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Soviet and Russian Planes by Type and Production

Fighters

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Alekseyev I-21/211/215

3

-

n/a

Grigorovich I-1

1

-

n/a

Grigorovich I-2 & I-2bis

211

1924-?

n/a

Grigorovich DI-3

1

-

n/a

Grigorovich I-Z

73

1933-1936

n/a

Grigorovich IP-1

91 ca.

1936-1940

n/a

Heinkel I-7

134

1931-?

Ilyushin I-21

2

-

n/a

Kochyerigin DI-6

222

1934-??

n/a

two seater

Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov LaGG-1

c.100

1940-1945?

n/a

Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov LaGG-3

6,258

1940?-1945

n/a

Lavochkin La-5

9,920

1942-late 1940s

n/a

Includes trainers.

Lavochkin La-7

5,753

1944-??

Fin

Includes trainers.

Lavochkin La-9

1,559-1,895

1946-??

Fritz

Includes trainers.

Lavochkin La-11

1,182

1948-??

Fang

Lavochkin La-15

235

1949-1954

Fantail

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1

100

1940-??

n/a

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3

3,120

1941-1945

n/a

Includes propeller-driven MiG-9.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 (jet)

550

1946-??

Fargo

Includes trainers.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-13/I-250

10-20

-

n/a

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15

c.12,000

1949-??

Fagot

Includes trainers.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17

10,000

1952-1970s

Fresco

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19

c.8,500

1955-??

Farmer

includes foreign production.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21

10,000+

1959-date

Fishbed

includes foreign production and trainers

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23

c.5,000

1970-date

Flogger

Mikoyan-Gurevich I-75

1

-

?

Prototype interceptor lost to Su-9.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25P

1,190

1972-2007

Foxbat

Includes trainers.

Mikoyan MiG-27

1,070

1975-date

Flogger D/J

Mikoyan MiG-29

1,600+

1983-date

Fulcrum

Includes trainers.

Mikoyan MiG-31

c.500

1982-date

Foxhound

Mikoyan MiG-33

-

-

Fulcrum E

MiG-29M marketing designation.

Mikoyan MiG-35

-

-

Fulcrum F

Prototype for export.

Mikoyan LMFS 1.27

-

-

Light Multi-function Frontal Aircraft.

Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-152A

1

1960-1965

Flipper

Final MiG-21 experimental model.

Polikarpov I-1

35

n/a

n/a

not used

Polikarpov I-3

389

1929-1935

n/a

Polikarpov I-5

803

1931-1942

n/a

Polikarpov I-6

2

n/a

n/a

prototype for I-5

Polikarpov I-15 "Chaika"

7,175+

1935-1944

n/a

Polikarpov I-16 "Ishak"

9,004+

1935-late 1940s

n/a

Possibly 7364 fighters and 1895 trainers built.

Polikarpov I-17

3

-

n/a

prototypes only

Sukhoi Su-1/I-330

1

1940

n/a

high-altitude fighter prototype.

Sukhoi Su-1/I-360

1

1941

n/a

Su-1 with revised wing, did not fly.

Sukhoi Su-5/I-107

1

1945

n/a

mixed-power propeller/motorjet prototype.

Sukhoi Su-7 (1944)

1

1944-1945

n/a

Mixed-power interceptor developed from attack Su-6.

Sukhoi Su-7

< 200

1956-??

Fitter-A

Swept-wing 'Fitter' model.

Sukhoi Su-9

< 1,100

1959-c.1970

Fishpot-A/B

Sukhoi Su-11

108

1964-1983

Fishpot-C

Improved Su-9, some modified from Su-9.

Sukhoi Su-15

< 1,500

1967-1992

Flagon

Include trainers. Su-15TM not redisignated Su-21.

Sukhoi Su-27

c.680

1984-date

Flanker

includes exports and trainers

Sukhoi Su-30

5

1992-date

Flanker-F (Variant 1)

Interceptor, was Su-27PU.

Sukhoi Su-33

24

1994-date

Flanker-D

Includes trainer; carrier fighter, was Su-27K.

