06.12.1944 No. 57 Squadron Lancaster I PD264 DX-K F/O. Riddell
Operation: Giessen, Germany
Date: 6th December 1944 (Wednesday)
Unit: No. 57 Squadron
Type: Lancaster I
Base: RAF East Kirkby, Lincolnshire
Location: Erdhausen, Germany
Pilot: F/O. William Riddell. 185681 RAFVR Age 22. Killed
Fl/Eng: Sgt. John Scott. 644319 RAF Age 24. Killed (1)
Nav: Fl/Sgt. Peter Douglas Mann. 1601233 RAFVR Age 23. Killed
Air/Bmr: Fl/Sgt. Neil Francis Dallaway McGladrigan. AUS/426895 RAAF Age 22. Injured (2)
W/Op/Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Frank Alexander Black. AUS/429371 RAAF Age 31. Killed
Air/Gnr: Sgt. Robert Shaw McKillop. 1826753 RAFVR Age 20. Killed
Air/Gnr: Sgt. J. Forward RAF POW No. 1279. Camp Stalag Luft VII - Bankau
REASON FOR LOSS:
Lancaster PD264 took off at 16.39hrs from RAF East Kirkby with 254 Lancasters and 10 Mosquitoes from 5 Group for a raid on Giessen. There were two targets for this night missions the town centre and the railway yards. It is believed that Lancaster PD264 was shot down by a night fighter at 21.00hrs over Erdhausen. Three of the crew managed to bail out and were seen to land safely.
Fl/Sgt. Neil Francis Dallaway McGladrigan, Sgt. Robert Shaw McKillop (courtsey of Sheila Brown) and Sgt. John Scott
Lancaster Mk I's waiting for take off. Aerial view of Giessen after a night bombing raid
Fl/Sgt. McGladrigan. Hanover War Cemetery and Sgt. McKillop on the family headstone - Ballengeich Cemetery
Memorial plaque at East Kirby for Fl/Sgt. McGladrigan (courtesy of Sheila Brown) Sgt. John Scott - Lossiemouth War Memorial (courtesy of Kate Tame)
F/O. William Riddell. William was first buried in Erdhausen Cemetery and then reinterred in Hanover War Cemetery. Collective grave 11. E. 1-4. Son of William and Mary Riddell of Kemnay, Aberdeenshire. William was born on the 9 May 1922 in Fintray, Aberdeenshire and spent some time at Inverurie school. William was studying as an engineer at Aberdeen University and entered the RAF in 1942 and trained in Canada. He is remembered on the Aberdeen University Roll of Honour
Sgt. John (Speedie) Scott. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave reference 11. E. 5. Son of John and Jessie Scott of Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland.
(1) Sgt. John Scott was captured and held by the police at Wommelshausen. He was taken on the same day to a small wood and killed by local police. His body was buried in the woods at Gladenback on the 6th December 1944. In 1945 his body was exhumed and taken to Gladenbach Cemetery and reinterred. In 1947 Sgt. Scott's body was again removed from the local cemetery and reinterred in Hanover War Cemetery
Fl/Sgt. Peter Douglas Mann. Peter was first buried in Erdhausen Cemetery and then reinterred in Hanover War Cemetery. Collective grave 11. E. 1-4. Son of Arthur Douglas Mann and Elsie Mann of Wimbledon Park, Surrey. At the time of his death Peter's address was Kingstone Camelsdate, Haslemere, Surrey
Fl/Sgt. Neil Francis Dallaway McGladrigan. Hanover War Cemetery. Grave reference 11. E. 6. Son of William Patrick and Doris Vida May McGladrigan of Kallangur, Queensland, Australia. Neil had enlisted on the 15 August 1942 and is remembered on the St. Joseph's Nudge College roll of Honour
(2) Fl/Sgt. Neil Francis Dallaway McGladrigan who had been injured after he bailed out was captured and taken to Weidenhausen for interigation. On the 10th December 1944 he was taken to the woods at Gladenbach, shot and buried in a shallow grave. In 1945 his body was exhumed and taken to Gladenbach Cemetery and reinterred in Row 6. Grave No. 3. In 1947 Fl/Sgt. McGladrigan's body was removed from the local cemetery and reinterred in Hanover War Cemetery. A service was held at the grave side by Reverend Father Taggart
Fl/Sgt. Frank Alexander Black. Frank was first buried in Erdhausen Cemetery and then reinterred in Hanover War Cemetery. Collective grave 11. E. 1-4. Son of Walter Samuel and Florence Elsie Black of East Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Frank was born on the 19 March 1913 in Brisbane
Sgt. Robert Shaw McKillop. Son of William and Martha McKillop of Stirling. Robert was first buried in Erdhausen Cemetery and then reinterred in Hanover War Cemetery. Collective grave 11. E. 1-4. Robert is also remembered on the family headstone in Ballengeich Cemetery, Stirling, Scotland and on the Holy Trinity Scottish Episcopal Church War Memorial in Stirling. Robert joined the RAF in 1942.
A trial by a War Crimes Court held in Brunswick, Germany of the men accused of the murder of Sgt. Scott and Fl/Sgt. McGladrigan took place in 1947. One man who was involved in both murders Konrad Mangold (note) was sentences to death by shooting and the three other men involved in the murder of Fl/Sgt. McGladrigan were Ludwig Will 10 years, Karl Schmidt 1 year and Otto Koch was found not guilty. The men involved in the murder of Sgt. Scott - Konrad Mangold was to be shot (note) and Ludwig Michel who was sentenced to 12 years inprisonment in May 1947. Ludwig Michel was release from the British run war crimes prison in July 1953 on the expiration of his remission for good conduct and consideration of his pre-trial custody.
(note) Konrad Mangold who had been involved in both war crimes had his sentence commuted to 20 years imprisonment but was released in 1953.
Researched by Kate Tame, Aircrew Remembered and for all the relatives and friends of the crew. With special thanks to Donald Stewart - Lossiemouth Book of Remembrance, Sheila Brown - Holy Trinity Scottish Episcopal Church Stirling, Trove Digitised Newspapers, Aberdeen University, Imperial War Museum, Scottish War Graves Project, St. Joseph's Nudge College Brisbane and the sources quoted below.