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The Kracker Luftwaffe Archive: Axis Powers Pilots and Crew




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#Pilot (↑)RankBornPlaceScore (↑)UnitsAircraftAwards*************Notes*************Photo
(Click to Expand)
LinksAuthorComments
101 Hase, Hans JoachimOblt3/KG-40Fw 200C-3/U4 Werk # 0086 "F8 + IH" (lost 12/19/41)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 19 December, 1941 west of Portugal, no further detail (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, per H. Breuer). Added: the ac crashed into the Atlantic west of Portugal; sd by Grumann Martlets (Wildcats) of FAA 802 Sq. of the Royal Navy, flying off the HMS Audacity. The entire crew MIA. Remaining crew: Ofw Karl Gendner, Co-pilot; Uffz Wilhelm Müller, R/O 1; Uffz Robert Cordes, R/O 2; Ofw Karl Bock, Flt Engr and Gefr Raimund Steinke, Gnr (D.Drury).
102 Hattinen, Lars Paul ErichFw1922Finland61/LeLv-28 (Tampere 2/43)MS.406 "MS-631" (2/43), Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp in Silver
70 missions; deceased 3 January, 1961 (H. Breuer).
103 Heim, Josef Sepp Fritz ?Gefr4I/JG-7 (3/45 Kaltenkirchen)Me 262A-1a
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 10 April, 1945 (JG-7 Chronik courtesy H. Breuer). His first known victory, a B-17 on 19 March, 1945. A 2nd, another B-17 on 21 March, 1945. A 3rd, a P-51 in the Hamburg area on 30 March, 1945. A 4th, a B-17 (Probable) S of Bremen on 4 April, 1945. 5 victories, all in the Me 262, Magnus. AKA "Fritz" by another source.
104 Helms, BodoLt64(Eins)/JFS-5 (9/41), 7/JG-5 (8/42 S.U.)Bf 109E-7 Werk # 4219 "White 8" (lost 8/5/42)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
POW 5 August, 1942; emergency landing behind enemy lines at Uchta, after aerial combat damage while on a ferry flight (Source: SIG Norway). His first western victory, his first victory overall, a Hurricane at Yvetot on 16 September, 1941. His 2nd, a Blenheim at Le Harve on 15 October, 1941. His first known Soviet victory, a Hurricane on 22 June, 1942. Russian POW until September 1953 (H. Breuer).
105 Herms, ErwinUffz1/Kü.Fl.Gr-106 (Atlantic)He 60 & He 115 in July 1940, Ju 88A-6 Werk # 6072 "M2 + MK" (lost 7/28/40, error); date corrected (based on ac type lost) to 11/26/41Bomber Operational ClaspPOW 28 July, 1940; emergency landing in the UK (date incorrect). Date corrected to 26 November, 1941. Remaining crew (POW): Ogefr Ernst Kurz (WIA), Obs; Gefr Heinrich Klein, R/O and Friedrich Krautler, Gunner. Source: Heinrich Breuer. NOTE: The Ju 88 Loss List per "The Blitz T & N" states; ac type was A-5, Wk# 1143, the date was 11/26/41 and the landing was at RAF Chivenor after the crew became lost during an anti-shipping sortie over the Irish Sea. The ac marking "M2 + MK" and unit designation are correct in both accounts.
106 Hinze, KurtFwI/KG-40Fw 200C-4 Werk # 0102 "F8 + FL" (lost 2/13/42)Bomber Operational ClaspKIA 13 February, 1942; he crashed at sea south or west of Ireland during an anti-shipping operation, cause not reported. Fw Dern and four unnamed crew were picked up by an outbound submarine, U-587 on 18 February, and transferred to an inbound submarine, U-130 that same day. All returned safely (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, per H. Breuer & D.Drury).
107 Hommel, HeinzFw513/KG-40 (6/43), 14/KG-40 (8/43), 13/KG-40 (9/43), ZG-1, 10/NJG-3, 7.NJG-2Bf 110, Ju 88G-6
EK 1 & 2
Wound Badge
Destroyer (or Night Fighter?) Operational Clasp
WIA 3/4 April, 1945 near Stolzenau by ground fire during a ground strafing attack (Boiten). One known victory, a Wellington on 1 June, 1943. Another, a Wellington (HSS) NW of Cape Ortegal on 26 July, 1943. A 3rd, a shared victory with Herbert Klose on 2 August, 1943. A 4th, a Sunderland at the Bay of Biscay on 30 August, 1943. (A supplimental claim source indicated a Sunderland 120 km NW of Cape Ortegal on 30 August, 1943. This appears to be a duplicate, since the locations are within miles of each other per H. Breuer, and was not counted by me.) A 5th victory, a shared victory with Horstmann and Gmelin on 18 September, 1943.
108 Höschen, FriedhelmHptm12/17/19155 Stfkpt 2/JG-51 (8/41 S.U.- 7/43 Angriffs (Attack) Ldr.England), Stfkpt 6/JG-302 (5/44) Bf 109F-2 Werk # 12881 "Black 1 (lost 8/13/41), Bf 109G-6/U4 Werk # 440562 "Red 10" (lost 5/8/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 8 May, 1944 (Magnus). Shot down near Kleinstockheim, south of Braunschweig (Chronik JG-302 courtesy H.Breuer). Made an emergency landing behind enemy lines on 13 August, 1941; no cause given; returned. Final victory count may be higher, Magnus.
109 Hosie, WolfgangUffz3/KG-30 (Lanveoc-Poulmic airfield)Ju 88A-5 Werk # 3457 "4D + DL" (captured intact 7/24/41)Bomber Operational ClaspPOW the night of 23/24 July, 1941; Took off from Poulmic airfield at 23:35 to bomb the docks at Birkenhead. On the return, he was mislead by the Meacon transmitter at Lympsham, Somerset, and low on fuel, landed intact at RAF Broadfield Down (Lulsgate Bottom), Wrington, Somerset at 06:20 hours. Source: Bristol Past, John Penny. Remaining crew (POW): Fw Paul Zimmermann, Obs; Ogefr Franz Sander, R/O and Ogefr Robert Riemann, Gunner (H. Breuer). Alternate spelling: Hosic (Ju 88 Loss List which also lists the unit as 3/KG-3).
110 Huhanantti, Tatu MauriObltFinland6LeLv-24 (1/40)D.XXXI (1/40), B-239, Bf 109E & F
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 29 February, 1940 (H. Breuer).
111 Huotari, Jouko Armas Antero JussoOfwFinland183/LeLv-24 (9/41 Lunkula)B-239 "BW-353" "Orange 8" (9/41), F2A Buffalo, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp in Gold
291 missions (H. Breuer).
112 Inehmo, Martti Olavi KalervoLtFinland82/LeLv-28 (11/41 Vitana)MS.406 "MS-318" "White 2" (11/41), MS.406 "MS-618" (lost 12/41)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp in Silver
87 Missions; MIA 26 December, 1941 (H. Breuer).
113 Jacobs, FriedrichFw11/6/1920Berlin56/JG-51 (5/43), 5/JG-51 (12/44)Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 22 January, 1945 at Budapest (Chronik JG-51 courtesy H. Breuer). One known Desert victory, a P-40 at Map Quadrant 79 452 on 21 May, 1943. Another, in Sicily, a B-26 on 18 June, 1943. His 3rd known victory, a B-24 over Tuxer-Alpen, southeast of Innsbruck, 19 December, 1943. His 4th, a P-38 in the Viterbo Italy area, 30 December, 1943. A 5th , a Soviet Yak-9 on 21 December, 1944. Added: His body could not be recovered for transfer to the collective cemetery at Budaörs, Hungary, where he is "remembered" in a special place (D.Drury).
114 Janek, K.FhjFw8/NJG-2 (11/43 Gilze-Rijen) Ju 88C-6 Werk # 57474 "R4 + ?S" (lost 11/26/43) Night Fighter Operational Clasp His Ju 88 crashed at Bavel Holland, by the Gilze Rijen airfield the night of 25/26 November, 1943, cause and pilot/crew disposition unknown (DeSwart). Added: The cause is still unknown, and the crash killed the entire three man crew, all buried Ysselsteyn. Pilot FhjFw Janek buried AZ-8-194. Remaining crew: Uffz F.Opalka, R/O (bur AZ-8-193) and Uffz A.Breuer, Mech/Gnr (bur AZ-8-195) (SGLO).
115 Jankovic, Josef "Jozo"Uffz (Catnik in Slovak)3/16/1920Hlohovec, Slovakia713(Slow)/JG-52 (13 Letka/JG-52 in Slovak) Bf 109F, Bf 109G-2 Werk # 14830 (or 14380) (70% damaged) Wound Badge
Fighter Operational Clasp
WIA 29 March, 1943 when he came down near Akhtanizovskaya, over the Sea of Azov, after combat with LaGG-3's. He died of his wounds 30 March, 1943 in a field hospital at Zaporozhskaya. No VDK burial detail (D.Drury & H.Breuer). Alternate spelling: Jozef Jancovic.
116 Jensen, Heinrich SiegfriedLt6/30/1920Löwenstedt8II/JG-51Bf 109G-14 Werk # 780884 (lost 12/6/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 6 December, 1944 at Galanta Hungary, now Slovakia (H. Breuer). Victory count is approximate, Magnus. Added: Lt Jensen was sd by an American fighter, possibly a P-38 of 14FG/49FS. Two Slovak sources show the pilot from 8/JG-51. Jensen buried in the War Cem., Bratislava, Slovakia, in Blk 2 among the unknown (D.Drury).
117 Joensuu, Antti Ilmari PitkLtFinland52/LeLv-26 (Ruokolahti 2/40), 1/HLeLv-34 (5/44 Kymi)Gladiator II "GL-256" (2/40), Bf 109G-6 (5/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Nick-named "Long Jim". Source: Stenman & Keskinen-Osprey. Magnus, 1 victory. Deceased 8 November, 1963 (H. Breuer).
118 John,Uffz75/JG-52Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
His first known victory, a Soviet Yak-1 on 20 April, 1943. A 2nd Yak-1 on 30 April, 1943. A 3rd, a Yak-1 on 1 May, 1943. A 4th, a Yak-1 on 4 May, 1943. A Yak-1 on 22 May, 1943. A 6th, a LaGG-3 on 26 May, 1943. A Yak-1 on 28 May, 1943. A Magnus Report and Heinrich Breuer suggests this might be Horst John, basis unknown, but these 7 victories plus 6 posted to Horst equals the 13 thought to be attributed to Horst..
119 John, HorstFw8/19/192062/JG-300 (JG "Herrmann"), 2/JG-300Bf 109G-6/R6 Werk # 20637 "Yellow 12" (lost 11/17/43)EP


EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIC 17 November 1943 near Bonn/ Endenich due to engine trouble. One known victory, a Stirling S of Hamburg on 30 July, 1943. A 2nd, another Stirling SW of Remscheid on 31 July, 1943. A 3rd, a Halifax at Mannheim on 11 August, 1943. A 4th, A Stirling E of Nürnburg on 28 August, 1943. A 5th, a Halifax E of Munich on 7 September, 1943. A 6th, a Halifax at Kassel on 22 October, 1943. Victories may be as high as 13 (H. Breuer).

Courtesy Christian König

120 Jordan, HansOfw7/KG-40Fw 200C Werk # 0063 "KF + QC" (lost 7/17/41)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 17 July, 1941, no further detail (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, per H. Breuer).
121 Kalus, PaulOblt1/KG-40 Fw 200C Werk # 0051 "F8 + FH" (lost 4/17/41) Bomber Operational Clasp AC reported lost north of Scotland 17 April, 1941, crew of six KIA (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book per H. Breuer). Added: Five of the crew, including Oblt Kalus, MIA, one KIA, Uffz Wilhelm Zeller (geb 3/16/1918), R/O 2, his body washed ashore on 21 May, 1941 (appearing on his grave marker), buried CC/3/17/516. Remaining crew: Ofw Edwin Schulze, Co-pilot; Uffz Walter Bittner, R/O 1; Fw Herbert Heidrich, Flt Engr and Ogefr Hubert Greschenz, Gnr (D.Drury).
Cannock Chase
122 Kehrberg, DieterLt6/29/19224 + 3 unconfirmed4/NJG-101 (1/43), 3/NJG-102 (12/43 S.U.)Bf 110, Me 262 @ Lechfeld 3/45 (?)
EK 1 & 2
Night Fighter Operational Clasp
POW 1 May, 1945. His first known victory, a Soviet DB-3 the night of 24-25 July, 1944. Nos 2, 3 & 4, a PS-84 and two DB-3s E of Tilsit the night of 26-27 July, 1944. Interviewed in the magazine "Klassiker der Luftfahrt", he mentions flying three missions with an SG unit south of Augsburg, and that he was the last to fly the Me 262 (Source: Heinrich Breuer).

