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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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625 Squadron Crest
10/11.06.1944 No. 625 Squadron Lancaster I ND995 Fl/Lt. Elmhirst-Baxter

Operation: Achères

Date: 10/11th June 1944 (Saturday/Sunday)

Unit: No. 625 Squadron

Type: Lancaster I

Serial: ND995

Code: CF-W

Base: RAF Kelstern, Lincolnshire

Location: At base on return

Pilot: Fl/Lt. John Charles Elmhirst-Baxter 119545 RAFVR - Safe, no injuries

Fl/Eng: Sgt Jack Blakey 1582692 RAFVR - Safe, no injuries

Nav: W/O. Wilfred John Edgar King AUS/417084 RAAF - Safe, no injuries

Air/Bmr: Fl/Sgt. Alfred J. Foley 658426 RAFVR - Safe, no injuries

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Francis Owen Evans AUS/417950 RAAF - Safe, no injuries

Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. William Jeffrey Adcock AUS/426856 RAAF - Safe, no injuries

Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Frank Percy Adams AUS/434217 RAAF Age 24. Seriously injured. Died later on 11 June 1944.


Taking off from RAF Kelstern in Lincolnshire at about 23:15 hrs on an operation to Achères.

After serving as an ambulance driver in the Australian Army in the Middle East, Frank Adams transferred into the Royal Australian Air Force an an air gunner.

Above: L-R: Fl/Sgt. Francis Owen Evans, Fl/Sgt. Alfred J. Foley, P/O. Rex Glasson and Fl/Sgt. Frank Percy Adams.

As the rear gunner he joined the crew of Fl/Sgt. Rex Glasson, Fl/Sgt. Bill Evans, Fl/Sgt. Alf Foley, Fl/Sgt. Jack Blakey, W/O. Fred King, Fl/Sgt. Bill Adcock.

Shortly after posting to 166 Squadron, the crew was orphaned when their pilot, 25 year old, Rex Glasson AUS/417300 RAAF failed to return from his ‘second dickie’ trip. Lancaster III ND705 AS-F piloted by 28 year old, Sq/Ldr. Donald Alec Sewell 47397 RAF from Hall Green, Birmingham, England - killed with all the other 7 crew on an operation to Frankfurt.

Once they had absorbed the loss of their skipper and adjusted to his replacement, Fl/Lt. Elmhirst-Baxter, they were posted to 625 Squadron RAF Kelstern to start their tour of operations.

They first appeared on the Battle Order of 24th May 1944 to attack Le Cliron. The trip aboard LM103 was uneventful. However, the next op to Melville on 27th May 1944 in ND995 was a dfferent story. Due to absence of any markers, the task was not carried out and the bombs were brought back to base. This may be significant in the unfolding of future events. The crew appeared to bond with ND995 and she was their regular mount for the next seven missions.

Their ninth operation, to Achères on the 10th June 1944 was uneventful until the landing at Base. On the rollout the tail wheel oleo failed and the rear turret detached. Fl/Sgt. Adams sustained critical head injuries and died later that day in the Base hospital.

Above L-R: Fl/Sgt. Adams with Fl/Sgt. Foley, Fl/Sgt. Adams and extreme right, with his daughter, the mother of Scott Raymond.

Scott Raymond supplied this additional information:

"From the records and discussions with Fl/Sgt. Francis (Bill) Evans, my grandfather was killed upon landing when the rear turret detached from the fuselage after landing. Bill's recollection is that Frank was exiting the turret into the fuselage as the aircraft was taxiing, as he was excited about having fired upon a night fighter during the mission. Regardless, the RAAF records and letter from the Squadron C.O state that he suffered severe head injuries, was cut out of the turret, and died in the base medical facility in the evening of 11th June. Sadly, his daughter (my mother) was barely 16 months old at the time of his death".

It is quite possible that the structural failure of the tail wheel oleo was a result of limits being exceeded when ND995 landed with a full bomb load. Another explanation would be undetected battle damage sustained during one of the other raids. As a rule the Lancaster did not make a habit of self destructing on landing.

Above: L-R Rear - W/O. Wilfred John Edgar King, Fl/Sgt. William Jeffrey Adcock, Fl/Sgt. Frank Percy Adams, Fl/Sgt. Francis Owen Evans. Front: Fl/Sgt. Alfred J. Foley, P/O. Rex Glasson, Sgt Jack Blakey.

After repair ND 995 was posted to 100 Squadron as HW-K, lost on 25/26th August 1944 with F/O. Kenneth Francis Seage AUS/427154 and crew on the Russelsheim raid. The pilot, the only survivor after being blown out of the aircraft, taken PoW No: 5302 and held at Stalag Luft Barth Vogelsang.

The following is taken from reports listed on the National Archives of Australia:

A statement by the pilot:

"At 04:05 hrs on the 11th June 1944 I landed on Runway 24. The landings a normal one and the aircraft completed its run without the use of brakes. When it had slowed down to about 20 mph I opened the outboard engines in order to clear the runway without unnecessary delay. Almost at once I noticed a slight tail shimmy then a jar. The aircraft swung slightly to port and. thinking the port main wheel had burst, I opened the starboard throttle to take aircraft off runway. The Mid-Upper Gunner then told me the rear turret was damaged. I switched off ignition and called the ambulance by R/T".

Report Submitted by Specialist Operators:

The Tail Strut had fractured immediately above the fork and from examination of the fracture this would appear to be due to faulty material. There are shimmy marks on the runway immediately before the failure took place, but the reason for the shimmying is not known as the Marstrand Tyre fitted is evenly worn. It may possibly be due to the line of thrust up the strut being displaced from the normal due to the fracture. The failure occurred about 1,400 yards from point of touchdown".

Conclusion by investigating officer:

The accident was due to failure of the tail wheel strut and that faulty material is strongly suspected. No blame whatsoever attached to the pilot who had made a good landing and taxied up the runway in a perfectly normal manner.

Note: The Squadron lost 3 other aircraft during this operation, the others:

Lancaster 1 LM139 CF-G Flown by F/O. W.P. Geeson - evaded capture with 4 others, 1 taken PoW with the rear gunner, 21 year old, Sgt. Leslie Turner Dunn 1650666 RAFVR killed.
Lancaster I ND742 CF-F Flown by 26 year old, P/O. James Dudman 174032 RAFVR - killed with all his 6 other crew members.
Lancaster I LL897 CF-P Flown by 21 year old, F/O. Alfred Ernest George Malin 151550 RAFVR - killed with all his other 6 crew members.

For acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty: Suggested decorations, Fl/Sgt. - Frank Percy Adams AUS/434217 RAAF - DFM. Seriously injured. eyewitness account.

Burial details:

Fl/Sgt. Frank Percy Adams. Cambridge City Cemetery. Grave 13907/43. Born on the 03rd January 1920 in Oxford, England, the son of Percy and Mary Ann Adams and husband of Joan Marguerite Adams, of Toowong, Queensland, Australia. Grave inscription reads: "Loved And Mourned For In Australia: An Englishman Returns".

Following his death, Fl/Sgt. Frank Percy Adams' was replaced by Fl/Sgt. Robert Gledstone 1378355 RAFVR. Fl/Sgt. Gledstone sadly lost his life along with Fl/Sgt. William Jeffrey Adcock (see above) when Lancaster PB126 was shot down over France whilst on an operation to Vierzon on 30 June/01 July 1944. To read the story of this loss click here

Other mentioned in this page:

Rex Arthur Glasson. Coxyde Military Cemetery, Belgium. Grave IV.N.10. Born on the 09th January 1919 at Kadina, South Australia, the son of Arthur John and Olive Helena Glasson and husband of Yvonne Jean Glasson, of Mile End, South Australia. Grave inscription reads: "Resting".

Researched by Scott Raymond Grandson of Frank Adams, with additional details supplied by Nic Lewis, Jack Albrecht and webmaster. Page dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to other sources as shown, as well as the National Archives of Australia.

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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