shores
185 MaclarenDonald RoderickCapt Distinguished Service Order (DSO), Military Cross and Bar, Commandeur de Légion d'honneur, Croix de Guerre CanadaAlliesPilot54[38+16] (6 balloons) (28 kills+26 Lost Control)46SqnRFC, RAF1989-07-04Camel best ace, 1918. MacLaren joined the Royal Flying Corps in 1917. his 54 victories, made him the highest scoring ace to fly a Sopwith Camel. MacLaren's last victory on October 9, 1918. His combat career came to an end the next day when he broke his leg while wrestling with a friend. Following the Armistice, he helped form the Royal Canadian Air Force before retiring to begin a career in civil aviation.Shores

186 MacmillanNormanCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot9(3 kills+6 Lost Control)45SqnRFCStrutter, Camel ace, 1917.Shores (Other sources 11 victories)
187 MaddocksHenry HollingdrakeCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot7(6 kills+1 Lost Control)54SqnRFCPup, 1917; Camel, 1918.Shores
188 MalleyGarnet FrancisCaptAustraliaAlliesPilot6(1 balloon)(5 kills+1 Lost Control)4SqnAustralian Flying CorpsCamel ace, 1918.Shores
189 MannWilliam Edward G. 'Pedro'CaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot13[11+2] (6 kills+7 Lost Control)208SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
190 ManuelJohn GeraldCaptCanadaAlliesPilot13[12+1] (10 kills+3 Lost Control)RNAS 10Sqn; RAF 210SqnRNAS & RAF10/06/1918Camel ace, 1917-18. KIA.Shores
191 MarchantCecil James 'Chips'CaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot9[3+6] (5 kills+4 Lost Control)46Sqn, 78Sqn, 44SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
192 MastersErnest HaroldLtGreat BritainAlliesPilot8[7+1] (6 kills+2 Lost Control)45SqnRFC24/12/1918Camel ace, Italian front, 1918. KIFA.Shores
193 MaudCharles MidgleyCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot11(8 kills+3 Lost Control)66SqnRAFCamel ace, Italian front, 1918.Shores
194 MaundHugh BinghamCaptGreat BritainAlliesPilot8[6+2] (1 balloon)(2 kills+6 Lost Control)10(N)Sqn; 210Sqn, 204SqnRNAS & RAFCamel ace, 1917-18.Shores
195 MaxtedWilliam Henry2LtGreat BritainAlliesPilot5[4+1] (1 balloon)(3 kills+2 Lost Control)3SqnRAF17/12/1918Camel ace, 1918. KIFA.Shores
196 MaxwellReginald Stuart 'George'MajGreat BritainAlliesPilot9(5 kills, 1 FTL, 3 Lost Control)25Sqn, 20Sqn, 54SqnRFC & RAFFE2b, 1916; Camel, 1918.Shores
197 Maye (name is May. See explanation in Search Tips) Wilfred Reid 'Wop'Capt

CanadaAlliesPilot13[10+3] (9 kills+4 Lost Control)209 SqnRAF1952-06-21Camel ace, 1918. OBE DFC (Born 1896-03-20), was a Canadian flying ace in the First World War and a leading post-war aviator. He was the final Allied pilot to be pursued by Manfred von Richthofen before the German ace was shot down on the Western Front in 1918. After the war, May returned to Canada, pioneering the role of a bush pilot while working for Canadian Airways in Northern Alberta and the Northwest Territories. Went on to become one of the most famous Canadian aviation pioneers and bush pilots, noted for his innovative mind and great perseverance in the face of adversity.Shores. Wikipedia

198 McCloughry (later Kingston-McCloughry)Edgar James KingstonCaptDSO

DFC & Bar

AustraliaAlliesPilot21(4 balloons)(20 kills+1 Lost Control)23 Sqn RFC; 4 Sqn AFC (CO)RFC & AFC15 November 1972Camel ace, 1918. Australian WWI fighter ace, Edgar James Kingston McCloughry was born 10/9 1896. He authored 2 books: Direction of War A Critique of the Political Direction and High Command in War; E.J. Kingston McCloughry / Hardcover / New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1958 Defense Policy and Strategy E.J. Kingston McCloughry / Hardcover / New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1960 More:
Citation DFC: Lieut. (T./Capt.) Edgar James McClaughry (Australian Flying Corps). Early one morning this officer left the ground, and, meeting an enemy two-seater ten miles over the lines, he engaged and destroyed it. He was immediately attacked by five scouts; these he out-manoeuvred, destroying one and driving the remainder down. He is a determined and successful scout leader, who in recent operations has accounted for nine enemy machines, in addition to three others and one balloon when serving with another squadron.
Citation DFC Bar: Lt. (T./Capt.) Edgar James McClaughry, D.F.C. (Australian Flying Corps). In the short space of one month this officer has destroyed ten enemy aeroplanes and balloons. He has organised and carried out numerous raids on the enemy, frequently at very low altitudes. Altogether he has destroyed fifteen aeroplanes and four balloons. Early one morning he crossed our lines to attack a balloon which he had previously located. As soon as daylight allowed he dived and opened fire on the balloon, which was on the ground, descending to within fifty feet of it. The balloon burst into flames. He then attacked some horse transport, dropping bombs and firing, some 300 rounds at 1,500 feet altitude.
Citation DSO: Capt. Edgar James McClaughry, D.F.C. (Australian F.C.). (FRANCE) A bold and fearless officer, who has performed many gallant deeds of daring, notably on 24th September, when, attacking a train at 250 feet altitude, he obtained a direct hit, cutting it in two, the rear portion being derailed. He then fired a number of rounds at the fore portion, which pulled up. Sighting a hostile two-seater he engaged it and drove it down. Proceeding home he observed seven Fokker biplanes; although he had expended the greater part of his ammunition, Captain McClaughry never hesitated, but engaged the leader. During the combat that ensued he was severely wounded by fire from a scout that attacked him from behind; turning, he drove this machine off badly damaged. His ammunition being now expended he endeavoured to drive off two hostile scouts by firing Very lights at them. Exhausted by his exertions, he temporarily lost consciousness, but recovered sufficiently to land his machine safely. This officer has destroyed fourteen machines and four balloons, and has repeatedly displayed an utter disregard for danger in attacking ground targets.

Later changed name to Kingston-McCloughry. Brother of Wilfred Ashton McCloughry who changed his name to McClaughry
Shores (Other sources 23)

199 McconnellRoy KirkwoodLtCanadaAlliesPilot7[3+4] (4 kills+3 Lost Control)46SqnRAFCamel ace, 1918.Shores
200 McDonaldRoderickCaptCanadaAlliesPilot8[2+6] (5 kills+3 Lost Control)8(N)Sqn, 208SqnRNAS & RAF21/04/1918Triplane, Camel, 1917-18. KIA.Shores

Results 101 to 200 of 319.

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