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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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158 Squadron Crest
03/04.04.1943 No 158 Squadron Halifax II DT795 NP-N W/O. Frederick H. Blake

Operation: Essen

Date: 03/04th April 1943 (Saturday/Sunday)

Unit: No. 158 Squadron

Type: Halifax II

Serial: DT795

Code: NP-N

Base: RAF Lissett, Yorkshire

Location: Appeldoorn Canal, Wapenveld, Holland

Pilot: W/O. Frederick Henry Blake R/78495 RCAF Age 26. Killed

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Gerard Stanley Walters 1271369 RAFVR Age ? Missing

Nav: Sgt. William David Hawkins 1316309 RAFVR Age 23. Missing

Air/Bmr: Sgt. John Ceredig Jones 1386043 RAFVR Age 31. Missing

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. Philip Henry Eldridge 1293257 RAFVR Age 29. Missing

Air/Gnr: W/O.2 Rodney Webber R/106709 RCAF Age 21. Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Thomas Victor Trollope 1352234 RAFVR Age 22. Killed


We would appreciate any photographs of the crew that could be added to this page of remembrance. Information and photographs kindly submitted by Mr. Eric Munk, from the Netherlands.


REASON FOR LOSS:

Taking off at 19.41 hrs to bomb the city of Essen - with a total force of 348 aircraft (225 Lancasters, 113 Halifaxes and 10 Mosquitoes) Weather forecast was not good for the operation but it turned out that there was no cloud over the target resulting in accurate bombing.

Widespread damage was caused in the centre and the western half of the city. 635 buildings were destroyed with a further 526 suffering severe damage. Casualties on the ground amounted to 118 killed, 458 injured.

The allies lost some 21 aircraft with 3 from 158 squadron lost. The others:

Halifax II DT635 NP-F Flown by 27 year old Fl/Lt. John D. Cole RAFVR from Alexandria, Egypt, killed with all 6 other crew members.

Halifax II HR754 NP-K Flown by 29 year old Sgt. John Keedwell RAFVR from Purton, Berkeley, killed with 3 other crew, 3 injured, when their aircraft crashed near Sigglesthorne, Yorkshire on return,

It is understood that DT795 was attacked and shot down by Uffz.Emil Heinzelmann (1) of 8./NJG1 at 23.50 hrs with the aircraft coming down in the Appeldoorn Canal, Wapenveld, Holland.

Excavation 2014 (courtesy Eric Munk)

It has been discovered that a unmarked Commonwealth War grave in the local cemetery at Wapenveld may perhaps contain 2 of the missing crew - they were buried during the removal of the bulk of the wreckage a few weeks after the crash in 1943.

In late 2014 Dutch authorities recovered further remains of the wreck along with the remains of 2 of the missing crew. Research is underway to identify these and then also perhaps, in time, identify the tow others at the cemetery in Wapenveld.

Eric Munk wrote and advised us:

'For years, the council had been thinking about making a final attempt at identifying the four missing crew members from the Wapenveld site. However, the logistics needed would costs around half a million Euros (to partially drain the canal and take out the dyke the aircraft impacted) and the small community could not afford this. Province and national funding is on a need-to-do-basis, with cases taking priority where new developments are planned (roads, estates, etc). Last year, the province decided to dredge the entire canal to make it navigable again for small boats. By law, such a dredging operation has to take into account ammunition-sensitive sites (from WW2), to ensure safe working conditions for the dredgers. 

The Wapenveld site which was partially in the canal therefore moved way up the list for extra funding, and within three months enough money was raised from the water authorities, province, council and nation to allow for a full excavation of the site. The canal was dammed and partially drained, the dyke dug out, and about 5000 square metres of land dug down to undisturbed soil. 

This took about four weeks to do. In the course of this, incomplete sets of remains from two crew members were found, as well as fragmented aircraft debris and some major components (a prop hub, undercarriage parts, oxygen bottles, etc). All this despite two earlier recovery efforts (by German forces in 1943 and the Dutch navy in 1947). The site is now back to normal, and the contractor has guaranteed that no aircraft or crew remains over 8 mm tall are left (all earth was sifted). A massive operation.

Parts found will be put on permanent display some time next year at the local education centre in the nearby windmill for future generations, and around 3000 people visited the site over the weeks to learn of the Halifax crew. Among them were family members of missing crew member Jack Jones, and tailgunner Tommy Trollope who are buried at Oud-Leusden.

The crew remains found are now with the BIDKL (air force identification unit) for identification, which could take months if not years. It is hoped that these remains, combined with those buried (since 1943) in a nameless grave in Wapenveld will enable authorities to identify either individual crew members, or identify four individuals as a group. Time will tell…

The outfit who did the recovery are now at Werkendam excavating Lancaster LM508, where they were able to recover human remains last week that can only be from missing tail gunner Sgt. Keogh, who will be formally identified in the next months.'

(1) This was the first abschüss for Uffz. Emil Heinzelmann. He was killed later on the 13/14th December 1944 after a failed belly landing during a practice flight after an engine fire. Total abschüsse totalled 5.

  

Crew graves (courtesy PupDawg - see credits)

Burial details:

W/O. Frederick Henry Blake. Amersfoort General Cemetery. Plot 13. Row 5. Grave 95. Son of Frederick Herbert and Mary Annie Blake, of The Dallas, Oregon, USA, husband of Barbara Blake.

Sgt. Gerard Stanley Walters. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 168. Son of Albert Sidney and Jane Walters, of Stratford, Essex, England.

Sgt. William David Hawkins. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 152. Son of George and Ada Georgeina Hawkins, of Gloucester, England.

Sgt. John Ceredig Jones Runnymede Memorial. Panel 155. Son of John and Ellen Jones, of Llanon, Cardiganshire, Wales.

Sgt. Philip Henry Eldridge. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 148. Son of Walter Richard and Emily Harriet Jane Eldridge, husband of Joyce Monica Eldridge, of King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England.

W/O.2 Rodney Webber. Amersfoort General Cemetery. Plot 13. Row 5. Grave 96. Son of Fred W. and Onia Webber. Of Bellingham, Washington, USA.

Sgt. Thomas Victor Trollope. Amersfoort General Cemetery. Plot 13. Row 5. Grave 94. Son of Eliza Ann Trollope, of Walthamstow, Essex, England.

For further details our thanks to the following, Tracey Goodwin member 46990892 for Find a Grave, grave photographs used here with permission. Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vol's. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', ‘Bomber Command Database’, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vol's. 1 and  2', ‘Runnymede Database’, Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries (Updated 2014 version), 'Paradie Archive'. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Tom Kracker - 'Kracker Luftwaffe Archives'. Further information from these titles/organisations are available from us, just use the 'help' button on the main page above or 'add info' button also shown on this page.

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 06 November 2014, 18:17

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