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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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77 Squadron Crest
21/22.06.1943 No. 77 Squadron Halifax II JD205 KN-Y Sgt. J. Gardner


Operation: Krefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany    

Date: 21/22 June 1943 (Monday/Tuesday)

Unit: No. 77 Squadron

Type: Halifax II

Serial: JD205

Code: KN-Y

Base: RAF Elvington, North Riding of Yorkshire.

Location: Esch, Holland

Pilot: Sgt. J. Gardner 1316434 PoW No.3470 Camp: Stalag Kopernikus - 357 (1)

Fl/Eng: Sgt. S.H.A. Nicholson 1213238 PoW No.219 Camp: Stalag Kopernikus - 357 (2)

Nav: Sgt. Frederick G. Hawthorne 1548758 Age 20. PoW No. 22271 Camp: Stalag Muhlberg-Elbe - 4B (3)

Air/Bmr/Air Gnr: P/O Alfred Hagan 135880 - Evaded capture (4)

W/Op/: Sgt D.A. Clarke R101355 RCAF PoW No.97 Camp: Stalag Luft Heydekrug - L6 (5)  

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Rolph Henry King R109695 RCAF - Killed (6)

Air/Gnr: Sgt Alfred Ross Currie R113684 RCAF age 32. - Killed (7)


We appeal for any relatives of the crew with further information and/or photographs to contact us 


REASON FOR LOSS:

Took off from RAF Elvington at 22.50hrs to bomb Krefeld, North Rhine–Westphalia, Germany. This aircraft was armed with 2 x 1000lb GP, 48 x 30lb Incendiaries and 630 x 4lb Incendiaries. 

Special Equipment: Monica - see abbreviations

Route as per Loss Card: 5148N  0350E – KREFELD – TURN LEFT - NOORDWIJK – SOUTHWOLD

The town of Krefeld was of great industrial importance, being the centre for textile, silk and parachute fabric manufacture. It was also the home of the Deutsche Edelstahlwerke, a steel manufacturing combine manufacturing 200,000 tons of special high grade steel per year for Krupps and other armament industries.  

A force of 705 aircraft made up of 262 Lancasters, 105 Wellingtons, 117 Stirlings, 209 Halifaxes and 12 Oboe Mosquitoes was despatched on this raid. Of these, 619 carried out a devastating attack on the town of Krefeld that was accurately marked by the Oboe Mosquitoes. The attack commenced at 01.27 hrs and continued until 02.20hrs. There was 75% full moon over the target area and very little cloud with moderate to good visibility. Over the target area only a small number of searchlights were in operation, heavy flak was described as moderate and there was little light flak. 3 aircraft are thought to have been lost to flak and 4 to fighters in the target area. 2 aircraft attacked the alternative target, 42 aircraft were forced to abort the mission mainly due to technical and manipulative problems. 42 aircraft were lost, at least 30 of them falling to enemy fighters, the moonlight conditions no doubt contributing greatly to their success. 

                 

                               The centre of the town of Krefeld as the RAF left it after the heavy attack on the night of 21 June 1943

                  Courtesy Australian War Memorial

More than half the town was destroyed by fire with 60% of the buildings in the fully built up area being destroyed and 25000 housing units rendered uninhabitable. Many public buildings were destroyed and the gas works, factories and military barracks severely damaged. The damage was concentrated in the centre of the town but rapidly spread to the north and east due to fires that raged for several hours unchecked. 1056 people were killed and 4550 injured.  

Bomb aimer Sgt. Hagan reported that the target was bombed from 20000’. He believed that after bombing the target the pilot turned right instead of left and set course for Noordwijk. ‘Five minutes after the bombing Monica gave a warning and the captain warned the rear gunner to look out’. The Halifax was then at 16000’ and in bright moonlight. ‘Almost at once the rear gunner saw a ME210 and opened fire with two short bursts’. He told the captain to corkscrew.  They lost the enemy aircraft and the rear gunner claimed it as a possible damaged. ‘However, enemy aircraft renewed attack from astern and put intercom u/s’. There was a pungent smell in the nose of the aircraft and he (Sgt Hagan) noticed a glow between the port inner and outer engines but no flames. The navigator baled out and the aircraft went into a diving right hand turn. Sgt Hagan landed about (3?) m. east of Esch. While falling he ‘saw an aircraft on fire in the sky circling to the right and there was a thud when it hit the ground'. He heard that:

(1) 'The aircraft (was not?) burnt out, the pilot was dead at the controls, another member baled out but his parachute did not open and 4 members (2 wounded) were captured'.

(2) 'The pilot made a good jump and the aircraft was burnt out’.

He adds 'Later heard that two aircraft crashed near here that night’.

     

     Scale 1" = 12.5 miles

Sgt Hagan escaped with others from Holland by motor boat. Its engine failed however, and after being adrift for four days was eventually picked up by HMS Garth.


 NOTES 

(1) Fl/Sgt. J. Gardner – nothing further known, are you able to assist?

(2) Fl/Sgt. S.H.A. Nicholson – nothing further known, are you able to assist?

(3) Sgt. Frederick G. Hawthorne born Prestwich, Lancashire 18 July 1922 died Manchester 2005. Son of Arthur H. and Jessie N. Hawthorne.

(4) P/O. Alfred Hagan – nothing further known, are you able to assist?

(5) Sgt. D.A. Clarke – nothing further known, are you able to assist?

(6) W/O. Rolph Henry King RCAF. Son of George H and Elizabeth King of Windsor,  Ontario, Canada. 

(7) Fl/Sgt. Alfred Ross Currie RCAF. Son of John and Kathleen Currie of Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada.

                                                  

                          Newspaper cutting from the Windsor Daily Star, Ontario, Canada.  (Courtesy David of Operation:Picture me)


BURIAL DETAILS

W/O. Rolph Henry King RCAF buried at Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery, Holland. Grave XV.F.6

Fl/Sgt Alfred Ross Currie RCAF buried at Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery, Holland. Grave XV.F.7

                                              

                                                      

                                                                      Grave photographs courtesy Fred: www.findagrave.com


Researched by Roy Wilcock for Aircrew Remembered - June 2015. Sources: RAF Loss Card, Bomber Command Report on Night Operations, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Bomber Command Database, Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Australian War Memorial


RW 15.06.2015

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 02 January 2016, 15:04