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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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RAF Crest
17/18.02.1941 No. 419 (SD) Flight Whitley V T4264 F/O. Baker

Operation: Special Duties

Date: 17/18th February 1941 (Monday/Tuesday)

Unit: No. 419 Flight (1)

Type: Whitley V

Serial: T4264

Code: 'A' - Full Squadron code not displayed

Base: RAF Stradishall, Suffolk

Location: Cognolée, Belgium

Pilot - but flying as an air gunner: F/O. Eric Neil Baker 41651 RAF PoW No: 463 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan (2)

Pilot: Sq/Ldr. Francis John Baptist Keast DFC. 28090 RAF PoW No: 468 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan (3)

Pilot: F/O. Kenneth Stanley McMurdie 43832 RAF PoW No: 474 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan (4)

Obs: Sgt. A.J. Cameron 517909 RAFVR PoW No: 488 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan

Air/Bmr: Sgt. David Harold Bernard 966856 RAFVR PoW No: 481 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan (5)

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. D.W. Davies 904254 RAFVR PoW No: 493 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan (6)


Taking off at 01:15 hrs, alone on a special duties flight to Namur. Once over the target area in the specially adapted Whitley (an inward opening door to enable paratroopers to exit) they dropped their cargo, a special agent by the name of Gaston Poplimon and proceeded on their return trip.

Very quickly after the drop they were hit by anti-aircraft fire which took out one of the engines. Losing height rapidly the pilot decided the only option was to try and make a forced landing. This they did, close to the village of Cognolée.

The crew all survived unhurt and attempted to destroy the aircraft - which they partially did succeed in. However, the complete crew were shortly captured and taken PoW - remaining in captivity for the rest of the war. All members of various committees to enable others to escape.

Although the Germans were not able to re-use the aircraft - they decanted the remaining fuel as shown below.

(1) When formed in 1940, 419 (SD) Flight consisted of 2 Lysanders and 1 Specially modified Whitley V fitted with long-range fuel tanks and modified for dropping supplies. In February 1941 they added a further 2 Whitleys and the flight was renamed 1419 (SD) Flight. Eventually, in August 1941 they were given Squadron status and renumbered 138 Squadron and in March 1942 moved to their permanent base at RAF Tempsford.

(2) Born on the 07July 1916, F/O. Eric Neil Baker had a brother, F/O. Ronald Baker who was sadly killed on the 20th October 1943 whilst serving with 485 Squadron, flying Spitfire EN559. Also over Belgium less than 100 km by air away. He flew on this operation to learn pinpoints and routes for his future special duty operations. Sadly Eric passed away on the 05th May 2008 at Whakatane, New Zealand, age 91 leaving 4 children, Sally, Judy, Neil and Colin. Married to Gwendolyn Margaret Baker (née Hughes) who served as a WREN during the war years in England. During his PoW period he shared his room with F/O. Vivian Kelly 77532 RAF PoW No: 113. (no details found) and P/O. David Ernest Thomas Osment 40742 RAF PoW No: 506.Further details here.

(3) Sq/Ldr. Francis John Baptist Keast DFC also awarded the Coross of Valour by Poland in 1946.

Right: RAF Stradishall 1945

(4) F/O. Kenneth Stanley McMurdie was a member of the clothing department team during his term in Stalag luft 3.

(5) Sgt David Harold Bernard Retired as a W/Cdr on the 23rd May 1975. Awarded the MBE in 1966. An active member in the Stalag luft 3 on the tunnel construction team (Great Escape fame).

(6) Sgt D.W. Davies was a member of the propaganda team during his term in Stalag luft 3.

Burial details:

None - all the crew survived as PoW.

Please note: Further information may be forthcoming from the family of Fl/Lt. Baker who we are in contact with. For further details our thanks to the sources as shown below.

KTY 17.08.2018

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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