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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.

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No. 7 Squadron
27/28.04.1944 No. 7 Squadron Lancaster III JB676 MG-K W/C. William Guy Lockhart DSO, DFC and Bar

Operation: Friedrichshafen, Southern Germany

Date: 27/28th April 1944 (Thursday/Friday)

Unit: No. 7 Squadron

Type: Lancaster III

Serial: JB676 

Code: MG-K

Base: RAF Oakington, Cambridgeshire

Location: Reichenbach near Schwarzwald, Germany

Pilot: W/C. William Guy Lockhart DSO, DFC and Bar. 112728. RAFVR. Age 27. Killed (1)

Fl/Eng: Sgt. John Elliot Johnson. 1591067. RAFVR. Age 19. Killed

Nav: Sqr/Ldr. John Lionel Martin DFC and Bar. 106968. RAFVR. Age 30. Killed (2)

W/Op/Air/Gnr: F/Lt. Leslie Dennis Goldingay DFC. 130244. RAFVR. Age 26. Killed (3)

W/Op/Air/Gnr: WO2 William Walter Bigoray DFM. J/89731. RCAF. Age? Killed (4)

Air/Gnr: Sqr/Ldr. George Ryle DFC. 79219. RAFVR. Age 35. Killed (5)

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Frank Wells Shields. 1675802. RAFVR. Age? Killed (6)

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Lancaster MkIII


Lancaster JB676 took off from RAF Oakington at 22.26hrs for an operation to bomb factories in Friedrichafen. Part of a large force of 322 Lancaster that took off on this operation. The target area was very deep in Southern Germany which made this operation even more dangerous. All the aircraft reached the target area without any losses, but the German night fighters arrived during the raid. It is believed that W/C. Lockhart and crew were shot down by a German night fighter and crashed at Reichenbach, 2km ESE of Lahr/Schwarzwald. The total loss for this operation was 18 aircraft. This operation was classed as very successful with much damaged being caused to factories and the town itself 


Durnbach War Cemetery (courtesy CWGC and Sandra Colley) 

Burial details:

W/C. William Guy Lockhart DSO, DFC and Bar. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave Ref. Coll. Grave 8. K. 10-13. Son of William Bruce and Grace Peta Lockhart. Husband of Ruby Olivia Silvia Judith Lockhart of Whetstone, Middlesex. 

(1) William Guy Lockhart was granted a short service commission as Acting Pilot Officer with effect 21st October 1935 and was posted to No. 6 Flying School, Netheravon 19th Oct 1935. William was then posted to No. 65 (F) Squadron, Hornchurch 31st August 1936 and confirmed in the rank of Pilot Officer 21st October 1936. P/O. Lockhart was then posted to No. 87 (Fighter) Squadron, Tangmere 22nd March 1937. Further training took place at the Armament Training Camp. North Coates Fitties in April 1937. Having resigned his commission William gave a lecture at the West Suffolk Aero Club in April 1939 and flew his first solo while at Strathtay Aero Club in Lincolnshire August 1939. He re-enlisted and while serving with No 74 Squadron in July 1941 Sgt. W G Lockhart was shot down over Herly, Pas-de-Calais, France and was first reported missing, but this was later changed to being safe. For further information (see Spitfire W3317) 748117 

William Guy Lockhart (112728) was granted a commission as Acting Pilot Officer 26th Nov 1941 and was awarded the DFC (Distinguished Flying Cross) June 5th 1942. Acting Flight Lieutenant William Guy Lockhart (112728) RAFVR, No 161 Squadron. The citation reads "This Officer recently completed 3 operations involving much preparations and difficult organisation. Flight Lieutenant Lockhart worked hard to acheive success and surmounted many difficulties with great skill and initiative" Awarded the DSO (Distinguished Service Order) in October 1942. The citation reads "Acting Squadron Leader William Guy Lockhart, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve No 161 Squadron "Squadron Leader Lockhart has participated in many operational sorties and the success gained can be attributed largely to his careful organisation and planning. He has, at all times, displayed courage, skill and fortitude which have been in keeping with the highest traditions of the Royal Air Force" 1943 F/Lt Lockhart was promoted to the rank of Squadron Leader William also was awarded the Bar to his DFC in 1944. The citation reads "Acting Wing

