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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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442 Squadron Crest
442 RCAF Squadron Spitfire IX MK772 Y2-P Fl/Lt. Arnold Walter Roseland

Operation: Armed recce, PM.

Date: 13th July 1944 (Thursday)

Unit: 442 (RCAF) Squadron (motto: Un Dieu, une reine, un cœur, lit.- 'One God, one queen, one heart')

Type: Spitfire IX

Serial: MK772

Code: Y2-P

Location: Saint-Martin-de-Mailloc, France.

Pilot: Fl/Lt. Arnold 'Rosey' Walter Roseland J/4116 RCAF Age 28. Killed.


Fl/Lt. Roseland was shot down in combat with FW190s and ME109s during an armed recce in the area of Lisleux, France. It is reported that the Spitfire crashed at Saint-Martin-de-Mailloc, France.

Left: Fl/Lt. 'Rosey' Roseland (courtesy of Shirley Walker and Duane Eberly)

We are privileged to show an excerpt from his last letter to his sister:

Somewhere in France June 28, 1944

'As you probably noticed already I’m not stationed in England anymore. In fact, I Have been over here for two weeks now and like it okay.

Believe I would rather be here than in England - it's much more interesting and furthermore we don’t have to fly over a couple of hundred miles of water each trip.

We found it very dusty over here and also sleep in our little dugouts at night, but on the whole, considering there is a war on we are very comfortable and don’t have to go far for excitement either.

We were over the beach head twenty-five minutes before the landings started on the morning of June 6th. It was really a terrific and a most awing spectacle.

We stuck around for about an hour. Have been pretty busy since that time – but I really am enjoying the work and have never been so keen about flying at any time before – especially in our aircraft. I’ll pick them ahead of anything.'

Pictures sent to us by Duane Eberly - a relative of Arnold - the monument has been erected at Roseland Lake, Canada and is only accessible by 4x4 vehicles. Duane is pictured on the right picture.

Arnold with his first born Gary and wife Audrey (courtesy of Shirley Walker and Duane Eberly)

Arnold’s crash in a Fleet Finch, November 1940 - At Cap-de-la Madeleine in Quebec. (courtesy of Shirley Walker and Duane Eberly)

The monument in France. (courtesy of Shirley Walker and Duane Eberly)

Some words from Shirley Walker:

"In 1998, while I was visiting with Ralph Cameron in Okotoks, he took me to the cemetery where Grandpa, Hildur, Gudrun and Grandma were buried. The gravesite was marked with small wooden crosses, hand-painted white long ago, with their names painted in black, scarcely legible. I thought they deserved better, so I contacted my cousins and made arrangements to have a new tombstone erected for them. One morning, late in May 1999, I was sitting at the dining-room table preparing to write a cheque for the proposed new headstone. At that moment, the mail arrived with a letter from the National Archives of Canada. The National Archives had my name on file in respect to my research concerning Uncle Arnold, and they had received a letter from the mayor of a village in France in respect to my uncle. They were forwarding this letter to me.

Along with a letter from the Archives was a letter written in French, and a photograph of a monument. Although the monument’s inscription was in French, I could see that the dedication included the name of my Uncle Arnold, 'F/L A.W. Roseland, RCAF Fighter Squadron 442' and the date that he died, July 13, 1944. The photo of his monument sat beside the mock-up of the headstone for the other four members in his family who had been buried at Okotoks. That it arrived at the precise moment I was arranging for the headstone for the others seemed like a voice calling out from the past. I had the feeling that Arnold wanted to be remembered, too.

Above: In 1999, members of the Comox Air Force Museum, on Vancouver Island, began a decade long project to construct a Supermarine Spitfire IX from the ashes of a former South African Air Force wreck. When finished, this Spitfire will fly in the markings of one that served in the Second World War with the famous and still existing 442 Squadron - based today at Comox. The Y2-K markings it will carry are a tribute to the home squadron and to the Millennium fund that got the project started. During its combat career, Y2-K was flown by many individual pilots of 442, but none came close to the 65 sorties on which it was flown by a man known to his friends simply as Rosey. (Courtesy Vintage Wings of Canada - see link below)

Arnold was remembered. The mayor of the village of St. Martin de Mailloc, in Normandy, had watched the dogfight in which my uncle’s Spitfire was attacked by several German Messerschmitts. The mayor, as a young man, had watched my uncle’s plane crash in the village. Members of the German army came quickly and took Arnold’s identification away, but left behind a cigarette lighter inscribed with his name. The mayor, Pierre Behier, never forgot that day or that name.

Years later, when the village wished to erect a monument in honour of the fiftieth anniversary of D-Day, the mayor recommended that they create a monument to my uncle as their thank-you to all Canadians who fought for the liberation of France. Because of privacy laws, they had been unable to contact a relative for a dedication on the fiftieth anniversary of D-Day, so they hoped to make the dedication on the fifty-fifth anniversary of Arnold’s death. I contacted Arnold’s two sons with this information, and they got in touch with the mayor.

Subsequently, one son and two of Arnold’s grandsons attended the dedication ceremony at St. Martin de Mailloc on July 13, 1999."

Above: Spitfire MK304 Y2-K, the usual mount for Fl/Lt. Roseland. Undergoing an engine change. Sent into us in March 2014 and is part of an extensive series of RCAF photographs that we hope to shortly have available for viewing. (courtesy 19th Wing Museum RCAF and Major Fred Paradie)

Above 442 Squdron 1944 - Fl/Lt. Arnold Roseland on extreme right (Courtesy 19th Wing Museum RCAF and Major Fred Paradie)

Above grave marker and the CWGC headstone (courtesy Operation Picture Me)


Fl/Lt. Arnold Walter Roseland. Bretteville-sur-Laize Canadian War Cemetery. Plot 23. Row A. Grave 1. Born on the 31st August 1915 in Youngstown, Alberta, Canada. Son of Gustav Andrew Roseland (died 15th January 1934 age 59 and Anna Roseland (died in 1944, age 85). Husband of Audrey Roseland (née Weiler), father to Gary Lee and Ronald Keith of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

With thanks to Major Fred Paradie and the 'Paradie Archive'. Vintage Wings of Canada.

Other sources as shown below:

Pages of Outstanding Interest
History Airborne Forces •  Soviet Night Witches •  Bomber Command Memories •  Abbreviations •  Gardening Codenames
CWGC: Your Relative's Grave Explained •  USA Flygirls •  Axis Awards Descriptions •  'Lack Of Moral Fibre'
Concept of Colonial Discrimination  •  Unauthorised First Long Range Mustang Attack
RAAF Bomb Aimer Evades with Maquis •  SOE Heroine Nancy Wake •  Fane: Motor Racing PRU Legend
Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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