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Archive Report: US Forces
1941 - 1945

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.

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8th Air Force
24.08.1944 68th Bomb Squadron (H) B-24J 44-40098 ‘Lone Ranger’, 2nd.Lt Arthur H. Dittmer

Operation: Langenhagen airfield (Mission #568), Germany

Date: 24th August 1944 (Thursday)

Unit: 44th Bombardment Group (H), 68th Bombardment Squadron (H), 2nd Air Division, 8th Air Force

Type: B-24J Lone Ranger

Serial No: 44-40098

Code: WQ:B

Location: Sophiental, 5 miles east of Peine, Germany

Base: Shipdham, Norfolk, England

Pilot: 2nd.Lt. Arthur H. Dittmer O-818843 AAF Age 22. Survived (1)

Co-Pilot: 2nd.Lt. Marvin J. Reddick O-813419 AAF Age 24. PoW *

Navigator: 2nd.Lt. Arnold A.H. Grueber O-716650 AAF Age 20. PoW Unknown camp (2)

Bombardier: 2nd.Lt. Wayne R. Davis O-717040 AAF Age 27. PoW *

Radio/Op: S/Sgt. John W. Domogala 33756755 AAF Age? PoW **

Engineer: T/Sgt. John E. Devich 37275604 AAF Age? PoW ** (2)

Top Turret: S/Sgt. Eugene B. Fogelstrom 37317934 AAF Age 27. PoW **

Ball Turret: §

Right Waist: Sgt. Raymond Gasperetti 39043892 AAF Age 19. Survived (3)

Left Waist: S/Sgt. Homer Hildred Braswell 14105559 AAF Age 20. Survived (3)

Tail: Sgt. Grover L. Dobson 6397582 AAF Age 27. PoW ** (4)

The B-24 had 10 crew positions. Crew complements evolved during the war and comprised 9 personnel who were typically, but not always, Pilot, Co-Pilot, Bombardier, Navigator, Flight Engineer/Top Turret gunner, Radio Operator/Waist gunner, Nose gunner, Ball Turret gunner, Waist gunner, Tail gunner.

§ Ball Turrets were being removed in the spring of 1944 due to the increased long-range fighter escort being available and to save weight.

* Stalag 7a Moosburg, Bavaria (Work Camp 3324-46 Krumbachstrasse and Work Camp 3368 Munich)

** Stalag Luft 4 Gross-Tychow, Pomerania, Prussia now Poland (Moved from Stalag Luft 6 Heydekrug. Moved to Wöbbelin near Ludwigslust and then to Usedom near Swinemünde).

(credit: Dennis Burke-WW2IrishAviation)

Crew complement for the Ferry Flight on the 19th June 1944 (Monday)

Back L to R: 2nd.Lt. Dittmer, 2nd.Lt. Grueber, 2nd.Lt. Reddick, 2nd.Lt. Davis; Front L to R: Cpl. James O.E. Harvey, Sgt. George H. Smith, Sgt. Carlos F. Maestas, Sgt. Edward J. Friedl, S/Sgt. Lester M. Clark, Cpl. Riley Wayne Cannon.

The fate of the B-24J 42-50721, its crew and the story of the ferry flight from Goose Bay, Newfoundland, to Nutts Corner airfield, Belfast, Northern Ireland can be found here.

REASON FOR LOSS:

Photographs of 44-40098 ‘Lone Ranger’ WQ-B (Credit: B-24 Best Web)

After five days of inactivity the Lone Ranger and 23 other aircraft took off from Shipdham on a mission to bomb the Focke-Wulf experimental and production plant at Langenhagen airfield, Germany. The Lone Ranger was flying in the ‘tail end Charlie’ position and about 30 seconds from the target area it was heavily damaged by flak. The aircraft was seen to drop out of formation with the starboard wing and No. 3 engine on fire. It appeared to be under control and two parachutes were seen in the air. It was later established that all the crew had successfully bailed out of the aircraft.

German documents reported that the aircraft crashed near Sophiental about 5 miles east of Peine in Germany, at about 1120 hours.

(1) 2nd.Lt. Grueber believed that 2nd.Lt. Dittmer and Sgt. Gasperetti were captured by German civilians, lined up and shot before the German military police arrived at the scene. He did not know the fate of S/Sgt. Braswell. However, an uncorroborated entry in Vol. 4 of ‘Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces’ claims that 2nd.Lt. Dittmer was shot by a German farmer at Woltorf about 2 miles west of the aircraft crash site. The entry also claims that 2nd.Lt. Dittmer’s remains were recovered from the Woltorf Cemetery. No evidence has been found that anyone was arrested or held to account for the killing of 2nd.Lt. Dittmer.

