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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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463 Squadron Crest
463 Squadron Lancaster III LM675 JO-T F/O. K.E.J. Tanner

Operation: Boulogne (Daylight operation)

Date: 17th September 1944 (Sunday)

Unit: No. 463 Squadron (RAAF)

Type: Lancaster III

Serial: LM675

Code: JO-T

Base: RAF Waddington

Location: Bernieulles, France

Pilot: F/O. 'Zak' Keith E.J. Tanner RAF - Survived, no injuries.

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Kenneth William Yates 1819809 RAFVR Age 21. - Survived, no injuries.

Nav: Fl/Sgt. Ronald William Dent AUS/418037 RAAF Age 22. - Survived, no injuries.

Air/Bmr: Fl/Sgt. William Anthony Hundy AUS/428713 RAAF Age 28. - Survived, no injuries.

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Neil Stanley Palmer AUS/424392 RAAF Age 21. - Survived, no injuries.

Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Brian Douglas McGill AUS/429609 RAAF Age 21. - Survived, no injuries.

Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. 'Birkin' Donald McKenzie Wills AUS/437462 RAAF Age 20. - Survived, no injuries.


Lancaster LM675 took off from RAF Waddington at 08:15 hours on 17th September 1944 to bomb enemy strong points at the channel port of Boulogne, France. LM675 bombed the target and almost immediately was hit by flak which seriously damaged the aircraft.

This attack was part of Operation Wellhit by mostly Canadian groundforces. The bombing was directed at 5 zones and was against the German ground defences called Landfront. (Information supplied by Ben Muller - January 2016)

The crew of Lancaster LM675, minus Sgt. Kenneth William Yates who joined later. Rear: W/O. K.W.A. Brock, Fl/Sgt. Wills (rear gunner), Fl/Sgt. Lemin (1). Front: Fl/Sgt. Hundy (bomb aimer), F/O. Tanner (pilot), Fl/Sgt. Dent (navigator). (courtesy Leah Kernot)

Above LM675 shortly after crash-landing, creating quite an interest with the locals.

Sgt. Kenneth William Yates and local newspaper report (courtesy Leah Kernot)

Six of the crew baled out over friendly territory. The pilot managed to crash land the aircraft with wheels and flaps down in a field south east of Samer ending up among trees. The pilot escaped injuries and there were no fatalities

Final Log Book entry page for Sgt. Yates - showing the loss and also transport back to his base. (courtesy Leah Kernot)

Squadron ORB describe from the pilot report what happened:

'Sortie completed. Slight haze. Visibility Fair. Red Target IndicatorI in sight, as instructed. 8000 ft. 09.41 hours. 11 x 1000lb USA, 4 x 500lb. Good concentration. On our bombing run, immediately after bombs gone hit by heavy flak. Hole in port wing approx 11ft x 6ft. Ailerons severely damaged. aircraft went out of control in diving turn, during this No 3 tank blew out and exploded behind aircraft.

I ordered abandon aircraft and moderate control of aircraft maintained at 4000ft. WOP, Mid Upper and Rear Gunner tried to get out of rear door This was jammed the handle broke off and they had to come to front hatch.

Eventually all members of crew apart from pilot squeezed themselves out. Reasonable controlled descent maintained with port engines fully opened. Stbd engines half throttled, full aileron and rudder bias. Estimated crew baled out from 2/3,000 ft.

At 1,500ft I attempted bale out – unsuccessfully as aircraft dived out of control. Re-gained control at 800 feet and having no other alternative had to make forced landing in quickest possible time. Landing effected in a field that was obstructed with anti-invasion posts, with starboard engine on fire. Undercarriage and flaps were serviceable and operated allowing me to make a successful landing.

At end of landing run, to avoid further danger, I swung aircraft to port coming to rest in a wood. Made very quick getaway as starboard outer wing and engine on fire.

Throughout these extremely difficult circumstances, my crew behaved in an exemplary manner, and showed calm and coolness throughout.'

The Navigator reported 'Our pilot’s captaincy and leadership displayed throughout these intense moments gave us confidence and inspiration. We considered the aircraft impossible to fly, and how he effected a landing was, in the opinion of all of us a miracle, and we never expected after we left that the aircraft would be landed.'

(1) 20 year old, Fl/Sgt. William John Lemin AUS/427203 was later killed on the 02nd November 1944. With 467 Squadron Lancaster I DV396 PO-B on an operation to Dusseldorf. The pilot, F/O. Leslie Keith Landridge AUS/429972 was also killed, the remaining 5 crew were safe after coming down in allied territory within Belgium.

Burial details:

None - all crew survived.

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to Leah Kernot (daughter of the Air Bomber Fl/Sgt. Hundy) for information. ORBs for 463 Squadron. Australian War Memorial report No. 342. Ben Muller for operation details. With thanks to Mr. G.B. Dent who contacted us in November 2016 sending us a copy of the navigators map.

Series of telegrams received by the family of Sgt. Yates, imagine the feeling when each of these was delivered?

KTY - 24.11.2016 further details/map added

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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