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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.


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317 squadron badge
03.08.1943 No. 317 Squadron Spitfire VC EE717 P/O. Makowski

Operation: Circus 49

Date: 03rd August 1943 (Tuesday)

Unit: No. 317 Squadron (Polish)

Type: Spitfire VC

Serial: EE717

Base: RAF Perranporth, Cornwall

Location: Plouvien, North Brest, France

Pilot: P/O. Zbigniew Makowski P-2206 PAF Age 21. Killed

REASON FOR LOSS:

On Circus 49 bombing the airfield at Guipavas north east of Brest when hit by German anti-aircraft guns near Brest. With his engine on fire he was ordered to bail out.

He decided to remain in the aircraft and to try and land EE717 on a small field, the landing was extremely rough with hedges and banks and he suffered a broken leg and other injuries - French farmers also tried to free the pilot but unable to before German soldiers arrived.

They instructed the French to carry him on a stretcher to the nearby village school at Plabennec, but he died from his injuries before they arrived.

P/O. Zbigniew Makowski joined 317 Squadron after his training at 58 OTU, A Squadron, Grangemouth, Scotland.

Front row: P/O. Benoit, P/O. Banach, F/O. Andersz, Fl/Lt. Ridkosil, F/O. Preihs, P/O. Ciach, P/O. Birtus - Centre row: Sgt. Ziendalski, Sgt. Haczkiewicz, Sgt. Makowski, Sgt. Muszynski, Sgt. Gilis,Sgt. Orzechowski, Sgt. Plenkiewicz - Rear row: Sgt. Bednarz, Sgt. Starzynski, Sgt. Kierski, Sgt. Sztuka, Sgt. Murkowski, Sgt. Kobylinski. (Note: A 50% loss from this training group photo)





Burial Details:

P/O. Zbigniew Makowski. Brest (Kerfautras) Cemetery - Finistere, France. Plot XlVI, Row 6, Grave 15 Born 14th December 1921

With thanks to The Grangemouth Air Cadets and the Grangemouth Spitfire Memorial Trust who provided me with so much information and assistance during my visit, Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', also to Gildas Saouzanet for grave photograph (February 2016)

KTY - 18.02.2016 Grave photo updated.

Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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Last Modified: 18 February 2016, 23:25

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