(2) 2nd.Lt. Grueber described how he had bailed out of the aircraft at about 22,500 feet and landed approximately 1000 feet from the aircraft wreckage. He was injured during the landing and was captured by hostile German civilians. He believed that his life was saved by the timely arrival of Luftwaffe personnel. He was taken to a temporary hospital and put into a room where a badly burned B-17 pilot named Maier (see 5) was being treated. 2nd.Lt. Grueber tried to comfort him whilst being transported to the Dulag at Oberursel near Frankfurt. He did not believe the pilot had survived his injuries. On arrival at the Dulag his captors accused him of being a traitor because his Grandfather and Great Grandfather had lived in the Hanover area but had emigrated to the USA in the 1870’s.

(3) The available casualty questionnaires recorded that S/Sgt. Braswell and Sgt. Gasperetti had reported over the intercom that they were not injured after the aircraft had been hit. Other crew members reported that both airmen successfully bailed out of the aircraft. No official documentation has been found that provides any clue as to the fate of these two airmen.

After US ground forces occupied the area encompassing the aircraft crash site the graves of two unknown Allied airmen were identified to the US authorities by German civilians. The subsequent investigation resulted in a General Military Government Court being convened at Dachau, Germany during the period 4th and 5th June 1947. The court charged Heinz Franz Herbert Minx, a German National, that he did at or near Münstedt, on or about the 24th August 1944, deliberately and wrongfully encourage, aid, abet and participate in the killing of two unidentified airmen, believed to be members of the United States Army, who were then and there surrendered and unarmed PoWs in the custody of the then German Reich.

The location and the timing of the murders makes it possible that this case relates to S/Sgt. Braswell and Sgt. Gasperetti.

The court heard that Minx, a former member of the SS (Schutzstaffel), in the company of three other SS men, proceeded by car to the village of Schmedenstedt where they took over the custody of two American airmen. The three SS men, the two American airmen and Minx who was driving the car, proceeded toward Braunschweig. In the vicinity of Münstedt the senior SS officer, a man named Harms, ordered Minx to stop. The three SS officers and the two American airmen exited the vehicle. Minx then drove away to find another vehicle with which to continue the journey. After having driven a short distance he stopped the car and it was then he heard shots being fired in the vicinity of where he had dropped the group.

Minx drove back to the SS men where Harms informed him that the American airmen had been shot trying to escape. On his return to Schmedenstedt Minx reported the shooting to the Mayor and the police. Under the orders from the police a party of German civilians buried the two American airmen alongside the road where they had been shot.

The court acquitted Minx of the charge as it may have considered that he, as the driver, had no direct involvement in the murders. No evidence has been found that Harms or the two unnamed SS officers were found, arrested or held to account for the murders of the two American airmen.

(4) S/Sgt. Sgt. Grover L. Dobson was a substitute gunner from the 66th Bomber Squadron.

(5) Believed to be 1st.Lt. Ralph E. Maier, the pilot from B-24M 42-51278 Pistol Packin Bomma II. Records show that he was a PoW at Stalag 9C near Bad Sulza, which was liberated on the 31st March 1945. It is possible that he was treated for his injuries at the camp’s attached hospital (Reserve-Lazarett IX-C(a)).

Burial details:

(left) 2nd. Lt. Arthur H. Dittmer. Air Medal, Purple Heart. Netherlands American Cemetery, Margraten, Netherlands, Plot E Row 14 Grave 14. Born during 1920 in New York. Son to Henry and Sophie Dittmer of Brooklyn, New York, USA. (Credit: Des Philippet, Find A Grave)


(right) Sgt. Raymond Gasperetti. Purple Heart. Netherlands American Cemetery, Margraten, Netherlands, Plot C Row 10 Grave 8. Born on the 6th November 1924 in San Francisco, California. Son to Mr. Umberto Gasperetti, San Francisco, California, USA. (Credit: Des Philippet, Find A Grave)






S/Sgt. Homer Hildred Braswell. Air Medal (Oak Leaf Cluster), Purple Heart. Repatriated and interred at the Fairview Cemetery, Eufaula, Alabama. Born on the 20th April 1922. Son to Ira H. and Leona (née Anderson) Braswell. Husband to Bobby G. Braswell and father to daughter, Pet Braswell, of Eufaula, Alabama, USA. (Credit: Brenda Darbyshire, Find A Grave)


Researched by Ralph Snape for Aircrew Remembered and dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to Traugott Vitz for his work on the ‘VitzArchive’ and for his valued research and advice in compiling this report. Thanks also to Dennis Burke-WW2IrishAviation for permission to use the crew photograph.

RS & TV - 10.01.2021 - Corrections

Acknowledgments: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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