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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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253 Squadron Crest
12.08.1942 No. 253 Squadron Hurricane IIc BN227 Flt Sgt. Terence B. Pepper

Operation: Co-Operation Patrol

Date: 12th August 1942 (Wednesday)

Unit: 253 Squadron, 12 Group (motto: 'Come one, Come all')

Type: Hurricane IIC

Serial: BN227

Code: SW:?

Base: RAF Hibaldstow, Lincolnshire

Location: Off Spurn Head, Yorkshire

Pilot: Flt Sgt. Terence Barnes Pepper 405318 RNZAF Age 21. Missing - believed killed


With the great research carried out by Errol Martyn on the Royal New Zealand Airforce losses we have been able to compile this page. If you have further information and or photographs we would welcome contact from you.

On a night co-operation patrol with a Turbinlite Havoc. Whilst over the North Sea the Hurricane was seen to lose height at about 02:05 hrs. The Havoc followed the Hurricane down but lost sight in the darkness. A search was made by the squadron until late the following morning. No sign of the aircraft or the pilot was found.

Burial details:

Flt Sgt. Terence Barnes Pepper. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 117. Born on the 20th October 1920 at Waipawa, the son of Sydney Charles and Kathleen Helen Pepper, of Havelock North, Hawke's Bay, New Zealand.

Worked as a clerk prior to enlisting for the Social Security Office. One of 4 boys (see below) and two girls (Lorna and Noreen) in the family. 366 flying hours logged and had completed 11 operational sorties.

Five sons served in the military during WW2 and beyond:

WO. Richard Lindsay Pepper 635329 served during the war but also as a Jayforce member, Korea and the Vietnam war. Passed away on the 25th May 2010.
Cpl. Brian Sydney Carlyon Pepper 12035 served in the New Zealand Medical Corps, 6 Field Ambulance. Passed away on the 29th November 1995.
Flt Sgt. Douglas Reid Pepper 425591 622 Squadron Lost over France flying Lancaster I LM477 GI:O killed with 5 other crew - 1 taken PoW. Please contact us if you would like additional details on this loss.
Sapper Nolan Pepper 657063 who served with the New Zealand Engineers (NZE), New Zealand Expeditionary Force and JayForce. He passed away on the 14th April 1971.

J Force or "Jayforce" was the New Zealand element of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) Japan.

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this pilot with thanks to the research by Errol Martyn and his publications: “For Your Tomorrow Vols. 1-3”, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Weekly News of New Zealand. Thanks to Roy Bell for the correction regarding the fifth son to serve in the forces during WW2 and beyond. Other sources as quoted below:

RS - 13.08.2021 - Correction to the detail for Sapper Nolan Pepper

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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