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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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129 Squadron Crest
05.06.1942 No. 129 Squadron Spitfire Vb BM639 P/O. Govert Steen

Operation: Circus 188

Date: 05th June 1942 (Friday)

Unit: No. 129 Squadron. 11 Group (motto: 'I will defend the right')

Type: Spitfire Vb

Serial: BM639

Base: RAF Westhampnet, West Sussex

Location: English Channel - off Octeville-sur-Mer, France

Pilot: P/O. Govert Steen 104343 RAFVR (Dutch) Age 25. Missing - believed killed


The story of a Dutch navy pilot who escaped to fight the Germans again

Govert Steen was born in Apeldoorn on the 12th March 1917. Joined the Netherlands Naval Aviation Service (Marine-Luchtvaartdienst) and served as a commissioned fighter pilot flying Fokker D.XXIs with 1e JaVa, 2e Luchtvaart Regiment.

After the Germans had invaded his neutral country on the 10th of May 1940 the Battle of the Netherlands lasted for just a few days before the main Dutch force surrendered following the bombing of Rotterdam. There was resistance in Zealand but the German occupation of the whole country had been completed by the 17th of May 1940. Govert decided to escape.

He obtained a job with Fokker in April 1941 and planned to escape by stealing an aircraft. The opportunity came when he discovered the Germans were testing a Fokker T.VIII-w, a type of float plane used in the torpedo-bomber and reconnaissance roles, based in Minervahaven in Amsterdam. This plane had been captured by the Germans in the Netherlands and repainted into Luftwaffe camouflage with the code KD+GQ.

The possible flaw in the plan was that Govert had no experience in flying this aircraft type.

There were three other escapers who would accompany Govert on his flight to freedom. Firstly Wim Boomsma, was a corporal aircraft mechanic. His father and grandfather had been arrested by the Germans and he believed they were also looking for him.

Next was Jan Beelaerts van Blokland, a cavalry officer known by the nickname Mickey. He would play an important role in gaining intelligence on how to achieve access to the aircraft.

The last of the three was Wijbert Lindeman, who worked for Fokker as a technician.

The escape took place overnight on 5/6th May 1941. The four men hid during the night awaiting an opportunity to begin their escape attempt. About 2 am they decided it was time to go and went to a place close to where the aircraft had been anchored in the harbour. They had first to prepare a flotation bag (drijfzak) to get them out to the aircraft. By the time they were aboard and prepared it was already 07.00hrs.

Happily, it was found that the aircraft had been left fully fuelled up and Govert successfully started the first engine. Attention was then turned to starting the second engine while the plane was being untied ready for take-off. As the second engine started there was a problem encountered - the first one suddenly stopped. Anxious attempts were then made to restart it!

Eventually, after what seemed an eternity to those on board, the aircraft was ready to taxi out of the harbour. They came out onto the Noordzee Canal and took off. This involved going by a German guard position but fortunately, the soldiers took no notice of the passing plane. Govert’s skill as a pilot overcame his lack of experience in flying the Fokker T.VIII-w.

Left to right: Vreze, Rijklof van Goens (1), Steen and Opolski (2) (courtesy Rob Philips - Kollektie Militaire Luchtvaart Museum - 030315-2-6a)

Overcoming navigational difficulties on the way, Govert was eventually successful in flying the aircraft across to England. His problems were not yet over as the British opened fire with anti-aircraft guns against this apparent intruder in Luftwaffe markings. It was fortunate that the plane was not shot down but eventually managed to get down safely in Broadstairs harbour. A Dutch flag had been brought on the journey to wave at the British and persuade them there was no belligerent intent.

Govert Steen was decorated for his brave escape, receiving a Vliegerkruis (Airman’s Cross). This was not the close of his aerial fighting against the Germans, however.

Left to Right: Opolski, Zus (Steen's sister), father Steen, Govert and Steen’s mother (courtesy Rob Philips and the Steen family)

He went on to train as a Spitfire pilot and flew with RAF 129 Squadron, flying 79 war sorties until his final one on 5 June 1942 when he was shot down in aerial combat over Octeville-sur-Mer, north of Le Havre in France and crashed into the English Channel. His remains were never discovered.

His Vliegerkruis was later complemented with a second one awarded posthumously for the shooting down of an enemy aircraft over Ypenburg on 10 May 1940, the day his country was invaded by the Germans.

During the same operation 22 year old, Sgt Allan James Edwards NZ/4164 RNZAF from Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand was also shot down but managed to bale out and rescued by an Air Sea Rescue Walrus. Sadly he was killed on the 18th of August 1942 during a sweep to Cherbourg. His Spitfire BL934 crashed into the sea - his body being recovered on the 27th of August by a British Destroyer.

Burial details

P/O. Govert Steen. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 71. Son of Willem Johannes and Johanna Barbara Steen, of Apeldoorn, Holland. Awarded the Vliegerkruis (Flying Cross) twice.


Fl/Sgt Allan James Edwards. Felixstowe New Cemetery. Block B. Sec. K. Grave 30. Son of Lewis John and Isabella Edwards, of Anderson's Bay, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand.

Fl/Lt. Rijklof van Goens. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 203. Son of Mr. and Mrs. G.H. Van Goens, of Apeldoorn, Holland.

(1) 30 year old Fl/Lt. Rijklof van Goens 124239 RAFVR went missing in the English Channel on the 17th August 1944. Whilst with 41 Squadron on a Diver patrol flying a Spitfire XII MB880 some reports state that he ran out of fuel, Rob Philips research concluded that it was possible he was taken down by friendly fire off Kent.

(2) His best friend Kurt Opolski also flew as a fighter pilot - with the Luftwaffe. He was also shot down and killed whilst with 5./JG77 in a Bf.109E on the 12th April 1940 off the coast of Norway.

Researched by David Drury for Aircrew Remembered, January 2016. Further information and photographs submitted to us by Rob Philips - page dedicated to the relatives of this pilot with thanks to sources quoted below. Also to Hembrug Museum website (article: spectaculaire-diefstal-watervliegtuig), Histaviaton website (listing of Fokker T.VIII aircraft, Isle of Thanet Gazette website (article: Daring escape from Nazis in stolen plane), Oorlogs Graven Stichting website (person 147272), The Blitz Then and Now, volume 2 page 591, Wikipedia website (several diverse articles in Dutch or English), WW2 Awards website (person 34717). Rob Philips and the Kracker archive.

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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