KTY Added image
123 Kenseck, RudolfStbsFw7/KG-40Fw 200C-4 Werk # 0147 "F8 + CR" (lost 6/13/43)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 13 June, 1943; shot down by Mosquitos of RAF No 151 Sq. over the Gulf of Byscaya, 7 KIA (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, H. Breuer).
124 Kleinschrittger, AlfonsOfwI/KG-40Fw 200C-4 Werk # 0104 "F8 + AB" (lost 8/7/42)Bomber Operational ClaspKIA 7 August, 1942; crashed into a mountain at Jan Mayan Islands, between Iceland and Spitzbergen, during an operational flight. Remaining crew (all KIA): Fw Paul Lemke, Co-pilot; Uffz Werner Schetle, R/O; Uffz Josef Kotzur, Gunner; Uffz Oskar Walter, Mech and Ofw Karl Classow, 2nd Mech. Source: SIG Norway. The wreck was discovered in 1972 in Danielsenkrateret (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 book, H. Breuer).
125 Kögel, LudwigFwKG-40 most likelyFw 200C/U4 Werk # 0085 "KE + IJ" (lost 12/5/41)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 5 December, 1941 at Cognac, all 6 crew KIA (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book per H. Breuer).

Courtesy Christian Konig

126 Koskinen, Eino Eero SakeusOffz CandFinland13LeLv-32 (4/42 SuulajCurtis Hawk-75A "Cu-551" (9/42), captured LaGG-3
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 11 January, 1945 (H. Breuer).
127 Köster, AlfonsHptm2/6/1919Hüingsen, Westfalen253/NJG-2 (4/41), 1/NJG-1 (7/43), Stab III/NJG-2 (5/44), 9/NJG-2, Stfkpt 12/NJG-3Bf 110G-2 Werk # 6220 "G9 + BH" (lost 7/9/43), Ju 88C-2, Ju 88C-6 Werk # 360229 "??" (dam 7/22/42 enemy fire El Alamein, pilot WIA), Ju 88C-6 "R4 + KL" , Ju 88G-6 Werk # 621499 "D5 + PX" (lost 1/7/45)
RK(10/29/42)

Deutsches Kreuz - Gold(5/4/42)
EP(8/20/41)

EK 1 & 2
Wound Badge
Night Fighter Operational Clasp
KIC 6/7 January, 1945 near Varel/Oldenburg, when his Ju 88G-6, during the landing approach, touched the roof of a farm building in heavy fog, and crashed. Buried Menden-Lendringen, III/10 (Rosseels). Remaining crew (KIC); Lt Bodusch and Uffz Lingen (H. Breuer). N. African Campaign in NJG-2. Over 200 missions, 25 or 29 Night victories. His first victory, a Defiant at Upwood, 9-10 April, 1941. His 2nd, a Wellington 5 km W of Southend on 7-8 May, 1941. His 3rd, a Wellington the night of 8-9 May, 1941. His 4th, a Hampden NW of London the night of 11-12 June, 1941. A 5th & 6th, both Blenheims at Wyton on 15 July, 1941. His 7th, a Whitley at Marham the night of 7-8 August, 1941. His 8th, a Blenheim 20 km W of Lincoln on 20 August, 1941. His 9th & 10th, a Wellington at Oxford and a Hampden at Hatfield on on 1 September, 1941. A Beaufighter the night of 26 June, 1942. Another, a Blenheim on 28 June, 1942. He was injured when his G-2 crashed at Stellendam, Goeree Holland on 9 July, 1943, due to engine trouble, a Lt at the time. His R/O, Ofw Herbert Biehne was uninjured (DeSwart). Two Wellingtons on 21 July, 1942. A "4 mot"on 25 May, 1944, no location. A "4 mot" in the Paris/Mantes area on 8 June, 1944. A "4 mot" at Volkel on 17 June, 1944.

Courtesy Christian König

128 Kovacs, PalUffzHungary61/1 Ftr. Sq. (5/43), 5/2 Ftr. Sq. (9/43), 101/3 Ftr. Sq. (6/44), 101/2 Ftr. Sq. (7/44)Bf 109F4/B "V0 +41" (7/43), Bf 109G-6 (6/44)Silver Medal of Valor
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 22 August, 1944 (H. Breuer).
129 Kraft, ErwinOblt6Stab/JG-51 (8/44)Fw 190A
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 25 August, 1944 at Ezere. Magnus & H. Breuer.
130 Kraft, KarlLt19195JG-1, JG-7Fw 190A, Me 262
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Magnus Report. 82 missions per Chronik JG-7 per Heinrich Breuer.
131 Kranjc, JosipFw1/22/1922Bjelovar, Croatia5JG-104 (3/43), 15(Kroat)/JG-52 (joins 10/43 @ Nikolayev S.U.)Bf 109G-2 & G-4, Bf 109G-6 "White 5" (11/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIFA 21 December, 1943; Victories may be as high as 9 (H. Breuer).
132 Krebs,ObltIV/KG-40Fw 200C-3 Werk # 0031 "F8 + BT" (lost 7/31/42)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 31 July, 1942 at Royan France, no further detail. (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, H. Breuer).
133 Kreimeier, HeinzObltI/KG-40Fw 200C Werk # 0029 "F8 + ??" (lost 2/7/41)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost near Orleans 7 February, 1941, crew of six KIA (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book per H. Breuer).
134 Kropf, Wilhelm WilliOfw7III/JG-301, 7/JG-301 (3/45)Bf 109G & Fw 190A
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
One known victory, and "unident" AC (n.l) near Sachau on 29 March, 1944. This ac, his only in 7/JG-301, reported to be a B-17 at 1345 hours (Heinrich Breuer). Magnus Report, 7 victories.
135 Krüger, KarlOblt3/KG-40 Fw 200C Werk # 0083 "F8 + ZL" (lost 11/8/41) Bomber Operational Clasp AC reported lost 8 November, 1941, no location, all six crew KIA (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book per H. Breuer).
136 Krüger, WalterOfw4(F)/11Ju 88D-1
Deutsches Kreuz - Gold(7/22/43)