Sukhoi Su-35

15

1997-date

Flanker-E (Variant 1)

Was Su-27M.

Sukhoi Su-37

2

-

Flanker-E (Variant 2)

cancelled Su-35 development.

Sukhoi Su-47

-

-

Firkin

Technology demonstrator

Sukhoi PAK FA/T-50

5

-

-

In development

Tupolev I-4

369

1928-1933

n/a

Tupolev Tu-28/Tu-128

198

1965-1992

Fiddler-A/B

Yakovlev Yak-1

c.8,720

1940-1945

n/a

Includes trainers.

Yakovlev Yak-3

4,848

1944-1945

n/a

Includes trainers.

Yakovlev Yak-9

16,769

1942-??

Frank

Includes trainers.

Yakovlev Yak-15

c.280

1947-??

Feather

Yakovlev Yak-17

430

1948-??

Feather

Includes trainers.

Yakovlev Yak-23

310

1949-late 1950s

Flora

Replaced by MiG-15.

Yakovlev Yak-25

480

1955-1967

Flashlight

Yakovlev Yak-28P

c.1,700

1967-early 1980s

Firebar

Yakovlev Yak-38

231

1976-1991

Forger

VTOL carrier fighter

Attack

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Ilyushin Il-2 "Sturmovik"

29,937

1941-late 1950s

Bark

Excludes Il-10.

Ilyushin Il-10

5,026

1944-1956

Beast

Excludes Czech production. Includes trainers;

Ilyushin Il-40

2

-

Brawny

1953 Prototypes.

Kochyerigin LBSh

2

-

n/a

lost to Il-2

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23

5,047

1970-1998

Flogger

Includes 3,630 fighters and trainers, but excludes MiG-27s.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25BM

c.100

1982?-??

Foxbat-F

SEAD variant.

Mikoyan MiG-27

925

1975-date

Flogger-D/J

Excludes Indian production. Ground-attack MiG-23.

Polikarpov I-15 "Chaika"

> 7,175

1935-1944

n/a

Polikarpov I-16 "Ishak"

> 9,004

1935-late 1940s

n/a

Possibly 7,364 fighters and 1,895 trainers built.

Sukhoi Su-2

> 500

1940-1942

n/a

Later used as squadron hacks.

Sukhoi Su-7B

1,700-1,800

1961-1986

Fitter-A

Includes trainers and c.600 exports.

Sukhoi Su-17 "Strizh"

2,867

1971-date

Fitter

Includes 500+ for export and trainers.

Sukhoi Su-24 "Chemodan"

1,400

1974-date

Fencer

700+ for the USSR, includes 110+ reconnaissance variants.

Sukhoi Su-25 "Grach"

>580

1981-date

Frogfoot

Includes trainers; c.80 being upgraded to Su-25SM.

Sukhoi Su-25T/Su-25TM/Su-39

20

1996-date

Frogfoot

20 Su-25T built; 8 upgraded to Su-39TM.

Sukhoi Su-30M

500+

1996?-date

Flanker-F (Variant 2)

Multirole Su-27; 4+ built.

Sukhoi Su-34/Su-27IB/Su-32FN

74

2014-date

Fullback

Deliveries ongoing.

Yakovlev Yak-7

6,339

1942-??

n/a

Includes trainers.

Yakovlev Yak-38

231

1976-c.1994

Forger

Naval VTOL fighter-bomber.

Bombers

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Archangelski Ar-2

?

1940-1941

n/a

Refined Tupolev SB

Bolkhovitinov DB-A

14

1935-??

Douglas A-20 Havoc

2,908

1940s

Box

Lend-lease from US.

Ilyushin DB-3

1,528

1936-??

n/a

Excludes Il-4.

Ilyushin Il-4

5,256

1941-early 1950s

Bob

Includes trainers.

Ilyushin Il-28

2,000+

1950-1980s

Beagle

excludes Chinese Hong H-5 version.

Ilyushin Il-54/Il-149

1

-

Blowlamp

Cancelled.

Myasishchev M-4 "Molot"

-

1955-early 1960s

Bison

93 all variants, few used; most converted to M-4-2 tankers.

M-50/M-52

2

1957

Bounder

Prototypes only.

North American B-25C/D/S/G/J

866

1940s

Bank

Lend-lease from USA.

Petlyakov Pe-2 "Peschka"

11,427

1941-early 1950s

Buck

Includes trainers.

Petlyakov Pe-8/TB-7

c.96

1941-late 1950s

n/a

93 or 96 built.

Polikarpov R-1 & R-2

2,800+

1924–1934

n/a

Airco DH.9A copy.

Tupolev DB-1

18

1934-1937

n/a

development of ANT-25

Tupolev SB "Katyusha"

6,656

1936-1944

n/a

Includes trainers.

Tupolev TB-1

212

1929-??

n/a

Tupolev TB-3

818

1930-1942

n/a

Also mothership for parasite I-16s

Tupolev Tu-2

2,527

1943-1950

Bat

Tupolev Tu-4

847

1949-1960s

Bull

Boeing B-29 Superfortress copy.

Tupolev Tu-12/Tu-77

4

1947-1950

n/a

No production.

Tupolev Tu-14

c.100

1949-??

Bosun

Include reconnaissance and torpedo bomber versions; most to navy.

Tupolev Tu-16

1,507+

1954-1993

Badger

Tupolev Tu-22 "Shilo"

c.250-300

1962-date

Blinder

Excludes Tu-22M 'Backfire', Includes trainers.

Tupolev Tu-22M

c.500

1972-date

Backfire

Tupolev Tu-73

1

1947-1948

n/a

Enlarged Tu-72 naval bomber.

Tupolev Tu-80

1

1949

n/a

Improved Tu-4.

Tupolev Tu-82/Tu-22

1

-

Butcher

Tupolev Tu-85

2

-

Barge

Final Tu-4 refinement.

Tupolev Tu-91

-

-

Boot

1954 prototype naval bomber

Tupolev Tu-95

300+

1956-1997

Bear

Includes trainers.

Tupolev Tu-95MS

-

1984-date

Bear-H

Tu-142 airframe.

Tupolev Tu-98

2

-

Backfin

1955 Technology demonstrator.

Tupolev Tu-160

16

1987-date

Blackjack

Tu PAK DA

-

?

-

No prototypes

Yakovlev Yak-2

111

1940-??

n/a

Yakovlev Yak-4

90

1941-1945

n/a

Night bomber later used for reconnaissance.

Yakovlev Yak-26

9

??-??

Flashlight-B

Version of Yak-25 interceptor.

Yakovlev Yak-28

c.700

1960-c.1994

Brewer

Yermolayev Yer-2

c.320

1941-??

n/a

Reconnaissance

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Antonov An-30

-

1974-date

Clank

Aerial survey; few built.

Ilyushin Il-28R

-

??-??

Beagle

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21R

-

1965-date

Fishbed-H

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25R

-

1970-date

Foxbat

1190 built all variants.

Myasishchev M-17/M-55 "Geofizika"

6+

1982-date

Mystic-A/B

Was ELINT, One used for meteorological research.

Neman R-10

490

1937-1943

n/a

Polikarpov R-1 & R-2

2,800+

1924–1934

n/a

Airco DH.9A copy. Also light bomber.

Polikarpov R-5

490

1928-1944

n/a

Polikarpov R-Z

1,031

1935-1941?

n/a

Improved R-5.

Sukhoi Su-17R "Strizh"

-

??-date

Fitter

Some Su-17M used reconnaissance pods. Su-20R was export only.

Sukhoi Su-24MR

110+

1985-date

Fencer-E

Tupolev R-3

103

1926-??

n/a

Tupolev R-6

7,000+

1929-??

n/a

All variants.

Tupolev R-7

1

-

n/a

1930 prototype

Tupolev Tu-16R

1,507+

??-??

Badger-E

Tupolev Tu-22R

127

1962-??

Blinder-C

Yakovlev Yak-4

90

1941-1945

n/a

Reassigned to reconnaissance.

Yakovlev Yak-25RV

165

1959-1974

Mandrake

Two unmanned variants.

Yakovlev Yak-27R

c.160-180

1960-??

Mangrove

Yakovlev Yak-28R

220+

mid-1960s-c.1992-94

Brewer-D

Maritime Patrol

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Antonov An-72P

-

1987-date

Coaler

Beriev Be-2/KOR-1

-

1938-1942

Mote

Cruiser floatplane

Beriev Be-4/KOR-2

-

1941-??

Mug

Flying boat

Beriev Be-6

-

1949-late 1960s

Madge

Flying boat

Beriev Be-10

-

1956-??

Mallow

Jet flying boat; few produced.

Beriev Be-12 "Chaika"

-

1961-date

Mail

Amphibian.

Beriev Be-42/Be-44 "Albatros"

-

1989-date

Mermaid

Amphibian

Ilyushin Il-38

c.100

1971-date

May

Some with Indian Navy.

Myasishchev 3M/3MD "Molot"

93

1956-late 1980s

Bison-B/C

Converted to tankers.

Tupolev Tu-16PL/R/RM/SP

1,507+

??-1994

Badger-D/E/F

Tupolev Tu-95MR

12

1973?-date

Bear-E

Tupolev Tu-142/Tu-142M

-

1972-date

Bear-F

Airborne Early Warning and Control

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

An-71

3

1985-1991

Madcap

Cancelled

Beriev A-50 "Shmel"

c.40

1986-date

Mainstay

Modified IL-76

Ilyushin Il-18D/V

7+

??-??

Coot-B

5+ Il-18D and 2 Il-18V built.

Ilyushin Il-18D-36 "Bizon"

20+

early 1970s-??

Coot-B

Ilyushin Il-22M-11 "Zebra"

21+

c.1987-date

Coot-B

Ilyushin Il-76VKP/Il-82

2

early 1990s-date

-

Ilyushin Il-86VKP/Il-87 Aimak

4+

early 1990s-date

Maxdome

Tupolev Tu-126

8

1968-mid-1980s

Moss

Modified Tu-114 airliner

Tupolev Tu-142MR

10+

1980-date

Bear-J

Electronic Warfare

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Antonov An-12B-PP/BK-IS/-PP/-PPS

150+

1964-date

Cub-A/B/C/D

EW

Antonov An-26M

-

??-??

Curl

ELINT;

Antonov An-26RM/RTR/RR

42+

??-date

Curl-B

SIGINT/COMINT variants.

Ilyushin Il-20RT

-

1978-date

Coot-A

ELINT variant.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25RB

-

??-??

Foxbat

ELINT variants

Sukhoi Su-24MP

12-24

early 1980s-date

Fencer-F

ELINT variant.

Tupolev Tu-16Ye/P/SPS and "Elka"

-

??-1994

Badger-A/H/J/K/L

Tupolev Tu-22P

47

??-??

Blinder-E

Tupolev Tu-22MR

20+

1998?-date

Backfire

Conversions

Tupolev Tu-95RT

45

1967?-??

Bear-D

Yakovlev Yak-28PP]]

120+

1970-c.1992/94

Brewer-E

Escort jammer

Transport and Liaison

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Antonov An-2 "Annushka"

5000+

1947-date

Colt

Many other operators, excludes Polish production.

Antonov An-8

151

1956-2004

Camp

Antonov An-10 "Ukraine"

108

1957-1972

Cat

Passenger version of An-12 cargo.

Antonov An-12

1,253

1959-date

Cub

Antonov An-14 "Pchelka"

c.300

1958-??

Clod

Most for Aeroflot, some to military.

Antonov An-22 "Antei"

66

1967-date

Cock

Antonov An-24

c.1,465

1963-date

Coke

Antonov An-26

1,398

1969-date

Curl

Antonov An-28

191

1969-date

Cash

Built in Poland.

Antonov An-30

123

??-date

Clank

Mapping development of An-24/An-26.

Antonov An-32

357

1977-date

Cline

Re-engined An-26.

Antonov An-72A "Cheburashka"

-

1987-date

Coaler-C

180+ An-72 and An-74 built; in production

Antonov An-74 "Cheburashka"

-

1991?-date

Coaler-B

180+ An-72 and An-74 built; in production

Antonov An-124 "Ruslan"

56

1986-date

Condor

Antonov An-225 "Mriya"

1

1989-1990

Cossack

Operated commercially since 2001.

Douglas C-47

707

1940s-??

Cab

Lend-lease from US

Ilyushin Il-12

663

1945-??

Coach

Most for Aeroflot, some to military..

Ilyushin Il-14

1,000+

1953-??

Crate

Ilyushin Il-18

c.25

1965-??

Coot

c.25 used as VIP transports.

Ilyushin Il-62M

20+

1974-date

Classic

Ilyushin Il-76

900+

1978-date

Candid

Ilyushin Il-86

103

1977-1994

Camber

Ilyushin Il-96PU

2

2003-date

-

Two used by Russian president

Ilyushin Il-112VT

-

-

-

under development

Junkers PS-4

17+

?-?

n/a

License-built Junkers W.33

Kharkiv KhAI-5

60+

1940-?

n/a

converted bomber

Lisunov Li-2

2,000+

-

Cab

License-built Douglas DC-3.

Polikarpov Po-2

c.30,000

1929-??

Mule

Utility biplane

Tupolev PS-9

c.70

1933-?

n/a

Tupolev Tu-104

200

1955-??

Camel

Tupolev Tu-110

3

1957

Cooker

Used as testbeds.

Tupolev Tu-114 "Rossiya"

31

1957-1975

Cleat

Tupolev Tu-124

165

1960-??

Cookpot

Some used as trainers (Tu-124Sh-1 and Sh-2).

Tupolev Tu-134BSh/UBL

-

??-date

Crusty

Tu-22M and Tu-160 crew trainer .

Tupolev Tu-154M

-

??-2006

Careless

Some used as VIP transports.

Tupolev Tu-204/214

68

1995-date

-

Number includes Tupolev Tu-214.

Yakovlev Yak-6

381

1942-1950

Crib

Light bomber and transport.

Yakovlev Yak-10

40(?)

1945-1947

Crow

Was Yak-14.

Yakovlev Yak-12

3,801

1947-??

Creek

Yak-10 development.

Yakovlev Yak-14

413

1948-??

n/a

Glider

Yakovlev Yak-16

-

1948-??

Cork

Some used for trainin

Yakovlev Yak-40

-

1968-date

Codling

A few dozen used by military

Yakovlev Yak-42

-

1980-date

Clobber

Tu-134 replacement

Tankers

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Ilyushin Il-76MDK

-

-

-

Planned tanker conversion

Ilyushin Il-78/Il-78M

up to 30

c.1989-date

Midas

Converted airliner

Myasishchev 3MS-2/3MN-2 "Molot"

-

??-1994?

Bison

Converted bomber

Myasishchev M-4-2 "Molot"

-

??-1994

Bison

Converted bomber

Tupolev Tu-16D/N/Z

-

??-1996

Badger-A

Trainers

Type

No.

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Aero L-29 "Delphin"

2,000+

1963-date

Maya

Czechoslovakian jet.

Aero L-39 "Albatros"

-

1972-date

n/a

Czech jet

Avro 504 (U-1)

700+

1918-?

n/a

Ilyushin Il-28U

-

??-1980s

Mascot

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15UTI

-

??-1970s

Midget

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21U

-

1962-date

Mongol

Polikarpov U-2

c.30,000

1929-??

Mule

Also used by other operators

North American AT-6

82

?-??

-

Lend-Lease from US

Sukhoi Su-7U

-

??-1980s

Moujik

Sukhoi Su-9U

c.50

1962-1970s

Maiden

Sukhoi Su-11U

-

??-1983

Maiden

Yakovlev UT-1

1,241

1936-?

n/a

Yakovlev UT-2

7,243

1937-1950s

Mink

Main World War II basic trainer.

Yakovlev Yak-7U

6,399

??-??

Mark

Yakovlev Yak-11

4,566

1946-1962

Moose

Yakovlev Yak-17UTI

c.430

??-??

Magnet

Yakovlev Yak-18

9,000+

1946-date

Max

Yakovlev Yak-28U

-

??-c.1994

Maestro

Yakovlev Yak-30

4

-

Magnum

lost to L-29 Delfin.

Yakovlev Yak-52

c.1,800

1976-date

n/a

Helicopters

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Kamov Ka-15/Ka-18

-

-

Hen

Kamov Ka-20

-

-

Harp

Kamov Ka-22 "Vintokryl"

-

-

Hoop

Kamov Ka-25

140

1966?-date

Hormone

for Soviet navy

Kamov Ka-26

816+

1970-??

Hoodlum-A

number includes military and civilian examples.

Kamov Ka-226 "Sergei"

(c.10)

-

Hoodlum-C

c.10 on order for Russian navy.

Kamov Ka-27/Ka-29

267

1982-date

Helix

All variants, 59 Ka-29 troop transports.

Kamov Ka-31

-

??? 2003

Helix 'B'

Naval AEW Platform

Kamov Ka-32

170+

2006

Helix 'C'

umber includes military and civilian examples.

Kamov Ka-50 "Chernaya Akula"

8

1995

Hokum-A

Prototypes

Kamov Ka-52

66

2012

Hokum-B

Mil Mi-1

< 1,800

1951-??

Hare

Production transferred to Poland. Military and civilian use

PZL Mi-2

5,250+

1965-date

Hoplite

built in Poland for military and civilian use.

Mil Mi-4

< 3,500

1953-??

Hound

Produced for military and civil use and exported.

Mil Mi-6/Mi-22

c.860

c.1960-date

Hook

Produced for military and civil use and exported.

Mil Mi-8

17,000+

1967-date

Hip

All variants including Mi-17 (see below) and exports.

Mil Mi-9/Mi-19

-

1977-date

Hip-G/?

Mi-8/Mi-17 Airborne command post

Mil Mi-10

55+

1963-date

Harke

In civilian use by NPO-Vzylot

Mil Mi-14

c.75-100

1975-date

Haze

Mil Mi-17/Mi-8M

?

1977-date

Hip-H

Mil Mi-24 "Krokodil"

5,200+

1973-date

Hind

includes exports, Mi-24V redesignated as Mi-35

Mil Mi-26

c.300

1982-date

Halo

Mil Mi-28 "'Ночной охотник'"

24

2009-date

Havoc

more planned

Yakovlev Yak-24

c.100

1952-??

Horse

Experimental

Type

Production

Service period

NATO Name

Remarks

Antonov An-74AEW/An-71

1

-

Madcap

prototype AEW variant.

Beriev A-60

2

-

-

laser armed Il-76MD.

Bisnovat 5

2

-

-

Rocket research aircraft.

Mikoyan-Gurevich I-270

2

-

n/a

1945 rocket interceptor, cancelled.

Mikoyan Project 1.44

1

-

Flatpack

Technology demonstrator.

Mil V-12

2

-

Homer

Prototype helicopter.

Myasishchev M-50/M-52

2

-

Bounder

Cancelled intercontinental bomber.

OKB-1 EF 140

1

-

-

Junkers jet bomber development.

Sukhoi Su-47/S-37 "Berkut"

1

-

Firkin

Forward-swept wing demonstrator.

Sukhoi T-4

1

-

-

Reconnaissance/strike/interceptor, cancelled.

Tupolev I-12

1

-

-

1931 fighter armed with recoilless 76 mm cannons.

Yakovlev Yak-36

4

-

Freehand

1960s experimental VTOL aircraft; only 2 flown.

Yakovlev Yak-141

4

-

Freestyle

VTOL fighter; only 2 flown; cancelled.

SPY 17 April 2016

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning we will remember them. - Laurence Binyon

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Last Modified: 28 May 2017, 20:40