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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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99 Squadron Crest
04/05.12.1940 No. 99 Squadron Wellington IC T2501 LN-F F/O. Frank H. Vivian

Operation: Düsseldorf, Germany

Date: 4/5th December 1940 (Wednesday/Thursday)

Unit: No. 99 Squadron

Type: Wellington Mk.IC

Serial: T2501

Code: LN-F

Base: RAF Newmarket, Suffolk

Location: Luftwaffe airfield (KG 53) located at Vitry-en-Artois, France

Pilot: F/O. Frank Harvey Vivian 70699 RAF PoW No. 638 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria (1)

2nd Pilot: P/O. Hardie Grosvenor de Forest 42486 RAF PoW No: 367 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria

Sgt. R.E. Bush 749722 RAFVR PoW No: 356 Camp: Stalag Luft Heydekrug

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. John Gage 745360 RAFVR PoW No. 430 Camp: Stalag Kopernikus (2)

Air/Gnr: Sgt. C.H.C. Wright 905898 RAFVR PoW No: 394 Camp: Stalag Luft Heydekrug

Air/Gnr: P/O. J.R. Hoppe 70239 RAF PoW No: 371 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria


Wellington Mk. IC coded LN-F (T2501) flown by F/O. Frank Vivian had been damaged by light anti-aircraft fire and the crew became dis-orientated. They noticed landing lights of an airfield and ended up going in to land, thinking that they were over England.

They had in fact landed at the airfield home to I./KG 53 in Vitry-en-Artois. KG 53 had by then already returned to their airfield and were headed to their quarters when they noticed an aircraft coming in, they assumed it was one of theirs and they turned on the landing lights.

No one suspected it was a British bomber and since it landed everyone assumed the aircraft was a German.

It wasn't until a guard saw the crew climbing back into the Wellington that the base was alerted and alarm sounded. F/O. Vivian didn't have time to take off or destroy the aircraft - the crew were taken prisoner for the remainder of the war.

Above and below: Wellington T2501 in Luftwaffe markings

The Following day the Wellington was the centre attraction for KG 53 and the Luftwaffe soldiers at the airfield. countless photos were taken a couple colour slides and a short time later it was removed to conceal it from the British aerial recon. The aircraft was later flown with the Test and Evaluation Centre at Rechlin using the 5+4 Luftwaffe markings.

(1) Retired from RAF in 1956 as W/Cdr. MBE. A week before this incident he had married Margaret Croft ‘Peggy’ Scriven the winner of the French Championship tennis title in 1933/34. In 1938 rated as England’s No. 1 tennis player - the last British woman to win the same Grand Slam singles tournament for two consecutive years (left handed). Margaret died on the 25th January 2001 (age 88).

Right: Margaret Croft ‘Peggy’ Scriven

(2) Sgt. John Gage was killed during the closing days of the war after RAF Typhoons mistakingly strafed a PoW column near the village of Gresse.

Burial details:

None - all crew survived. However at a later date:

(2) W/O. John Gage. Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Grave 6B.11. Son of of Clement and Annie Gage, of Harnham, Salisbury, England.

Above: Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery.

Researched by Michel Beckers for Aircrew Remembered - May 2015. Bill Chorley’s BC. Losses 1936-1940 2nd edition for additional information, with Wikipedia for photo and information on Margaret Scriven. Further sources as quoted below. With thanks to Pat Bouma for advising us of the incorrect aircraft squadron markings - March 2018.

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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