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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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101 Squadron Crest
01/02.02.1945 101 Squadron Lancaster III PB256 SR-P Fg.Off. Robert J. Clark

Operation: Ludwigshafen

Date: 01/02nd February 1945 (Thursday/Friday)

Unit: 101 Squadron

Type: Lancaster III

Serial: PB256

Code: SR-P

Base: RAF Ludford Magna

Location: Maudach 2 miles west of Ludwigshafen

Pilot: Fg.Off. Robert John Clark 4210919 RNZAF Age 27. Killed

Flt.Eng: Sgt. George Wilfred Higginson 1897585 RAFVR Age? Killed

Nav: Flt.Sgt. Keith Robert Hendren 434787 RAAF Age 20. Killed

Air/Bmr: Flt.Sgt. James Martin Manning McGinn 425582 RNZAF Age 24. Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Flt.Sgt. Leonard Richard Ironmonger 2202044 RAFVR Age 20. Killed

Special Duties: Plt.Off. Jack Kenny J/47772 RCAF Age 22. Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Norman Charles Gordon 2235366 RAFVR Age 23. Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Randall Roy Etherton 2227596 RAFVR Age 20. Killed


Taking off at 15:50 hrs to attack the town of Ludwigshafen. 382 Lancasters and 14 Mosquitoes took part from which 6 Lancasters were lost (3 from 101 Squadron alone) with 56 crew members killed, 3 more being made PoW.

The raid destroyed or damaged 900 homes but also the railway yards were seriously damaged and one of the Rhine bridges was hit by 2 bombs and was temporary closed. 25 people were killed on the ground and a further 6 injured. The lack of casualties on the ground suggest that the town had been evacuated or were well protected with shelters.

Perhaps you may recognise some of them? Sadly not able to enlarge it any further.

The other two from the Squadron collided in the air over occupied France - US troops from the 7th Army handled the burials at Epinal before being moved after the end of the war to Choloy War Cemetery.

Lancaster I ME863 SR-K Flown by 24 year old, Flt.Lt. Robert Douglas Boyd AUS/419026 RAAF from Finley, New South Wales, Australia - killed with all the 7 crew members.
Lancaster III JA715 SR-C Flown by Flt.Lt. R.A.W. Harrison RAFVR who survived along with another crew member, the remaining 6 were killed.

Strange that this crew had been made up from members from Canada, Australia, New Zealand, England and the USA.

It is recorded that this Lancaster, PB256 was shot down by either Hptm. Gerhard Friedrich (1) of Stab I./NJG5 or Oblt. Johannes Engels (2) of 4./NJG6 at 19:20 hrs. Fl/Lt. P. Adams of the No. 2 Missing Research and Enquiry Unit RAF state though that witnesses from the village informed them that they thought the time of the crash was 20:30 hrs (This report was dated 28th March 1947). (Our Luftwaffe Victories by Pilot Name database records Gerhard Friedrich claiming a Lancaster 1945-02-1 at 19.20 hours)

(1) This was Hptm. Gerhard Friedrich’s 19 confirmed claim of the war. He went on to claim a total of 30 kills before he was himself killed on the 16/17th March 1945 near Stuttgart after a collision with a 576 Squadron Lancaster PB785 UL-L2. The pilot of that aircraft Flt.Lt. Frank Dotten J/12642 RCAF and all 7 crew were also killed. (6 Canadians and 1 British)

(2) Oblt. Johannes Engels survived the war with a total of 6 claims (see Kracker Archive on this site)

Burial details:

Buried initially at the cemetery in the target area of Ludwigshafen - moved to Durnbach it is believed either late 1947 or early 1948.

(Left) Fg.Off. Robert John Clark. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 2. C. 9-12. Son of Robert and Annie Clark, husband of Lilian R. Clark, of Auckland City, New Zealand.

(Right) Sgt. George Wilfred Higginson. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave 2.C.7. Husband to Kathleen Ivy Higginson of Teddington, Middlesex, England.

(Left) Flt.Sgt. Keith Robert Hendren. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 2. C. 9-12. Son of George Robert and Eunice Augusta Hendren, of 41 Ascog Terrace, Toowong, Queensland, Australia

Flt.Sgt. James Martin Manning McGinn. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 2. C. 9-12. Son of James Henry McGinn and of Violet May McGinn (née Manning), of London, England, stepson of William George Longney, of Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand.

(left: Courtesy John Goodale) Flt.Sgt. Leonard Richard Ironmonger. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 2. C. 9-12. Son of Frank E. Ironmonger and Margery Ironmonger, of Lincoln, England.

Plt.Off. Jack Kenny. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 2. C. 9-12. Son of Joseph Leo and Francis Roy, of New York City, USA.

Sgt. Norman Charles Gordon. Durnbach War Cemetery. Collective grave 2. C. 9-12. Son of James Henry and Ethel Mary Gordon, of Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England.

(Right) Sgt. Randall Roy Etherton. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave 2.C.8. Son of Benjamin Edmund and Mary Etherton, of West Kirby, Cheshire, England.

Researched for Susan Higginson, daughter of the flight engineer. With thanks also to Michelle Brown for photo of Sgt. Randall Etherton - May 2016. Further sources as quoted below. Thanks to Kevin Lynott for lead to Sgt. Higginson's NoK details. Thanks to John Goodale for the photograph of Flt.Sgt. Ironmonger.

RS 04.02.2020 - Addition of photograph for Flt.Sgt. Ironmonger

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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