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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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601 Squadron Crest
06.09.1940 No. 601 Squadron Hurricane I P3363 UF-W Fl/Lt. Carl R. Davis DFC

Operation: Patrol

Date: 6th September 1940 (Friday)

Unit: No. 601 Squadron

Type: Hurricane I

Serial: P3363

Code: UF-W

Base: RAF Tangemere

Location: Matfield, Brenchley, Kent

Pilot: Fl/Lt. Carl Raymond Davis DFC 90131 RAF (A) Age 29. Killed


A Battle of Britain pilot who had been credited with 9 aircraft destroyed, 1 shared, a further 4 probably destroyed, 1 shared, 4 others damaged. Giving him the ace status.

Above - area of crash with insert of pilot Fl/Lt. Davis. Below: Hurricane of 601 Squadron.

Intelligence Report states:

Combat took place over Redhill, Gatwick at 09.30 hrs after taking off at 08.52 hrs to patrol an area over Staplehurst. 11 Hurricanes of 601 Squadron were then ordered to patrol over Hayfield at 15,000 ft. After some time about 50 Me109's were seen at 20,000 ft in sections of 4 or 5 milling around apparently after been engaged by other fighters. No enemy bombers were seen in the area. 

Right: Fl/Lt. Carl Raymond Davis DFC (courtesy Sherborne School Archives)

Our fighters climbed to attack and a series of dog fights followed. P/O. Topolnicki claims 2 Me109's. His combat report with that of F/O. Humphrey Gilbert, both of whom baled out, has not yet been obtained. Weather - very good. Fl/Lt. W.H. Rhodes-Moorhouse DFC 90140 RAF flying Hurricane P8818 and F/O. C.R. Davis missing, 30 year old P/O. Juliusz Topolnicki 76722 PAF flying Hurricane P3382 and F/O. Humphrey T. Gilbert flying Hurricane V6647 slightly wounded.

Fl/Lt. Davis's Hurricane - crashed within the gardens of Canterbury Cottage, Matfield, Brenchley, Kent.

DFC Citation - published in the London gazette:

F/O. Davis has been engaged on operational flying since 3rd September, 1939. He has taken part in nearly all patrols and interceptions carried out by his squadron. He has been a section leader for the last two months, and on several occasions has led his flight. F/O. Davis has personally destroyed six enemy aircraft, and severely damaged several others. He has shown great keenness and courage.

Left: Sherborne School, Dorset - Any further information that you are able to assist them with fallen former pupils from all wars, we would be pleased to pass onto them. 

Burial details:

Fl/Lt. Carl Raymond Davis DFC. Storrington Churchyard (ST. Mary). Further information (courtesy Sherborne School Archives): Born 0n 30th July 1911 in Transvaal, South Africa to American parents. Son of Carl Raymond and Clara May Davis, husband of Katharine Anne Davis, of Chelsea, London. B.A. (Cantab.), B.A. Attended Sherborne School (Westcott House) 1924-1929; 6th form. Trinity College, Cambridge, BA. McGill University, Montreal, BA. Mining Engineer. Obtaining his mining degree, he then took flying lessons in New Jersey while living with his sister.

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to With thanks to Sherborne School Archives for additional information. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Aircrew Remembered own Archives. Intel reports 601 Squadron. Peter Sikora for Polish information. McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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