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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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236 Squadron Crest
18.07.1943 No. 236 Squadron Beaufighter VI-C EL240 ND-E P/O. Ernest F.V. Kidd

Operation: Marsdiep, Netherland

Date: 18th July 1943 (Sunday) 

Unit: No. 236 Squadron (Coastal Command)

Type: Bristol Beaufighter Mk VI-C 

Serial: EL240 (1)

Code: ND-E 

Base: RAF North Coates, Lincolnshire 

Location: Den Helder, Netherlands 

Pilot: P/O. Ernest Frederick Victor Kidd 148792 RAF Age 24. Killed 

Nav: P/O. Harold Cuthbert Stevenson 149154 RAFVR Age 22. Killed 

REASON FOR LOSS:

Took off at 19.30hrs. to attack a convoy in Den Helder. 

Earlier in the day the convoy was attacked by Mustangs from 613 Squadron (1), later, in the afternoon again by Beaufighters, escorted by Spitfires and Typhoons.

(1) We have been contacted on a number of occasions stating that this serial number is incorrect. We have checked the operation record books and that is the number listed - of course, that could have been a mistake. We have been informed that the correct number for this aircraft is JL575. We will keep an open mind until further evidence emerges.

236 Squadron attacking shipping off Holland (courtesy IWM)

In the early evening, armed with torpedoes and rockets, 6 aircraft from 236 Squadron, a further 6 from 143 Squadron, escorted by Spitfires from 416 Squadron and Typhoons attacked the convoy again. By now they had moved out of the harbour but still had protection from the flak batteries at Den Helder. 

     

Left to right: P/O. Ernest Kidd, P/O. Harold Stevenson and his wife Audrey (courtesy Peter Andrews)

The lead vessel of the convoy was a Sperrbrecher (2) one of the main targets. Heavy flak from the shore batteries of Den Helder and the vessels themselves made this a most difficult low level attack. With balloons flying from the vessels and enemy fighters also in the area our aircraft had to come in at a very low level. 

Pilot Officer’s Kidd’s aircraft was possibly hit by flak, however it has also been claimed by Hptm Luckenbach. The aircraft crashed into houses on the corner of 2 de Vroonstraat, Den Helder at 20.47hrs.(3) 

        

Crash site of EL240 (courtesy Peter Andrews)

Only one civilian was injured, but 5 houses were destroyed in the blaze with another suffering severe damage to the roof. Other properties in the area suffered light damage due to flying debris.

     

     

236 Squadron Orb for 18th July 1943 (courtesy Peter Andrews)

     

Bergen-Op-Zoom War Cemetery (courtesy Peter Andrews)

Burial details:

P/O. Ernest Frederick Victor Kidd. Bergen-Op-Zoom War Cemetery. Joint grave 29. A. 1-2. Son of Ernest and Catherine Emily Kidd of Canvey Island, Essex, England. (4)

P/O. Harold Cuthbert Stevenson. Bergen-Op-Zoom War Cemetery. Joint grave 29. A. 1-2. Son of William and Dorothy Spours Stevenson. Husband of Audrey Dorothy Stevenson of Dursley, Gloucestershire, England. (4)

(1) 3 Mustangs from 613 Squadron were lost on this operation:

Mustang 1 AG656 Flown by Fl/Lt. Hugh Gore. 41577 from New Zealand. Killed and commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial
Mustang 1 AG568 Flown by FO. John S. Treseder 116383 from Ealing, Middlesex. Killed and ommemorated on the Runnymede Memorial
Mustang 1 AGAM175 Flown by F/O. Henry G. Taverner. J/13722 from British Columbia, Canada. Killed and commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial
(2) Sperrbrecher the name given to a German minefield breaker. They were designed to escort other vessels through cleared paths in known mined areas. The boat was specially reinforced with the hull normally filled with buoyant material to aid flotation in case of a hit. Bows were also usually heavily strengthened. Usually also heavily armed with A/A guns and on occasions fitted with barrage balloons. 
(3) On the 30th August 1945 a ceremony was held and the Burgomaster of Den Helder unveiled a memorial dedicated to Ernest Frederick Victor Kidd and Harold Cuthbert Stevenson.
(4) Both men were initially buried by the local people in The General Cemetery at Huisduinen, a suburb of Den Helder. 

Extensively researched by Peter Andrews (cousin of P/O. Kidd) and compiled by Aircrew Remembered, researcher and specialist genealogist Kate Tame.

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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