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Archive Report: Allied Forces
1914 - 1918

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
Sydney Carlin Ace

Sydney 'Timbertoes' Carlin - English Eccentric and WW1 Ace

Carlin’s birth certificate indicates that he was originally named Sidney and indeed is still known by this spelling in the 1891 census, with an address at 23 Hutt Street, Sculcoates.

The 1901 census shows him at Bonnygate House, Soulby still known as Sidney.

Short Service records show that he enlisted with the 18th Hussars as Sidney for the first time in 1908 (2663), but he bought himself out and resigned in December 1909 for the sum of £18.

The 1911 census shows him working as a farm Labourer at Frodingham Grange, North Frodingham Yorkshire. (transcribed incorrectly as "CASLIN" but sight of a facsimile of the return confirms this is Carlin.

His short service record then shows that he reenlisted on 8/8/15 (28677). This is just 4 days after the start of the war and maybe indicates that he was on the reserve? The army refunded half (£9) of the money he had bought himself out with in 1909.

Secondary sources then suggest that he lost his leg at Ypres in 1915. After his recovery he joined 74 Squadron RFC (his record now shows him as Sydney) flying SE 5a against balloons and aircraft, becoming officially an Ace with 5 balloon and 5 aircraft kills. Shot down over Hantay by Siegfried Westphal (Jasta 29), POW repatriated 13/12/18. Admitted RAF Central Hospital 25/12/18/. Resigned commission 7/6/19.

Inter war years I have sight of the passenger list for the SS Madura departing London 1 October 1924 for Mombasa. Sydney is listed as an "Agriculturist" (No wife listed, do we know if he ever married?) One report suggests he was working for a German Barron in Kenya?

In WW2 as a Pilot Officer (81942) he flew as a gunner in Defiants with 264 Squadron and later 151 Squadron. If this is correct then this would suggest he was at Wittering when he died. His death was registered at Peterborough which is local to the airfield, on 9 May 1941. The official History of Wittering reports enemy raids on 7th and 8th of May but not the 9th, which may put a question mark on reports that he died scrambling to get in the turret of his aircraft, maybe he died from injuries 24 hours later, or a mistake on the certificate?

SY 4 Mar 2016

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling WW1 material include: Dunnigan, James F. (2003). How to Make War: A Comprehensive Guide to Modern Warfare in the Twenty-first Century. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-060090-12-8.Durkota, Allen; Darcey, Thomas; Kulikov, Victor (1995). The Imperial Russian Air Service: Famous Pilots and Aircraft of World War I. Mountain View: Flying Machines Press. ISBN 978-0-060090-12-8.Franks, Norman; Bailey, Frank W.; Guest, Russell (1993). Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1.Franks, Norman (2005). Sopwith Pup Aces of World War I. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-841768-86-1.Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell; Alegi, Gregory (1997). Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-56-5.Franks, Norman; Bailey, Frank W. (1992). Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914–1918. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-54-0.Guttman, Jon (2009). Pusher Aces of World War 1. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-846034-17-6.Guttman, Jon (2001). Spad VII Aces of World War I: Volume 39 of Aircraft of the Aces. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-841762-22-7.Kulikov, Victor (2013). Russian Aces of World War 1: Aircraft of the Aces. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-780960-61-6.Newton, Dennis (1996). Australian Air Aces: Australian Fighter Pilots in Combat. Motorbooks International. ISBN 978-1-875671-25-0.Pieters, Walter M. (1998). Above Flanders Fields: A Complete Record of the Belgian Fighter Pilots and Their Units During the Great War. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-83-1.Shores, Christopher (2001). British and Empire Aces of World War I. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-377-4.Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell (1990). Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell (1996). Above the Trenches Supplement: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-39-8., Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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