Commander W. G. Lockhart DSO, DFC. RAFVR, No. 692 Squadron. In February 1944 this officer was posted to form and command No. 692 Squadron. Since then he has shown outstanding ability and his leadership been largely responsible for the fine record set up of the squadron. Wing Commander Lockhart has also continued to operate against the enemy with unremitting keenness and zeal, and has taken part in many operation sorties with success"  

Sgt. John Elliot Johnson. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave Ref. Coll. Grave 8. K. 10-13. Son of John Henry Johnson and of Nellie Pretoria Johnson of Benwell, Newcastle-on-Tyne 

Sqr/Ldr. John Lionel Martin DFC and Bar. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave Ref. Coll. Grave 8. K. 10-13. Son of Christopher John and Inez Martin. Husband of Margaret Martin of Lydiate, Lancashire. (2) Born in Australia Sgt. 903334 John Lionel Martin was granted short service commission as Acting Pilot Officer (106968) 4th September 1941 and was awarded the DFC (Distinguished Flying Cross) 1942 while serving as Acting Flying Officer with No. 7 Squadron. Promoted to the rank of Flight Lieutenant 2nd August 1942 and was promoted to the rank of Acting Squadron Leader 26th November 1942. Awarded a Bar to his DFC in 1943 

F/Lt. Leslie Dennis Goldingay DFC. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave Ref. Coll. Grave 8. K. 10-13. Son of Leslie and Ada Goldingay of Wallasey, Cheshire (3) Sgt. 968161 Leslie Dennis Goldingay (130244) was promoted to the rank of Temp. Fl/Sgt. 1st May 1942 and was granted a short servive commission as Pilot Officer on probation 1st November 1942. Awarded the DFC Distinguished Flying Cross in 1943 and a Bar to his DFC while serving with No 7 Squadron 21st April 1944. Sgt. Leslie Dennis Goldingay had been involved in a flying accident in January 1941 For further information (see Wellington R1244)

WO2. William Walter Bigoray DFM. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave Ref. Coll. Grave 8. K. 10-13. No further information of next of kin. (4) William Walter Bigoray was born in 1918 and enlisted on the 15th March 1941 in Edmonton. Awarded the DFM (Distinguished Flying Medal) 29th December 1942. Flight Sergeant William Walter Bigoray, RCAF "for great gallantry, fortitude and devotion to duty in exceptionally hazardous circumstances"

Sqr/Ldr. George Ryle DFC. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave Ref. Coll. Grave 8. K. 10-13. Son of Henry and Amy Ryle. Husband of Peggy M. Ryle of Kensington, London (5) George Ryle was granted a commission as Acting Pilot Officer on probation 18th May 1940 and was confirmed as Pilot Officer 18th May 1941. Promoted to the rank of Flying Officer 15th June 1941 Acting Squadron Leader George Ryle RAFVR No. 7 Squadron was awarded the  DFC (Distinguished Flying Cross) as Per London Gazette 18th January 1944

Sgt. Frank Wells Shields. Durnbach War Cemetery. Grave Ref. Coll. Grave 8. K. 9. No further information of next of kin. (6) Sgt. Frank Wells Shields is remembered on Stainforth War Memorial

Researched by: Kate Tame Aircrew Remembered and for all the relatives and friends of the crew. With special thanks to Commonwealth War Graves Commission, London Gazette Archives, Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - The Bomber Command War Diaries, W R Chorley - Bomber Command Losses 1944, Norman L R Franks - Fighter Command Losses 1939 - 1941, Flight Archive, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 28 November 2014, 20:33

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