AR banner
search tips advanced search
Info LogoAdd to or correct this story with a few clicks.
Archive Report: Allied Forces
1914 - 1918

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
Manfred von Richthofen

Manfred von Richthofen: Ace of Aces

Awards:

Prussian Order Pour le Mérite: 12 January 1917 (in recognition of his 16th aerial victory).

Prussian Order of the Red Eagle, 3rd Class with Crown and Swords: 6 April 1918 (in recognition of his 70th aerial victory).

Prussian House Order of Hohenzollern, Knight's Cross with Swords: 11 November 1916.

Prussian Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914): 23 September 1914

Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914): 12 September 1914

Bavarian Military Merit Order, 4th Class with Swords: 29 April 1917.[69][k]

Honour cup for victory in aerial combat

Duke Carl Eduard Medal with Swords clasp: 9 November 1916

War Merit Cross for heroic act (Lippe)

Brunswick War Merit Cross, 2nd Class

Wound Badge (1918) in Black

Saxon Military Order of St. Henry, Knight's Cross: 16 April 1917.

Württemberg Military Merit Order (Württemberg), Knight's Cross: 13 April 1917

Saxe-Ernestine House Order, Knight 1st Class with Swords (issued by the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha): 9 May 1917.

Hesse General Honour Decoration, "for Bravery"

Lippe War Honour Cross for Heroic Deeds, 2nd class: 13 October 1917.

Schaumburg-Lippe Cross for Faithful Service: 10 October 1917.

Bremen Hanseatic Cross: 25 September 1917.

Lübeck Hanseatic Cross: 22 September 1917.

Hamburg Hanseatic Cross

Austrian Order of the Iron Crown, 3rd Class with War Decoration: 8 August 1917.

Austrian Military Merit Cross, 3rd Class with War Decoration

Bulgarian Order of Bravery, 4th Class (1st Grade): 12 June 1917

Turkish Imtiaz Medal in Silver with Sabres

Turkish Liakat Medal in Silver with Sabres

Turkish War Medal ("Iron Crescent" or "Gallipoli Star"): 4 November 1917

German Army Pilot's Badge

German Army Observer's Badge

Austrian Field Pilot's Badge (Franz Joseph pattern)

SY 4 Mar 2016

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling WW1 material include: Dunnigan, James F. (2003). How to Make War: A Comprehensive Guide to Modern Warfare in the Twenty-first Century. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-060090-12-8.Durkota, Allen; Darcey, Thomas; Kulikov, Victor (1995). The Imperial Russian Air Service: Famous Pilots and Aircraft of World War I. Mountain View: Flying Machines Press. ISBN 978-0-060090-12-8.Franks, Norman; Bailey, Frank W.; Guest, Russell (1993). Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1.Franks, Norman (2005). Sopwith Pup Aces of World War I. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-841768-86-1.Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell; Alegi, Gregory (1997). Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-56-5.Franks, Norman; Bailey, Frank W. (1992). Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914–1918. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-54-0.Guttman, Jon (2009). Pusher Aces of World War 1. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-846034-17-6.Guttman, Jon (2001). Spad VII Aces of World War I: Volume 39 of Aircraft of the Aces. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-841762-22-7.Kulikov, Victor (2013). Russian Aces of World War 1: Aircraft of the Aces. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-780960-61-6.Newton, Dennis (1996). Australian Air Aces: Australian Fighter Pilots in Combat. Motorbooks International. ISBN 978-1-875671-25-0.Pieters, Walter M. (1998). Above Flanders Fields: A Complete Record of the Belgian Fighter Pilots and Their Units During the Great War. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-83-1.Shores, Christopher (2001). British and Empire Aces of World War I. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-377-4.Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell (1990). Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell (1996). Above the Trenches Supplement: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-39-8., Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
Click any image to enlarge it
Click to add your info via ticket on Helpdesk •Click to let us know via ticket on Helpdesk• Click to buy research books from Amazon •Click to explore the entire site

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning we will remember them. - Laurence Binyon
All site material (except as noted elsewhere) is owned or managed by Aircrew Remembered and should not be used without prior permission.
© Aircrew Remembered
Last Modified: 05 March 2016, 18:02