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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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115 squadron crest
03/04.06.1942 No. 115 Squadron Wellington III X3635 KO-J F/O. Thomas Wood

Operation: Bremen

Date: 03/4th June 1942 (Wednesday/Thursday)

Unit: No: 115 Squadron

Type: Wellington III

Serial: X3635

Code: KO-J

Base: RAF Marham, Norfolk.

Location: No details currently available

Pilot: F/O. Thomas Reader Russell Wood DFC. 67642 RAFVR Age 21. Killed

Pilot 2: Sgt. John Wynne Chapman NZ/41978 RNZAF Age 27. Missing

Nav: Sgt. Leonard John Howe 137584 RAFVR Age 28. Missing

Air/Bmr: Sgt. Maurice John Morris Davies 905368 RAFVR Age 21. Missing

W/Op/Air/Gnr: P/O. H. B. Pearce PoW No: 556 Camp: Stalag Luft III, Sagan, Poland

Air/Gnr (mid upper): Sgt. Benjamin Francis Wischhusen 751991 RAFVR Age 27. Missing

REASON FOR LOSS:

Took off at 23.00 hrs. from R.A.F. Marham, Norfolk, at first it was thought that they had been shot down at 04:06 hrs. by Ofw Georg Klever, flying ME110 Nightfighter. He was part of NGJ/3 group based at Laon/Athies airfield in Northern France. The aircraft that he did attack returned damaged.(1)

However, further enquiries with the great assistance from Dr. Theo Boiten reveals that the Wellington was claimed by 1.-3./Res. Flak Abt. 265, came down 1 km south of Adelheide (Delmenhorst) at 01:30 hrs. It is believed that the Wellington had a full bomb load at the time.

(1) It is believed that the Wellington had a full bomb load at the time. Four of those who died are commemorated on the Runnymede memorial whilst Sergeant Wood is buried in Becklingen War Cemetery.


P/O. Pearce was sent to Stalag Luft III at Sagan, Poland. In 2008 he recounts in a letter to the Daily Mail of his attempt to escape from the camp:

“I was shot down on my 26th bombing operation and was the sole survivor. I was waiting in the block near the tunnel entrance ready to escape when the outside exit was discovered. I had arranged to accompany one of my fellow officers and had drawn a higher number than his for the escape. He was waiting outside in the woods for me and was one of those ruthlessly murdered on Hitler’s orders. I ended up spending three years in the prison camp.”


The Wischhusen family originated from Bremen, in Germany, (close to where the Wellington was to drop it’s bombs) but moved to London in the 1790’s. Born in 1915 in Bethnal Green, London. Benjamin, known as Ben, had an older brother Leslie John Wischhusen who was born in Petchefstrom, South Africa in 1913.

After living in the East End of London, Bens father served in the 1st Dragoons (Royals) reaching the rank of squadron sergeant major, being mentioned in dispatches and gaining the DSM. After leaving the army and with the death of his wife in 1923, he moved the family out to Blandford, Dorset and re married Amy Hilda Seaviour and had another son, John.

Both of the older Wischhausen brothers worked at Lee Motors, a large transport garage where Ben was employed as a coach painter and Les as a metalworker. Ben married May Smith at St. Andrews Church, Boscombe and they moved to Shellbourne Road, Boscombe, their daughter Elizabeth was born in 1941 in Boscombe. When Ben was posted to his squadron his wife May and their baby moved in with her sister Lily and her husband Les (Leslie Eric Orchard Frost) in Enfield, staying with them after Ben’s death in 1942.

(1) Ofw. Georg Klever was to be posted as missing in action in April 1945. Further information can be found in our Kracker archive.


Burial details:

F/O. Thomas Reader Russell Wood DFC. Becklingen War Cemetery Grave 26.G.12. Born in India in 1921. He was the oldest child of Bernard Reader and Rachael Clarissa (née Russell) Wood. Son Bernard was also born India, in 1924. Daughter Elizabeth was born in British Guiana in 1930. Bernard, who was born in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1890, came to the UK in 1904 where he attended Tonbridge School. He subsequently attended Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, receiving his BA in 1912 . He received his diploma in forestry in 1914 and was hired by the Indian Forest Service where he remained until 1925. In 1925, the family moved to British Guiana where he was employed as Conservator of Forests, a position which would lead to a CBE being awarded in 1946 upon his retirement.

Fl/Sgt. John Wynne Chapman. Runnymede Memorial Panel 117. Born on 17 May 1915 at Mt. Grey Downs, Balcairn, NZ. He was the son of John and Gwendolyne Rubina (née Curlett) Chapman and was married to Phyllis May (née McColl) Chapman of Lower Hutt. John excelled at Scots College, Wellington where he was also the Senior swimming champion. Before the war he attended Auckland University's School of Architecture where he was an architectural assistant. He enlisted in the RNZAF earning his Pilot's Badge 14 June 1941. Promoted to Sgt on 26 July 1941 he embarked for the UK on 14 August 1941 arriving at No. 3 PRC, Bournemouth 28 September 1941. He attended No. 20 OTU 20 October 1941 and was posted to No. 115 Squadron 20 May 1942. Killed on first operation. (info courtesy Errol Martyn - via Dave Champion)

Sgt. Leonard John Howe. Runnymede Memorial Panel 86. Son of John and Ellen Louise Howe of Lower Edmonton, Middlesex, England.

Sgt. Maurice John Morris Davies. Runnymede Memorial Panel 81. Son of Thomas Morris and Catherine Anne Davies of Barnes, Surrey, England.

Sgt. Benjamin Francis Wischhusen. Runnymede Memorial Panel 97. Son of Mr Benjamin John Wischhusen and Francis Ellen (nee Ellam) Wischhusen. of Boscombe, Hampshire, England. Husband of May (née Smith) Wischhusen.

Researched by Aircrew Remembered, researcher and specialist genealogist Linda Ibrom for relatives of this crew. Acknowledgements: Michael Wischhusen, nephew of Sgt. Wischhusen with thanks also to Hans Klootwijk of the Caribbean Aircrew site for extra info on Flying Officer Wood. We would like to appeal for any further information on F/O. Wood on behalf of Hans Klootwijk. With thanks also to Jon Pinkham who advised us of a correction with details of Sgt. Wischhusen in February 2016. Finally to Dave Champion for details submitted - July 2018.


Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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