AR banner
Search Tips Advanced Search
Back to Top

• Kracker Archive
• Allied Losses
• Archiwum Polish
• Paradie Canadian
• Searchable Lists

Info LogoAdd to or correct this story with a few clicks.
Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
Check our Research databases: Database List


We seek additional information and photographs. Please contact us via the Helpdesk.

78 Squadron Crest
22/23.11.1943 No. 78 Squadron Halifax II LW319 EY-U Fl/Lt. Roy F. Martin

Operation: Berlin

Date: 22/23rd November 1943 (Monday/Tuesday)

Unit: No. 78 Squadron

Type: Halifax II

Serial: LW319

Code: EY-U

Base: RAF Breighton, Yorkshire

Location: Beeston Park, Norfolk

Pilot: Fl/Lt. Roy Frank Martin 156635 RAFVR Age 24. Injured

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Stanley George Bird 547208 RAF Age 23. Killed

Nav: P/O. Frank Edward Gordon Salmon 159430 RAFVR Age 31. Injured

Air/Bmr: F/O. Ronald Arthur Blackwell 134678 RAFVR Age ? Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: P/O. A. Parlour RAFVR Injured

Air/Gnr: Sgt. J. Taylor RAFVR Injured

Air/Gnr: Sgt. J. Thompson RAAF Injured

The webmaster placed this page after visiting Cromer Cemetery in Norfolk, finding a single, poorly attended RAF war grave wanted to find out more….


Taking off at 16.33 hrs to bomb the heart of Germany, Berlin - again. 764 aircraft , the largest force of the war so far sent - made up from 469 Lancasters, 234 Halifaxes. 50 Stirlings (the last time Stirlings sent to Germany) and 11 Mosquitoes.

The flak defences were again very effective accounting for 17 bombers over Berlin, a further 7 over the Hannover area. Night fighters claimed 4, although lack of positive identification, none can be identified.

Although the city was covered in cloud and returning bomber crews estimated that the bombing had been accurate due to accurate markers placed, it is now known that this was probably the most effective operation on Berlin of the war.

Reports from the city state that during this night’s bombing, 3,000 houses were destroyed with another 23 industrial premises. Several thousand other building damaged. 2,000 people were thought to have been killed, including 500 in a large shelter which received a direct hit. Another 150 in another shelter. Due to the weather several ‘firestorms’ were reported and the Luftwaffe measured the smoke at 6,000 metres.

Halifax LW319 was hit by the fierce anti aircraft fire over the target but the crew managed to nurse the aircraft back home. After crossing the coast of East Anglia they decided to attempt a landing at RAF Coltishall, but finally after some nearly 7 hours flying the pilot lost control and LW319 crashed at Beeston Park near Norwich. Two of the aircrew were killed, the pilot, Fl/Lt. Roy Martin and the air bomber, P/O. Salmon died of their injuries within 24 hours at the hospital in Norwich. The remaining 3 crew miraculously survived.

The AOC of Bomber Command, Arthur Harris predicted ‘It will cost us between 400 - 500 aircraft, but it will cost Germany the war’. The RAF lost over 490 heavy bombers on Berlin operations with over 2,500 aircrew killed, still the war dragged on.

Arguably, it did prevent German resources to be utilised elsewhere. The civilian population suffered terrible losses with a reported 10,000 killed with a similar number of injuries. Nearly 500,000 were made homeless. 

Other sources state that the German Government compensated the people for bomb damage to such an extent that the bombing had an adverse effect on the civilian population! Similar to the patriotic feelings back home, during the blitz!

Left and above and below: The solitary grave of Sgt. Stanley Bird at Cromer, as visited by Aircrew Remembered in February 2015 - which prompted this page. Any relative who would like a high resolution copy are invited to contact us.

Burial details:

Fl/Lt. Roy Frank Martin. City of London Cemetery. Square 225. Grave 111233. Son of Edgar Frank and Eveleen Lenetta Martin, of East Ham, husband of Audrey Joyce Martin, of Hockliffe, Bedfordshire, England.

Sgt. Stanley George Bird. Cromer No; 2 Burial Ground. Son of John Henry and Ethel Edith Bird, husband of Sylvia Marie Bird, of Aigburth, Liverpool, England.


P/O. Frank Edward Gordon Salmon. Enfield (Lavender Hill) Cemetery. Sec. C. Cons. Grave 6421. Son of Samuel and Elsie Mary Salmon, husband of Doris Elsie Salmon, of Enfield, Middlesex, England.

F/O. Ronald Arthur Blackwell. Brookwood Military Cemetery. Grave 22.C.5. Next of kin details not available as yet - are you able to assist?

For further details our thanks to the following, Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vol's. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', ‘Bomber Command Database’, Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries (Updated 2014 version), Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Pages of Outstanding Interest
History Airborne Forces •  Soviet Night Witches •  Bomber Command Memories •  Abbreviations •  Gardening Codenames
CWGC: Your Relative's Grave Explained •  USA Flygirls •  Axis Awards Descriptions •  'Lack Of Moral Fibre'
Concept of Colonial Discrimination  •  Unauthorised First Long Range Mustang Attack
RAAF Bomb Aimer Evades with Maquis •  SOE Heroine Nancy Wake •  Fane: Motor Racing PRU Legend
Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
Click any image to enlarge it

Click to add your info via ticket on Helpdesk •Click to let us know via ticket on Helpdesk• Click to buy research books from Amazon •Click to explore the entire site
If you would like to comment on this page, please do so via our Helpdesk. Use the Submit a Ticket option to send your comments. After review, our Editors will publish your comment below with your first name, but not your email address.

A word from the Editor: your contribution is important. We welcome your comments and information. Thanks in advance.

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning we will remember them. - Laurence Binyon
All site material (except as noted elsewhere) is owned or managed by Aircrew Remembered and should not be used without prior permission.
© Aircrew Remembered 2012 - 2024
Last Modified: 17 February 2015, 09:19

Monitor Additions/Changes?Click to be informed of changes to this page. Create account for first monitor only, thereafter very fast. Click to close without creating monitor