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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.

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Bomber Command Crest
19/20.10.1944 No. 186 Squadron Lancaster I NG176 AP-H F/O. Ian D. Graham

Operation: Stuttgart

Date: 19/20th October 1944 (Thursday/Friday)

Unit: No. 186 Squadron (3 Group)

Type: Lancaster I

Serial: NG176

Code: AP-H

Base: RAF Tuddenham, Suffolk

Location: Understood to have been at Andilly in France (although, according to burial records, it would seem more likely to have been near Luneville - Errol Martyn states that his research indicates that they crashed at 20:45 hrs between the villages of Mattexey and Clézentaine which is 20-25 kit South of Luneville - we feel that this is more likely)

Pilot: F/O. Ian Dundee Graham NZ/413407 RNZAF Age 30. Killed

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Edward Brunskill 1514782 RAFVR Age 22. killed

Nav: Sgt. William Raine 1565370 RAFVR Age 22. Killed

Air/Bmr: F/O. John Robert Frees AUS/429404 RAAF Age 26. Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: F/O. John Duncan King McFarlane NZ/421981 RNZAF Age 23. Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Henry Alan Sumner 1335456 RAFVR Age ? Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Frank Evans 1146235 RAFVR Age 24. Killed


Taking off from RAF Tuddenham in Suffolk at 18:10 hrs joining some 564 Lancasters with 18 Mosquitoes from 1,3,6 and 8 Group. The raid was to take place in two parts with 4.5 hours between them. It is understood that NG176 was with the second wave.

Bombing was reported as not concentrated but serious damage was caused to the central and Eastern districts of the city. The Bosch factory was hit as well as 4 churches and the Karl-Olga hospital. 376 people were killed on the ground with a further 872 injured.

Six Lancasters were lost during the operation, another crash landed on return at Stainton By Langworth In Lincolnshire. 37 aircrew were killed, 7 PoW with 7 others injured.

Understood to be the crew on this operation, L-R: Sgt. Edward Brunskill, F/O. Ian Graham, either F/O. McFarlane or Sgt. Evans or Sgt. Sumner, Sgt. William Raine, either Sgt. Evans or Sgt. Sumner, F/O. John Frees. (courtesy Jan Howell - if you are able to positively identify the others please let us know) Understood to have been taken at the wedding of William Raine and Betty Louise.

Lancaster NG176 is reported to have been attacked by Lt. Clements Ostrowitzki from 1./NJG6 South West of Stuttgart with the aircraft coming down reportedly at Andilly in France at 20:50 hrs (see above for additional location details). This was the 3rd claim for Lt. Ostrowitzki before he was also shot down and killed in his Me-110 W/N: 140678 on the 23/24th December the same year - his two crew survived.

Right: Sgt. William Raine with his bride, Betty Louise (courtesy Jan Howell)

Burial details:

The crew were initially buried at Luneville, then reinterred at the American War Cemetery at Andilly, finally at the Choloy War Cemetery.

F/O. Ian Dundee Graham. Choloy War Cemetery. Grave: 2.B.3. Son of Albert Rotorua Graham and Lily Jane Graham and husband of Marie Elizabeth Graham (née Gunthorp), of Howick, Auckland, New Zealand. A very experienced pilot with 1502 flying hours logged.

Sgt. Edward Brunskill. Choloy War Cemetery. Grave: 2.B.6. Son of Cecil Armstrong Brunskill and Dora Brunskill, of Darlington, Co. Durham, England.

Sgt. William Raine. Choloy War Cemetery. Grave: 2.B.2. Son of John William and Hannah Jane Raine and husband of Betty Louise Raine, of Darlington, Co. Durham, England.

F/O. John Robert Frees. Choloy War Cemetery. Grave: 2.B.4. Son of William Robert and Charlotte Evelyn Frees; husband of Monica Amelia Sophia Frees, of Redcliffe, Queensland, Australia.

F/O. John Duncan King McFarlane. Choloy War Cemetery. Grave: 2.B.5. Son of Francis Ledingham McFarlane and of Bessie Reid McFarlane (née King), of Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand. A total of 442 flying hours logged

Sgt. Henry Alan Sumner. Choloy War Cemetery. Grave: 2.B.7. No further details - are you able to assist?

Sgt. Frank Evans. Choloy War Cemetery. Grave: 2.B.1. Son of Thomas Francis and Helen Evans, of Hooton, Cheshire, England.

Early training photograph showing Sgt. William Raine front row, 3rd from left. Jan did send the rear of this photo with the signatures of the chaps shown - anybody who feel they recognise someone on the photo please contact us and we will send you a copy of that.

Researched for Jan Hovvels, relative of Sgt. William Raine and dedicated to the relatives of this crew. Also to Anne Guy (née Graham) for correcting details on the mother of F/O. Graham. Thanks to Ben for Grave photographs and also with thanks to sources as shown below.

KTY - 15-02.2017 Updated 06.03.2017

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 06 March 2017, 22:25