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Archive Report: Axis Forces
1914-1918   1935-1945

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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Johann Badum Luftwaffe pilot
Johann Badum: 54 victories on Eastern, Western and African fronts

Johann Badum (born 2 March 1921 at Ruthweiler in the Kusel region of Pfalz, died 12 January 1943 near Giordani, Tripoli). He flew over 300 combat missions and secured the bulk of his victories on the Eastern front (51), including 14 Sturmovik ground attack aircraft, which, although rugged, were no match for the German fighters. He wore the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded in recognition of extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. From January 1942, Badum was serving with the Ergängzungsstaffel/JG 77 on the southern sector of the Eastern front. On his sixth mission, flown on 26 February, Badum claimed a Russian Pe-2 twin-engine bomber shot down for his first victory. In April 1942, Badum was transferred to 6./JG 77. He had accumulated three victories in 45 missions at this time. He claimed 17 victories in July, including his 20th victory shot down on 24 July, to raise his victory total to 29.

In August, Badum recorded a further 14 victories, including, in two missions on 13 August, five Russian LaGG-3 fighters shot down to record his 34th through 38th victories. He claimed his 51st victory on 16 September. 

Leutnant Badum was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 15 October. 

In early December 1942, II./JG 77 was relocated to North Africa. Badum claimed three Allied fighters shot down in this theatre, all Curtiss P-40 fighters, to raise his victory total to 54. On 12 January 1943, Badum was shot down and killed in Bf 109 G-2 (W.Nr. 10727) ‘Yellow 7’ in aerial combat with USAAF P-38 twin-engine fighters southwest of Giordani in Tunisia. 

Known Victory Claims 

02/06/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
15.57Eastern Front
05/06/1942
6JG 77I-153

Eastern Front
06/06/1942
6JG 77I-16 Rata

Eastern Front
08/06/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
12.35Eastern Front
02/07/1942
6JG 77Pe-2

Eastern Front
26/07/1942
6JG 77Il-2

Eastern Front
26/07/1942





Eastern Front
28/07/1942
6JG 77Il-2
19Eastern Front
28/07/1942
6JG 77Il-2
19.02Eastern Front
28/07/1942
6JG 77Il-2
19.04Eastern Front
29/07/1942
6JG 77Pe-2
6.54Eastern Front
06/08/1942
6JG 77Pe-2
12.1Eastern Front
06/08/1942
6JG 77DB-7
18.05Eastern Front
12/08/1942
6JG 77Curtiss P-40
16.37Eastern Front
12/08/1942
6JG 77Curtiss P-40
7.08Eastern Front
13/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
8.52Eastern Front
13/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
9.15Eastern Front
13/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
13.36Eastern Front
13/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
13.46Eastern Front
13/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
13.5Eastern Front
13/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
17.22Eastern Front
18/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
17.23Eastern Front
18/08/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
17.23Eastern Front
25/08/1942
6JG 77Il-2
17.36Eastern Front
03/09/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
4.48Eastern Front
03/09/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
4.52Eastern Front
05/09/1942
6JG 77Il-2
17.14Eastern Front
05/09/1942
6JG 77Il-2
17.21Eastern Front
14/09/1942
6JG 77Airacobra
12.05Eastern Front
15/09/1942
6JG 77Il-2
6.5Eastern Front
15/09/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
6.53Eastern Front
15/09/1942
6JG 77LaGG-3
7.1Eastern Front
21/12/1942
6JG 77Curtiss P-40

Western Front
21/12/1942
6JG 77Curtiss P-40

Western Front
02/01/1943
6JG 77Curtiss P-40

Western Front

Awards: Ritterkreuz (10/15/42), Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (3 October 1942) ,  Ehrenpokal (13 September 1942) , EK 1 & 2, Fighter Operational Clasp

Researched by Stefan Pietrzak Youngs from Kracker Archive (on this site), Georg Winter and private research.



Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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