EK 1 & 2
Observer Operational Clasp
DK-G Awards List. KIA Wygonowski Sea (Heinrich Breuer).
137 Laitinen, Ahti Tauno IlmariObltFinland10 LeLv-24, 3/HLeLv-24 (7/44 Lappeenranta, Finland) B-239, Bf 109G-6 "MT-441" (7/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
POW 29 June, 1944 (H. Breuer).
138 Lakio, Vilppu MikaelObltFinland5LeLv-24, HLeLv-24Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Source: Stenman & Keskinen-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories. 150 missions (H. Breuer).
139 Lampi, Heimo OlaviLt2/29/1920Finland142/LeLv-24 (6/41, TiiksjB-239 "BW-354" "White 6" (9/42), F2A Buffalo, Bf 109G-2 & 6 in HLeLv-24
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
When the Continuation War begun, Lampi was young sergeant just graduated from the Air Force Academy. His first aerial battle occurred at the first day of the war, on June 25, 1941. His squadron LeLv 24 was alerted to intercept a bomber squadron approaching city of Heinola. Lampi was one of the first pilots to take off and downed 2 bombers and shared one kill with SSgt.Kinnunen. They were first pilots to score kills with the Brewsters. Lampi served the whole war in the LeLv 24 which became the most successful Finnish Airforce squadron of WWII. Personally he achieved 13.5 aerial victories in 268 sorties (from which 100 in June - September 1944) and reached the rank of 2nd lieutenant. After the war he began to study law and in this career eventually became President of the Eastern Finland’s Court of Appeal. He wrote several books of fiction, and memoirs of the Continuation War in which Lampi gives a vivid picture in the day to day life of FAF fighter pilots during World War 2. He was also the person who started the project to locate and lift the BW-372 from the lake where Lauri Pekuri crash landed it. Heimo Lampi never got to see the last Brewster as he died on June 1, 1998, just couple of months before the aircraft was lifted from the lake. 268 missions; deceased 1 June, 1998 (H. Breuer).
140 Lautamäki, Lauri JohannesOffz CandFinland62/LeLv-26 (2/40)Gladiator II (2/40), Fiat G-50
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Source: Stenman & Keskinen-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5.5 victories. Magnus, 4 victories. 250 missions (H. Breuer).
141 LeGloan, PierreLtVichy - France12G.C.III/6 (6/41)D.520
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIFA 11 September, 1943; Alternate spelling: Gloan (H. Breuer).
142 Lindberg, Kim KonradOblt9/1/1916Stuttgart, Germany5LeLv-24, LeR-3Buffalo, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Source: Stenman & Keskinen-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories. 52 missions (H. Breuer).
143 Lohmann, Friedrich WilhelmOfw3/KG-40Fw 200C-3 Werk # 0080 "KE + IE" (lost 5/25/42)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 25 May, 1942 after takeoff from Vaernes Norway; Lohmann and one other crew killed, four others injured (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, per H. Breuer).
144 Longhini, AntonioLt3/29/1918 Italy, Regia Aeronautica Italiana (41-43) 8152o Gruppo "Caccia", 370a Sq., 21o Gruppo "Caccia Autonomo". 24o Gruppo "Autonomo Cacia Terrestre", 355a Sq., 2a Sq., ANR (43-44) MC.200 & 202, Fiat G.55, Bf 109G-6 It. Medal for Valor in Brz & Sil, It. War Merit Cross
EK 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIFA 16 November, 1944 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Added: Served in Albania, Mediterranean and Southern & Northern Italy. Combat Missions 100+ (Paul Perron, Italy 6/2002).
145 Lörincz, MatyasUffzHungary5101/2 Ftr. Sq. "Puma" (7/44)Bf 109G-6/U2 "W0 + 20" (7/44)
Hungarian Silver Medal of Valor
(No mention of EKs)
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 5 November, 1944 (H. Breuer). Master Corporal at Escadrille 101/2 during the summer of 1944, Lörincz participated on 16 June in the interception of a formation of 659 bombers and 290 escort fighters. This is his first real combat mission. During the fight that follows, he manages to shoot down 3 American aircraft, only 2 of which will be officially credited. The 3 victories are obtained in just 1 minute while Lorincz tries to clear his patrol leader who is attacked by a group of 4 P38. Aiming to shoot down a first American fighter, his second target comes crashing into the third. This third victory will not be credited. On the other hand, he can not prevent the last American fighter from shooting down his leader. This feat earned him an immediate promotion to the rank of Sergeant and the award of the medal of bravery in emergency. He will be killed in action on November 5, 1944 after adding 2 more aircraft to his squad.
146 Lucchini, FrancoHptm12/24/1917Rome (Lazio), Italy, Regia Aeronautica Italiana26Franc 90a, 84a Squadriglia, 4 Stormo (7/43)CR.42, MC.200 "Red 2" (8/41), MC.202 III (MM7720) "Red 1" (9/42 Egypt), MC.202 "Blk 84 - Red 12" (10/42 Libya)
Italian Bronze Silver & Gold Medals for Valor & War Crosses

Deutsches Kreuz - Gold

EK 1 & 2
Wnd Bdge
Fighter Oper. Clasp
KIA 5 July, 1943; sd by B-17 return fire east of Catania Sicily, after downing his 26th victory, a Spitfire escort (H. Breuer). 262 missions.

Courtesy Christian König

147 Lückstädt, HorstHptm4/22/1917Flensburg7/KG-40, Kdr III/KG-40Fw 200C-5 Werk # 0222 "F8 + AR" (lost 11/20/1943)Bomber Operational ClaspMIA 20 November, 1943; was co-pilot on the Condor when it failed to return from a mission west of Cabo Ortegal, NW of Spain. Entire crew of seven MIA. Believed sd by Flt Sgt Javorski of RAF No. 307 Sq.. Pilot this date was Oblt Bernhard Kunisch. Source: B.Bines & Fw 200 Losses, 1988 book, H. Breuer. Alternate spelling: Luckstedt (H. Breuer).
148 Lüdecke, FriedrichLt10/6/19206JG-26, 6/JG-5 (1/43)Bf 109F-4 Werk # 9698 "Yellow 14 + -" (lost 1/25/43)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
POW 25 January, 1943; shot down at Bojarskaja Russia (source: SIG Norway). Another source suggests the date of 21 January, 1943. Alternate spelling: Lüddecke. Released from Russian captivity on 25 May, 1949 (Source: Heinrich Breuer). Deceased 16 December, 2002. Bowers/Lednicer, 6 victories.
149 Lumme, AulisObltFinland174/LeLv-24 (Immola 8/41, RB-239 (8/41), B-239 "BW-370" "Black 4" (10/42), F2A Buffalo, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
287 missions (H. Breuer)
150 Lutzka, RichardUffz59/JG-5 (8/44 S.U.)Bf 109G, Fw 190A
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
His first known victory, a Soviet P-40 on 17 August, 1944. Magnus; victory count of 5 is approximate. Bowers/Lednicer List, 5 victories. The JG-5 Chronik, 5+ victories (Heinrich Breuer).
151 Luukkanen, Eino AnteroMaj6/4/1909Jaakkima, Karelia, Finland56 3/LeLv-24 (Vartsila Finland 12/39), LeLv-30, Kdr LeLv-34(Utti 3/43), Kdr HLeLv-34(6/44) Fokker D.XXI "FR-104" (12/39), Bf 109G-2 Wk# 14718 "MT-201" "Wh 1"(6/43), Bf 109G-6(4/44), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 411902 "MT 417" (6/44 Immola), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 165267 "MT-461" "White 0" (8/44 Suomenlahti, Finland)
Mannerheim Cross

Deutsches Kreuz - Gold

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
One known victory, a Soviet La 5 of 4 GIAP at Lavansaari on 21 May, 1943. Source:Stenman & Keskinen-Osprey. Deceased 10 April, 1964 (H. Breuer)
(Added by Pietrzak Youngs)
Winter War
On 30 November 1939, the Winter War started against the Soviet Union. The next day Luukkanen scored his first victory, a SB-2 bomber. On 18 December Luukkanen's Fokker was damaged by friendly fire; and he was forced to land on a rough field, damaging his plane.

On Christmas Eve he shared credit with another pilot for shooting down an R-5 over Summa. Also that day, the 3rd flight was ordered to Värtsilä to provide air cover. During the six weeks at Värtsilä Luukkanen shot down one SB-2 on the 6 January 1940, his last victory in the Winter War. On 4 March, Luukkanen led his flight in a ground strafing attack against Red Army columns on the ice of the Gulf of Finland. The attack was a success, and such ground attacks against enemy columns were the main activity for Squadron 24 up to the end of the war on 13 March 1940.

After the Winter War, Luukkanen had the task of ferrying the newly arrived Brewster 239 fighters from Trollhättan, Sweden to Finland. Squadron 24 was re-equipped with this fighter, and training started immediately.

Continuation War
The air war started again on 25 June 1941. Luukkanen saw combat again on 8 July. Four BWs under Luukkanen's command had taken off from Rantasalmi and were at 1500 meters over Parikkala when they attacked six I-153s flying at low altitude over the front line. They claimed a total of five victories, but Luukkanen could only confirm one. During 1941 Luukkanen scored five and a half victories and during 1942 claimed nine more. On 11 January 1942, Luukkanen was promoted to the rank of major and posted as the commanding officer of Reconnaissance Squadron 30, flying a mix of Fokker D.XXIs and captured I-153s. The task of the unit was to monitor enemy shipping movements in the eastern Gulf of Finland and the enemy aircraft on the islands of Seiskari and Lavansaari.

On 27 March 1943 Luukkanen was posted as the commander of the recently created Fighter Squadron 34 and equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 fighters. By the end of the war, he had logged 441 missions. Luukkanen scored his last victory on 5 August 1944 as he and his wingman each shot down a Yak-9. Altogether Major Luukkanen's unit claimed 345 victories from 29 March 1943 to 4 September 1944 against 30 Messerschmitts lost, 18 of which were in combat. Twelve Finnish pilots were killed, and one taken prisoner of war. (Source: Wikipedia)

152 Magnaghi, CarloUffzItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana1176a, 98a, 310a, 1a ANR (5/44)CR.42, MC.200, MC.205V (5/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Alternate spelling: Manghnaghi (H. Breuer)
153 Magnusson, Gustaf ErikMajFinland6Kdr LeLv-24 (1/40 Joutseno, 7/41 Vesivehmaa, Finland), LeR-3Fokker D.XXI "FR-99" "Black 1" (1/40), Brewster B-239 "BW-380" (7/41), F2A Buffalo
Mannerheim Cross

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
168 missions; deceased 27 December, 1993 (H. Breuer). Neulen and Stenman & Keskinen-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5.5 victories. Magnus, 1.5 victories.
(Added by Pietrzak Youngs)
Gustaf Erik Magnusson (8 December 1902 Ylitornio – 27 December 1993 Helsinki) was a Finnish major general and Mannerheim Cross Knight. He was the commander of the No. 24 Squadron and Flying Regiment 3 during World War II. He also flew 158 sorties as a fighter pilot and shot down 5 1/2 enemy aircraft. Admitted to course number 6 on 1 December 1923. After completing the course, he was assigned to Naval Flight Squadron 30 on 30 September 1925. Magnusson was promoted to lieutenant on 14 May 1927. Magnusson served in several military assignments in the 1930s, including the Air Force Headquarters. He was promoted to the rank of captain on 30 November 1932. Between 1936 and 1937, Magnusson was twice ordered to the Netherlands, where he tested aircraft that had been offered to the Finnish Air Force and evaluated their air combat qualifications and flight characteristics. In 1938, Magnusson spent three months in Germany and learned German fighter tactics.

Magnusson was appointed squadron commander for No. 24 Squadron on 21 November 1938. During the Winter War, Magnusson, newly promoted to the rank of major, flew several combat flights with the squadron, achieving four victories. In the beginning of the Continuation War, on 10 November 1941, Magnusson was promoted to colonel, and at the same time he was barred from flying combat missions. He worked as the commander of No. 24 Squadron until May 1943, when he was appointed command of Flight Regiment 3, a position he held until the end of the Continuation War. Magnusson was proposed the Mannerheim Cross for the first time in August 1941, but the proposal did not go through. By recommendation of the Air Force Commander, JF Lundqvist, he was given the Mannerheim Cross on 23 June 1944 (Number 129). Magnusson resigned from the Air Force on 17 March 1946. After his military career, he served as the director of a bank in Helsinki. He was promoted to the rank of major-general on 4 June 1993. Gustaf Magnusson died on 27 December 1993. He is buried at the Hietaniemi Cemetery in Helsinki. (Source: Wikipedia)
154 Malik, Joszef JoszikaObltBudapest, Hungary11101/3 Ftr. Sq. (6/44), Stfkpt 101/2 Ftr. Sq. "Puma" (3/45), Kdr 101/1 FS (1/45), JG-101(3/45 Italy)Heja II, Bf 109G-6/U2 "W1 + 71" (lost 3/45)Hungarian Order of Officers Cross w/Swords

