AR banner
Search Tips Advanced Search
Back to Top

• Kracker Archive
• Allied Losses
• Archiwum Polish
• Paradie Canadian
• Searchable Lists

Info LogoAdd to or correct this story with a few clicks.
Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
Check our Research databases: Database List


We seek additional information and photographs. Please contact us via the Helpdesk.

420 squadron crest
12.02.1942 420 (Snowy Owl) Sqn RCAF Hampden I P4400 PT:J Plt Off Topping DFM.

Operation: Fuller

Date: 12th February 1942 (Thursday)

Unit: 420 (Snowy Owl) Squadron, RCAF

Type: Hampden I

Serial: P4400

Code: PT:J

Base: RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire.

Location: English Channel.

Pilot: Plt Off John Robert Topping DFM. 103530 RAFVR Age 24. Missing - believed killed

Obs: Sgt. Frederick William Ashfield 116084 RAFVR Age ? Missing - believed killed

WOp/Air Gnr: Fg Off Edward Graham Fowler 81397 RAFVR Age 30. Missing - believed killed

WOp/Air Gnr: Sgt. Thomas Henry Mate 1050108 RAFVR Age 22. Missing - believed killed


Took off at 13:37 hrs on Operation 'Fuller" the famous channel dash of the German battleships Scharnorst and Gneisenau. Another six aircraft from the squadron left an hour earlier to the same target. Two others left an hour after P4400, all with the object of crippling or sinking the pride of the German fleet as they broke out of Brest harbour.

The weather obscured the targets with only a couple of Hampdens actually finding and attacking with no success.

P4400 was lost without trace, as was another from 420 Squadron, Hampden AT134 PT:K flown by Sqn Ldr George L.B. Harris, all eight crew members from both aircraft killed or missing.

Me109s and Fw190s from JG 2 and JG 1 claimed two Hampdens in the early afternoon raid

Plt Off John Robert Topping DFM and newspaper reports (see credits)

Sgt. John Topping earned his DFM while flying Hampdens with 106 Squadron. His citation from the London Gazette, dated 23rd September 1941 reads:

'Sergeant Topping has captained an aircraft on 31 operations which have included 10 “Gardening” operations off the coast of France and Germany and 21 bombing raids on the heavily defended Naval yards of the enemy and the industrial cities in the Ruhr. His consistent skill and courage have earned him a considerable measure of success. On the night of 4th April 1941, he carried out a daring low-level attack on “Scharnhost” in Brest Harbour and was only 50 feet above sea level before pulling out of the dive in which his aircraft was hit by a tracer and his navigator wounded. This N.C.O. is a pilot whose skill, courage and conscientiousness have been outstanding throughout his service in the squadron and his reliable execution of his operations and the ground duties have undoubtedly been an example to other members of the squadron'.

Above: John Topping with wife Kathleen, his parents and brother Captain T. Topping (courtesy Walter Alberto Mazzeo)

Above: John Topping 2nd row 2nd from the left, in a group photograph from the Bert Parker collection (courtesy Walter Alberto Mazzeo)

Burial details:

None - all are classed as 'missing' and commemorated on the Runnymede memorial

Plt Off John Robert Topping DFM. Runnymede Memorial Panel 72. Further information: Fourth son of Mrs. Annie Mary and the late Mr. Thomas Topping, husband of Kathleen (née Lockett) Topping of Bedford and father to Jacqueline born in April 1942. He was born in Carlisle, worked as a pupil for his father who was the Sanitary Inspector for Rochester at the Sanitary Inspectors Office before joining the Air Force in 1938. Had two brothers in the forces, one in the R.A.M.C. the other, Captain T. Topping serving in the Royal Artillery.

Sgt. Frederick William Ashfield. Runnymede Memorial Panel 77. Husband of J.W. Ashfield of Halstead, Essex, England.

Fg Off Edward Graham Fowler. Runnymede Memorial Panel 66. Adopted son of Edward and Rose Fowler, husband of Dorothy Anne Fowler of Wembley, England.

Sgt. Thomas Henry Mate. Runnymede Memorial Panel 89. Son of James T. Mate and Batty Harriet Mate of Wortley, Yorkshire, England. Also listed on the Penistone Grammar School Memorial, Barnsley.

Researched by Aircrew Remembered, researcher and specialist genealogist Linda Ibrom for relatives of this crew. With special thanks for information and photo’s to Marshall Topping, nephew of Pilot Officer Topping. Thanks also to Martyn Critchlow for sending information on Sgt. Thomas Mate (February 2013) To Walter Alberto Mazzeo, the greatnephew of the pilot who contacted us in March 2018. Thanks again to Walter Alberto Mazzeo for the group photograph (Mar 2021).

RS 14.03.2021 - Addition of Group photo of Plt Off Topping

Pages of Outstanding Interest
History Airborne Forces •  Soviet Night Witches •  Bomber Command Memories •  Abbreviations •  Gardening Codenames
CWGC: Your Relative's Grave Explained •  USA Flygirls •  Axis Awards Descriptions •  'Lack Of Moral Fibre'
Concept of Colonial Discrimination  •  Unauthorised First Long Range Mustang Attack
RAAF Bomb Aimer Evades with Maquis •  SOE Heroine Nancy Wake •  Fane: Motor Racing PRU Legend
Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
Click any image to enlarge it

Click to add your info via ticket on Helpdesk •Click to let us know via ticket on Helpdesk• Click to buy research books from Amazon •Click to explore the entire site
If you would like to comment on this page, please do so via our Helpdesk. Use the Submit a Ticket option to send your comments. After review, our Editors will publish your comment below with your first name, but not your email address.

A word from the Editor: your contribution is important. We welcome your comments and information. Thanks in advance.

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning we will remember them. - Laurence Binyon
All site material (except as noted elsewhere) is owned or managed by Aircrew Remembered and should not be used without prior permission.
© Aircrew Remembered 2012 - 2024
Last Modified: 19 March 2021, 14:41

Monitor Additions/Changes?Click to be informed of changes to this page. Create account for first monitor only, thereafter very fast. Click to close without creating monitor