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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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301 Squadron Crest
02/03.07.1942 301 Squadron Wellington IV Z1314 GR:M Sqn.Ldr. Maksymilian Brzozowski

Operation: Bremen

Date: 2/3rd July 1942 (Thursday/Friday)

Unit: 301 Squadron (PAF)

Type: Wellington IV

Serial: Z1314

Code: GR:M

Base: RAF Hemswell, Lincolnshire

Location: Groningen, Holland

Pilot: Sqn.Ldr. Maksymilian Brzozowski P-1059 PAF. PoW: No. 464 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria

Obs: Fg.Off. Stanislaw Atenski P-1147 PAF. Injured - PoW: No. 29676 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria

Nav: Plt.Off. Michal Benoit P-1540 PAF. PoW: No. 461 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria (1)

WOp/Air Gnr: Sgt. Stanislaw Marek Kowalczyk 792234 PAF Age 25. PoW: No. 24972 Camp: Stalag Luft Sagan and Belaria (2)

Air Gnr: Sgt. Stanislaw Kedzierski 780181 PAF Age 37. Killed


Took off at 23.12 hrs from RAF Hemswell, Lincolnshire to attack Bremen with 324 aircraft.

Z1314 was claimed by Hptm. Helmut Lent, his 48th Abschuss, from Stab II./NJG2 at 01.25 hrs over Westdorp/Borger SE of Assen, Holland. (Nachtjagd Combat Archive (30 May - 31 December 1942) The Early Years Part 3 - Theo Boiten)

Helmut Lent went on to claim 102 night fighter victories, a further 8 day victories before, on the 7th October 1944, he died after suffering injuries sustained during a crash landing on the 5th October 1944. He managed a crash landing in his Ju 88 G-6 at Paderborn airfield following engine failure and subsequent collision with a high tension cable. His crew were rescued - injured from the crash. Walter Kubisch (radio operator) and Hermann Klöss (2nd radio operator) died the same day, Werner Kark (War correspondent and Air/Gnr) died the next morning.

During the attack Fg.Off. Stanislaw Atenski was hit by splinters in both knees, the rear gunner Sgt. Stanislaw Kedzierski was killed. The remainder of the crew were captured and became PoWs. Sqn.Ldr. Maksymilian Brzozowsk evaded the enemy for four days before was captured and joined his crew as a PoW.

Left: Wellington of 301 Squadron being bombed up at Hemswell 1941 (courtesy I.W.M.) Right: Sgt. Stanislaw Kedzierski

atenski benoit brzozowski z1314

(L-R) Atenski Benoit Brzozowski

Burial Details:

Sgt. Stanislaw Kedzierski. Breda Polish Military Cemetery. Plot 9 Row 1 Grave 1. Also Polish War Memorial. Panel 28. Born 08th April 1905, Poland.

(1) Plt.Off. Benoit's brother Fg.Off. Wieslaw Benoit was killed in action on the 18th November 1942 flying with 306 Sqn (Spitfire IX BS436)

(2) Sgt. Stanislaw Marek Kowalczyk - died in Sandringham, Norfolk (memorial shown left and above) in 1984 Age 67. Further information: Born 25th of April 1917 in Parzno near Piotrkow Trybunalski.

Completed 7 years education in 1931. Obtained a carpenter profession / qualifications. In 1939 he served in 5th Air Regiment as an Air Gunner. Kowalczyk participated in Polish Campaign flying with 55 Independent Bomber Squadron of 5th Air Regiment in Lida under command of Bomber Brigade. The Sqn were operating PZL P.23B Kara's, other aircraft such as one Fokker F-VIIB and RWD-8. Since 11th September 55 Squadron went under command of "Karpaty Army". In November 1939 arrived in Lyon, France. On 27th June 1940 arrived in Blackpool.

Sgt. Stanislaw Kedzierski joined 301 Squadron in November 1941.

Researched for relatives of this crew, with thanks to Marek Masiak, Peter Sikora, Robert Gretzyngier, Woitek Matusiak, Wadldemar Wojcik and Josef Zielinski "Ku czci poleglych". With thanks to Peter Krans for grave correction details. Narrative update by Aircrew Remembered (Nov 2020).

RS 20.11.2020 - Update of narrative

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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