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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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197 Squadron Crest
31.12.1944 No. 197 Squadron Typhoon IB RB321 OV-A Sq/Ldr. Smith DFC

Operation: Patrol

Date: 31st December 1944 (Sunday)

Unit: No. 197 Squadron - 84 Group (Findimus caelum - We cleave the sky)

Type: Typhoon IB

Serial: RB321

Code: OV-A

Base: B.70 Deurne, France

Location: South West Culembourg, Netherlands

Pilot: Sq/Ldr. Allan Henderson Smith DFC. NZ/411947 RNZAF Age 23. PoW


During a patrol over Holland when he was hit by flak. The pilot managed to force land on an ice covered lake some 2 km south west of Culembourg. Quickly taken PoW - to serve the rest of the war at Stalag Moosburg - released by the allies on the 29th April 1945.

Having flown over 100 operational sorties he was awarded the DFC on the 17th November 1944:

Left: Sq/Ldr. Allan Henderson Smith

"Acting Sq/Ldr. Allan Henderson Smith of 197 Squadron: This officer has achieved considerable success during a very large number of sorties, involving attacks on a wide range of targets. On his first operational tour he did much to defeat the enemy raids on our South Coast towns. He also made many attacks on shipping in the English channel and on some of the enemy's most heavily defended harbours. More recently Squadron Leader Smith has operated in support of land operations on the continent. His exceptional devotion to duty has been an outstanding example to the pilots of his squadron".

Sadly, 21 year old, F/O. Robert Henry Jones J/85509 RCAF serving with 197 Squadron on this operation. Flying Typhoon IB PD471 OV-S, also hit by flak, he crashed in the area of Aalburg, losing his life.

Burial details:

Sq/Ldr. Allan Henderson Smith - born on the 12th January 1921 survived the war. Awarded a bar to his DFC. on the 14th September 1946. He passed away on the 01st June 2004 age 87, survived by his two daughters, Denise and Carol.

F/O. Robert Henry Jones. Drunen Roman Catholic Churchyard (Elshout). Grave 1. Son of Albert Henry and Emily E. Jones, of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Grave inscription reads: "Father In Thy Gracious Keeping Leave We Now Thy Servant Sleeping".

Only two Commonwealth war graves in this cemetery. The other, a 23 year old Marine, Herbert William Clay CH/X109545 of the 27th Battalion Royal Marines from Doncaster, England. Born on the 08th February 1921 - killed on the 06th March 1945, his relatives placed a private memorial to him, next to that of F/O. Robert Jones. Both as shown above.

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this pilot with thanks to the research by Errol Martyn and his publications: “For Your Tomorrow Vols. 1-3”, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Weekly News of New Zealand, Moos Raaijmakers for the wonderful grave photographs, other sources as quoted below:

KTY 04.10.2018

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Stan D. Bishop, John A. Hey MBE, Gerrie Franken and Maco Cillessen - Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces, Vols 1-6, Dr. Theo E.W. Boiton - Nachtjagd Combat Archives, Vols 1-13. Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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