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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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RAF Crest
19.10.1945 47 Group, Communications Flight Typhoon IB JR390 Grp Capt. Jeudwine DSO, DFC, MiD, OBE(M)

Operation: Familiarisation flight

Date: 19th October 1945 (Friday)

Unit No: 47 Group, Communications Flight

Type: Typhoon IB

Serial: JR390

Code: Unknown

Base: RAF Little Staughton, Cambridgeshire

Location: Little Staughton, Cambridgeshire

Pilot: Gp Capt. John Raymond Jeudwine DSO, DFC, OBE(M), MiD, 33116 RAFO Age 32. Killed


We welcome contact from the family in order to place additional information and perhaps a photo of John.


Above: A Typhoon IB of the type flown by Gp Capt. Jeudwine (Aircrew Remembered archives)

REASON FOR LOSS:

Although Gp Capt. Jeudwine had over 2000 hrs flying time to his credit, he almost had none on the Typhoon when he took this aircraft up. He had been airborne for some 6 mins, at about 3000 ft when he attempted a slow turn to port. The aircraft became inverted and entered a spin from which he did not recover. The board of enquiry found no evidence of structural failure and also the pilot made no attempt to abandon the aircraft. The aircraft crashed in the vicinity of RAF Little Staughton

No evidence was found that there had been any structural failure of the airframe and it appeared that the pilot had not attempted to abandon.

The following were the awards presented to Gp Capt. Jeudwine:

Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) was. awarded to Wg Cdr. Jeudwine. London Gazette 30th May 1944:

Citation: "This officer has taken part in a large number of sorties and has displayed exceptional skill, courage and determination. On a recent occasion he took part in an attack on the railway junction at Tours and his gallant leadership and great tactical ability played a goad part in the success of the operation. Wing Commander Jeudwine is a most efficient squadron commander whose example has impressed all".

Wg Cdr. Jeudwine was recommended for the award of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). The following was the recommendation:

"Wing Commander Jeudwine has now completed a total of 67 operational sorties, of which 33 were carried out by daylight in the Far and Middle East. He has done 14 sorties since he was recommended for his last award. Since the beginning of May 1944, he has been employed as a Group Controller (Master Bomber), in which capacity he has carried out twelve sorties including the attack against Brunswick on 22/23 May 1944. This role necessitated his remaining in the immediate vicinity of the target at low altitudes for very long periods, thus exposing himself unduly to the enemy ground air defences. It is worthy of note that his last two sorties were undertaken whilst he was employed as Air Staff Officer at this Headquarters - a Staff appointment which normally does not place any obligation on the holder to participate in operational flying. Moreover on both these occasions he flew in a type of aircraft new to this Group and to himself, i.e. the Lightning [P-38], single-seater, which calls for the most accurate D.R. navigation. It is difficult to single out any particular mission or special commendation. On all of them he has displayed a keen relish for operations, an unusual determination to complete his allotted task successfully, and exceptional gallantry. On many occasions he had to contend with heavy anti-aircraft fire and potential attacks from enemy fighters, but these did not deter him from remaining in the target area until his job was done. Two typical examples were the attacks against the ammunition depot at Salbris (7/8 May 1944) and the river bridges at Caen (12/13 June 1944). The first attack was carried out under conditions of full moon and in the face of strong enemy fighter opposition. Nevertheless, Wing Commander Jeudwine remained in the target area for over 30 minutes, and whilst on his own bombing run was twice attacked by a Dornier 217. Displaying his customary fortitude he completed his bombing run and then proceeded to adopt such effective combat manoeuvres as to render the enemy’s fire nugatory. On the second occasion he was flying in a Mosquito, and on reaching the target area his port engine was hit by anti-aircraft fire and put out of action. Notwithstanding the act that he was then at a height of only 1,000 feet and in the midst of a very "hot" anti-aircraft area, he postponed his return to Base until he had handed over control to his Deputy and had satisfied himself that the attack was progressing smoothly. For his outstanding operational record, and his exceptional conduct, particularly during the past three months, this gallant officer is strongly recommended for the immediate award of the Distinguished Service Order." On 5 August 1944, Air Vice-Marshal Sir Ralph Cochrane, Air Officer Commanding, No.5 Group, added his remarks: "Wing Commander Jeudwine first commanded No.619 Squadron in this Group and during his period of command raised the squadron to a very high standard of operational efficiency. He was then selected to fill one of the new appointments of Group Master Bomber, in which he succeeded brilliantly. I strongly recommend an immediate award of the Distinguished Service Order for his outstanding operational record set out in the foregoing citation."

