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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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307
17th September 1944 307 (P) Squadron Mosquito XII HK223 P/O. Jaworski

Operation: Market Garden

Date: 17th September 1944 (Sunday)

Unit: No. 307 (P) Squadron (Lwowskie Puchacze)

Type: Mosquito XII

Serial: HK223

Code: EW-R

Base: RAF Church Fenton, Yorkshire

Location: Target area

Pilot: P/O. Kazimierz Emil Franciszek Jaworski P/2655 / 781657 PAF Age 25. Missing - believed killed

Obs: F/O. Zygmunt Szymilewicz P-2356 / 794332 PAF Age 29. Missing - believed killed


In November 2021 Aircrew Remembered were presented with a limited edition book on 307 Squadron. Researched by Betty Clements, wife of the pilot P/O. Jaworski.


REASON FOR LOSS:

Six Mosquitoes of 307 Squadron took part in a mission over Netherlands to assist the allied landings at Arnhem. Heavy enemy anti-aircraft fire over the coast intensified during the mission, and one of the mosquitoes was shot down.

The Mosquitoes flew first to Coltishall, Norfolk, to refuel. The coast of Holland and the area containing the bridges on the Rhine and the Albert canal was very heavy defended and to get to the dropping zone the Mosquitoes had to fly through heavy anti-aircraft fire, which seemed to come up from all directions. After the Parachute drop the Germans were on the alert and were not sparing ammunition.

The task for the Squadron was to patrol the dropping zone and safeguard the Paras from harassment by the Luftwaffe. For this purpose, a complete GCI Radar Station was flown out by glider with controllers and technical staff. Unfortunately, G/Capt John Lawrence Brown - an old friend of the Squadron from Exeter and all his staff and radar crashed on landing and the Squadron Mosquitoes were left without control.

The other task was to listen any wireless transmission, that could come from from the Paras and if any were heard, to establish contact. But there were not such transmissions on the wide band of frequencies given. It was known later that all the wireless and transmitting stations were damaged or lost on landing; this was, in spite of the heroism of the Paras.

The Squadtron were to stay in the area for 90 minutes and then return through the same intensive flak to the North Sea."

Took off after refuelling at RAF Coltishall at 23:56 hours on an Intruder Patrol between Grove - Deelen.

The crew of HK223 Kazimierz Jaworski and Zygmunt Szymilewicz were never found.

Another Mosquito from the squadron were also lost on this operation. Further details here.

Burial details:

P/O. Kazimierz Emil Franciszek Jaworski. Polish Was Memoria, Northolt. Born on the 17th August 1919 at Lwób. Poland now Ukrane.

F/O. Zygmunt Szymilewicz. Polish Was Memoria, Northolt. Born on the 17th April 1915 at Wilson, Poland now Lithuania.

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to the late Betty Clements and her son Richard Jaworski, Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum Mielnika, 307 Project, other sources as quoted below:

KTY 30-11-2021

Pages of Outstanding Interest
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CWGC: Your Relative's Grave Explained •  USA Flygirls •  Axis Awards Descriptions •  'Lack Of Moral Fibre'
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Acknowledgements
Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 30 November 2021, 19:46

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