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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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429 Squadron Crest
22/23.06.1943 429 Squadron Wellington X HF457 AL:H Plt.Off. William A. Sneath

Operation: Mülheim

Date: 22nd/23rd June 1943 (Tuesday/Wednesday)

Unit: 429 Squadron

Type: Wellington X

Serial: HF457

Code: AL:H

Base: RAF East Moore, Yorkshire

Location: Houthalen, Belgium

Pilot: WO2 William Alfred Sneath R80220 RCAF Age 30. Killed

Nav: Plt.Off. Roger G. Clarke J21825 RCAF PoW No: 1491 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria (L4)

Air Bmr: Plt.Off. Athol Bury Drummond-Hay J21465 RCAF PoW No: 1493 Camp: Sagan and Belaria (L3)

WOp/Air Gnr: Sgt. James Theodore Hindley 1058762 RAFVR Age 21. Killed

Air Gnr: Sgt. James Oliver Hills R176395 RCAF Age 22. Killed


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Took off at 23.338 hrs from RAF East Moore in Yorkshire to bomb the German city of Mülheim - a bomber force made up with 242 Lancasters, 155 Halifaxes, 93 Stirlings, 55 Wellingtons and 12 Mosquitoes - 557 aircraft in total.

Two of pilot Plt.Off. William Sneath (courtesy Lois Ann Cox Garlitz)

Left Sgt. Hindley (courtesy Alan Wilson), Right: Flt.Sgt. Hills (from his service file courtesy Gregory Kopchuk)

The city was seriously damaged, the bombing (between 01.18 hrs - 02.09 hrs) had cut all communications with Oberhausen, with which Mülheim was linked for air-raid purposes. No one could get through, not even cyclists, the only possible way in which they could communicate was with foot messengers. The total damage was reported as 578 people killed on the ground, - 1,174 injured. 1,135 houses were destroyed with a further 12,637 damaged. Various other buildings were hit including 41 public buildings, 27 schools, 17 churches and 6 hospitals. It has been reported that 64% of the town was destroyed.

Plt.Off. Athol Bury Drummond-Hay J21465 RCAF (courtesy Astrid Van Erp)

This came at a huge loss to the Allies with 35 aircraft being lost. 202 aircrew killed, 34 being made Prisoners of War with 3 aircrew evading capture.

Another 429 Squadron Wellington was also lost:
Wellington X HZ312 Flown by 22 year old Wg.Cdr. Joseph Logan Savard DFC, the youngest commanding officer to be killed on operations during 1943. Wg.Cdr. Savard from the Montreal Province of Quebec, Canada was killed with all four other crew.

Wellington HF457 was shot down by Oblt. Hans Autenreith of II./NJG1, his 13th Abschuss, on detachment to 6./NJG4 with the aircraft crashing at 02.10 hrs. at Houthalen Belgium.

(1) Oblt. Hans Autenrieth (shown above) went on to have a total of 22 kills, before he was shot down on the 4th August 1944 and taken prisoner. He did manage to evade capture for 2 days before being caught by the French resistance. Understood to have survived the war - no further details.

Memorial to this and other crews (courtesy J.P. Jegers)

Crew graves (courtesy Michel Beckers)

Burial Details:

Crew members were initially buried on the 25th June at St-Truiden - reinterred after the end of the war at Heverlee.

Plt.Off. William Alfred Sneath. Heverlee War Cemetery. Grave 8.K.6. Born 19th June 1913, Alameda, Saskatchewan. Son of Charles Alexander and Lois Rebecca (née McGregor) Sneath, of Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada. Appointed commission with Service No. J17777 on 11th June 1943.

Sgt. James Theodore Hindley. Heverlee War Cemetery. Grave 8.K.7. Son of the Revd. James Hindley and Louise Hindley, of Buxton, Derbyshire, England.

Flt.Sgt. James Oliver Hills. Heverlee War Cemetery. Grave 8.K.5. Born 25th March 1921, Tuxford, Saskatchewan. Son of Francis Ross and Minnie Belle (née Forsythe) Hills of Dilke, Saskatchewan, Canada. Promoted to Flt.Sgt. 18th June 1943.

Researched by Michel Beckers for Aircrew Remembered, November 2014. With thanks to Mrs. Lois Ann Cox Garlitz for photos of Plt.Off. William Sneath, Astrid Van Erp for photos of Plt.Off. Athol Drummond-Hay and newspaper, Alan Wilson for photo of Sgt. James Hindley, finally to J.P. Jegers for the photo of the memorial to the crew. Thanks to Gregory Kopchuk for the image of Flt.Sgt. Hills.

RS 16.07.2020 - addition of photograph for Flt.Sgt. Hills

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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