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 16 April, 1945 (H. Breuer)
155 Mariotti, LuigiMajItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana5363a, 91a, Kdr 9o GruppoMC.200, MC.205V, Fiat G.55, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 27 December, 1944 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories.
156 Marre, GerhardOgefr8IV/JG-51Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Wound Badge
Fighter Operational Clasp
WIA 16 June, 1944 (JG-51 Chronik per H. Breuer). Magnus Report.
157 Marschall, FritzLtIII/KG-40Fw 200C-4 Werk # 0168 "CH + CI" (dam 3/27/43)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported hit by friendly fire at Royan France, no further detail (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, H. Breuer). This may be the Fritz Marschall in NAGr later in the year.
158 Martin, Kurt Werner (aka Curt Werner M.)Lt8/13/1921Naumburg53/JG-51 (5/43 S.U.)Bf 109G-6 Werk # Unk "Brown 15"
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 7 July, 1944, takeoff accident at Pruzana (Magnus & Chronik JG-51 per H. Breuer). Added: The VDK shows the crash location as Miedzyrzec,an airfield in Poland (aka Miedzyrzec Podlaski). His remains have not been transferred to a military cemetery, but a grave is believed to exist in Miedzyrzec Podlaski. He is commemorated in the German War Cemetery at Pulawy, Poland (D.Drury). His first known victory, a Soviet Il-2 on 6 May, 1943. A 2nd, a Yak-9 on 15 December, 1943. A 3rd, a LaGG-5 on 8 January, 1944. A 4th, an Il-2 on 14 January, 1944. A 5th, a Yak-7 on 5 April, 1944. Added: During his takeoff, he was caught in the slipstream of another ac, causing him to crash. He served often as wingman for JG-51 Kdr (Dr) Heinz Lange.
159 Martin, PaulUffz57/JG-27Bf 109F & G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
One known victory, his 1st, a P-38 southeast of Tanagra Greece, 22 October, 1943. His 2nd, a Beaufighter southeast of Tripidos Greece, 6 November, 1943. His 3rd, a B-26 SW of Antikythera Greece on 6 March, 1944. Magnus Report, 5 victories. Three of his victories were in another unknown unit as only two victories were scored while in JG-27, per the JG-27 Chronik/H.Breuer.
160 Martinasevic, StjepanStabsFw12/14/1913Brod, Croatia11JFS-4 (7/41), 10 or 11 Sq./Kroat 4th Ftr Grp (Mariupol 12/41), 15(Kroat)/JG-52, Fl.U.G-1 (2/43)Bf 109E in 4 Grp, Bf 109G-2 "Black 7", "Black 9" & "Black 11", Bf 109G-6
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 23 December, 1943 (H. Breuer).
161 Martinko, EduardFw9/2/1917Karlovac, Czech.13JG-104 (3/43), 15(Kroat)/JG-52 (joins 10/43 @ Nikolayev S.U.), 1/JGr-Kro (7/44)Bf 109E, Bf 109G-2 & G-4, Bf 109G-6 Werk # 19680 "Red 9" (11/43)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Deceased in 1970 (H. Breuer)
162 Martinoli, Teresio VittorioSgt Maj (Offz Cand)3/26/1917 Novara, Italy, Regia Aeronautica Italiana 22366a, 151o Gruppo, 53o Stormo; 384a, 157o Gruppo; 78a; 84a; 73a, 9o Gruppo, 4o Stormo (Gela 7/42)CR.42, MC.200, MC.202 III (MM7764) "Red 4" (7/42), MC.205V, P-39 (lost 8/25/44)
Italian Silver & Gold Medals for Military Valor

Deutsches Kreuz - Gold

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 25 August, 1944 (H. Breuer) Added: KIFA crashing into the Mediterranean Sea during a familiarization flight in the P-39 Aircobra (M.deWolf).
163 Marx, HansUffz8III/JG-51Bf 109
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
His 8 victories were scored in a different unit per JG-51 Chronik (H. Breuer). Magnus Report.
164 Mastrogostino, AngeloItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana1154a GruppoBf 109 ?Fighter Operational ClaspBowers/Lednicer Fighter Pilot Ace List. Alternate spelling: Mastroagostino (H. Breuer)
165 Matyas, JanosOgefrHungary55/2 Ftr. Sq. (8/43), 101/3 Ftr. Sq. (6/44)Bf 109F-4/B, Bf 109G-6Hungarian Bronze Medal for Merit w/Swords
EK 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 16 April, 1945 (H. Breuer)
166 Maurer, SergioHptmItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana6Kdr 98aMC.200, MC.205V, Fiat G.55, Bf 109
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 6 May, 1943 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories.
167 Maximciuc, Leonidas IvanovichOberstJan. 1926Romania52Various Fighter UnitsBf 109F & G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
This pilot "unknown" to numerous researchers. Im not sure where I found this data early in my research! H. Breuer points out "an Oberst at age 19!?".
168 Meissner,OgefrKG-40 most likelyFw 200C-3/U1 Werk # unk "DE + OG" (lost 6/15/41)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 15 June, 1941, crashed at Navio Spain, no further detail (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, per H. Breuer).
169 Melis, MarioObltItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana5352a, 85aMC.200, MC.205V, Fiat G.55, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 12 May, 1943 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey
170 Metsola, Kai Kalevi Johannes?ObltFinland121/LeLv-24 (Nurmoila 10/41), 1/HLeLv-24 (4/44 SuulajB-239 "BW-390" "Whito 0" (10/41), F2A Buffalo, Bf 109G2 & 6 (44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
296 missions (H. Breuer)
171 Metzmann, OfwIII/KG-40Fw 200C-3/U2 Werk # 0059 "DE + ON" (lost 12/11/43)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost in a crash on 1 December, 1943 near Limoges, all 8 crew killed (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, H. Breuer).
172 Meyer, ErichOfw53/JG-301 (joins Autumn '44) Fw 190A-9/R-11 Werk # 202361 (lost 11/26/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 26 November, 1944; sd near Pohle. Magnus & H. Breuer. Added: Buried Wunstorf Cem., Field IXr, Row 3, Gr 3 (C.König).
173 Michna, Gyorgy MiluLt1921-12-19Hungary6101/1 Ftr. Sq. "Puma" (2/45)Bf 109G-6/U2 "W1 + 44" (2/45)Hungarian Silver Medal for Merit w/Swords

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Victories may be as high as 36; 500 missions (H. Breuer) György Michna (19/12/1921 – 25/08/2012), WWII Hungarian Ace with 6 victories.
174 Minguzzi, VittorioMajItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana5359a, Kdr Squadriglia/22 Gruppo C.T. (Stalino Russia, 1941)MC.200, MC.205V, Fiat G.55, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Neulen & Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories. Victories may be as high as 26 (H. Breuer).
175 Miotto, ElioLtItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana591aFiat G.55, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 12 May, 1943 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories.
176 Mischkot, BrunoLt1/26/1920Austria7 3/JG-54 (5/44 S.U.), EJG-2, JG-2, III/JG-26 (joined 8/44), Stffüh 8/JG-26 (11/44), JG-3 (11/30/44) Fw 190A-8 EP


EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
MIA (presumed KIA) April 1945, exact date unknown. Collided with Uffz Hans Joachim Zutz, date unknown, in cloud cover at Kirchhellen airfield. He landed safely, however Zutz was killed in the crash. 60 missions (H. Breuer). His first known victory, a Soviet Il-2 on 2 April, 1944. A 2nd Soviet, an La-5 on 26 May, 1944. Thought to have served also in EJG-2 and JG-7. Magnus, victory count may be 17.
177 Molnar, LaszloObltHungary231/1 Ftr. Sq. (8/42), 5/2 Ftr. Sq. (8/43), 101/3 Ftr Sq. (Ung.Jg.St.) "Puma" (5/44 Szolnok Hungary)R.2000 Heja II, Bf 109G-6 "V3 + 84" (8/43), Bf 109G-6 "Blk 66" (2/44), Bf 109G-6 "V.848" (7/44)Hungarian Knights Cross w/Swords(2/44)
EK 1(1/44) & 2(8/43)
Wound Badge (9/2/42)
Ftr.Oper.Clasp
KIA 7 August, 1944 (H. Breuer). Added: He was attacked by a P-51 of 31FG, piloted by a 2/Lt Richards (also KIA). He was reported to have bailed out, and was allegedly shot in his chute by a P-51. He crashed in a forest at Farkas, W of Kald, Hungary, where he was found five days later (C.König).


Courtesy Christian König


Courtesy Christian König

178 Montagnani, GianfrancoLtItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana5352a, 359aMC.200, MC.205V
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 7 September, 1942 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey
179 Morato, Joaquin GarciaCol.5/4/1904Spain4015(Span)/JG-27 (9/41 S.U.)He-51, Fiat CR-32
Spanish Cross

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
The most successful Spanish pilot. Neulen. Reported killed in an acrobatic crash, 4 April, 1939 in his CR-32, R. Toliver. All victories in Spanish Civil War (H. Breuer)
180 Mucenica, IonOfwRomania2449th Romanian Jager StaffelIAR 80, IAR 81, Bf 109E, Bf 109G
Deutsches Kreuz - Gold

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Survived the war. Neulen. Alternate spelling: Mucenuca (H. Breuer).
181 Müller, ErnstOblt1/KG-40Fw 200C Werk # 0053 "F8 + GL" (lost 4/18/41)Bomber Operational ClaspAC lost 18 April, 1941 west of Ireland, no further detail (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book per H. Breuer). Additional: Believed sd at sea off Schull, Calf Island, County Cork, by return fire from HMS Verity during an attack on Convoy HG58. The entire crew were rescued from the sea and interned, most likely at Camp Curragh, Ireland. Remaining crew: Reg.Rat. Walter Habich, Fw Karl Macht, Fw Georg Sigl, Gefr Wilhelm Salbenblatt and Ogefr Alfred Jackal (D.Drury).
182 Müllers, FranzOblt3/KG-40Fw 200C-3/U2 Werk # 0055 "F8 + HK" (lost 12/12/41)Bomber Operational ClaspAC reported lost 12 December, 1941 at Cognac, 5 crew KIA (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, per H. Breuer)., crashed at Navio Spain, no further detail (Fw 200 Losses, 1988 Book, per H. Breuer).
183 Myllymäki, Urho Paavo JohannesHptmFinland5LeLv-28, LeSK, T0LLv-35, LeLv-24B-239, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA ?. Source: Stenman & Keskinen-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories. Magnus, 4 victories. 420 missions; deceased 1 January, 1970 (H. Breuer).
184 Nanasi, Kalman LaszloLt1920Hungary9Ung.Jg.St. 101/3 "Puma" (7/44), 101/5 Ftr. Sq. 'Puma' (1/45) Heja II, Bf 109G-6/U2 "W0 + 49" (7/44), Bf 109G-6 Werk # V.853 (dam 8/7/44), Bf 109G-6/U2 "W1 + 54" (1/45), Bf 109G-10/U4(2/45)
Hungarian Silver Medal for Merit w/Crown

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 4 April, 1945 (H. Breuer). Nanasi is a Second Lieutenant at Escadrille 101/3 in Veszprem in the summer of 1944 and participates in the defense of Hungarian territory against American attacks. Added: He was reported uninjured in his V.563 on 7 August, 1944, when he developed a problem with his ex tra fuel tank, and belly landed W of Zalaszentgrot (C.König). At the beginning of 1945, he was transferred to Squadron 101/5. He was killed by the Russian DCA on 4 April 1945 during a ground attack. His plane damaged by the DCA, he touches an obstacle and explodes.
185 Niclot, Furio Doglio Maj4/24/1908 Cagliari, Italy, Regia Aeronautica Italiana 7353a, 20o Gruppo, 51o Stormo; Kdr 151a, 20o Gruppo, 51o Stormo (11/41, Gela 7/42)Fiat G.50, MC.202 VII (MM9042) "< Red 1" (7/42)
Italian Gold Medal for Military Valor
Italian Bronze & Silver Medals for Military Valor

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Oper. Clasp
KIA 27 July, 1942 (H. Breuer & Italian Losses Over Malta)
186 Nieminen, Urho AbrahamHptmFinland11Kdr 3/LeLv-26 (6/41 Joroinen), KoeLFiat G.50 "FA-11" (6/41), B-239, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
112 missions (H. Breuer)
187 Nikolai, TheodoreSgtRomaniaObserver unitJu 88D-1 Werk # 430650 "D5 + EV" (interned in Cyprus)Observer Operational ClaspSource: Klassiker der Luftfahrt 3/13 per Heinrich Breuer. See Teodoru, N. (Name confusion)
188 Nissinen, Lauri VilhelmOblt7/31/1918Joensuu, Finland342/LeLv-24 (TiiksjB-239 "BW-384" "Orange 3" (5/42), Bf 109G-2 Wk# 13577 "MT-225" "Yellow 5" (5/44)
Mannerheim Cross

Deutsches Kreuz - Gold

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 17 June, 1944 in an ac with Sarjamo, Urho (H. Breuer)
(Added by Pietrzak Youngs)
Lauri Vilhelm Nissinen was born in Joensuu on 31 July 1918 and for his compulsory military service joined the Air Force, during which time he decided on flying as a career, applying for NCO pilot training in 1938. Due to his performance during training he joined HLeLv 24, flying the Fokker D.XXI in May 1939. In summer 1939 he was promoted to Sergeant. As the Winter War broke out, Sgt. Nissinen first claimed an air victory on 1 December 1939, claiming a SB-2 shot down and damaging two others over Viipuri. By the end of the Winter War he had claimed four victories in total and was a Sergeant Major.

