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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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428 Squadron Crest
03/04.10.1943 No. 428 Squadron Halifax V EB213 NA-G P/O. Edwards

Operation: Kassel

Date: 03/04th October 1943 (Sunday/Monday)

Unit: No. 428 Squadron RCAF (Ghost)

Type: Halifax V

Serial: EB213

Code: NA-G

Base: RAF Middleton St. George, Yorkshire

Location: Hofgeismer, Germany

Pilot: P/O. Francis Bernard Edwards 159033 RAFVR Age 21. Killed

Pilot 2: F/O. Robert Philip Goldstein J/12863 RCAF Age 25. Killed

Fl/Eng: Sgt. E.R. Burbage RAFVR PoW No: 250709 Camp: L3 - Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria

Nav: Sgt. F. Gration RCAF PoW No: 250724 Camp: 4b - Stalag Mühleberh-Elbe

Air/Bmr: Fl/Sgt. Garnet McMillan Herbert R/92042 RCAF Age 26. Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. Albert John Hodgkins 1316915 RAFVR Age 22. Killed (1)

Air/Gnr: Sgt. James Lundy R/187630 RCAF Age ? Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Albert Joseph Cadeau R/131235 RCAF Age 20. Killed

REASON FOR LOSS:

Taking off at 18.52 hours to bomb Kassel - 547 aircraft taking part in the operation with very poor results. Thick haze covered the target area which was not marked accurately by the pathfinders. A large ammunition dump received a direct hit which caused others to drop their bomb loads from the bombers.

On the ground 118 people were killed with 304 injured, 97 military buildings were destroyed.

Left: Sgt. Albert John Hodgkins (courtesy Tony French)

The night fighters never realised that the target was Kassell until after the first bombs were dropped on the city and not engaging until after 15 minutes of bombing.

EB213 was ‘possibly’ shot shown by 30 year old Hptm. Ernst Zechlin (2) of 4./NJG5 his first abschüss of the war. The time of combat is listed as 22.39 hours 40-50 km. West South West of Kassel. The Halifax crashed at Hofgeismer.

428 Squadron lost two other aircraft this night, the others:

Halifax V EB210 NA-E Flown by Fl/Sgt. C.R. Newton RAAF - all crew survived after landing at RAF Tangemere, badly damaged by a nightfighter attack. Aircraft so badly damaged it proved to be beyond economical repair and was scrapped.
Halifax V EB214 NA-S Flown by W/O Kenneth A.B. McArthur R/115019 RCAF from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, killed with 1 other crew member, 5 taken PoW.
(1) Mr. Tony French wrote to us via our help desk, making us aware of this loss. He has written a poem about Sgt. Albert Hodgkins and can be read in full in our poetry section.
(2) Hptm. Zechlin had a total of 8 abschüsse by the end of the war from which he survived, despite being wounded during a low level attack on Langensalza, Germany.

Burial details:

The crew were initially buried at Hofgeismar prior to being moved to Hanover after war end.

P/O. Francis Bernard Edwards. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave 11.C.2. Son of Bernard Lawrence Edwards and Kathleen Edwards, of Chestfield, Whitstable, Kent, England.

F/O. Robert Philip Goldstein. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave 11.C.4. Son of Philip and Luella Turnecliff Goldstein, of Severn Bridge, Ontario, Canada. (shown right)

Fl/Sgt. Garnet McMillan Herbert. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave 11.C.5. Son of Gordon Daniel and Gladys Ellen Morris Herbert, of Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada.

Sgt. Albert John Hodgkins. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave 11.C.1. Son of Frank William and Edith Ellen Hodgkins, of Basingstoke, Hampshire, England.

Sgt. James Lundy. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave 11.C.3. From Turnersville, Ontario, Canada. NoK details currently not available - are you able to assist completion of these and any other information?

Sgt. Albert Joseph Cadeau. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave 11.C.6. Son of Peter and Julia Cadeau, of 195 Murkland Street, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. (shown left)

For further details our thanks to the following, Tony French, Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vol's. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', ‘Bomber Command Database’, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vol's. 1 and  2', 'Kracker Luftwaffe Archives'. Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries (Updated 2014 version), 'Paradie Archive'. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Tom Kracker - 'Kracker Luftwaffe Archives'. Further information from these titles/organisations are available from us, just use the 'help' button on the main page above or 'add info' button also shown on this page.

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 14 August 2014, 20:06