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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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102 Squadron Crest
01.05.1940 No. 102 Squadron Whitley V N1500 F/O. Gray DFC

Operation: Transit Flight

Date: 01st May 1940 (Wednesday)

Unit: No. 102 Squadron 4 Group (motto: Tentate et Perficite - 'Attempt and achieve')

Type: Whitley V

Serial: N1500

Code: DY-?

Base: RAF Driffield - on detachment to RAF Kinloss, Morayshire

Location: Hill of Foundland, Insch, Aberdeen

Pilot: F/O. Kenneth Neil Gray DFC. 40342 RAF Age 25. Killed (1)

Pilot: Sgt. John Hamilton Hopper 518878 RAF Age 23. Killed

Obs: Sgt. Frederick John Bass 580902 RAF Age 19. Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: AC1. Alfred William Henry Hart 632176 RAF Age 19. Killed


AC2. George Main 632772 RAF Age ? Injured (2)

AC1. Harold Buttery 650521 RAF Age 19. Killed

AC1. J.A. Hewitt RAF Age ? Injured

AC1. Fred Wallwork 743867 RAFVR Age 36. Injured (3)


During a transit flight at 10:59 hrs returning to RAF Driffield the aircraft strayed off course in extremely bad weather - crashed into the Northern slopes of the Hill of Foundland.

Prior to forming his own crew a Fl/Lt. Frank Long was trained by fellow New Zealander F/O. Kenneth Neil Gray 40342 RAF. He was awarded an immediate DFC along with F/O. Gray as on two occasions they skilfully managed to return their Whitley aircraft and crew despite severe icing and with one engine kept stopping they continued on their operation to Prague. The return trip totalled some eight hours. For further details on Fl/Lt. Long - see his page of remembrance.

Bomber Command lost several of their most experienced pilots in this early stage of the war.

AC1. J.A. Hewitt recovered and understood to have survived the war.

(1) F/O. Kenneth Gray was the twin brother of the top scoring New Zealand ace, Group Captain Colin Falkland Gray DSO. DFC and 2 bars NZ/41844. (shown right) He survived the war, passed away on the 01st August 1995, age 80. Additional details can be read here.

(2) AC2. George Main died of injuries on the 25th May 1940.

(3) AC1. Fred Wallwork died of injuries on the 06th May 1940.

Burial details:

F/O. Kenneth Neil Gray DFC. Dyce Old Churchyard. Grave 1. Born 09th November 1914 at Christchurch, the Son of Robert Leonard Gray and of Margaret Gray (née Langford), of Gisborne, Auckland, New Zealand. A total of 712 flying hours logged and having completed some 7 operational sorties. There is no grave inscription for this New Zealand pilot and to understand why we suggest readers to take a look at 'Your Relative's CWGC Details Explained'.

Sgt. John Hamilton Hopper. Doncaster Cemetery (Rose Hill) Section J. Grave 936. Son of Frederick John and Grace Marie Hopper, of Hornsea, England.

Sgt. Frederick John Bass. East Finchley Cemetery and St. Marylebone Crematorium. Section U5. Grave 68. Son of Frederick George and Ellen Mary Bass. of Muswell Hill, London, England. Grave inscription reads: "I Remember Your Face As We Last Did Part It Cases The Ache Within My Heart".

AC1. Alfred William Henry Hart. Cockett Churchyard (St. Peter) Section SE.C. Grave 181. Son of Alfred George and Elsie Lilian Hart, of Richmond, Surrey, England.

AC2. George Main. Ayr Cemetery, Ayrshire. Section K. 1906. Grave 3901. No further details - are you able to assist?

AC1.Harold Buttery. Dyce Old Churchyard. Grave 3. Son of Richard and Mary Ellen Buttery, of Coventry, England. Grave inscription reads: "Till We Meet Again".

AC1. Fred Wallwork. Dyce Old Churchyard. Grave 2. Son of Fred and Martha Wallwork, of Manchester; England and husband of Jessie Wallwork.

Page dedicated to relatives of the crew. With thanks to Simon Muggleton for some details, the research by Errol Martyn and his publications: “For Your Tomorrow Vols. 1-3”, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Weekly News of New Zealand, other sources as quoted below:

KTY 26.01.2019

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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