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Archive Report: Allied Forces

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156 Squadron Crest
27/28.05.1943 No. 156 Squadron Lancaster I W4943 Fl/Sgt. David Lawson Wallace

Operation: Essen

Date: 27/28th May 1943 (Thursday/Friday)

Unit: No. 156 Squadron

Type: Lancaster I

Serial: W4943

Code: GT-?

Base: RAF Warboys, Huntingdonshire

Location: Otterlosche Buurtbosch, Netherlands

Pilot: Fl/Sgt. David Lawson Wallace AUS/415060 RAAF Age 23. Killed

Fl/Eng: Sgt. R.J. Jackson 1172279 RAFVR PoW No: 178 Camp: Stalag Kopernikus

Nav: Sgt T.H. Harvey 1391148 RAFVR PoW No: 162 Camp: Stalag Kopernikus

Air/Bmr: Sgt. R.J. Twinn 1386995 RAFVR PoW No: 50 Camp: Stalag Kopernikus (1)

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. W.H.G.I. Moore 1213493 RAFVR PoW No: 213 Camp: Stalag Luft Heydekrug

Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. David Ross AUS/412844 RAAF Age 23. Killed

Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Hilton Arthur Lister NZ/415538 RNZAF Age 26. Killed

REASON FOR LOSS:

518 aircraft left to bob Essen between 00:44 hrs and 01:38 hrs. Lancaster W4943 left RAF Warboys at 23:12 hrs.

Weather conditions had been heavy cloud and with no moon - keeping the Luftwaffe night fighter activity minimal. They still counted for 18 losses but mainly over the Netherlands and Western Germany.

Reports from the crew survivors state that the navigator gave the order to abandon the aircraft - they received no order from the pilot. Fl/Sgt. Lister was believed to have been injured and lost conscious during the initial combat when they were attacked by the Luftwaffe night ace Major Werner Streib (2), of Stab I./NJG1. Fl/Sgt Lister was unable to be freed from his rear gunner turret.They later found out that the pilot had decided to try and land the aircraft, Fl/Sgt. Ross who was at first reluctant to bale out did so, but his parachute failed to deploy.

The survivors manage to remain free for 3 days before capture and taken away to the various PoW camps. It is understood that another aircraft had come in the same area shortly before. We think that this was 51 Squadron Halifax II HR750 MH-W Flown by W/O. H.A. Beeston 993396 RAFVR - he survived as a PoW along with all his crew.

(1) Sgt. R.J. Twinn was treated for TB and gastric enteritis at the RAF Hospital in Wroughton on his release in May 1945.

(2)This was the 49th abscüsse for Maj. Werner Streib who went on to make a total of 65 abscüsse before the end of the war. After which he worked in the grocery business before joining the Bundeswehr on 16th March 1956. 

Right: Major Werner Streib of Stab I./NJG1 (courtesy Kracker archive)

For three years he commanded the pilot school in Landsberg am Lech, equipped with the T-6 Texan and responsible for training pilots in the Luftwaffe. Brigadegeneral Streib's military career ended with his retirement on 31st March 1966. His last position was Inspector of Flying Forces. He died on the 15th June 1986 - buried in Munich, Germany.

Burial details:

Fl/Sgt. David Lawson Wallace. Ede General Cemetery. Row H. Joint Grave 5. Son of Thomas Ford Wallace and Isabella Miller Wallace, of Perth, Western Australia.

Fl/Sgt. David Ross. Ede General Cemetery. Row H. Grave 4. Son of David Alexander Ross and Jessie Elizabeth Ross, of Crescent Street, Narrandera, New South Wales, Australia.

Fl/Sgt. Hilton Arthur Lister. Ede General Cemetery. Row H. Joint Grave 5. Son of Charles Glifton Lister and of Alice Martha Lister (née Baxter), of New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand, stepson of Ida Marion Lister, of New Plymouth, New Zealand. His 5th operation with a total of 300 hrs flying experience.

For further details our thanks to Des Philipet for grave photo and the sources shown below.

KTY 09.07.2015

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 09 July 2015, 20:55

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