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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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78 Squadron Halifax III LW291 EY-M Loss of crew.

Operation: Berlin

Date: 20/21st January 1944 (Thursday/Friday)

Unit: No. 78 Squadron

Type: Halifax III

Serial: LW291

Code: EY-M

Base: RAF Breighton, Yorkshire.

Location: Grossmutz, Germany.

Pilot: W/O.II Frank Reagh Moffat R/138175 RCAF Age 20. Killed

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Noel Legg 1603547 RAFVR Age 20. Killed

Nav: F/O. Walter Roy McGregor J/20233 RCAF Age ? Killed

Air/Bmr: F/O. Robert Gilroy Selman J/23155 RCAF Age 21. Killed

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt Harold Herbert Bennett 1320112 PoW No: 1171. Camp: Stalag Kopernikus - Stalag Luft Heydekrug. (1)

Air/Gnr: Sgt. James Angus Stewart 1822847 RAFVR Age 19. Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Henry William Rudelhoff 1890442 RAFVR Age 20. Killed

REASON FOR LOSS:

Took off at 16.40 hrs from RAF Breighton, Yorkshire joining 768 other aircraft to bomb the Reich's capital - this was to be the heaviest attack up to this date of the war.

The bomber stream was detected at 17.09 hrs when it was still 160 km out over the North Sea over Terschelling by MS Togo - a Wurzburg-Reise radar equipped ship (2). This ship was also equipped with direct link communication equipment to German night fighters.

Weather conditions were extremely poor and only the most experienced night fighter crews took off to intercept. 10 aircraft were shot down before they reached the target.

Over the target the weather was clear, no moon but excellent visibility resulting in another 21 aircraft shot down. A further four were claimed on the home run.

The city reported nothing of this raid and the damage caused is unknown to this specific night. The Allies lost a staggering 174 crew killed with a further 71 taken as PoWs. 10 others evaded capture.

78 Squadron Halifax and landing at R.A.F. Breighton, Yorkshire (courtesy IWM)

(1) We are in contact with the family of Harold Bennett and hope to have additional information available. Sgt. Bennett originated from Southampton, England. We are please to now be able to reproduce some extracts and drawings from his PoW days. To read his story click here.






(2) The Togo survived the war and claimed by Norway as a "War prize". She was wrecked off the Mexico coast in November 1984. Her name was then MS Topeka. (shown right and insert the radar set up)







Portrait of EY-M, painted by Ivor Berryman which can be purchased in various formats from World Naval Ships.







Above is a video on Bomber Command experiences of another RCAF Moffatt which illustrates the random dangers that waited these brave crews at every turn.

Burial details:

Understood to have been initially buried in the Parish Church at Grossmutz before being exhumed and moved to the Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery after war end.

W/O.II Frank Reagh Moffat. Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Collective grave 9.F. 1-6. Son of William Jarding Moffat and Carrie Ethel Moffat, of White Rock British Columbia, Canada.

Sgt. Noel Legg. Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Collective grave 9.F. 1-6. Son of Harold and Sophie C. Legg, of Parkstone, Dorsetshire, England.

F/O. Walter Roy McGregor. Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Collective grave 9.F. 1-6. From Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. No further details available as yet.

F/O. Robert Gilroy Selman. Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Collective grave 9.F. 1-6. From Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. No further details available as yet.

Sgt. James Angus Stewart. Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Collective grave 9.F. 1-6. Son of John M. Stewart and Lilian A. Stewart, of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Sgt. Henry William Rudelhoff. Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery. Collective grave 9.F. 1-6. Son of Henry and Frances Rudelhoff, of Walthamstow, Essex, England.

Researched and dedicated to all relatives of the crew. With thanks to Claire Shepherd for additional details on Sgt. Bennett. Other sources as quoted below.

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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