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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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101 squadron badge
25/26.06.1943 No. 101 Squadron Lancaster I ED373 SR-K Fl/Sgt. Banks

Operation: Gelsenkirchen

Date: 25/26th June 1943 (Friday/Saturday)

Unit: No. 101 Squadron

Type: Lancaster I

Serial: ED373

Code: SR-K

Base: RAF Ludford Magna, Lincolnshire

Location: North Sea - 5 km West of Ijmuiden

Pilot: Fl/Sgt. Ivan William Banks AUS/405803 RAAF Age 20. Killed

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Norman Stanley Mould 1297129 RAFVR Age 19. Killed

Nav: Sgt. Harold James Toze 1218772 RAFVR Age ? Killed

Air/Bmr: Sgt. Thomas Geoffrey Brook 658112 RAFVR PoW No: 374 Camp: Stalag Kopernikus.

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Sgt. John Henry William Snowdon 1037458 RAFVR Age 20. Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Geoffrey Victor Branson 1607031 RAFVR Age 20. Killed

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Ronald Pugh 1317561 RAFVR Age 27. Missing

REASON FOR LOSS:

Taking off from RAF Ludford Magna, Lincolnshire on an operation to bomb Gelsenkirchen with another 217 Lancasters, 190 Halifaxes and 10 Mosquitoes. The raid was not at all as had been hoped.

Equipment failure occurred in half of the Mosquitoes and another dropped target markers 10 miles off target! The bombing as a result of this made the Germans think that the raid was actually on Bochum. However some industrial targets were hit in the town.

101 Squadron lost another aircraft and crew during this operation:

Lancaster I II LM318 SR-Y Flown by Fl/Sgt. George Hay 778764 RAFVR killed with all six other crew members.

Lancaster 373 was intercepted and shot down by Ofw. Karl-Heinz Scherfling (1) over the North Sea some 5 km. West of Ijmuiden at 02.51 hrs. Combat taking place at 5.500 mtrs.


Initially, it was thought that the only survivor Sgt. Brook is thought to have been blown over land, saving his life - the remainder also bailed out, but could not be recovered in time.

However, new evidence uncovered in 2015 by the researcher, Mr. Lyndon Pugh discovered with a Dutch researcher, Mr. Jon van der Maas, that after contacting some time ago Sgt. Brook, then aged 90 he was clear what happened that night. When the order to bale out was given, the escape hatch jammed. While trying to free it, Geoff could hear the rest of the crew talking to each other over the intercom. The rear gunner, he was absolutely certain, was already dead, killed in the initial attack by the fighter. When the hatch was finally freed Geoff was unable to get any response from the others. After sitting on the edge of the hatch for some time, he baled out. As he descended he was able to see ED373 flying on until it crashed into the sea, and he was absolutely adamant that nobody else left the aircraft. The location of the six bodies in close proximity to each other on Zaandvoort beach seems to bear this out.

We are indebted to Lyndon for this update.

(1) Ofw. Scherfling of 10./NJG1 was already an ace at this time with 16 abschüsse. He was killed after 31 confirmed night kills when on the 20/21st July 1944 he crashed following an interception by a Mosquito NT113 from 169 Squadron flown by W/Cmd. Bromley OBE DFC and Fl/Lt. Truscott DFC.


Both of whom were killed on the 6th September 1944 after their Mosquito VI PZ230 exploded in the air - details unknown at present.

Right: Ofw. Karl-Heinz Scherfling and crew



The nephew of Sgt. Ronald Pugh Lyndon Pugh is currently writing a book on this loss. When it is available we will publish details on this page. Anyone with further information is invited to submit it to Lyndon via ourselves and we will pass it on.


Burial details:

Fl/Sgt. Ivan William Banks. Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery. Plot 69. Row B. Coll Grave 18. Son of William Henry and Alice Banks, of South Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.

Sgt. Norman Stanley Mould. Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery. Plot 69. Row B. Coll Grave 18. Son of Charles William and Anne Mould, of Tetbury, Gloucestershire, England.

Sgt. Harold James Toze. Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery. Plot 69. Row B. Coll Grave 18. Son of James and Mary Tozze of Wlkden, Manchester, England. His brother, Edward Toze also served but in the Royal Navy - survived the war, passed away in 1987.

Sgt. John Henry William Snowdon. Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery. Plot 69. Row B. Coll Grave 18. Son of John Henry and Margaret Snowdon, of Grove Hill, Middlesbrough, Yorkshire, England.

Sgt. Geoffrey Victor Branson. Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery. Plot 69. Row B. Coll Grave 17. Son of Albert Victor and Violet Branson, of Wallington, Surrey, England.

Sgt. Ronald Pugh. Runnymede Memorial. Panel 162. Son of Isaac Collwyn Pugh and Elizabeth Ann Pugh, of Abercynon, Glamorgan, Wales.

Researched for relatives of the crew with thanks to the following for additional information, Mr. Lyndon Pugh, Mr. Jon van der Maas, also to David Toze for details on Sgt. Harold Toze - November 2017, together with other sources as shown below.

KTY - 10.11.2017, Additional details placed

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 11 November 2017, 08:36

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