01/02.10.1940 No. 78 Squadron Whitley V P4964 P/O. Andrew
Date: 01/02nd October 1940 (Tuesday/Wednesday)
Unit: No. 78 Squadron (4 Group) (motto: Nemo non paratus "Nobody unprepared")
Type: Whitley V
Base: RAF Dishforth, Yorkshire
Location: Hemmelo, Netherlands
Pilot: P/O. Neville Halsey Andrew 36252 RAF Age 21. Killed
Pilot: P/O. Harry Wright Morgan 43708 RAF Age 27. Killed
Obs: Sgt George Enos Matson 581164 RAF Age 20. Killed
W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. Phillip Hall Richmond 639639 RAF Age 19. Killed
Air/Gnr: Sgt. Arthur Roscoe 633114 RAF Age 19. Killed
REASON FOR LOSS:
Leaving RAF Dishforth in Yorkshire at 19:06 hrs briefed to attack synthetic oil installations in the Holten district of Sterkade. Sterkrade lies in western Germany, near the city of Oberhausen, in the very industrial Ruhr-area.
The target was bombed from 10,000 ft with incendiary bombs - we have no results from this operation.
P4964 left the target area and started on their return leg of the operation - a full breakfast was waiting for the crew on their return. But this was not to be, they were picked up by radar guided searchlight batteries based at Giesbeek and Vorden and then attacked by Lt. Hans Georg Mangelsdorf and his radio opener Hubert Winter of 2/NJG-1 in a Bf110. The Whitley exploded in the air - killing all the crew.
Above: Crash site area of P4964 - kindly submitted by Oleg Marin - December 2018
Mangelsdorf and Winter were both killed a fortnight later when they were shot down by a 44 Squadron Hampden I X2910 flown by 23 year old, Sgt. Leonard John Burt 566634 RAF. Sadly 3 of the crew also lost their lives, with one other taken PoW.
On Friday, October 4, 1940 at 15:00 hrs. the 5 crew members were buried at the cemetery in Hummelo with full military honours. Hundreds of people from Hummelo and surrounding villages stood outside the gate during the funeral. Even now, nearly 80 years later the graves of the crew - the only CWGC graves within the cemetery are well maintained and constantly adorned with flowers from the village.
Grave photograph kindly submitted by Peter Hakze - December 2018
P/O. Neville Halsey Andrew. Hummelo-En-Keppel General Cemetery (Hummelo). Collective grave 1-5. Son of Isaac and Edith Alice Andrew, of Ellesmere, Canterbury, New Zealand. 464 Flying hors logged and on his 18th operational sortie.
Right: Memorial plaque placed by 'The Aircraft Research Group - Achterhoek'. (it can be just made out to the left of Peter's photograph above.
P/O. Harry Wright Morgan. Hummelo-En-Keppel General Cemetery (Hummelo). Collective grave 1-5. Son of William Arthur and Florence Jenny Myra Morgan, of Ashburton, Canterbury, New Zealand. 366 Flying hours logged and on his 9th operational sortie.
Sgt George Enos Matson. Hummelo-En-Keppel General Cemetery (Hummelo). Collective grave 1-5. Son of George Enos Matson and Maude S. Matson and husband of Nora Matson, of Ystrad-gynlais, Glamorgan, Wales. Grave inscription reads: "Time Wears Away The Edge Of Grief But Memory Turns Back Every Leaf. Wife And Child". At the date of his loss he had been a Canadian living in Warner, Alberta, Canada. It ws a week before his parents were informed that he was missing in action!
Sgt. Phillip Hall Richmond. Hummelo-En-Keppel General Cemetery (Hummelo). Collective grave 1-5. Son of James and Gertrude Richmond. Grave inscription reads: "His Life A Beautiful Memory".
Sgt. Arthur Roscoe. Hummelo-En-Keppel General Cemetery (Hummelo). Collective grave 1-5. Son of Charles and Bertha Roscoe, of Bolton, Lancashire, England. Grave inscription reads: "Greater Love Hath No Man Than This. He Laid Down His Life For His Country".
Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this pilot with thanks to the research by Errol Martyn and his publications: “For Your Tomorrow Vols. 1-3”, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Weekly News of New Zealand, Peter Hakze for the grave photo - used with permission other sources as quoted below: