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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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polish roundel
03.09.1939 No. 21 (1) Eskadra Bombowa Lekka PZL P.23 Karas Kpr. Obiorek

Operation: Defence of Poland

Date: 3rd September 1939 (Sunday)

Unit: No. 21(1) Eskadra Bombowa Lekka (Light Bomber Flight - Polish)

Type: PZL P.23 Karas

Base: Wsola, Poland.

Location: Kozy, Poland.

Pilot: Kpr.pil Stanislaw Obiorek PAF Age 25. Survived (1)

Obs: Ppr.obs. Tadeusz Krol PAF Age 26. Killed

Air/Gnr: Kpr.strzel. Ignacy Mularczyk PAF Age 29. Killed


After successful attack on German tanks in the region of Gorzkowice this aircraft was attacked by 3 Bf 109s. This Polish aircraft was shot down and crashed in Kozy near Dabrowa Wielka, Poland.

Initially they were buried at the crash site, in 1952 exhumed and buried anonymously in Sieradz. Erroneously memorial plagues are still kept at Plawno cemetery, where different crew was buried.

The claim for this loss was made by Lt. Karlfried Norman OF 2nd Staffel 1/JG.77 flying a Bf 109e.

(1) Pilot kpr. Stanislaw Obiorek bailed out and survived - he was sadly killed on the 10/11th January 1942 whilst flying with 304 Squadron. The Wellington, IC Z1082 went missing on an operation to Wilhelmshaven and all the crew are commemorated on the Polish memorial in Warsaw and at Runnymede.


Left: Ppor. Obs. Tadeusz Krol, Right: Kpr.strzel. Ignacy Mularczyk (Courtesy Robert Kielek via Peter Sikora) 


PZL P.23 Karas from12 Light Bomber Escadre, based in Warsaw (courtesy Wikipedia)


On the 4th September 2011, a memorial dedicated to these two Polish airman was unveiled in Kozy. (courtesy Robert Kielek via Peter Sikora)


Left: Warsaw memorial Right: Northolt (Archives)

Burial Details:

Ppr.obs. Tadeusz Krol, Buried in Sieradz. Born 29.8.1913 in Sandomierz, Poland

Kpr.strzel. Ignacy Mularczyk, Buried in Sieradz. Born 16.8.1916 in Nowa Wies, Poland

Researched by Peter Sikora for Aircrew Remembered and dedicated to the relatives of this crew. Acknowledgments: Crew photos courtesy of Robert Kielek. 

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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