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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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315 squadron
20.09.1944 No. 315 Squadron Mustang III FB367 PK-V W/O. Jankowski C.M. C.V. 2 bars

Operation: Market Garden

Date: 20th September 1944 Wednesday)

Unit: No. 315 Squadron (Polish)

Type: Mustang III

Serial: FB367

Code: PK-V

Base: RAF Brenzett, Romney Marsh, Kent.

Location: 3 km. East of Jutphaas, Netherlands.

Pilot: W/O.Tadeusz Jankowski CM. CV. and 2 bars. 780386 PAF Age 25. Killed


Taking off at 12.50 hrs, twelve Mustangs from 315 Squadron together with some other aircraft from 129 and 306 Squadrons in support of Operation 'Market Garden'. 

Whilst over Holland at 14.30 hrs shot down by flak and crashed on a farm, some 3 km. East of Jutphaas. 

At the time local villagers were collecting the remainder of the harvest from the fields (food was very scarce in Holland at this time) the Mustang hit and killed an eight year old boy, Jopie Hoveling.

They were buried initially next to one another at the cemetery in Jutphaas.

Pilots of No. 315 Polish Fighter Squadron RAF gathered by their Commanding Officer's new North American Mustang Mark III, FB387 'PG-G', at Brenzett, Kent. From left to right: Flying Officer Bożydar Nowosielski, Squadron Leader Eugeniusz Horbaczewski (CO), Flight Sergeant Stanisław Będkowski and Flight Lieutenant Gwidon Świstun, some ground crew, Flight Lieutenant Michał Cwynar, another mechanic. Sitting on the ground is Warrant Officer Tadeusz Jankowski (courtesy I.W.M.)

Burial Details:

Originally buried at Jutphaas cemetery, Netherlands, moved to Breda after hostilities had ended. 

W/O.Tadeusz Jankowski. CM. CV. and 2 bars. Breda Polish Cemetery, Netherlands. Grave E.4.7. N.o.K. details not available as yet. Born on 21st January 1919.

Researched for relatives of the pilot and the Dutch boy. With thanks to the following for further information supplied Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Aircrew Remembered own Archives.

Right: W/O.Tadeusz Jankowski. CM. CV. and 2 bars (courtesy David Korzoi)

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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