AR banner
Search Tips Advanced Search
Back to Top

Info LogoAdd to or correct this story with a few clicks.
Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
Check our Research databases: Database List


We seek additional information and photographs. Please contact us via the Helpdesk.

405 Squadron Crest
13/14.02.1945 No. 405 Squadron Lancaster III PB183 LQ-C Fl/Lt. Frederick

Operation: Dresden

Date: 13/14th February 1945 (Tuesday/Wednesday)

Unit: No. 405 Squadron (RCAF)

Type: Lancaster III

Serial: PB183

Code: LQ-C

Base: RAF Gransden Lodge, Cambridgeshire

Location: Remlingen, Bavaria

Pilot: Fl/Lt. Merle Omer Frederick J/16132 RCAF Age 28. PoW - No further details (1)

Fl/Eng: F/O. Joseph Anthony Kaucharik C/85909 RCAF Age 26. Killed (2)

Nav: Fl/Lt. John Kingsley Knights DFC. J/16251 RCAF Age 28. Missing - believed killed

Air/Bmr: F/O. Donald Brant Olson J/43026 RCAF Age 27. Missing - believed killed

Air/Bmr: F/O. Earl Wellington Connolly J/18850 RCAF Age 31. Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Fl/Lt. John Armitt J/17036 RCAF Age 31. Missing - believed killed (3)

Air/Gnr: F/O. Raymond Alfred French J/19042 RCAF Age 25. Killed

Air/Gnr: F/O. Fred Merrill Gordon J/86055 RCAF Age 25. Killed


Taking off at at 22:14 hrs from base RAF Gransden Lodge in Cambridgeshire on an operation to Dresden, as part of "Operation Thunderclap". A massive raid on what was probably not an important target as far as German War Industries were concerned and not thought that it was of any strategic importance at this stage of the war. A controversial raid during which over 25,000, mostly German civilians were killed.

Over 4,000 tons of bombs and incendiaries were used on arguably a city that was already on its knees. The allies defended the operation as the target was a major transportation and communication centre.

The lack of Luftwaffe offering any defence was not due to lack of numbers as reported but lack of fuel and lack of suitable airfields as most had been severely damage by the allies.

No night fighter claims for PB183 and it is thought that they had been hit by anti-aircraft fire, indeed the report from the surviving pilot thought the same.

However, further evidence has arrived stating that a report by No. 3 Missing Research and Enquiry Unit submitted on the 22nd November 1946. It was confirmed that there were no anti-aircraft units based in the Wurzburg area.

Crew of Halifax BB216 - Placed as Sgt. Kaucharik had been in this previous crew: L-R- F/O. Joseph Anthony Kaucharik, Sgt. Harold Stone, Fl/Sgt. Norman Angus MacKenzie, Fl/Sgt. Louis Donald Dawdy, P/O. Edgar Bohun Mason, Sgt. Clarence Gordon Eagles and Sgt. James R. Alexander. (with thanks to Lynn (nee Mason) Tarzwell, Lincolnshire County Council Coastal Country Park, Henry Kaucharik)

F/O. T.B. Bickerton who was the officer in church of No. 3 MREU was tasked to find the graves of the crew, exhume and identify the bodies. The Unit interviewed the Burgermeister Georg Freudenberger, the former Burgermeister Herr kELLER and the local priest Herr Schauer who collaborated giving details what happened that night.

In the early morning of the 14th February 1945 there was a large explosion as two aircraft collided mid-air. The aircraft were travelling in a North Easterly direction with a stream of other aircraft when they collided. There was a loud explosion and the aircraft fell out of the sky, just outside the village of Remlingen both burning fiercely.

As the aircraft hit the ground two bombs went off making huge craters some 6 metres wide scattering the wreckage over a distance of 1 kilometre. The mid-air explosion caused part of one of the aircraft to be blown 5 kilometres Northwards were it fell near the village of Birkenfeld. The wreckage continued to burn for several hours after the crash. A Luftwaffe detachment arrived from Wurzburg to guard the wreckage until they removed that and the wreckage near Birkenfeld. The former Burgermeister stated that he saw 5 engines amongst the wreckage, no more.

The three witnesses stated that they knew that some 11 bodies were recovered within the area, all with various degrees of injuries - some were able to be identified.

(Webmaster note: we dont feel it necessary to report the condition of the bodies on our website)

The other aircraft involved had been 576 Squadron Lancaster I PD232 UL-02. Flown by F/O. Roland Robert John Young 185679 RAFVR. All 7 killed were identified.

(1) Fl/Lt. Merle Omer Frederick Born in Findlaker in 1917. Enlisted in 1940 and trained at Yorktown. Sole survivor of this crew, suffering a broken arm and a broken leg during evacuation from the Lancaster and taken PoW. Liberated by USAAF troops on the 04th April 1945, then hospitalised in England before transferring to Canada on the 12th July 1945. Passed away on the 04th November 1999 and buried at Bethune Cemetery, Saskatchewan, Canada.

