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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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U.S.A.A.F. Crest
06.03.1944. 458 BG. 754 Squadron USAAF B-24 42-52450 2nd Lt. Ballard

Operation: Berlin, Germany

Date: 6th March 1944 (First daylight raid by USAAF on Berlin - Monday)

Unit: 754 Squadron (458 Bomb Group)

Type: Boeing B-24 H-15 (Known as "450")

Serial No: 42-52450

Code: ?

Location: Purmerend, Holland

Base: Horsham St. Faiths, Norfolk, England

Pilot: 2/Lt. Beverly E. Ballard Jr. Prisoner of War (PoW)

Co pilot: 2/Lt. Harry S. Bengry Killed

Navigator: F/O Eugene J. Singer PoW

Bombardier: 2/Lt. Roland W. Johnson PoW

Radio/Op: S/Sgt James Nemeth Killed

Top turrett/Gnr: S/Sgt Edwin E. Sowles Killed

Ball turret/Gnr: Sgt Victor W. Krueger Evaded capture

Right waist/Gnr: Sgt Ralph C. Kracker PoW

Left waist/Gnr: Sgt Raymond D. Rice PoW

Tail/Gnr: Sgt James N. Lewis PoW

Reason for Loss: (as told by Tom Kracker of Kracker Archives)

Ralph C. Kracker was born January 18, 1923 in Massillon, Ohio. He joined the Army Air Corps and after completion of his training in the B-24, was assigned to the 458th Bomb Group, 754th Bomb Squadron, stationed at Horsham St. Faith, Norwich England. His B-24H, affectionately referred to as "450", was shot down on the second Berlin Raid on 6 March, 1944, one of 69 bombers lost that day. This was their 4th mission, the first three being decoy missions.

Standing Rear, L to R: Lt R.W. Johnson, Lt H.S. Bengry, Lt B.E. Ballard, F/O E.J. Singer and Sgt. J.N. Lewis. Kneeling Front, L to R: Sgt. R.D. Rice, Sgt. V.W. Krueger, Sgt. R.C. Kracker, S/Sgt. J. Nemeth and S/Sgt. E.E. Sowles (courtesy Tom Kracker)


Photo of the Tail Assembly showing the AC Serial # and a Large Letter "K" on the fin. A German guard can be seen sifting through the wreckage (courtesy Tom Kracker)

His B-24 had sustained serious flak damage over Berlin. Subsequently, they were attacked by three fighters, and they lost no:3 engine, which was the main drive for the hydraulic system. On the return, over Holland, the crew determined that the flak damage and three-engine strain was causing fuel loss at an alarming rate, and the pilot ordered them to bale out.


Seven of the ten-man crew baled safely, three perished in the crash, unable to bale due to centrifugal force from the spinning. The AC crashed in Purmerend, Holland where a monument has been erected by Mr Just Kroon and many generous Dutch contributors, commemorating the crashes of the B-24, a Halifax HR 786 and a Lancaster ED 554.

What appears to be the mid section of the AC with a German standing guard and right nose section (courtesy Tom Kracker)

After being rounded up by their captors, they were taken to Amsterdam for interrogation and medical treatment for those injured, including Ralph, who suffered shrapnel in the right leg and high back. While hospitalised, the German pilot, who seemingly received credit for the victory, Oblt Georg Kiefner, visited the injured.

Ralph explained that he never understood how the Germans knew who got the credit, since they sustained so many losses that day. The crew agreed, that the flak was really the cause of their demise.

(Note: we have not been able to find a claim by Oblt. Kiefner for this loss and we tend to side on the belief that flak brought this B-24 down.)

He was held at Stalag Luft IV in Grosstychow, Stettin, Neuberg and was liberated at Moosberg, Stalag VIIA, by the 99th Infantry Division, including three of his grade school buddies! As the Russians began their push toward Germany, the prisoners were moved from Stalag Luft IV in the crowded hole of an Iron Ore boat for a three day trip on the Black Sea to Stettin. From Stettin, they were moved to the Neuberg Camp, where he mentions "the lovely stroll from the railroad", after two days in a boxcar. The last move was a "long march" to Moosberg, where he was eventually liberated.

The monument dedication, 2001

Theses photos were taken by the Dutch Underground and given to Vic Krueger, who distributed them to the surviving crew after the war.

Sowles was the first to be found in the wreckage, seated in the co-pilot seat. Because no dog-tags were found on the body, he was buried as "Unknown". Some days later, the bodies of Nemeth and Bengry were found near the bomb-bay, and they were buried next to Sowles. After the war, Sowles and Bengry were returned to the USA and Nemeth was buried in the American War Cemetery at Margraten, Limburg.

Sadly, Ralph Kracker passed away 27 February, 2000 in Santa Rosa, California.

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 11 March 2016, 23:23

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