This is believed to be the most comprehensive database of Nordic activities. If you have more information, please contact us via the Helpdesk. Data derived from many sources: particular thanks go to the extraordinary site Våre Falne - de Norske Ofrene (Our Fallen - the Norwegian Victims). Corrections/Additions welcomed via Helpdesk
Norway contributed 4 entire squadrons to the cause, operating under Norwegian officers within the overall structure of the RAF. These were: 330 Sqd (Coastal Command), 331 Sqd (Fighter Command), 332 Sqd (Fighter Command), 333 Sqd (Coastal Command). Additionally, a number of Norwegians fought as members of RAF squadrons.
More than 250 Danish men and women fought with Allied air forces. There were no dedicated Danish squadrons. Many fought within Norwegian squadrons, others were part of RAF squadrons. The definitive account of Danish air activities is in Mikkel Planthin's book 'Britain's Victory, Denmark's Freedom'.
Sweden remained neutral throughout the war but many Swedish individuals could not sit idly by whilst Germany rampaged across Europe and volunteered to fight with the Allies. Some flew within Norwegian squadrons, others as part of RAF squadrons.
The German occupation of Norway began when they invaded the neutral country on 9 May 1940, and the country remained under Wehrmacht rule until 8 May 1945. The government and King Haakon VII had escaped and formed a government in exile in London, whilst their home country was ruled by the ‘puppet’ government of Vidkun Quisling. Many Norwegians fought in the resistance or as part of the Free Norwegian Forces, including the establishment of the Royal Norwegian Air Force in 1944. The fortitude and bravery of the Norwegian people is surely exemplified by the struggles hundreds of intrepid, detemined souls endured to escape and find their way to the Island of Last Hope where they could continue the fight against their homeland's occupiers. We salute the bravery of Norway's finest! Germany's hold on the country was prised from its brutal fist on 8 May 1945 and five days later Crown Prince Olav and five government ministers returned. The rest of the royal family returned on 7 June 1945, five years to the day since the King and Queen had been forced to leave.
A prime source for some of the material in this database is the extraordinary site Våre Falne - de Norske Ofrene (Our Fallen - the Norwegian Victims). This unique memorial effort attempts to capture the story of every Norwegian who died during the German occupation - every man, woman and child. We thank them for permission to use selected extracts from their material.
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