(2) F/O. Joseph Anthony Kaucharik had survived 'at least' one earlier incident. On the 1st September 1942 one of three crew to survive after baling out of Halifax II BB216 LQ-D after a fire severely damage the aircraft. Four other crew where to lose their life during the incident. Further research continues with the other incident.

(3) The family of Fl/Lt. John Armitt lost his brother earlier in the war on the 30th April 1942. Cpl. Robert Armitt M/63062 serving with the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps attached to the 1st Army Tank Brigade Royal Canadian Armoured Corps. He was involved in a motorcycle accident on the 24th April 1942 and admitted to Worthing Hospital, Surrey. Died of his injuries on the 30th April 1942. Buried at Brookwood Cemetery. Grave 37.1.5.

Burial details:

The four crew members whose bodies were recovered were initially buried in the cemetery at Remlingen. Reinterred on the 10th October 1947 in the CWGC Cemetery at Durnbach.

F/O. Joseph Anthony Kaucharik. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave 1.J.5. Son of Anthony and Mary Kaucharik and husband of Joanna Kaucharik, of Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Grave inscription reads: "May Your Soul Rest In Peace. Remembered By Wife Joanna, Mother And Dad".

Fl/Lt. John Kingsley Knights DFC. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 278. Born Strathmore, Alberta on the 9th April 1916. The son of John and Bertha, née Jacobson, Knights of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Married Pansy Alice Lloyd of Calgary at the Parish of St. Pauls, Regina, Saskatchewan on the 16th August 1941. Enlisted in the RCAF at Calgary on the 6th November 1940, commissioned Pilot Officer on the 30th October 1942. DFC Awarded in May 1943 whilst with 408 Squadron RCAF.

Citation reads:

"Since joining this squadron Pilot Officer Knights has taken part in attacks against some of the most heavily defended targets in enemy territory. These operations include sorties to Cologne, Dusseldorf, Lorient, Essen, Bremen, Hamburg and Turin, amongst others. Invariably this officer has shown a fine fighting spirit and courage of the highest order. At all times his efficient navigational skill and judgment have been an inspiration to the other members of his crew. Throughout his tour, this officer under a calm, quiet manner has shown a fine fighting spirit, skill and initiative. He has led his pilot into these targets so as to bring back several very good pictures, showing a fine record of achievement. He has always been an efficient navigator and through this has been an inspiration to other members of his crew".

F/O. Donald Brant Olson. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 279. Born on the 14th January 1918 at Welburn, the son of Melvin and Charlotte Olson and husband of Kathleen Olson, of Hatzic, British Columbia, Canada.

F/O. Earl Wellington Connolly. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave 1.J.1. Born on the 18th July 1913 in Nova Scotia, the son of Jay and Louise Connolly and husband of Iris Louisa Connolly, father to Earl Jnr. of Winson Green, Birmingham, England. Grave inscription reads: "Sleep, My Beloved, For Ever In Peace. I Have Your Memories Here So Complete".

Fl/Lt. John Armitt. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 278. Born on the 18th September 1920 at Lethbridge, the son of John and Isabella Armitt, of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.

F/O. Raymond Alfred French. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave 1.J.2. Son of Walter A. French and Margaret Ellen French, of Kingsville, Ontario, Canada. Grave inscription reads: "53 Bombing Missions. Some Day, Beyond The Stars, We Will Meet Again. Dad".

F/O. Fred Merrill Gordon. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave 1.J.4. Son of Fred Merrill Gordon and Betsy Ellen Gordon, of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Grave inscription reads: "He Lives With Jesus. To Live In The Hearts Of Those You Loved Is Not To Die".

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to Henry Kaucharik and page dedicated to relatives of the crew. With thanks to Steve Atkinson for grave photo of the pilot. Check out Find A Grave, we support and contribute to them. Also to Dave Champion for supply loss details, recovery of the bodies as well as other information.

KTY - 13.02.2018

Pages of Outstanding Interest
History Airborne Forces •  Soviet Night Witches •  Bomber Command Memories •  Abbreviations •  Gardening Codenames
CWGC: Your Relative's Grave Explained •  USA Flygirls •  Axis Awards Descriptions •  'Lack Of Moral Fibre'
Concept of Colonial Discrimination  •  Unauthorised First Long Range Mustang Attack
RAAF Bomb Aimer Evades with Maquis •  SOE Heroine Nancy Wake •  Fane: Motor Racing PRU Legend
Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
Click any image to enlarge it

Click to add your info via ticket on Helpdesk •Click to let us know via ticket on Helpdesk• Click to buy research books from Amazon •Click to explore the entire site
If you would like to comment on this page, please do so via our Helpdesk. Use the Submit a Ticket option to send your comments. After review, our Editors will publish your comment below with your first name, but not your email address.

A word from the Editor: your contribution is important. We welcome your comments and information. Thanks in advance.

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning we will remember them. - Laurence Binyon
All site material (except as noted elsewhere) is owned or managed by Aircrew Remembered and should not be used without prior permission.
© Aircrew Remembered 2012 - 2024
Last Modified: 06 April 2021, 13:46

Monitor Additions/Changes?Click to be informed of changes to this page. Create account for first monitor only, thereafter very fast. Click to close without creating monitor