HLeLv 24 then equipped with the US- built Brewster Buffalo. As hostilities broke out again on 25 June 1941 Nissinen again flew operationally. On 7 July 1941 over Käkisalmi two enemy fighters attacked head-on, Nissinen shooting down both. On 21 July 1941 he again shot down a I-153 in a head-on battle, although his aircraft was damaged and he returned to base. His ground crew found four hits in the engine, one in the prop and several more in the wings. On 1 August 1941 at Rautjärvi six Buffalos engaged eight Soviet I-16 fighters, Nissinen's target exploding and its debris damaged Nissinen's right wing. Three I-16s attacked from behind and his fighter took several hits, shattering the windscreen. At the end of 1941 Nissinen was the second highest scoring FAF ace with 15.5 kills. Early in 1942 Nissinen attended Officer Cadet School, from where he then graduated in June 1943 as a Lieutenant.

Nissinen was awarded the Mannerheim Cross on 5 July 1942, his number being 69. He held the rank of vänrikki at the time. Returning to HLeLv 24 Nissinen was made a flight commander and resumed flying missions. His score increased to 26 by the end of 1943. The squadron gradually re-equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters in spring 1944. In May 1944 HLeLv 32, flying the Curtiss P-36, was temporarily strengthened with a Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 flight commanded by Lt. Nissinen. On 16 May Nissinen scrambled against a single Lavochkin La-5 approaching Nurmoila. The La-5 circled at 1500 m and allowed Nissinen climb to the same altitude before turning to attack from above, shooting down the La-5 after a series of exhausting attacks. With the renewed Soviet offensive on 9 June 1944 Lt. Nissinen scored two more victories on 17 June 1944 as two flights intercepted Soviet Il-2 ground attack aircraft attacking Finnish positions at Kaukjärvi. Nissinen's wingman, Sgt. Heimo Lampi saw the crippled Messerschmitt of Lt. Sarjamo dive through the cloud and collide with Nissinen's plane. Both planes exploded on impact and the pilots were killed.

Nissinen flew some 300 missions and scored 32 victories in total. His grave is in Valkeala.( Source: Wikipedia)_
189 Nourala, Aaro EerikkiFwFinland15LeLv-30, LeLv-10, 1/LeLv-14 (3/43 TiiksjFiat G.50, MS.406"MS-611" Wh 11"(3/43), Bf 109G-2(4/43), Bf 109G-6"MT-416" "Yellow 6"(6/44)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
Alternate spelling: Nuoralo (H. Breuer)
190 Nurminen, Pentti EmilHptmFinland6LeLv-10, LeLv-30, Kdr 1/LeLv-32 (4/42 SuulajCurtis Hawk-75 (4/42), Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
200 missions, deceased 5 March, 1948 (H. Breuer)
191 Oblach, GiuseppeObltItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana773aCR.42, MC.200
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 1 December, 1942 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 7 victories.
192 Ocarso, DanteHptmItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana5Kdr 88a, 6o Gruppo, 1o Stormo (Decimomannu 11/42)CR.42, MC.202 X (MM9570) "Red 1" (11/42)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 28 November, 1942 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories.
193 Omiccioli, EnzoOffz CandFano, Italy, Regia Aeronautica Italiana5412a Squadriglia, 29o Gruppo (Somalia 1/41), 410aCR.42
Italian Gold Medal for Military Valor (Post.)

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 3 February, 1941 (H. Breuer)


Courtesy Christian König

194 Pallasvuo, Yrjio Armas KraiviLtFinland14LeLv-32 (7/42), LeLv-34, LeLv-30Curtis Hawk-75A (7/42), Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 3 July, 1944; 250 missions, (H. Breuer)
195 Panczel, ImreLtHungary71/1 Ftr. Sq. "Dongo" (Wasp) (10/42), 1st Hung. Jabo Sq./JG-52 (12/42 Rossosh S.U.),Re.2000 Heja, Bf 109F-4/B "VO + O4" (lost 1/43)Knights Cross of the Hungarian Order w/Swords

EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
MIA 11 January, 1943 (H. Breuer)
196 Pecchiari, FranziscoUffzItaly, Regia Aeronautica Italiana5352aCR.42, MC.200
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 6 July, 1942 (H. Breuer). Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 5 victories.
197 Pekuri, Lauri Olavi "Lasse"Hptm11/6/1916Helsinki, Finland19 Deputy Ldr 2/LeLv-24 (3/42 Tiksha), 1/LeLv-34 (2/43, 6/43 Utti), Kdr 1/LeLv-34 (6/44) F2A Buffalo (Brewster) B-239, F2A "BW-372" "White 5" (lost 6/25/42 Suulajarvi), Bf 109G-6 "MT-420" (lost 6/44) EK 1 & 2 Fighter Operational Clasp POW 16 June, 1944 (H. Breuer). Added: He was not injured on 25 June, 1942 when he was attacked by Russian Hurricanes and MiGs and forced to ditch his burning Brewster into lake Segozero, Karelia Russia. He swam ashore and walked 20km back to his unit (Flyvrak Norway).
(Added by Pietrzak Youngs)
Lauri (Lasse) Pekuri was born on 6 Nov 1916 in Helsinki. Lt. Pekuri, with 160 hours of flying experience, was posted in Fighter Squadron 24 in August 1941 together with his friend Hans Wind. Both men were thrilled for getting a chance to serve in the best squadron of the FAF. Type training for the Brewster comprised four takeoffs and landings, then the newcomers were considered prepared for real missions.
198 Peltola, Eino IisakkiFw1920Finland112/LeLv-24 (3/42), 1/LeLv-34 (Utti 6/43)B-239 "BW-379" in LeLv-24, Bf 109G-2 "MT-215" (5/43)
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
KIA 2 April, 1944; 200 missions (H. Breuer)
199 Polizu-Micsumesti, NicolaeRomania107 VanBf 109Fighter Operational ClaspKIA 5 May, 1943 (H. Breuer). Bowers/Lednicer Fighter Pilot Ace List.
200 Popescu-Ciocanel, GheorgeHptmRomania1449th Romanian Jager Staffel, Kdr 9 VanIAR 80, IAR 81, Bf 109E, Bf 109G
EK 1 & 2
Fighter Operational Clasp
WIA 26 July, 1944; DOW 12 August, 1944 (H. Breuer). Bowers/Lednicer, 12 victories.


Courtesy Christian König

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