Note: The RAF never flew the P-38 Lightning on an operational basis. The Air Ministry had initially ordered a total of 667 aircraft comprising 143 Lightning Mk Is and 524 Lightning Mk IIs. The first three Mk Is to be delivered for evaluation were AF105 for examinations and experiments, AF106 to Boscombe Down for flight evaluation and AF107 to RAE Farnborough. There were also a few Mk Is that were delivered, AE979 and AE979 amongst them. They were found to be unsatisfactory because of the US restriction on exporting the engine super-chargers and as a consequence the order was cancelled and the delivered P-38s returned to the USAAF.

The DSO was duly approved on 11th August 1944 by Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Bomber Command.

Acting Gp Capt. Jeudwin was awarded the DSO which was promulgated in then London Gazette on the 22nd September 1944:

Citation: "Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross this officer has successfully completed numerous sorties against dangerous and difficult targets. He has continued to display the highest standard of skill and bravery and has executed his assignments with the greatest determination in the face of anti-aircraft fire and fighter opposition. He is a brilliant leader".

As a Wg Cdr. he was awarded the OBE (Military) which was promulgated in the London Gazette on the 11th December 1944:

Citation: "When the order for evacuation was given at Bandoeng, the squadron air crews proceeded to Tjilijap and awaited embarkation. Wing Commander Jeudwine, undaunted by the nonappearance of the ship detailed, immediately set to work to save as many of his squadron as possible from falling into the hands of the Japanese. He refused to believe that all channels of escape were closed. Wing Commander Jeudwine set out in a car to search the neighbouring ports and coast line for a suitable craft. Two lifeboats were discovered on the upper deck of a bombed ship, which he decided to use as a last resort. During his absence a party, detailed by him, set out to procure the necessary provisions and navigational equipment for the voyage. Wing Commander Jeudwine, being unable to find any other suitable craft, decided to use the lifeboats and ordered them to be lowered and made ready. During the voyage his ingenuity and sound knowledge of seamanship enabled the craft to be kept seaworthy in spite of the ever recurring mishaps to the boat and its gear. The many repairs to the broken rudder were carried out only by his resourcefulness and refusal to accept defeat. The repairs necessitated working overboard and Wing Commander Jeudwine insisted on sharing the risks of a shark-infested sea. His continual cheerfulness, courage and ability to bolster up morale was an inspiration to the whole crew, who realised that he alone would be able to bring the voyage to a successful conclusion."

Gp Capt. Jeudwine was Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) which was promulgated in the London Gazette on the 1st October 1946


A book has been published on this amazing WW2 pilot in 1999 and is still very much available. ‘Global Warrior’ written by Alain Charpentier with additional information supplied by the son of the pilot, Geoffrey Jeudwine. Published by Lionel Lacey-Johnson. ISBN: 9780953641802.


Burial details:

Above The grave of Gp Capt. J.R. Jeudwine as visited by Aircrew Remembered in February 2015 - a simple Commonwealth War grave in a corner of a cemetery - they wanted him to be remembered.

Gp Capt. John Raymond Jeudwine DSO, DFC, MiD, OBE(M). Cambridge City Cemetery. Grave 15906. Born on the 9th July 1913 in Scarborough, Yorkshire North Riding. Son of Dr. Wilfred Wynne and Mabel Gertrude (née Barker) Jeudwine of Glinton, Northamptonshire (later of Lochaber, Eastcote, Middlesex).

Researched by Aircrew Remembered and dedicated to the relatives of this crew. Aircrew Remembered own Archives. Colin Cummings - ‘Price of Peace'. Reviewed and updated by Aircrew Remembered (Dec 2023).

Other sources listed below:

RS 27.12.2023 - Reviewed and updated

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Acknowledgements
Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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