29/30.12.1943 No. 408 Squadron Lancaster III DS718 EQ-R Fl/Lt. Walter T. Wilton
Date: 29/30 December 1943
Unit: No. 408 RCAF Squadron
Type: Lancaster II
Base: Linton on Ouse, Yorkshire
Location: Wietmarschen, Germany
Pilot: Fl/Lt Walter Torrance Wilton J/20218 RCAF Age 24. Killed
Flt/Engr: Sgt. Bert Henry Fearn 1292205 RAFVR Age ? Killed
Nav:P/O. Dennis Albert McCabe J/19414 RCAF Age 20. Killed
Air/Bmr: W/O. Class II William Edward Raban R/100441 RCAF Age 23. Killed
W/Op/Air Gnr: Sgt. Harold Landing 1098418 RAFVR Age 32. Killed
Air/Gnr: F/O. Robert Alexander Pildrem J/17738 RCAF Age 30. Killed
Air/Gnr: P/O. Frank Henry Hoyle 162611 RAFVR Age ? Killed
REASON FOR LOSS
With Flight Lieutenant Walter Wilton at the controls, DS718 took off at 17:22 hours on the afternoon of December 29th 1943 from its base at Linton-on-Ouse in North Yorkshire. It was one of 457 Lancaster’s, which, together with 252 Halifaxes and 2 Mosquitoes, made up a bomber stream of 712 aircraft destined for the German capital city of Berlin.
The route chosen by the planners of the raid took the crews south of the Ruhr Valley to within 20 miles of Liepzig then swinging north to the target area. This tactic, together with diversionary raids on Dusseldorf, Leipzig and Magdeburg by Mosquito fighter bombers, caused confusion for the Luftwaffe controllers which resulted in the bombers encountering only a few night fighters over Berlin. In addition, poor weather conditions on the outward leg of the journey helped to reduce the number of enemy aircraft finding the attack force before the target was reached.
This raid was one of many to comprise of what became known as the Battle of Berlin intended by C in C Arthur ‘Bomber’ Harris to break the morale of the German population. On this night, heavy cloud cover prevented the crews from accurately pinpointing their intended targets within the city. The heaviest bombing was reported in the southern and south eastern regions as well as many bombs falling on the eastern outskirts. Although 182 people were killed and a further 600 injured, little damage was done to any strategic areas.
Lancaster DS718 became the 42nd. victory for the top German nightfighter ace Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, known as the ‘Night Ghost of St.Trond’ by the Allied airmen. Piloting a Messerschmidt Bf110 of 12./NJG1 with his crew of radar operator Lt. Fritz Rumpelhardt and air gunner Obfw. Wilhelm Gansler, he had, by the end of the war, claimed a total of 121 allied aircraft destroyed. Major Schnaufer survived the war but lost his life in a car accident in 1950.
Right: Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer (Tom Kracker collection)
The aircraft crashed at Wietmarschen near the Dutch border 300 miles due west of Berlin. This location would suggest that the crew had completed their mission and were on the homeward leg of their journey back to base.
(1) Wilton Lake, Manitoba, Canada was named after Fl/Lt. Walter Torrance Wilton in 1974
(2) Raban Lake in Manitoba, Canada was named after W/O. Class II William Edward Raban
Initially the remains of all the crew members were interred at the Neuer Friedhof, Lingen (Ems) after which, in 1945, they were taken to the Reichswald Forest War Cemetery.
Fl/Lt. Walter Torrance Wilton. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery Collective Grave Ref. 27 C. 1-12. Son of Leonard George and Euphemia Wilkie Wilton, of Wawanesa, Manitoba, Canada
Sgt. Bert Henry Fearn. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery Collective Grave Ref. 27 C. 1-12. N.o.K details currently not available - are you able to assist completion of these and any other information?
P/O. Dennis Albert McCabe. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery Collective Grave Ref. 27 C. 1-12. Son of Dr. Albert Wilfred McCabe and Mabel Agnes McCabe of Richmond, Province of Quebec, Canada.
W/O. Class II William Edward Raban. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery Collective Grave Ref. 27 C. 1-12. Son of Alfred Raban, and Charlotte Raban of East Kildonan, Manitoba, Canada.
Sgt. Harold Landing. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery Collective Grave Ref. 27 C. 1-12. Son of Robert and Violet Landing, husband of Florence Landing, of Manchester, England.
F/O. Robert Alexander Pildrem. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery Collective Grave Ref. 27 C. 1-12. Son of William James Everest and Louise Everest of St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada
P/O. Frank Henry Hoyle. Reichswald Forest War Cemetery Collective Grave Ref. 27 C. 1-12. N.o.K details currently not available - are you able to assist completion of these and any other information?
Researched by Aircrew Remembered, researcher and RCAF specialist Colin Bamford for relatives of this crew. For further details our thanks to the following, Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vol's. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', ‘Bomber Command Database’, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vol's. 1 and 2', 'Kracker Luftwaffe Archives'. Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries (Updated 2014 version), 'Paradie Archive'. Commonwealth War Graves Commission.