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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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238 Squadron Crest
11.08.1940 No. 238 Squadron Hurricane I P3222 P/O. Frederick N. Cawse

Operation: Scramble

Date: 11th August 1940 (Sunday)

Unit: No. 238 Squadron

Type: Hawker Hurricane MkI

Serial: P3222

Code: FM-

Base: RAF Middle Wallop

Location: English Channel off Weymouth

Pilot: P/O. Frederick Norman Cawse 80543 RAFVR Age 25. Killed


12 Hurricanes from the Squadron took of at 10:14 hrs to intercept Luftwaffe bombers with fighter escort.

Shot down by a Me109 in a combat off Weymouth at around 10:50 hrs. His Hurricane, P3222, crashed into the sea. Cawse's body was later washed up on the French coast.

A bad day for 238 Squadron with 2 Hurricanes returning to base with various degrees of damage. 4 pilots lost, the others:
Hurricane I P3819 Flown by 31 year old, F/O Jan Michał Stęborowski 76794 PAF from Regnów, Poland.
Hurricane I R4097 Flown by 23 year old, Fl/Lt. Stuart Crosby Walch 40063 RAF from Tasmania, Australia.
Hurricane I P2978 Flown by Sgt. Geoffrey Gledhill 742857 RAFVR.

Burial details:

P/O. Frederick Norman Cawse. Cayeux-Sur-Mer Communal Cemetery, France. Plot 1. Grave 8. Son of Ernest Frederick and Emma Mary Cawse, of Bridgwater, Somerset. Further information: Joined the RAFVR about March 1938 as an Airman Pilot U/T. Called up on 1st September 1939 he completed his training at 11 FTS, was commissioned on 8th June 1940 and then went to 6 OTU for conversion to Hurricanes. He joined 238 Squadron at RAF Middle Wallop on 7th July 1940. Grave inscription reads: “Norman. Killed in Battle Of Britain. One Of The Few.”

Researcher Michel Beckers for Aircrew Remembered - September 2016. With thanks to the Battle Of Britain Monument for portrait photo and Dominique for photograph of grave.

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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