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Archive Report: Allied Forces

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10 Squadron Crest
27/28.08.1943 No. 10 Squadron Halifax II JD368 ZA-A Sgt. G. Baker

Operation: Nürnberg

Date: 27/28th August 1943

Unit: No. 10 Squadron

Type: Halifax II

Serial: JD368

Code: ZA-A

Location: Haulchin, Belguim

Pilot: Sgt. G. Baker Evaded capture

Fl/Eng: Sgt. Reginald Wilfred Cornelius RAFVR Age 20. Evaded capture (1)

W/O/Air/Gnr: Sgt. ‘Jock’ McCallum Evaded capture

Nav/Bmr: Sgt. V.W. Davies Evaded capture

Gnr: Sgt. M. Pierce Evaded capture

Air/Gnr: P/O. ’Tubby’ F.N. Lawrence Evaded capture

Air/Gnr: Sgt. G.R. Darville PoW No. 250703. Camp: 4b - Stalag Mühlberg-Elbe

Air//Gnr: Sgt. George Richard Marr Warren R/152436 RCAF Age 19. Killed


Took off at 20.49 hrs from Melbourne. 

David Mole (Ex chairman of the No.10 Squadron) takes up the story:

"JD368 was returning from an Operation to Nurnberg when it was attacked by a night-fighter (2) over Belgium at about 0330hrs. It is almost certain that the tail gunner George Warren was killed in this initial attack from the rear - the other seven crew exited via parachute and all landed safely.


Above L-R: Sgt. G. Baker, Sgt. R.W. Cornelius, Sgt. J. McCallum, Sgt. V.W. Davies.


Above L-R Sgt. M. Pearce, P/O. F.N. Lawrence, Sgt. G.R. Darville, Sgt. George Warren.

The attack was well witnessed from the ground, and the plane was observed to continue flying in almost a complete circle before crashing near Haulchin. Two young boys (then) were sleeping in a haystack in a field when they heard the plane approaching at low level (very frightening!) and saw it crash in front of them - breaking into small pieces and burning.

After daybreak the Luftwaffe arrived from Gosselies to 'claim their prize'. The body of George Warren was removed from the wreckage and taken away to Gosselies for a Military burial, whilst a team was billeted at a nearby farm and tasked with removing the wreckage.

Because the Germans were respectfully treated (A wise choice, and this was co-operation certainly not collaboration!) by the farmer and his family, when the team left they gave three pieces of Warren's burned parachute to the children of the Farmer as 'Souvenirs of a Brave Comrade'. These fragments were safe-guarded and treasured, always in the hope that they could be returned to Warren's family.

This is where I came in, some sixty years later. I received a request asking if I could help find Warren's family - and any other member of the crew. (I am the ex Chairman of the 10 Squadron Association - not a bad job for a Sailor, but that's another story!).


Above: JD368 Crash site - guarded by the Luftwaffe. Below: JD368 Crash site 2006.


I chipped away at the story, following small leads, with some success - but still Warren eluded me (He was Canadian, which made things a little more difficult). In 2007 luck was on my side and I established contact with George Warren's Nephew in Canada - He came to UK and we visited relevant sites here, before I took him to Belgium where we were able to arrange a small ceremony with the kindness of the Mayor of Estinnes, at which the parachute fragments were handed over from the farmer's surviving children to Geoff Warren for safe return to Canada (One piece to be given to George Warren's sister who is still alive!).


Left above: Series of portraits commissioned by David Mole for Sgt. George Warren's nephew (Geoff Warren). Right: Sgt. George Warren' s parachute.


David Mole at a memorial service for Sgt. Warren

This was by no means the end of the story, for my search goes on - especially to find, or at least learn the fate of, Jock McCallum and Tubby Lawrence." (Update 17th November 2009) Now in contact with the relatives of both. P/O. F.N. Lawrence died 1980 and Sgt. J. McCallum died in 1999.

(1) Fl/Sgt. Cornelius returned to England on the 20th December 1943. He then converted to Wellingtons, transferring to 13 OTU to train as a pilot on B-25 Mitchell's as a F/O. On the 3rd December 1944 his B-25 Mitchell FV966, which he was piloting, hit trees on approach to the airfield at RAF Finmere, Oxfordshire. He suffered severe head injuries but recovered. Sadly, on the 14th May 1945 whilst home on leave in Bristol he committed suicide. He is buried with his father at Bristol (Canford) Cemetery. 

(2) It has also been discovered that JD368 was shot down by Hptm. Fritz Söthe of 3./NJG4 - combat took place at a height of 3,800m over Estinnes, North Saarlouis at 03.36hrs. Hptm. Söthe became an ace with 18 kills to his name before he was killed after being shot down by a Mosquito on the 28/29th September 1944 at Lambrecht-Neustadt. With thanks to Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vol's. 1 and  2’.


Burial Details:

Sgt. George Richard Marr Warren. Gosselies Communal Cemetery. Row 2, Grave 5. Son of Ernest Richard and Florence Isabel Marr Warren, of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

We would like to thank David Mole for this contribution and we know that his research is continuing on JD368 and we hope to have further information when it is made available.

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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